How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,201 results for

Prenatal Vitamin

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

181. Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. (PubMed)

Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. Anaemia is common during pregnancy, and prenatal Fe supplementation is the standard of care. However, the persistence of anaemia despite Fe supplementation, particularly in HIV infection, suggests that its aetiology may be more complex and warrants further investigation. The present study was conducted to examine predictors of incident haematological (...) outcomes in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania.Prospective cohort study. Cox proportional hazards and binomial regression models were used to identify predictors of incident haematological outcomes: anaemia (Hb < 110 g/l), severe anaemia (Hb < 85 g/l) and hypochromic microcytosis, during the follow-up period.Antenatal clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.Participants were 904 HIV-infected pregnant women enrolled in a randomized trial of vitamins (1995-1997).Malaria, pathogenic protozoan and hookworm

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2012 Public health nutrition

182. Vitamin A Deficiency in Pregnancy: Perspectives after Bariatric Surgery. (PubMed)

percentage of VAD in the postoperative period is a cause for concern, especially considering the function of this vitamin in certain biological moments and in moments of intense nutritional demand. This vitamin serum evaluation is recommended during the prenatal period. (...) Vitamin A Deficiency in Pregnancy: Perspectives after Bariatric Surgery. This study aims to describe the clinical consequences of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in pregnant women after bariatric surgery. Included are studies on VAD during pregnancy and after bariatric surgery conducted in humans from 1993 to 2011. There are few investigations on the relationship between pregnancy and bariatric surgery and on the damage to the binomial mother-child resulting from VAD in this relationship. The high

2012 Obesity Surgery

183. Gestational Exposure to Urban Air Pollution Related to a Decrease in Cord Blood Vitamin D Levels. (PubMed)

Gestational Exposure to Urban Air Pollution Related to a Decrease in Cord Blood Vitamin D Levels. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the increased risk of several diseases. Exposure to air pollution has been suggested as a contributor to vitamin D deficiency. However, studies that have examined the effects of air pollution on vitamin D status are few and have never focused on prenatal life as an exposure window.Our aim was to investigate the associations between gestational exposure (...) during pregnancy. Cord blood samples were collected at birth and were analyzed for levels of 25(OH)D.Maternal exposure to ambient urban levels of NO(2) and PM(10) during the whole pregnancy was a strong predictor of low vitamin D status in newborns. After adjustment, log-transformed 25(OH)D decreased by 0.15 U (P = 0.05) and 0.41 U (P = 0.04) for a 10-μg/m(3) increase in NO(2) and PM(10) pregnancy levels, respectively. The association was strongest for third-trimester exposures (P = 0.0003 and P

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2012 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

184. Iron, folate and vitamin B12 levels in first trimester pregnancies in the Southwest region of Turkey (PubMed)

and vegetables is commonly consumed.Two hundred and one low-middle income pregnant women were recruited during their first prenatal visit. Hemoglobin, ferritin, folate and vitamin B12 levels were evaluated and a structured questionnaire was given to gather information including age, gravida, parity, frequency of pregnancy, history of abortion, and intrauterine device usage. Based on WHO and international guidelines, anemia was defined as hemoglobin <11 g/dl, and iron deficiency as ferritin <15 μg/L. Serum (...) Iron, folate and vitamin B12 levels in first trimester pregnancies in the Southwest region of Turkey Iron, folate and vitamin B12 play important roles in the healthy development of the fetus in pregnancy. Preconceptional levels of these micronutrients is influenced by dietary habits. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of iron, vitamin B12 and folate in first trimester pregnancies in the southwest region of Turkey where the Mediterranean Cuisine, rich in fresh fruit

