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Pregnancy Symptoms

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2. Effectiveness of Manual Treatment on Pregnancy Symptoms: Usefulness of Manual Treatment in Treating Pregnancy Symptoms (PubMed)

Effectiveness of Manual Treatment on Pregnancy Symptoms: Usefulness of Manual Treatment in Treating Pregnancy Symptoms To determine the usefulness of manual treatment in reducing or eliminating pregnancy symptoms during first and second trimester.Manual treatment of the cervical and thoracic spine was performed in a group of 115 pregnant women who developed pregnancy symptoms during normal pregnancy. A rotational traction of the cervical spine was applied. Patients in whom the treatment (...) was unsuccessful underwent second round of treatment after a pause of a minimum 3 days. Patients for whom the treatment was initially successful but later relapsed also repeated whole procedure. Pregnancy symptoms analyzed in this study were heartburn, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, insomnia, neck pain, hyperosmia and hypersalivating.Manual treatment successfully treated pregnancy symptoms in 91 (79.1%) patients, it was partially successful for 22 (19.1%), and unsuccessful for 2 patients (1.7%) after

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2018 Medical Archives

3. Maternal early pregnancy obesity and depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy. (PubMed)

Maternal early pregnancy obesity and depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy. Previous studies have linked maternal obesity with depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy. It remains unknown whether obesity associates with consistently elevated depressive symptoms throughout pregnancy, predicts symptoms postpartum when accounting for antenatal symptoms, and if co-morbid hypertensive and diabetic disorders add to these associations. We addressed these questions in a sample of Finnish (...) comparison to normal weight women, overweight, and obese women reported higher levels of depressive symptoms and had higher odds of clinically significant depressive symptoms during (23% and 43%, respectively) and after pregnancy (22% and 36%, respectively). Underweight women had 68% higher odds of clinically significant depressive symptoms after pregnancy. Overweight and obesity also predicted higher depressive symptoms after pregnancy in women not reporting clinically relevant symptomatology during

2018 Psychological Medicine

4. Self-reported perinatal depressive symptoms and postnatal symptom severity after treatment with antidepressants in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study across 12 European countries using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (PubMed)

Self-reported perinatal depressive symptoms and postnatal symptom severity after treatment with antidepressants in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study across 12 European countries using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale This study aimed at exploring the prevalence of self-reported antenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms by severity across multiple countries and the association between antidepressant treatment in pregnancy and postnatal symptom severity.This was a multinational web (...) =173), we estimated the association between antidepressant treatment in pregnancy and postnatal depressive symptom severity, as standardized EPDS mean scores, via the inverse probability of treatment weight (association analysis).In the descriptive analysis (n=8069), the period prevalence of moderate-to-very severe depressive symptoms was higher in the western and eastern regions relative to the northern region, both in the antenatal period (6.8%-7.5% vs 4.3%) and in the postnatal period (7.6% vs

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2018 Clinical epidemiology

5. Treatments of Female Sexual Dysfunction Symptoms during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Treatments of Female Sexual Dysfunction Symptoms during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review of the Literature. There is a high prevalence of sexual dysfunction symptoms in pregnancy. These symptoms can have a negative impact on women's quality of life and affect couples' relationship.To perform a systematic review of the literature to assess the effectiveness and safety of treatments for sexual dysfunction symptoms during pregnancy.Six electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane CENTRAL (...) , PSYCOINFO, and SCIRUS) were searched from inception to January 2013, without language restrictions. Five trial registers were also assessed for ongoing trials. Trials that reported any type of treatment for female sexual dysfunction symptoms during pregnancy were eligible for inclusion. Screening, data extraction and quality assessment were performed in duplicate.The main outcome was the effectiveness of different treatments for female sexual dysfunction symptoms during pregnancy. A secondary outcome

2017 Sexual medicine reviews

6. Trajectories of maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms from pregnancy to five years postpartum and their prenatal predictors. (PubMed)

