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3,157 results for

Premature Rupture of Membranes

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2641. The efficacy of prophylactic erythromycin in preventing vertical transmission of Ureaplasma urealyticum. (Abstract)

The efficacy of prophylactic erythromycin in preventing vertical transmission of Ureaplasma urealyticum. To determine if prophylactic erythromycin alters the vertical transmission rate of Ureaplasma urealyticum. Randomized prospective study of 51 singleton pregnancies between 22 and 35 weeks' gestation with preterm premature rupture of membranes or preterm labor. Patients received oral erythromycin for 7 days in addition to routine prophylactic intravenous ampicillin or ampicillin alone. Lower

1997 American journal of perinatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2642. High risk pregnancy monitored antenatally at home. (Abstract)

pregnancy (23%), diabetes (24%), preterm rupture of membranes (2%) and previous recurrent antenatal death (1%).Primary outcome measure was perinatal morbidity, measured by Prechtl's neonatal neurological optimality score. Secondary outcome variables were the occurrence of complications, obstetric interventions at labour, birthweight, gestational age at delivery and maternal and neonatal admission rates.In both groups there was one case of perinatal mortality. In both treatment groups the median

1997 European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2643. Invasive antenatal procedures and requirement for neonatal intensive care unit admission. (Abstract)

Invasive antenatal procedures and requirement for neonatal intensive care unit admission. Neonatal respiratory difficulties are increased following second trimester amniocentesis. In preterm, prolonged rupture of the membranes, respiratory outcome is particularly poor when rupture occurs in the first trimester. It therefore seems likely that first trimester/ early amniocentesis (EA) would be associated with severe respiratory problems necessitating a high neonatal intensive care unit (NICU

1997 European journal of pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2644. Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnant patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with tetracycline. The outcome of pregnancy in patients treated for chlamydial infection was compared with a control group of noninfected mothers from the same population. The frequency of premature rupture of the membranes, prematurity, and low Apgar scores among the treated women were not significantly different from those in the control group. There was a significant difference, however, between the two groups in the incidence of low mean birth weight infants and the presence of meconium. Children can

1991 Public Health Reports

2645. Elective delivery and the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

+/- 430 g and 36.3 +/- 1.7 weeks, and the mortality was 14%. This study demonstrated that elective delivery can produce severe neonatal complications, that despite their availability diagnostic tests of fetal age and maturity of the fetal lungs are not being used universally, and that the indications for elective delivery in cases of premature rupture of the membranes must be re-evaluated.

1980 Canadian Medical Association Journal

2646. The frequency of complications in cesarean and noncesarean deliveries, 1970 and 1978. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and premature rupture of membranes. Several competing explanations have been offered for the rise in complication rates and in cesarean delivery rates.

1983 Public Health Reports

2647. A prospective study of chlamydial, mycoplasmal, and viral infections in a neonatal intensive care unit. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in 6 of 235 babies (2.6%). There was a statistically significant association between U urealyticum colonisation and preterm birth or prolonged rupture of membranes. Colonisation occurred more commonly in babies with apnoea. Viral infection was detected in 16 of 280 babies (5.7%). Rotavirus was identified in 5 of 170 babies (2.9%) and was associated with necrotising enterocolitis in two infants and with bloody diarrhoea in another. Respiratory syncytial virus, which was identified in 4 of 280 babies

1984 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2648. The clinicopathological features of three babies with osteogenesis imperfecta resulting from the substitution of glycine by valine in the pro alpha 1 (I) chain of type I procollagen. Full Text available with Trip Pro

2 (OI59), and 256 in case 3 (OI7B). OI35 had the most severe clinical form, OI IIC, with premature rupture of membranes, severe antepartum haemorrhage, stillbirth, severe short limbed dwarfism, and extreme osteoporosis. OI59 was a better formed baby but was also born prematurely as a result of premature rupture of membranes and severe antepartum haemorrhage. She had the radiographic features of OI IIA. OI7B was born at term and also had the radiographic features of OI IIA. Pathological

