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3,217 results for

Premature Rupture of Membranes

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2721. Funneling to the stitch: an informative ultrasonographic finding after cervical cerclage. Full Text available with Trip Pro

studied. The incidence of premature rupture of the membranes was also significantly greater postcerclage in women with descent of the membranes to the cerclage (52%) compared to those without this finding (9%) P= 0.002.Funneling to the cerclage is significantly associated with earlier preterm delivery in patients who have undergone cervical cerclage. Serial sonography up to 28 weeks' gestation is useful in identifying patients at higher risk for premature rupture of the membranes and preterm delivery. (...) at delivery. Funneling to the level of the cerclage was associated with an earlier gestational age at delivery 31.3 +/- 5.6 weeks vs. 36.8 +/- 2.8 weeks for those cases without this finding, P < 0.001. A statistically significant association between funneling to the cerclage and preterm delivery was identified irrespective of the indication (prophylactic or emergency) for the procedure. When descent of the membranes to the level of the cerclage was noted, it occurred by 28 weeks' gestation in all patients

2002 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

2722. Intra-amniotic Infection Caused by Capnocytophaga Species Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intra-amniotic Infection Caused by Capnocytophaga Species Capnocytophaga species are common oral pathogens and infrequent causes of systemic infection in patients with compromised host. The isolation of this organism suggests an oral source of infection.A 32-year-old woman was admitted at 23 weeks gestation in preterm premature rupture of the membranes. She subsequently developed signs of clinical intra-amniotic infection, including fever, fetal tachycardia, and uterine tenderness

1996 Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology

2723. Control of neonatal group B streptococcal infection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

should be treated with intravenous penicillin or ampicillin. Risk factors include preterm labour, premature rupture of membranes, intrapartum fever, multiple births, prolonged rupture of membranes, maternal diabetes, previous sibling with invasive GBS disease, and maternal GBS bacteriuria. The latter two categories warrant chemoprophylaxis regardless of maternal colonization status.

1993 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

2724. Role of Bacterial Vaginosis in Peripartum Infections Full Text available with Trip Pro

correlated with the clinical diagnoses of chorioamnionitis, endometritis, and neonatal sepsis.Eighty-eight percent of patients were term and 12% were preterm. The overall prevalence of BV was 30%. The frequency of BV was similar in both term and preterm women. BV was significantly more prevalent among nonwhites than whites (37% vs. 25%, P = 0.005). Maternal characteristics such as mean age, parity, status of the membranes, mean duration of labor, mean duration of ruptured membranes, mean length of fetal

1994 Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology

2725. Haemolytic jaundice in a neonate after intra-amniotic injection of methylene blue Full Text available with Trip Pro

, Premature Rupture diagnosis Humans Infant, Newborn Infant, Newborn, Diseases chemically induced Methylene Blue adverse effects Pregnancy 1982 11 1 1982 11 1 0 1 1982 11 1 0 0 ppublish 6890790 PMC1628038 Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1970 Nov 15;108(6):993-4 5486493 Obstet Gynecol. 1973 Mar;41(3):476-7 4688269 Lancet. 1979 Nov 24;2(8152):1142-3 91881 N Engl J Med. 1981 Jun 4;304(23):1427 6453294 (...) Haemolytic jaundice in a neonate after intra-amniotic injection of methylene blue 6890790 1983 01 19 2018 11 13 1468-2044 57 11 1982 Nov Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Haemolytic jaundice in a neonate after intra-amniotic injection of methylene blue. 872-3 Crooks J J eng Case Reports Journal Article England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 T42P99266K Methylene Blue AIM IM Anemia, Hemolytic chemically induced therapy Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood Female Fetal Membranes

1982 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2726. Complications of pregnancy and benign familial joint hyperlaxity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Complications of pregnancy and benign familial joint hyperlaxity. A family is described in which four generations were affected by benign familial joint hyperlaxity and, in the two generations for which obstetric data were available, pregnancies were complicated by unexplained mid-trimester vaginal bleeding. This prompted a study to determine whether unexplained antepartum haemorrhage (APH) and premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) both of which might reflect the structure of fetal collagen

1988 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

2727. Elective delivery and the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

+/- 430 g and 36.3 +/- 1.7 weeks, and the mortality was 14%. This study demonstrated that elective delivery can produce severe neonatal complications, that despite their availability diagnostic tests of fetal age and maturity of the fetal lungs are not being used universally, and that the indications for elective delivery in cases of premature rupture of the membranes must be re-evaluated.

