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Potassium Replacement

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41. Ocular Injury due to Potassium Permanganate Granules Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ocular Injury due to Potassium Permanganate Granules We report a rare case of ocular injury due to potassium permanganate (KMnO4) granules in a child.This is a retrospective case report.A 2-year-old boy was transferred to our emergency room with severe pain in his right eye, inflamed eyelids, and brownish stains on his fingers. Chemical injury was suspected. Copious eye irrigation was immediately performed. Diffuse brownish splotches were then observed at the inferior bulbar conjunctiva (...) management for mild to moderate degree of ocular burn. Pseudomembrane developed early and transformed into symblepharon within a few days after the injury. Membrane adhesion was lysed, and more aggressive medications were then substituted. Commercial amniotic membrane (PROKERA®) was also applied to promote wound healing and to prevent recurrence of symblepharon. The ocular surface was eventually restored, and corneal transparency was preserved.Ocular injury with the granular form of KMnO4 is rare. Its

2018 Case reports in ophthalmology

42. Can potassium be given by subcutaneous infusion?

Can potassium be given by subcutaneous infusion? Can potassium be given by subcutaneous infusion? – SPS - Specialist Pharmacy Service – The first stop for professional medicines advice Menu · · Published 13th June 2016, updated 7th November 2018 This Medicines Q&A considers whether potassium can be administered subcutaneously to patients receiving fluid replacement by hypodermoclysis Attachments · Word · 67 KB Principal Pharmacist Critical Evaluation and UKMi Medicines Q&A Lead, Southampton

2016 Specialist Pharmacy Services

43. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation combined with continuous renal replacement therapy in cutaneous burn and inhalation injury caused by hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation combined with continuous renal replacement therapy in cutaneous burn and inhalation injury caused by hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid. Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT (...) , magnesium 0.4 mmol/L, potassium 5.49 mmol/L, and sodium 136.8 mmol/L.An initial 20 mL intravenous bolus of 10% calcium gluconate was followed by a continuous infusion at 6 g/h plus continuous intravenous drip 25% magnesium sulfate at 1.5 g/h. Continuous cardiac monitoring was performed in the intensive care unit. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used to improve oxygenation function at 38 hours post exposure. Antibiotic therapy using imipenem/cilastin plus vancomycin was required.After

2017 Medicine

44. Replacing American snacks with tree nuts increases consumption of key nutrients among US children and adults: results of an NHANES modeling study Full Text available with Trip Pro

), individual fatty acids, macronutrients, nutrients of public health concern, including sodium, fiber and potassium, and summary measures of diet quality.Food pattern modeling was implemented in the nationally representative 2009-2012 National Health and Examination Survey (NHANES) in a population of 17,444 children and adults. All between-meal snacks, excluding beverages, were replaced on a per calorie basis with a weighted tree nut composite, reflecting consumption patterns in the population. Model 1 (...) replaced all snacks with tree nuts, while Model 2 exempted whole fruits, non-starchy vegetables, and whole grains (>50% of total grain content). Additional analyses were conducted using almonds only. Outcomes of interest were empty calories (i.e., solid fats and added sugars), saturated and mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, fiber, protein, sodium, potassium and magnesium. The Healthy Eating Index-2010, which measures adherence to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, was used as a summary

2017 Nutrition journal

45. Replacing American Breakfast Foods with Ready-To-Eat (RTE) Cereals Increases Consumption of Key Food Groups and Nutrients among US Children and Adults: Results of an NHANES Modeling Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Replacing American Breakfast Foods with Ready-To-Eat (RTE) Cereals Increases Consumption of Key Food Groups and Nutrients among US Children and Adults: Results of an NHANES Modeling Study Replacing the typical American breakfast with ready-to-eat cereals (RTECs) may improve diet quality. Our goal was to assess the impact of RTECs on diet quality measures for different age groups, using substitution modeling. Dietary intakes came from the 2007-2010 National Health and Examination Surveys (NHANES (...) (+104.6%), as compared to observed diets. Model 2 diets were additionally higher in dairy (+15.8%), calcium (+11.3%) and potassium (+3.95%). In Model 1, added sugar increased (+5.0%), but solid fats declined (-10.9%). Energy from solid fats and added sugars declined (-3.2%) in both models. Model 2 offered higher diet quality (57.1 vs. 54.6, p-value < 0.01) at a lower cost ($6.70 vs. $6.92; p < 0.01), compared to observed diets. Substitution modeling of NHANES data can assess the nutritional