1992 Journal of Medical Genetics

2649. Van der Woude syndrome and limb defects: the chance of recurrence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Van der Woude syndrome and limb defects: the chance of recurrence. 2732999 1989 07 27 2018 11 13 0022-2593 26 5 1989 May Journal of medical genetics J. Med. Genet. Van der Woude syndrome and limb defects: the chance of recurrence. 347-8 Lipson A A eng Comment Letter England J Med Genet 2985087R 0022-2593 IM J Med Genet. 1988 Aug;25(8):565-7 2845088 Animals Cleft Lip Cleft Palate Female Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture complications Humans Limb Deformities, Congenital Pregnancy Recurrence

1989 Journal of Medical Genetics

2650. Pregnancy outcome at 24-31 weeks' gestation: mortality. Full Text available with Trip Pro

abruption (n = 79, 20%), pre-eclampsia (n = 56, 14%), and premature rupture of membranes (n = 48, 12%). The percentages of babies alive at the onset of delivery who survived the neonatal period were 66, 84, 78, and 73, respectively and the percentages of neonatal survivors with severe disabilities were 19, 13, 3, and 6, respectively. A further 65 (17%) of these babies died before the onset of labour for no obvious reason. The mode of delivery did not correlate with the outcome once the period (...) Pregnancy outcome at 24-31 weeks' gestation: mortality. A study of all the mothers in the Northern region in 1983 whose pregnancies ended at between 24 and 31 weeks' gestation was undertaken. These pregnancies accounted for 1.3% of all the births and 44% of all the fetal and neonatal deaths in pregnancies that lasted more than 23 weeks. Most of the 389 singleton deliveries without malformations between 24 and 31 weeks were caused by spontaneous premature labour (n = 119, 31%), placental

1989 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2651. CHILDBEARING AFTER LIVER TRANSPLANTATION, Full Text available with Trip Pro

. All vaginal births were term. Toxemia of pregnancy and early rupture of membranes were the principal indications for cesarean section. There were no congenital abnormalities or birth defects and all the children are surviving well. Fifteen of 16 children older than one year all have normal physical and mental development, with one child manifesting immature speech development. Four children are under one year, all with normal milestones thus far. Sixteen of the 17 mothers are alive from 2-18 years (...) patients had no alteration in liver function studies; 7 patients demonstrated mild or moderate enzyme elevations prior to delivery, with one case of rejection confirmed by percutaneous liver biopsy. Major problems related to pregnancy were hypertension, anemia, and hyperbilirubinemia. Twenty live births occurred (2 patients had 2 separate pregnancies, one patient had a set of twins); 13 were by cesarean section, 7 by vaginal delivery. Eleven of the 13 cesarean births were premature by gestational age

1990 Transplantation

2652. A program of cell death and extracellular matrix degradation is activated in the amnion before the onset of labor. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A program of cell death and extracellular matrix degradation is activated in the amnion before the onset of labor. Fetal membranes usually rupture during the process of labor. Premature fetal membrane rupture occurs not infrequently and is associated with significant fetal and maternal morbidity. The mechanisms of normal and pathologic fetal membrane rupture are not well understood. We have examined structural and biochemical changes in the rat amnion as labor approaches in order (...) by interstitial collagenase. Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses confirmed that interstitial collagenase protein appears in association with the loss of amnion type I collagen. We conclude that amnion epithelial cells undergo a process of programmed cell death associated with orchestrated extracellular matrix degradation which begins before the onset of active labor. Thus, fetal membrane rupture is likely to be the result of biochemical changes as well as physical forces.

1996 Journal of Clinical Investigation

2653. In vitro effect of tinidazole and furazolidone on metronidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

In vitro effect of tinidazole and furazolidone on metronidazole-resistant Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomonas vaginalis is a common sexually transmitted protozoan parasite. Although often considered simply a nuisance infection, T. vaginalis has been implicated in premature rupture of placental membranes and increases in the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus. Metronidazole, a 5-nitroimidazole, is currently the drug of choice to treat T. vaginalis infection. Because some patients have

1996 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

2654. Dry lung syndrome after oligohydramnios. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dry lung syndrome after oligohydramnios. 3389913 1988 08 09 2018 11 13 1468-2044 63 6 1988 Jun Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Dry lung syndrome after oligohydramnios. 683-4 Blott M M Greenough A A eng Letter England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 AIM IM Amniotic Fluid Female Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture complications Humans Infant, Newborn Pregnancy Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn etiology 1988 6 1 1988 6 1 0 1 1988 6 1 0 0 ppublish 3389913 PMC1778847 Arch Dis