1980 Canadian Medical Association Journal

2728. Dry lung syndrome after oligohydramnios. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dry lung syndrome after oligohydramnios. 3389913 1988 08 09 2018 11 13 1468-2044 63 6 1988 Jun Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Dry lung syndrome after oligohydramnios. 683-4 Blott M M Greenough A A eng Letter England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 AIM IM Amniotic Fluid Female Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture complications Humans Infant, Newborn Pregnancy Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn etiology 1988 6 1 1988 6 1 0 1 1988 6 1 0 0 ppublish 3389913 PMC1778847 Arch Dis

1988 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2729. Van der Woude syndrome and limb defects: the chance of recurrence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Van der Woude syndrome and limb defects: the chance of recurrence. 2732999 1989 07 27 2018 11 13 0022-2593 26 5 1989 May Journal of medical genetics J. Med. Genet. Van der Woude syndrome and limb defects: the chance of recurrence. 347-8 Lipson A A eng Comment Letter England J Med Genet 2985087R 0022-2593 IM J Med Genet. 1988 Aug;25(8):565-7 2845088 Animals Cleft Lip Cleft Palate Female Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture complications Humans Limb Deformities, Congenital Pregnancy Recurrence

1989 Journal of Medical Genetics

2730. Pregnancy outcome at 24-31 weeks' gestation: mortality. Full Text available with Trip Pro

abruption (n = 79, 20%), pre-eclampsia (n = 56, 14%), and premature rupture of membranes (n = 48, 12%). The percentages of babies alive at the onset of delivery who survived the neonatal period were 66, 84, 78, and 73, respectively and the percentages of neonatal survivors with severe disabilities were 19, 13, 3, and 6, respectively. A further 65 (17%) of these babies died before the onset of labour for no obvious reason. The mode of delivery did not correlate with the outcome once the period (...) Pregnancy outcome at 24-31 weeks' gestation: mortality. A study of all the mothers in the Northern region in 1983 whose pregnancies ended at between 24 and 31 weeks' gestation was undertaken. These pregnancies accounted for 1.3% of all the births and 44% of all the fetal and neonatal deaths in pregnancies that lasted more than 23 weeks. Most of the 389 singleton deliveries without malformations between 24 and 31 weeks were caused by spontaneous premature labour (n = 119, 31%), placental

1989 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2731. Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnant patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with tetracycline. The outcome of pregnancy in patients treated for chlamydial infection was compared with a control group of noninfected mothers from the same population. The frequency of premature rupture of the membranes, prematurity, and low Apgar scores among the treated women were not significantly different from those in the control group. There was a significant difference, however, between the two groups in the incidence of low mean birth weight infants and the presence of meconium. Children can

1991 Public Health Reports

2732. CHILDBEARING AFTER LIVER TRANSPLANTATION, Full Text available with Trip Pro

. All vaginal births were term. Toxemia of pregnancy and early rupture of membranes were the principal indications for cesarean section. There were no congenital abnormalities or birth defects and all the children are surviving well. Fifteen of 16 children older than one year all have normal physical and mental development, with one child manifesting immature speech development. Four children are under one year, all with normal milestones thus far. Sixteen of the 17 mothers are alive from 2-18 years (...) patients had no alteration in liver function studies; 7 patients demonstrated mild or moderate enzyme elevations prior to delivery, with one case of rejection confirmed by percutaneous liver biopsy. Major problems related to pregnancy were hypertension, anemia, and hyperbilirubinemia. Twenty live births occurred (2 patients had 2 separate pregnancies, one patient had a set of twins); 13 were by cesarean section, 7 by vaginal delivery. Eleven of the 13 cesarean births were premature by gestational age

1990 Transplantation

2733. The clinicopathological features of three babies with osteogenesis imperfecta resulting from the substitution of glycine by valine in the pro alpha 1 (I) chain of type I procollagen. Full Text available with Trip Pro

2 (OI59), and 256 in case 3 (OI7B). OI35 had the most severe clinical form, OI IIC, with premature rupture of membranes, severe antepartum haemorrhage, stillbirth, severe short limbed dwarfism, and extreme osteoporosis. OI59 was a better formed baby but was also born prematurely as a result of premature rupture of membranes and severe antepartum haemorrhage. She had the radiographic features of OI IIA. OI7B was born at term and also had the radiographic features of OI IIA. Pathological