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association

185. Vitamin K does not prevent soft tissue mineralization in a mouse model of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PubMed)

in the regulation of mineralization processes as a co-factor in the carboxylation of calcification inhibitors such as Matrix Gla Protein (MGP). Vitamin K precursor or a conjugated form has been proposed as potential substrate(s) for ABCC6. We investigated whether an enriched diet of vitamin K1 or vitamin K2 (MK4) could stop or slow the disease progression in Abcc6 (-/-) mice. Abcc6 (-/-) mice were placed on a diet of either vitamin K1 or MK4 at 5 or 100 mg/kg at prenatal, 3 weeks or 3 months of age. Disease (...) Vitamin K does not prevent soft tissue mineralization in a mouse model of pseudoxanthoma elasticum Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a heritable disease characterized by calcified elastic fibers in cutaneous, ocular, and vascular tissues. PXE is caused by mutations in ABCC6, which encodes a protein of the ATP-driven organic anion transporter family. The inability of this transporter to secrete its substrate into the circulation is the likely cause of PXE. Vitamin K plays a role

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Cell Cycle

186. Associations of hypomelanotic skin disorders with autism: Do they reflect the effects of genetic mutations and epigenetic factors on vitamin-D metabolism in individuals at risk for autism? (PubMed)

Associations of hypomelanotic skin disorders with autism: Do they reflect the effects of genetic mutations and epigenetic factors on vitamin-D metabolism in individuals at risk for autism? Vitamin D is crucial for full functioning in many genes, and vitamin-D deficiency interferes with many processes, including brain development and DNA repair. Several lines of evidence suggest that prenatal and early postnatal vitamin-D deficiency increases risk for autism, probably through multiple effects (...) that include impaired brain development and increased de novo mutations. High rates of autism in several genetically based hypomelanotic skin disorders present a puzzle, because ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation acting on skin is the major natural source of vitamin D, and lighter skin, which increases UVB penetration, helps protect against vitamin-D deficiency, especially at higher latitudes. Understanding autism's association with hypomelanosis may elucidate autism's etiology. We consider two hypotheses

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Hypothesis : the newsletter of the Research Section of MLA

187. Association of hypomelanotic skin disorders with autism: links to possible etiologic role of vitamin-D levels in autism? (PubMed)

Association of hypomelanotic skin disorders with autism: links to possible etiologic role of vitamin-D levels in autism? Vitamin D is crucial for several key physiological processes, including brain development, DNA repair, and regulation of many genes. Much evidence indicates prenatal and early postnatal vitamin-D deficiency increases autism risk, probably through multiple effects, including impaired brain development and increased de novo mutations. High autism rates in several genetically (...) based hypomelanotic skin disorders are puzzling, because ultraviolet-B radiation (UVB) in sunlight acting on skin is a key source of vitamin-D, and lighter skin protects against vitamin-D deficiency, especially at high latitudes. We consider two hypotheses to help explain autism's co-morbidity with hypomelanosis. 1) Because genetic and epigenetic variants that produce hypomelanosis help protect against vitamin-D deficiency, they increase reproductive fitness of individuals who also have other autism

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Hypothesis (University of Toronto. Dept. of Medical Biophysics)

188. Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation During Pregnancy on Clinical Outcomes and Immune Function

Actual Study Completion Date : May 2013 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: available for: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Placebo Comparator: 400 IU Vitamin D3 Women in this study arm receive 400 IU of vitamin D3 per day, or what is in a standard prenatal multivitamin. They also receive a placebo study supplement. Dietary Supplement: 400 IU vitamin D3 Women in this study arm receive 400 IU of vitamin D3 per day, or what is in a standard (...) prenatal multivitamin. They also receive a placebo study supplement. Experimental: 2,000 IU Vitamin D3 Women in this arm receive 2,000 IU vitamin D per day: 400 IU from a standard prenatal multivitamin plus an additional 1,600 IU vitamin D3 in the study supplement. Dietary Supplement: 2,000 IU Vitamin D3 Women in this arm receive 2,000 IU vitamin D per day: 400 IU from a standard prenatal multivitamin plus an additional 1,600 IU vitamin D3 in the study supplement. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome

2011 Clinical Trials

189. Routine screening for vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy: past its due date? (PubMed)

Prenatal Care Vitamin D Deficiency prevention & control 2011 4 8 6 0 2011 4 8 6 0 2011 6 3 6 0 ppublish 21470080 ebl10010_fm (...) Routine screening for vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy: past its due date? 21470080 2011 06 02 2011 11 09 1326-5377 194 7 2011 Apr 04 The Medical journal of Australia Med. J. Aust. Routine screening for vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy: past its due date? 332-3 Ebeling Peter R PR eng Comment Editorial Australia Med J Aust 0400714 0025-729X IM Med J Aust. 2011 Oct 3;195(7):384-5 21978339 Med J Aust. 2011 Apr 4;194(7):334-7 21470081 Australia Female Humans Mass Screening Pregnancy