2017 Nutrients

46. Could Miscanthus replace maize as the preferred substrate for anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom? Future breeding strategies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Could Miscanthus replace maize as the preferred substrate for anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom? Future breeding strategies Fodder maize is the most commonly used crop for biogas production owing to its high yields, high concentrations of starch and good digestibility. However, environmental concerns and possible future conflict with land for food production may limit its long-term use. The bioenergy grass, Miscanthus, is a high-yielding perennial that can grow on marginal land (...) of potassium showed the greatest degree of variation between genotypes. The projected maximum yield of NSC was 1.3 t ha-1 with significant variation to target for breeding. Starch accumulated in the highest concentrations and continued to increase into autumn in some genotypes. Therefore, starch, rather than sugars, would be a better target for breeding improvement. If harvest date was brought forward to autumn, nutrient losses in non-flowering genotypes would be comparable to an early spring harvest.

2017 Global Change Biology. Bioenergy

47. Electrolyte and mineral disturbances in septic acute kidney injury patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Electrolyte and mineral disturbances in septic acute kidney injury patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy. Electrolyte and mineral disturbances remain a major concern in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT); however, it is not clear whether those imbalances are associated with adverse outcomes in patients with septic acute kidney injury (AKI) undergoing CRRT. We conducted a post-hoc analysis of data from a prospective randomized controlled trial (...) . A total of 210 patients with a mean age of 62.2 years (136 [64.8%] males) in 2 hospitals were enrolled. Levels of sodium, potassium, calcium, and phosphate measured before (0 hour) and 24 hours after CRRT initiation. Before starting CRRT, at least 1 deficiency and excess in electrolytes or minerals were observed in 126 (60.0%) and 188 (67.6%) patients, respectively. The excess in these parameters was greatly improved, whereas hypokalemia and hypophosphatemia became more prevalent at 24 hours after

2017 Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

48. Glycemic Response to Six Meal Replacements in Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Glycemic Response to Six Meal Replacements in Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Glycemic Response to Six Meal Replacements in Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Glycemic Response to Six Meal Replacements in Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03155867 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : May 16, 2017 Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017 Sponsor: Nestlé Information provided by (Responsible

2017 Clinical Trials

49. Hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest associated with glucose replacement in a patient on spironolactone. (Abstract)

Hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest associated with glucose replacement in a patient on spironolactone. We present a case of hypoglycemia, which after intravenous glucose replacement, led to cardiac arrest secondary to a profound extracellular potassium shift. The patient was on spironolactone therapy which is known to cause aldosterone resistance (which inhibits the body's ability to prevent potassium shifts) [1]. Physicians typically review medications that cause hypoglycemia, but other (...) medications may interfere with potassium homeostasis with administration of glucose. Knowledge of this case may prompt further monitoring, repeat lab testing, and careful medication reconciliation before discharging a patient with risk for aldosterone resistance. On our literature review, we have not found additional reports where this particular physiology led to cardiac arrest.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2017 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

50. Partial substitution of sodium with potassium in white bread: feasibility and bioavailability. (Abstract)

Partial substitution of sodium with potassium in white bread: feasibility and bioavailability. A high sodium intake, to which bread makes a major contribution, and a low potassium intake are believed to be important factors in the promotion of cardiovascular disease. Our aims was to determine to what extent salts of potassium could substitute sodium chloride and potassium-rich soya flour could replace wheat flour without detrimental effect on acceptability, and to measure the bioavailability (...) of a potassium salt added to bread. A single-blind organoleptic evaluation was carried out on eight different potassium-enriched breads by 41 panellists. Thereafter, six volunteers consumed standard or potassium-chloride-fortified bread in an 11-day single-blind cross-over feeding trial to determine the bioavailability of the supplemental potassium. Two breads in which 30% of the sodium was replaced by potassium salts, and bread in which 10% of wheat flour was replaced with soy flour, had acceptability