Trajectories of maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms from pregnancy to five years postpartum and their prenatal predictors. Maternal depression and anxiety have distinct constellations of symptom trajectories, which are associated with factors that may vary between different groups of women. The aim of this study was to identify subgroups of women who exhibit unique longitudinal trajectory patterns of depressive and anxiety symptoms from pregnancy to 5 years postpartum and the antenatal (...) predictors associated with these maternal groups.The study used a longitudinal data collected from 615 women in Saskatchewan from pregnancy to 5 years postpartum. Semiparametric group-based models were used to identify latent maternal depressive and anxiety trajectory groups. Multinomial logit models were then used to assess the association between maternal characteristics and the identified latent trajectory groups.We identified four trajectory groups of maternal depressive symptoms: low-stable (35

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2019 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

7. Trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the first 12 months postpartum and child externalizing and internalizing behavior at three years. (PubMed)

Trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the first 12 months postpartum and child externalizing and internalizing behavior at three years. Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning (...) in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors.We analyzed data from the All Our Families (AOF) study, a large, population based pregnancy cohort of mother-child dyads in Alberta, Canada. The AOF study is an ongoing pregnancy

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2018 PLoS ONE

8. Different trajectories of depressive symptoms during pregnancy. (PubMed)

Different trajectories of depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Up to 10-15% of women experience high levels of depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Since these levels of symptoms can vary greatly over time, the current study investigated the existence of possible longitudinal trajectories of depressive symptoms during pregnancy, and aimed to identify factors associated with these trajectories.Depressive symptoms were assessed prospectively at each trimester in 1832 women, using the Edinburgh (...) (Postnatal) Depression Scale (E(P)DS). Growth mixture modeling was used to identify trajectories of depressive symptoms during pregnancy.Three trajectories of depressive symptoms (E(P)DS scores) were identified: low stable (class 1, reference group, 83%), decreasing (class 2, 7%), and increasing (class 3, 10%). Classes 2 and 3 had significantly higher mean E(P)DS scores (7-13 throughout pregnancy) compared to the reference group (stable; E(P)DS <4). Factors associated with trajectories 2 and 3 included

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

9. Prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms during pregnancy in the middle belt of Nigeria. (PubMed)

Prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms during pregnancy in the middle belt of Nigeria. Information about the burden of asthma during pregnancy in Africa is scarce.To determine the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in pregnancy in Ilorin, Nigeria.This study uses the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaire and definitions to screen 870 pregnant women attending three hospitals for asthma.The prevalence of possible asthma (i.e. awakened by shortness (...) medication in the last 12 months. None of the pregnant women smoked tobacco during pregnancy. Pregnant women with possible asthma experienced more respiratory symptoms and worsening symptoms than those without asthma (15.8% vs. 3.9%), and the most reported symptom was being awakened by shortness of breath. The majority (55.6%) with physician-diagnosed asthma had suffered an asthma attack in the current pregnancy with a median of two attacks.The prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in pregnancy

2019 Journal of Asthma

10. Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety as Related to Gestational Age at Birth: Findings from the All Our Families Study. (PubMed)

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety as Related to Gestational Age at Birth: Findings from the All Our Families Study. To investigate whether symptoms of depression or state anxiety changed the strength or nature of the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and gestational age at birth.We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the All Our Families Cohort, a prospective pregnancy cohort study based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (...) . Self-reported depressive symptoms and state anxiety were assessed between three- and five-months' gestation, and obstetrical information including diagnosis of HDP, parity, type of delivery, and gestational age at birth was retrieved from the maternal discharge abstract. All models were adjusted for sociodemographic and obstetric confounders.Of 2763 women who had a singleton pregnancy and live birth, 247 (9%) were diagnosed with HDP. Women with HDP had significantly shorter gestational length

2019 Psychosomatic Medicine

11. Pregnancy-related anxiety and depressive symptoms are associated with visuospatial working memory errors during pregnancy. (PubMed)

Pregnancy-related anxiety and depressive symptoms are associated with visuospatial working memory errors during pregnancy. Cognitive deficits, especially in memory and concentration, are often reported during pregnancy. Similar cognitive dysfunctions can also occur in depression and anxiety. To date, few studies have investigated the associations between cognitive deficits and psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy. This field is of interest because maternal cognitive functioning (...) , and particularly its higher-order aspects are related to maternal well-being and caregiving behavior, as well as later child development.Pregnant women (N =230), reporting low (n =87), moderate (n =97), or high (n =46) levels of depressive, general anxiety and/or pregnancy-related anxiety symptoms (assessed repeatedly with EPDS, SCL-90/anxiety subscale, PRAQ-R2, respectively) were tested in mid-pregnancy for their cognitive functions. A computerized neuropsychological test battery was used.Pregnant women

