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Prenatal Vitamin

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181. Effect of Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation on Adolescent Mother and Infant Bone Health

Effect of Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation on Adolescent Mother and Infant Bone Health Effect of Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation on Adolescent Mother and Infant Bone Health - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Effect of Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation on Adolescent Mother and Infant Bone Health The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01732328 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified November 2012 by Flavia Fioruci Bezerra, Rio de Janeiro State University. Recruitment

2012 Clinical Trials

182. Gestational Exposure to Urban Air Pollution Related to a Decrease in Cord Blood Vitamin D Levels. (Full text)

Gestational Exposure to Urban Air Pollution Related to a Decrease in Cord Blood Vitamin D Levels. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the increased risk of several diseases. Exposure to air pollution has been suggested as a contributor to vitamin D deficiency. However, studies that have examined the effects of air pollution on vitamin D status are few and have never focused on prenatal life as an exposure window.Our aim was to investigate the associations between gestational exposure (...) during pregnancy. Cord blood samples were collected at birth and were analyzed for levels of 25(OH)D.Maternal exposure to ambient urban levels of NO(2) and PM(10) during the whole pregnancy was a strong predictor of low vitamin D status in newborns. After adjustment, log-transformed 25(OH)D decreased by 0.15 U (P = 0.05) and 0.41 U (P = 0.04) for a 10-μg/m(3) increase in NO(2) and PM(10) pregnancy levels, respectively. The association was strongest for third-trimester exposures (P = 0.0003 and P

2012 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

183. Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. (Full text)

Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. Anaemia is common during pregnancy, and prenatal Fe supplementation is the standard of care. However, the persistence of anaemia despite Fe supplementation, particularly in HIV infection, suggests that its aetiology may be more complex and warrants further investigation. The present study was conducted to examine predictors of incident haematological (...) outcomes in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania.Prospective cohort study. Cox proportional hazards and binomial regression models were used to identify predictors of incident haematological outcomes: anaemia (Hb < 110 g/l), severe anaemia (Hb < 85 g/l) and hypochromic microcytosis, during the follow-up period.Antenatal clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.Participants were 904 HIV-infected pregnant women enrolled in a randomized trial of vitamins (1995-1997).Malaria, pathogenic protozoan and hookworm

2012 Public health nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

184. Vitamin A Deficiency in Pregnancy: Perspectives after Bariatric Surgery. (PubMed)

percentage of VAD in the postoperative period is a cause for concern, especially considering the function of this vitamin in certain biological moments and in moments of intense nutritional demand. This vitamin serum evaluation is recommended during the prenatal period. (...) Vitamin A Deficiency in Pregnancy: Perspectives after Bariatric Surgery. This study aims to describe the clinical consequences of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in pregnant women after bariatric surgery. Included are studies on VAD during pregnancy and after bariatric surgery conducted in humans from 1993 to 2011. There are few investigations on the relationship between pregnancy and bariatric surgery and on the damage to the binomial mother-child resulting from VAD in this relationship. The high

2012 Obesity Surgery

185. Vitamin C to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function

Infant Wheeze In-utero Nicotine Second Hand Smoke Dietary Supplement: Vitamin C +prenatal vitamin Dietary Supplement: Placebo tablet+prenatal vitamin Phase 2 Phase 3 Detailed Description: Smoking during pregnancy remains a major public health problem as at least 12% of pregnant women cannot quit smoking during pregnancy. This addiction is the largest preventable cause of childhood respiratory illness, including asthma, and children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy show lifetime decreases (...) , in infants delivered to smoking mothers who are randomized to 500 mg/day of supplemental vitamin C versus placebo at less than or equal to 22 weeks of pregnancy. We will recruit 278 smoking pregnant women into the study. Patients will meet with research personnel at each prenatal visit and smoking cessation will be actively encouraged. Patients will be monitored with a set of serial biomarkers to assess smoking and medication compliance, including urine cotinine levels, smoking questionnaires, pill

2012 Clinical Trials

186. The Effect Of Vitamin D On Measures Of Bone Health And Gene Expression

that 76% of mothers and 81% of newborns were vitamin D deficient despite the fact that the mother was taking a prenatal vitamin containing 400 IU vitamin D and drinking two glasses of milk a day. The investigators also reported 30-80% vitamin D deficiency rates in white and black children, healthy young, middle aged and older adults. There have been numerous epidemiologic and clinical observations relating vitamin D deficiency to many chronic diseases and there are many isolated but no comprehensive (...) The Effect Of Vitamin D On Measures Of Bone Health And Gene Expression The Effect Of Vitamin D On Measures Of Bone Health And Gene Expression - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect

2012 Clinical Trials

187. Practice Parameter update: Managment issues for women with epilepsy - Focus on pregnancy: Vitamin K, folic acid, blood levels, and breastfeeding

, MD J. Hopp, MD T.Y. Ting, MD W.A. Hauser, MD D.Thurman,MD,MPH P.W.Kaplan,MB,FRCP J.N. Robinson, MD J.A. French, MD S. Wiebe, MD A.N. Wilner, MD B. Vazquez, MD L. Holmes, MD A. Krumholz, MD R. Finnell, PhD P.O. Shafer, RN, MN C. Le Guen ABSTRACT Objective:To reassess the evidence for management issues related to the care of women with epilepsy (WWE) during pregnancy, including preconceptional folic acid use, prenatal vitamin K use, risk of hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, clinical implications (...) Seepages126and133 SPECIAL ARTICLE 142 Copyright © 2009 by AAN Enterprises, Inc.This parameter summarizes evidence for six im- portant questions relating to the clinical manage- ment of WWE who are pregnant or plan pregnancy: 1. Does preconceptional folic acid supplementation reduce the risk of birth defects in neonates of WWE taking AEDs? 2. What is the risk of hemorrhagic disease in neo- nates born to WWE taking AEDs? 3. Does prenatal vitamin K supplementation reduce theriskofhemorrhagicdiseaseinthenewbornsof

2009 American Epilepsy Society

188. Management issues for women with epilepsy-focus on pregnancy: vitamin k, folic acid, blood levels, and breastfeeding

Formats Make Comment See Comments Downloads 30541 Share Abstract Objective: To reassess the evidence for management issues related to the care of women with epilepsy (WWE) during pregnancy, including preconceptional folic acid use, prenatal vitamin K use, risk of hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, clinical implications of placental and breast milk transfer of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), risks of breastfeeding, and change in AED levels during pregnancy. Methods: A 20-member committee evaluated (...) folic acid supplementation reduce the risk of birth defects in neonates of WWE taking AEDs? What is the risk of hemorrhagic disease in neonates born to WWE taking AEDs? Does prenatal vitamin K supplementation reduce the risk of hemorrhagic disease in the newborns of WWE taking AEDs? Do maternally ingested AEDs cross the placenta or penetrate into breast milk? Does indirect exposure to maternally ingested AEDs increase the risk of symptomatic effects in the newborn? Are there changes in AED levels

2009 American Academy of Neurology

189. Effect of supplementation during pregnancy with L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins in medical food on pre-eclampsia in high risk population: randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

antioxidant vitamins, and 222 received antioxidant vitamins alone. Women had 4-8 prenatal visits while receiving the bars. The incidence of pre-eclampsia was reduced significantly (χ(2) = 19.41; P < 0.001) in women randomised to L-arginine plus antioxidant vitamins compared with placebo (absolute risk reduction 0.17 (95% confidence interval 0.12 to 0.21). Antioxidant vitamins alone showed an observed benefit, but this effect was not statistically significant compared with placebo (χ(2) = 3.76; P = 0.052 (...) Effect of supplementation during pregnancy with L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins in medical food on pre-eclampsia in high risk population: randomised controlled trial. To test the hypothesis that a relative deficiency in L-arginine, the substrate for synthesis of the vasodilatory gas nitric oxide, may be associated with the development of pre-eclampsia in a population at high risk.Randomised, blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial.Tertiary public hospital in Mexico City.Pregnant women

2011 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

190. Prenatal micronutrient supplementation and intellectual and motor function in early school-aged children in Nepal. (Full text)

Prenatal micronutrient supplementation and intellectual and motor function in early school-aged children in Nepal. Iron and zinc are important for the development of both intellectual and motor skills. Few studies have examined whether iron and zinc supplementation during gestation, a critical period of central nervous system development, affects children's later functioning.To examine intellectual and motor functioning of children whose mothers received micronutrient supplementation during (...) pregnancy.Cohort follow-up of 676 children aged 7 to 9 years in June 2007-April 2009 who had been born to women in 4 of 5 groups of a community-based, double-blind, randomized controlled trial of prenatal micronutrient supplementation between 1999 and 2001 in rural Nepal. Study children were also in the placebo group of a subsequent preschool iron and zinc supplementation trial.Women whose children were followed up had been randomly assigned to receive daily iron/folic acid, iron/folic acid/zinc, or multiple