2011 Medical Journal of Australia

190. Vitamin D status during pregnancy: maternal, fetal, and postnatal outcomes. (PubMed)

, and periodontal disease had lower vitamin D status at mid-gestation or delivery compared with controls. Maternal vitamin D status early in pregnancy was associated with risk of low birth weight and small-for-gestational age infants in one study, whereas another study found this relation only among white women. Polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene may contribute to vitamin D-related disparities in fetal growth. Evidence from recent studies suggests an early prenatal influence of maternal vitamin D (...) Vitamin D status during pregnancy: maternal, fetal, and postnatal outcomes. To consider evidence from recent studies linking maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy with maternal, fetal, and postnatal outcomes.Several studies have demonstrated an association between poor maternal vitamin D status and severe preeclampsia, though results are inconsistent and cannot be generalized to nonsevere preeclampsia. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

2011 Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology

191. Prenatal cocaine exposure

Prenatal cocaine exposure Prenatal cocaine exposure - Wikipedia Prenatal cocaine exposure From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Further information: Prenatal cocaine exposure ( PCE ), theorized in the 1970s, occurs when a pregnant woman uses and thereby exposes her to the . " Crack baby " was a term coined to describe children who were exposed to ( cocaine in smokable form) as fetuses; the concept of the crack baby emerged in the US during the 1980s and 1990s in the midst of a . Other terms (...) concerns about links between PCE and slowed growth, deformed limbs, defects of the kidneys and and , damage, , or in the , , and obstruction of blood supply in the . After the early studies that reported that PCE children would be severely disabled came studies that purported to show that cocaine exposure in utero has no important effects. Almost every prenatal complication originally thought to be due directly to PCE was found to result from confounding factors such as poor maternal nutrition, use

2012 Wikipedia

192. Increasing prenatal care and healthy behaviors in pregnant substance users. (PubMed)

that there were significant increases in prenatal care utilization and prenatal/multi-vitamin and water consumption, and a significant decrease in stress. Limitations and recommendations for further research are discussed. (...) Increasing prenatal care and healthy behaviors in pregnant substance users. Evidence suggests that prenatal care, healthy behaviors such as exercise and nutrition, and general stress level are associated with fetal and maternal health but there is a relative dearth of research on interventions to improve these factors in pregnant substance users. Two hundred pregnant substance users entering outpatient substance abuse treatment were randomized to receive either three individual sessions

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2010 Journal of psychoactive drugs

193. Management issues for women with epilepsy--focus on pregnancy (an evidence-based review): III. Vitamin K, folic acid, blood levels, and breast-feeding (PubMed)

Management issues for women with epilepsy--focus on pregnancy (an evidence-based review): III. Vitamin K, folic acid, blood levels, and breast-feeding A committee assembled by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) reassessed the evidence related to the care of women with epilepsy (WWE) during pregnancy, including preconceptional folic acid and prenatal vitamin K use and the clinical implications of placental and breast-milk transfer of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The committee evaluated

2009 EvidenceUpdates

194. Iron Deficiency – Diagnosis and Management

(Table 1). Iron supplementation for non-anemic pregnant women Most pregnant women need to take a supplement to get enough iron. An increase in iron consumption by about 15-30 mg elemental iron/day is recommended for non-anemic women, an amount readily met by most prenatal vitamin formulations. Health Canada recommends that pregnant women take a daily multivitamin that includes B12, 0.4mg of folic acid, and 16-20 mg of iron. IDA in pregnant women IDA is the most frequent form of anemia in pregnant (...) for the investigation and management of iron deficiency in the setting of specific chronic diseases is provided: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines recommend including CBC, absolute reticulocyte count, serum ferritin and TSAT as well as other tests (vitamin B12) in the initial evaluation of anemia in patients with CKD and anemia. Note that ferritin levels in patients with CKD may be elevated due to inflammation, and so many not accurately reflect iron status