1992 Journal of Medical Genetics

2734. A prospective study of chlamydial, mycoplasmal, and viral infections in a neonatal intensive care unit. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in 6 of 235 babies (2.6%). There was a statistically significant association between U urealyticum colonisation and preterm birth or prolonged rupture of membranes. Colonisation occurred more commonly in babies with apnoea. Viral infection was detected in 16 of 280 babies (5.7%). Rotavirus was identified in 5 of 170 babies (2.9%) and was associated with necrotising enterocolitis in two infants and with bloody diarrhoea in another. Respiratory syncytial virus, which was identified in 4 of 280 babies

1984 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2735. The frequency of complications in cesarean and noncesarean deliveries, 1970 and 1978. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and premature rupture of membranes. Several competing explanations have been offered for the rise in complication rates and in cesarean delivery rates.

1983 Public Health Reports

2736. Spontaneous localized intestinal perforation in very-low-birth-weight infants: a distinct clinical entity different from necrotizing enterocolitis. (Abstract)

to surgical treatment for NEC.The medical records of 29 premature infants with either SIP (n = 13) or NEC (n = 16) were reviewed retrospectively.Infants who experienced SIP were smaller at birth, had lower Apgar scores, and required more intensive neonatal resuscitation. An increased rate of premature rupture of membranes in infants with SIP (8/13 versus 6/16) was not associated with a higher rate of infection in mothers or infants. The onset of illness in SIP was significantly earlier than in NEC (p (...) Spontaneous localized intestinal perforation in very-low-birth-weight infants: a distinct clinical entity different from necrotizing enterocolitis. Idiopathic spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP), a distinct clinical entity different from necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), has an increasing prevalence in very-low-birth-weight infants. The aims of our study were to define patient characteristics and potential risk factors for premature infants with SIP compared with infants subjected

2002 Journal of the American College of Surgeons

2737. Intrauterine head entrapment of a second twin by a uterine synechia. (Abstract)

, as well as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The patient experienced preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24 weeks' gestation and underwent a cesarean delivery for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing of twin B, with findings of a constricting band of fibrous tissue around the neck of twin B.Uterine synechia might cause intrauterine head entrapment and IUGR.

2003 Obstetrics and Gynecology

2738. Successful outcome after serial amnioreductions in triplet fetofetal transfusion syndrome. (Abstract)

, and 26 weeks' gestation to relieve symptomatic polyhydramnios. Premature rupture of membranes occurred at 27 weeks and cesarean delivery was performed. All three babies were discharged home by 4 months of age, and all had normal neurological development when assessed at 6 months of age.The option of serial amnioreduction, with the anticipation and preparation for delivery at around 28 weeks, should be seriously considered when triplet fetofetal transfusion syndrome is encountered.

2003 Obstetrics and Gynecology

2739. Longitudinal evaluation of markers of endothelial cell dysfunction and hemostasis in treated antiphospholipid syndrome and in healthy pregnancy. (Abstract)

restriction and preeclampsia; one antiphospholipid syndrome pregnancy (4%) was complicated by preterm rupture of membranes. Six women with antiphospholipid syndrome (26%) had thrombotic events. Differences in concentrations of endothelial cell activation markers between antiphospholipid syndrome and control pregnancies were not significant.Despite poorer pregnancy outcome, there was no evidence of greater endothelial cell activation in antiphospholipid syndrome pregnancies that were treated.

2003 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

2740. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria in pregnancy. (Abstract)

with PNH on high-dosage anticoagulation therapy, the follow-up during the pregnancy, the delivery and the postpartum period. The obstetric literature on women with PNH is reviewed, the maternal and fetal risks are evaluated and the management of pregnancies and deliveries in such patients are discussed. During the pregnancy our patient was hypertransfused and used anticoagulation treatment. A healthy child was delivered in week 37 by cesarean section because of premature rupture of the membranes (...) Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria in pregnancy. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired hemolytic anemia in which a defect of glycophosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins in the cell membrane of bone marrow stem cells leads to increased sensitivity of the red cells to complement, causing intravascular hemolysis and hemoglobinuria. Other clinical features of this disease are cytopenia and an increased frequency of thrombotic events. We report a case of a pregnant woman

2003 Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

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