2010 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

191. Analyzing adherence to prenatal supplement: does pill count measure up? (Full text)

Analyzing adherence to prenatal supplement: does pill count measure up? Objective. To determine if adherence as measured by pill count would show a significant association with serum-based measures of adherence. Methods. Data were obtained from a prenatal vitamin D supplementation trial where subjects were stratified by race and randomized into three dosing groups: 400 (control), 2000, or 4000 IU vitamin D(3)/day. One measurement of adherence was obtained via pill counts remaining compared (...) to a novel definition for adherence using serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OH-D) levels (absolute change in 25(OH)D over the study period and the subject's steady-state variation in their 25(OH)D levels). A multivariate logistic regression model examined whether mean percent adherence by pill count was significantly associated with the adherence measure by serum metabolite levels. Results. Subjects' mean percentage of adherence by pill count was not a significant predictor of adherence by serum metabolite

2011 International journal of endocrinology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

193. Prenatal cocaine exposure

Prenatal cocaine exposure Prenatal cocaine exposure - Wikipedia Prenatal cocaine exposure From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Further information: Prenatal cocaine exposure ( PCE ), theorized in the 1970s, occurs when a pregnant woman uses and thereby exposes her to the . " Crack baby " was a term coined to describe children who were exposed to ( cocaine in smokable form) as fetuses; the concept of the crack baby emerged in the US during the 1980s and 1990s in the midst of a . Other terms (...) concerns about links between PCE and slowed growth, deformed limbs, defects of the kidneys and and , damage, , or in the , , and obstruction of blood supply in the . After the early studies that reported that PCE children would be severely disabled came studies that purported to show that cocaine exposure in utero has no important effects. Almost every prenatal complication originally thought to be due directly to PCE was found to result from confounding factors such as poor maternal nutrition, use

2012 Wikipedia

194. Iron Deficiency – Diagnosis and Management

(Table 1). Iron supplementation for non-anemic pregnant women Most pregnant women need to take a supplement to get enough iron. An increase in iron consumption by about 15-30 mg elemental iron/day is recommended for non-anemic women, an amount readily met by most prenatal vitamin formulations. Health Canada recommends that pregnant women take a daily multivitamin that includes B12, 0.4mg of folic acid, and 16-20 mg of iron. IDA in pregnant women IDA is the most frequent form of anemia in pregnant (...) for the investigation and management of iron deficiency in the setting of specific chronic diseases is provided: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines recommend including CBC, absolute reticulocyte count, serum ferritin and TSAT as well as other tests (vitamin B12) in the initial evaluation of anemia in patients with CKD and anemia. Note that ferritin levels in patients with CKD may be elevated due to inflammation, and so many not accurately reflect iron status

2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines and Protocols in British Columbia

195. Pregnancy and Renal Disease

], 2008, updated 2017. ? NICE: Vitamin D supplement use in specific population groups [PH56], 2017 ? NICE: Diabetes in Pregnancy: Management from Pre-conception to the Post-partum Period [NG3], 2015. ? NICE: Antenatal and postnatal mental health: clinical management and service guidance [CG192], 2014, updated 2018. ? NICE: Fertility: Assessment and Treatment for People with Fertility Problems, 2013. Renal Association Clinical Practice Guideline Pregnancy and Renal Disease – September 2019 5 ? NICE (...) of additional risk factors (2D). 4.6 Anaemia Guideline 4.6.1 We recommend pregnant women with CKD are given parenteral iron if indicated (1C). Guideline 4.6.2 We recommend erythropoietin stimulating agents are given if indicated in pregnancy (1C). 4.7 Bone health Guideline 4.7.1 We recommend women with CKD who are vitamin D deficient be given vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy (1B). Guideline 4.7.2 We recommend calcimimetics are discontinued in pregnancy (1D). Guideline 4.7.3 We recommend non-calcium

2019 Renal Association

196. Reproductive and hormonal considerations in women at increased risk for hereditary gynecologic cancers: SGO and ASRM Evidence-Based Review