2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines and Protocols in British Columbia

195. Overview of pregnancy complications

and prenatal diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. J Clin Virol. 2004:29:71-83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14747024?tool=bestpractice.com ). Pregnant mothers should wash their hands regularly and thoroughly to prevent primary infection (which is usually asymptomatic). CMV screening in pregnancy is not routinely performed, but may identify those suitable for antiviral treatment. Kenneson A, Cannon MJ. Review and meta-analysis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Rev Med Virol (...) cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pruritic condition caused by impaired bile flow allowing bile salts to be deposited in the skin and the placenta. Usually presents in the third trimester with pruritus, which is worse at night, starts on the soles of feet and hands, and spares the face. Some women may present with jaundice and significant liver dysfunction, coagulopathy from vitamin K deficiency (rarely), abnormal fetal heart rate, premature labour, or intrauterine fetal demise. Risk factors include

2018 BMJ Best Practice

196. Overview of pregnancy complications

and prenatal diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. J Clin Virol. 2004:29:71-83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14747024?tool=bestpractice.com ). Pregnant mothers should wash their hands regularly and thoroughly to prevent primary infection (which is usually asymptomatic). CMV screening in pregnancy is not routinely performed, but may identify those suitable for antiviral treatment. Kenneson A, Cannon MJ. Review and meta-analysis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Rev Med Virol (...) cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pruritic condition caused by impaired bile flow allowing bile salts to be deposited in the skin and the placenta. Usually presents in the third trimester with pruritus, which is worse at night, starts on the soles of feet and hands, and spares the face. Some women may present with jaundice and significant liver dysfunction, coagulopathy from vitamin K deficiency (rarely), abnormal fetal heart rate, premature labour, or intrauterine fetal demise. Risk factors include

2018 BMJ Best Practice

197. Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults

and many fractures are related to seizures. 148, 149 Postmenopausal women who use AEDs are at increased risk of fracture (hazard ratio (HR) 1.44, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.61) 145 and most AEDs were associated with an increased risk of non-traumatic factures in individuals aged 50 or over. 146 A systematic review found no RCTs investigating therapeutic agents to prevent fracture in people with epilepsy although one RCT included in the review suggested that supplementation with high dose vitamin D may

2018 SIGN

199. Canadian HIV Pregnancy Planning Guidelines

to all people with HIV of reproductive age on strategies to reduce horizontal and perinatal HIV transmission risk (I-A). 3. Individuals should be counselled on all relevant aspects of pregnancy planning—such as maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle; the cessation or reduction of smoking, drinking alcohol, and drug use; the risk of genetic disease occurrence, and prenatal screening—as outlined in current Canadian practice guidelines irrespective of their known HIV status (III-A). 4. Folic acid (...) (found in the form of vitamin supplements) should be initiated 3 months prior to becoming pregnant and for at least the first 3 months of pregnancy (II-3A). 5. Prospective parents should be tested for sexually transmitted and other infections/comorbidities, even if they have conceived in the past and have no symptoms of infection (III-A). 6. Counselling should include a discussion of the potential risk for both horizontal and perinatal HIV transmission, including perinatal transmission via

2018 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

200. Management of Stroke in Neonates and Children

in newborns. Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn remains problematic in areas of the world where supplemental vitamin K is not routinely administered to newborns. In the United States, intracranial hemorrhage has been documented in babies whose caregivers refused vitamin K administration after birth. , Breastfeeding infants may also develop vitamin K deficiency. Babies whose mothers ingested warfarin, phenytoin, or barbiturates during pregnancy sometimes develop a vitamin K–related coagulopathy (...) bruit) or a family history suggestive of an autosomal dominant syndrome such as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Management Markedly low platelet counts and coagulation factor deficiencies should be corrected. Large doses of vitamin K may be needed to correct factor deficiencies resulting from maternal medications. Surgical evacuation of a hematoma may reduce extremely high intracranial pressure (ICP) but is rarely performed in neonates, and it is not clear whether surgery improves

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 American Heart Association

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>