1988 Archives of Disease in Childhood

2655. Preventing perinatal infections. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Preventing perinatal infections. 9253256 1997 09 04 2008 11 20 0959-8138 315 7102 1997 Jul 26 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Preventing perinatal infections. 199-200 Hofmeyr G J GJ McIntyre J J eng Comment Editorial England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM X BMJ. 1997 Jul 26;315(7102):216-9; discussion 220 9253269 Breast Feeding adverse effects Female Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture complications HIV Infections prevention & control transmission Humans Infant, Newborn Pregnancy Pregnancy

1997 BMJ : British Medical Journal

2656. Maternal morbidity and mortality associated with interpregnancy interval: cross sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

of short and long interpregnancy intervals on maternal death, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, third trimester bleeding, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum haemorrhage, puerperal endometritis, and anaemia.Short (<6 months) and long (>59 months) interpregnancy intervals were observed for 2.8% and 19.5% of women, respectively. After adjustment for major confounding factors, compared with those conceiving at 18 to 23 months after a previous birth, women with interpregnancy (...) intervals of 5 months or less had higher risks for maternal death (odds ratio 2.54; 95% confidence interval 1.22 to 5.38), third trimester bleeding (1.73; 1.42 to 2.24), premature rupture of membranes (1.72; 1.53 to 1.93), puerperal endometritis (1.33; 1.22 to 1.45), and anaemia (1.30; 1.18 to 1.43). Compared with women with interpregnancy intervals of 18 to 23 months, women with interpregnancy intervals longer than 59 months had significantly increased risks of pre-eclampsia (1.83; 1.72 to 1.94

2000 BMJ : British Medical Journal

2657. Risk factors for early-onset group B streptococcal disease in neonates: a population-based case–control study Full Text available with Trip Pro

were no differences between the 90 cases and 489 controls in sociodemographic variables or in many reproductive and behavioural variables. Case infants were more likely than control infants to be of low birth weight (odds ratio [OR] 3.60, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.68-7.65), to have been delivered preterm (OR 3.89, 95% CI 2.08-7.27), or to have a mother with amnionitis (OR 15.03, 95% CI 5.58-41.89), intrapartum fever (OR 4.65, 95% CI 2.48-8.69) or premature rupture of the membranes (OR 2.39, 95

2003 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

2658. Maternal and fetal indicators of oxidative stress in various obstetric complications Full Text available with Trip Pro

Maternal and fetal indicators of oxidative stress in various obstetric complications The present study demonstrates the incidence of increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in both maternal and fetal erythrocytes as markers of oxygen radical activity in different complications of pregnancy. In fetuses born after premature rupture of membranes, lipid peroxidation was significantly elevated as indicated by increased malondialdehyde levels (p<0.05) as compared to controls. Proteolytic

2003 Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry

2659. Repeated fetal losses associated with antiphospholipid antibodies: a collaborative randomized trial comparing prednisone with low-dose heparin treatment. (Abstract)

to prednisone (p = 0.02 vs p = 0.006). Preterm delivery among prednisone-treated women was usually associated with premature rupture of the membranes or preeclampsia. These results could be generalized to the other groups of women ascertained during the course of the study.Low-dose heparin should be preferred to prednisone when treatment is indicated for high-risk pregnant women with antiphospholipid antibodies. (...) included 20 patients. Generalizability of results from randomized patients was evaluated by means of additional data from 13 women refusing and 12 women ineligible for randomization. Data from study groups were compared with Fisher's exact test, and generalizability was evaluated with a chi 2 test for trend.Live birth rates were the same (75%) with either treatment, but "serious" maternal morbidity and the frequency of preterm delivery were significantly higher among women randomly assigned

1992 American journal of obstetrics and gynecology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2660. Management of the third stage of labour in women at low risk of postpartum haemorrhage. (Abstract)

criteria were induction or augmentation of labour, antepartum or previous postpartum haemorrhage, premature rupture of membranes, previous caesarean section, raised blood pressure, cervical lacerations and third degree tears.Active management with syntometrine and controlled cord traction; or physiological management, where the cord was not clamped and the placenta was delivered by maternal effort.Blood loss was measured subjectively at delivery and estimated objectively by comparing the haemoglobin

1993 European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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