. Preimplantation Genetic Testing . 1039 5.2. Prenatal Diagnosis. 1039 6. Hormone replacement therapy following RRSO 1039 7. Summary. . . . . 1040 8. Conclusion. . . . 1040 Acknowledgments 1040 References 1040 1.INTRODUCTION Approximately 5–10% of all cancers can be attributed to he- reditary cancer syndromes. Recognition of these conditions facilitates the ability to screen and identify individuals at in- creasedriskandinterveneforthosefoundtocarrypathogenic gene variants. Identi?cation and intervention have (...) % risk of transmitting their gene mu- tationtooffspring.Asaresult,somewomenwhocarrygenes associatedwithhereditarycancergenemutationsfaceuncer- taintyabouthavingchildrenduetofearofhavingachildwho will be at high risk for developing cancer. Unfortunately, 1038 VOL. 112 NO. 6 / DECEMBER 2019 ASRM PAGESmany women are not aware of medical technologies such as preimplantation genetic testing (testing an embryo prior to implantation) and prenatal diagnosis (testing a fetus during pregnancy) that can help

2020 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

197. Overview of pregnancy complications

and prenatal diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. J Clin Virol. 2004:29:71-83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14747024?tool=bestpractice.com ). Pregnant mothers should wash their hands regularly and thoroughly to prevent primary infection (which is usually asymptomatic). CMV screening in pregnancy is not routinely performed, but may identify those suitable for antiviral treatment. Kenneson A, Cannon MJ. Review and meta-analysis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Rev Med Virol (...) cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pruritic condition caused by impaired bile flow allowing bile salts to be deposited in the skin and the placenta. Usually presents in the third trimester with pruritus, which is worse at night, starts on the soles of feet and hands, and spares the face. Some women may present with jaundice and significant liver dysfunction, coagulopathy from vitamin K deficiency (rarely), abnormal fetal heart rate, premature labour, or intrauterine fetal demise. Risk factors include

2018 BMJ Best Practice

198. Overview of pregnancy complications

and prenatal diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. J Clin Virol. 2004:29:71-83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14747024?tool=bestpractice.com ). Pregnant mothers should wash their hands regularly and thoroughly to prevent primary infection (which is usually asymptomatic). CMV screening in pregnancy is not routinely performed, but may identify those suitable for antiviral treatment. Kenneson A, Cannon MJ. Review and meta-analysis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Rev Med Virol (...) cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pruritic condition caused by impaired bile flow allowing bile salts to be deposited in the skin and the placenta. Usually presents in the third trimester with pruritus, which is worse at night, starts on the soles of feet and hands, and spares the face. Some women may present with jaundice and significant liver dysfunction, coagulopathy from vitamin K deficiency (rarely), abnormal fetal heart rate, premature labour, or intrauterine fetal demise. Risk factors include

2018 BMJ Best Practice

199. Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults

and many fractures are related to seizures. 148, 149 Postmenopausal women who use AEDs are at increased risk of fracture (hazard ratio (HR) 1.44, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.61) 145 and most AEDs were associated with an increased risk of non-traumatic factures in individuals aged 50 or over. 146 A systematic review found no RCTs investigating therapeutic agents to prevent fracture in people with epilepsy although one RCT included in the review suggested that supplementation with high dose vitamin D may

2018 SIGN

200. Iron, folate and vitamin B12 levels in first trimester pregnancies in the Southwest region of Turkey (Full text)

and vegetables is commonly consumed.Two hundred and one low-middle income pregnant women were recruited during their first prenatal visit. Hemoglobin, ferritin, folate and vitamin B12 levels were evaluated and a structured questionnaire was given to gather information including age, gravida, parity, frequency of pregnancy, history of abortion, and intrauterine device usage. Based on WHO and international guidelines, anemia was defined as hemoglobin <11 g/dl, and iron deficiency as ferritin <15 μg/L. Serum (...) Iron, folate and vitamin B12 levels in first trimester pregnancies in the Southwest region of Turkey Iron, folate and vitamin B12 play important roles in the healthy development of the fetus in pregnancy. Preconceptional levels of these micronutrients is influenced by dietary habits. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of iron, vitamin B12 and folate in first trimester pregnancies in the southwest region of Turkey where the Mediterranean Cuisine, rich in fresh fruit

2011 Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association

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