2017 Journal of Affective Disorders

12. Relationship between Maternal General and Specific-Pregnancy Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Symptoms and Pregnancy Outcome (PubMed)

Relationship between Maternal General and Specific-Pregnancy Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Symptoms and Pregnancy Outcome Despite scientific advances in the field of physical problems during pregnancy, the effect of mental problems on the health of pregnant women is still an important issue that needs further research.To determine the association of symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression during pregnancy and there effect on the pregnancy outcome.This was a descriptive correlational study (...) . The population included 200 pregnant women of the urban and rural health centers affiliated with Babol University of Medical Sciences. There were 100 each in second and third trimester. Convenience multi stage cluster sampling was performed. Data collection was received through the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), Pregnancy Distress Questionnaire (PDQ), and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) questionnaires.The correlation results showed a significant difference between variables of depression, stress

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2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

13. Effects of Sodium Hyaluronate on Symptoms and Quality of Life in Women Affected by Pregnancy Rhinitis: A Pilot Study. (PubMed)

Effects of Sodium Hyaluronate on Symptoms and Quality of Life in Women Affected by Pregnancy Rhinitis: A Pilot Study. To investigate sodium hyaluronate (SH) efficacy in the treatment of pregnancy rhinitis.A single-center, prospective, open-label, 2 parallel-group study was carried out. Pregnant women affected by pregnancy rhinitis were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: Group A was treated with SH, while Group B did not receive any treatment. Pregnancy rhinitis symptoms and quality of life (...) ), and mucosal congestion/hyperemia (Group A 1.41, 95% CI 1.14-1.68 vs. Group B 2.26, 95% CI 1.99-2.53, p < 0.001) was observed. No adverse events were reported in patients treated with SH.SH is a safe and effective therapeutic alternative for the treatment of pregnancy rhinitis symptoms, improving patients' QOL.© 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2018 Gynecologic and obstetric investigation

14. Pregnancy-Associated Pelvic Floor Health Knowledge and Reduction of Symptoms: The PREPARED Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Pregnancy-Associated Pelvic Floor Health Knowledge and Reduction of Symptoms: The PREPARED Randomized Controlled Trial. Pregnancy and childbirth can lead to pelvic floor disorders, yet this topic is not routine in antenatal education. We aimed to determine the impact of a pregnancy workshop on women's postpartum pelvic floor health knowledge, performance of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME), symptoms, condition-specific quality of life, mode of delivery, and satisfaction.This was a RCT (...) . Pregnant primiparous women in a tertiary care centre received a pelvic floor health workshop intervention versus routine prenatal care. Thirty-six participants/group were needed to detect a significant knowledge difference (power = 0.80, α = 0.05). Participants completed questionnaires at recruitment and six weeks postpartum. Main outcome measures were: difference between groups in knowledge scores; PFME-specific knowledge and practice; pelvic symptoms and condition-specific quality of life; and mode

2018 Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC

15. Time-Varying Effects of Signs and Symptoms on Pregnancy Loss &lt;20 Weeks: Findings from a Preconception Prospective Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Time-Varying Effects of Signs and Symptoms on Pregnancy Loss <20 Weeks: Findings from a Preconception Prospective Cohort Study. Although pregnancy loss affects one-third of pregnancies, the associated signs/symptoms have not been fully described. Given the dynamic nature of maternal physiologic adaptation to early pregnancy, we posited the relationships between signs/symptoms and subsequent loss would vary weekly.In a preconception cohort with daily follow-up, pregnancies were ascertained (...) by self-administered sensitive home pregnancy tests on day of expected menses. We evaluated the effects of weekly time-varying signs/symptoms (including vaginal bleeding, lower abdominal cramping, and nausea and/or vomiting) on pregnancy loss <20 weeks in Cox proportional hazards models and calculated the week-specific probability of loss by the presence/absence of each sign/symptom.Of 341 pregnancies ascertained by home pregnancy test, 95 (28%) ended in loss. Relationships between signs/symptoms