2012 International journal of food sciences and nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

51. Substitutes for Potassium in Metabolism of the Lowest Fungi Full Text available with Trip Pro

Substitutes for Potassium in Metabolism of the Lowest Fungi 16559960 2006 05 25 2018 11 13 0021-9193 32 4 1936 Oct Journal of bacteriology J. Bacteriol. Substitutes for Potassium in Metabolism of the Lowest Fungi. 393-9 Rahn O O Bacteriological Laboratory, New York State College of Agriculture, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. eng Journal Article United States J Bacteriol 2985120R 0021-9193 1936 10 1 0 0 1936 10 1 0 1 1936 10 1 0 0 ppublish 16559960 PMC543805 J Bacteriol. 1916 Nov;1(6):627

1936 Journal of bacteriology

52. The effects of external sodium substitution on cell sodium and potassium in vascular smooth muscle Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of external sodium substitution on cell sodium and potassium in vascular smooth muscle 1. The entry of Li into the vascular smooth muscle cells of the rat tail artery follows first-order kinetics with a rate constant of approximately 1.3 hr(-1) at 10 mM-[Li](o). The rate constant decreases gradually to ca. 0.5 hr(-1) when the [Li](o)/[Na](o) ratio is increased.2. Replacement of Na with Li over the range of [Li](o) from 1 to 115 mM, accomplished at constant ionic strength (...) and osmolarity of the bathing solution, produces changes in cell Na and K without apparent change in cell water. At equilibrium, cell Li increases in linear proportion to [Li](o), at a ratio of 2:1 throughout the range. The increase in cell Li is associated with inverse falls in both cell K and Na such that the ratio of cell K to cell Na remains constant at ca. 10:1 throughout.3. The changes in the ionic contents, induced by equilibration of the tissue with a Na-free, Li-substituted solution, are reversible

1977 The Journal of physiology

53. Reduction of potassium permeability by chloride substitution in cardiac cells. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reduction of potassium permeability by chloride substitution in cardiac cells. 1. The efflux of radioactive K and Cl ions was measured in cow Purkinje fibres and ventricular preparations of cow, cat and frog. The effect of K and Cl was studied by changing the extracellular K concentration between zero and 54 mM, and by substituting Cl ions by acetylglycinate, isethionate, benzenesulphonate, propionate and nitrate. 2. In the absence of Cl the rate coefficient for 42K efflux showed a pronounced

1977 The Journal of physiology

54. Structure and antiviral activity of substituted potassium benzylaminothiomethane-sulphonates and allied compounds. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Structure and antiviral activity of substituted potassium benzylaminothiomethane-sulphonates and allied compounds. 6055246 1967 12 26 2018 11 13 0366-0826 31 1 1967 Sep British journal of pharmacology and chemotherapy Br J Pharmacol Chemother Structure and antiviral activity of substituted potassium benzylaminothiomethane-sulphonates and allied compounds. 11-8 Rao K V KV Rao P L PL Praphulla H B HB Puttaswamy T L TL Ramanathan S S eng Journal Article England Br J Pharmacol Chemother 0154627

1967 British journal of pharmacology and chemotherapy

55. Potassium Replacement

Potassium Replacement Potassium Replacement Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Potassium Replacement Potassium (...) Replacement Aka: Potassium Replacement , Potassium Supplementation II. Indications III. Precautions is typically needed in conjunction with Adjust protocol for renal disease : < 30 ml/hour : > 3.0 mg/dl IV. Preparations Extended release tablets (preferred) Order generic chloride ER ($15 per month) KDUR brand-name is not available in U.S. as of 2016 Immediate-release powder Expensive ($290 per month) Diluted in liquid and are less than palatable Better tolerated in divided dosing (20 mEq at a time