2018 Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

16. Adverse family life events during pregnancy and ADHD symptoms in five-year-old offspring. (PubMed)

Adverse family life events during pregnancy and ADHD symptoms in five-year-old offspring. Prenatal exposure to maternal adverse life events has been associated with offspring ADHD, but the role of familial confounding is unclear. We aimed to clarify if adverse life events during pregnancy are related to ADHD symptoms in offspring, taking shared familial factors into account.Data were collected on 34,751 children (including 6,427 siblings) participating in the population-based Norwegian Mother (...) and Child Cohort Study. During pregnancy, mothers reported whether they had experienced specific life events. We assessed ADHD symptoms in five-year-old children with the Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised: short form. We modeled the associations between life events and mean ADHD scores with ordinary linear regression in the full cohort, and with fixed-effect linear regression in sibling comparisons to adjust for familial confounding.Children exposed to adverse life events had higher ADHD scores

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2018 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

17. Physical activity and depressive symptoms during pregnancy among Latina women: a prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Physical activity and depressive symptoms during pregnancy among Latina women: a prospective cohort study. Latina women are at increased risk for antenatal depressive disorders, which are common during pregnancy and are associated with elevated risk for poor maternal health and birth outcomes. Physical activity is a potential mechanism to reduce the likelihood of depressive symptoms. The purpose of the study was to assess whether total and domain-specific physical activity in early pregnancy (...) reduced risk for elevated antenatal depressive symptoms in mid-late pregnancy in a population of Latina women at high-risk for depression.Data from 820 Latina participants in the prospective cohort study Proyecto Buena Salud was examined using multivariable logistic regression. Total, moderate/vigorous, and domain-specific physical activity (household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise, transportation) were assessed using the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. The Edinburgh Postnatal

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2018 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

18. Signs and symptoms of disordered eating in pregnancy: a Delphi consensus study. (PubMed)

Signs and symptoms of disordered eating in pregnancy: a Delphi consensus study. This study aimed to establish consensus on the expression and distinction of disordered eating in pregnancy to improve awareness across various health professions and inform the development of a pregnancy-specific assessment instrument.A three-round modified Delphi method was used with two independent panels. International clinicians and researchers with extensive knowledge on and/or clinical experience with eating (...) in Round I. Consensus was defined as 75% agreement on an item.Of the 102 items presented to the 26 professional panel members and 15 consumer panel members, 75 reached consensus across both panels. Both panels clearly identified signs and symptoms of disordered eating in pregnancy and endorsed a number of clinical features practitioners should consider when delineating disordered eating symptomatically from normative pregnancy experiences.A list of signs and symptoms in consensus was identified

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2018 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

19. The role of social support in family socio-economic disparities in depressive symptoms during early pregnancy: Evidence from a Chinese birth cohort. (PubMed)

The role of social support in family socio-economic disparities in depressive symptoms during early pregnancy: Evidence from a Chinese birth cohort. Few studies have examined the association between a composite measure of family socio-economic position (SEP)2 and depressive symptoms among Chinese pregnant women, nor any potential underlying mechanisms which may be amenable to preventative interventions.We investigated the association between a composite SEP measure and depressive symptoms (...) during early pregnancy, and tested for mediation by social support and moderation by parity in the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study (n = 12,382) using adjusted logistic regression and causal mediation analysis.In this population, 18.4% of women experienced depressive symptoms before the 20th gestational week. Compared with the highest quartile, the lowest SEP score quartile was associated with a higher risk of depressive symptoms (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.31-1.71), which was more pronounced among multiparous

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

20. Placental Morphology Is Associated with Maternal Depressive Symptoms during Pregnancy and Toddler Psychiatric Problems (PubMed)

Placental Morphology Is Associated with Maternal Depressive Symptoms during Pregnancy and Toddler Psychiatric Problems Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy predict increased psychiatric problems in children. The underlying biological mechanisms remain unclear. Hence, we examined whether alterations in the morphology of 88 term placentas were associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and psychiatric problems in 1.9-3.1-years old (Mean = 2.1 years) toddlers. Maternal (...) depressive symptoms were rated biweekly during pregnancy with the Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (n = 86). Toddler psychiatric problems were mother-rated with the Child Behavior Checklist (n = 60). We found that higher maternal depressive symptoms throughout pregnancy [B = -0.24 Standard Deviation (SD) units: 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = -0.46; -0.03: P = 0.03; Mean difference = -0.66 SDs; 95% CI = -0.08; -1.23: P = 0.03; between those with and without clinically relevant depressive

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2018 Scientific reports

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