2015 FP Notebook

56. The Role of the Gut for Potassium Homeostasis in CKD

The Role of the Gut for Potassium Homeostasis in CKD Renal Fellow Network: The Role of the Gut for Potassium Homeostasis in CKD | | | | | Sunday, May 27, 2018 The Role of the Gut for Potassium Homeostasis in CKD Recently the FDA approved one of the newer exchange resins (Lokelma, ZS-9) for the treatment of hyperkalemia. (Veltassa, Patiromer), a calcium based cation exchange resin, was recently developed and approved since 2015 for the treatment of hyperkalemia. These two new drugs, which each (...) have large randomized placebo controlled trials confirming their effectiveness, now seem bound to replace the ancient but much experienced Kayexalate (Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate; SPS) for the management of hyperkalemia. However, they are not approved in Canada and their cost makes them less enticing options in a publicly funded health care system. Also, what about safety concerns? SPS has been used since the 1950s, however it took decades for case reports to come out possibly linking fatal colon

2018 Renal Fellow Network

57. Fatality after Cardiac Arrest in Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis due to Profound Hypokalemia Resulting from Intravenous Glucose Administration and Inadequate Potassium Replacement. (Abstract)

Fatality after Cardiac Arrest in Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis due to Profound Hypokalemia Resulting from Intravenous Glucose Administration and Inadequate Potassium Replacement.

2012 Thyroid

58. A Study to Test Whether ZS (Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate) Can Reduce the Incidence of Increased Blood Potassium Levels Among Dialized Patients.

A Study to Test Whether ZS (Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate) Can Reduce the Incidence of Increased Blood Potassium Levels Among Dialized Patients. A Study to Test Whether ZS (Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate) Can Reduce the Incidence of Increased Blood Potassium Levels Among Dialized Patients. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save (...) this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Study to Test Whether ZS (Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate) Can Reduce the Incidence of Increased Blood Potassium Levels Among Dialized Patients. (DIALIZE) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details

2017 Clinical Trials

59. Rhythmic potassium transport regulates the circadian clock in human red blood cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rhythmic potassium transport regulates the circadian clock in human red blood cells Circadian rhythms organize many aspects of cell biology and physiology to a daily temporal program that depends on clock gene expression cycles in most mammalian cell types. However, circadian rhythms are also observed in isolated mammalian red blood cells (RBCs), which lack nuclei, suggesting the existence of post-translational cellular clock mechanisms in these cells. Here we show using electrophysiological (...) and pharmacological approaches that human RBCs display circadian regulation of membrane conductance and cytoplasmic conductivity that depends on the cycling of cytoplasmic K+ levels. Using pharmacological intervention and ion replacement, we show that inhibition of K+ transport abolishes RBC electrophysiological rhythms. Our results suggest that in the absence of conventional transcription cycles, RBCs maintain a circadian rhythm in membrane electrophysiology through dynamic regulation of K+ transport.

2017 Nature communications

60. Potassium Currents Activated by Depolarization in Odontoblasts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potassium Currents Activated by Depolarization in Odontoblasts Increased intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations elicit plasma membrane depolarization, which leads to the activation of K+ currents. However, the precise properties of K+ currents activated by depolarization in odontoblasts remain to be elucidated. The present study identified biophysical and pharmacological characteristics of time-dependent and voltage-activated K+ currents in freshly dissociated rat odontoblasts using patch-clamp (...) recordings in a whole-cell configuration. Using a holding potential of -70 mV, outwardly rectifying time- and voltage-dependent currents were activated by depolarizing voltage. To record pure K+ conductance, we substituted Cl- in both the extracellular and intracellular solutions with gluconate-. Under these conditions, observation of K+ concentration changes in the extracellular solution showed that reversal potentials of tail currents shifted according to the K+ equilibrium potential. The activation

2017 Frontiers in physiology

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