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Potassium Replacement

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4361. Effects of adrenalectomy and chronic adrenal corticosteroid replacement on potassium transport in rat kidney. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of adrenalectomy and chronic adrenal corticosteroid replacement on potassium transport in rat kidney. Clearance experiments were carried out in pair-fed rats to examine the long-term effects of adrenalectomy and selective adrenal corticosteroid replacement in physiological amounts on renal potassium transport. To this end, clearance studies were conducted in rats that were sham operated, or adrenalectomized (ADX). ADX animals were given either vehicle, aldosterone (0.5 microgram/100 g (...) body wt per day), dexamethasone (1.2 micrograms/100 g body wt per day), or aldosterone and dexamethasone, by osmotic minipump for 7-9 d whereupon clearance experiments were conducted. After chronic hormone treatment, during basal conditions when only Ringers solution was infused, all groups excreted similar amounts of potassium. However, in all ADX animals without mineralocorticoid replacement, the maintenance of urinary potassium excretion at control levels was associated with hyperkalemia

1985 Journal of Clinical Investigation

4362. Clinical, biochemical and histochemical assessment of pretreatment with glucose-insulin-potassium for patients undergoing mitral valve replacement in the third and fourth functional groups of the New York Heart Association. (Abstract)

Clinical, biochemical and histochemical assessment of pretreatment with glucose-insulin-potassium for patients undergoing mitral valve replacement in the third and fourth functional groups of the New York Heart Association. In this study, the potentially beneficial effects of preoperative treatment with glucose, insulin and potassium in a randomized series of 30 consecutive patients undergoing mitral valve replacement, who were in the third and fourth functional groups of the New York Heart (...) that glucose, insulin and potassium pretreatment may be beneficial in unfit patients undergoing mitral valve replacement.

1999 Cardiovascular surgery (London, England) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4363. [Treatment of cardiac failure with diuretics. A double-blind study comparing a fixed combination of hydrochlorothiazide/amiloride and furosemide plus potassium substitution]. (Abstract)

[Treatment of cardiac failure with diuretics. A double-blind study comparing a fixed combination of hydrochlorothiazide/amiloride and furosemide plus potassium substitution]. 6349006 1983 09 20 2013 11 21 0029-2001 103 14 1983 May 20 Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen. [Treatment of cardiac failure with diuretics. A double-blind study comparing a fixed combination of hydrochlorothiazide/amiloride and furosemide plus (...) potassium substitution]. 1165-8 Kremer D D nor Clinical Trial Comparative Study English Abstract Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Behandling av hjertesvikt med diuretika. En dobbelblind undersøkelse som sammenligner en fast kombinasjon av hydroklortiazid/amilorid og furosemid pluss kaliumsubstitusjon. Norway Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 0413423 0029-2001 0 Pyrazines 0J48LPH2TH Hydrochlorothiazide 7DZO8EB0Z3 Amiloride 7LXU5N7ZO5 Furosemide RWP5GA015D Potassium IM Adult Aged Amiloride therapeutic use

1983 Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4364. Effects of dietary sodium substitution with potassium and magnesium in hypertensive type II diabetics: a randomised blind controlled parallel study. (Abstract)

Effects of dietary sodium substitution with potassium and magnesium in hypertensive type II diabetics: a randomised blind controlled parallel study. We have previously demonstrated that modest sodium restriction has a hypotensive effect in hypertensive diabetic subjects. A randomised blind controlled study has therefore been performed to study the effect of replacement of added salt intake using a salt substitute (50% NaCl, 40% KCL, 10% Mg2+, supplied by Cederroth, Sweden), compared to added (...) or insulin levels or diabetic control (measured by glycosylated haemoglobin). A greater number of patients were withdrawn during the study period owing to consistent BP > 160/95 in the whole salt group (n = 10) compared to salt substitute (n = 4). No significant changes were observed in diastolic pressure, 24-h urine sodium or magnesium excretion, but urine potassium was significantly increased in the salt substitute group (58.8 to 77.3: P < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that substitution

1996 Journal of human hypertension Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4365. Salt substitutes and potassium intake. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Salt substitutes and potassium intake. 1747573 1992 01 21 2018 11 13 0959-8138 303 6810 1991 Nov 02 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Salt substitutes and potassium intake. 1084-5 Swales J D JD eng Editorial England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 RWP5GA015D Potassium AIM IM Blood Pressure drug effects Diet Humans Hyperkalemia chemically induced Hypertension physiopathology Hypokalemia prevention & control Potassium administration & dosage adverse effects Risk Factors 1991 11 2 1991 11 2 0 1 1991 11 2 0 0

1991 BMJ : British Medical Journal

4366. Danger of salt substitutes that contain potassium in patients with renal failure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Danger of salt substitutes that contain potassium in patients with renal failure 12511461 2003 01 23 2018 11 13 1756-1833 326 7379 2003 Jan 04 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Danger of salt substitutes that contain potassium in patients with renal failure. 35-6 Doorenbos C J CJ Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Deventer Hospital, PO Box 5001, 7400 GC Deventer, Netherlands. doorenbc@dz.nl Vermeij C G CG eng Case Reports Journal Article Comment England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Sodium (...) Chloride, Dietary RWP5GA015D Potassium AIM IM BMJ. 2001 Sep 1;323(7311):497-501 11532846 Aged Contraindications Female Humans Hyperkalemia chemically induced Kidney Failure, Chronic complications Potassium Renal Dialysis methods Risk Factors Sodium Chloride, Dietary 2003 1 4 4 0 2003 1 24 4 0 2003 1 4 4 0 ppublish 12511461 PMC1124926 Am J Med. 2000 Sep;109(4):307-14 10996582 BMJ. 1995 Dec 2;311(7018):1486-7 8520342 BMJ. 2001 Sep 1;323(7311):497-501 11532846

2003 BMJ : British Medical Journal

4367. Can potassium citrate replace sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride of oral rehydration solution? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can potassium citrate replace sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride of oral rehydration solution? Ninety four children aged less than 5 years with diarrhoeal dehydration and acidosis were treated randomly with either World Health Organisation (WHO) oral rehydration solution containing sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and glucose or an oral solution with tripotassium citrate monohydrate replacing the sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride in the WHO solution. Fifty (...) compared with children receiving WHO solution after 24 and 48 hours' treatment. None developed hyperkalaemia. Although children receiving potassium citrate solution corrected their acidosis at a slower rate than the WHO solution group during the first 24 hours, by 48 hours satisfactory correction was observed in all. Tripotassium citrate can safely replace sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride and may be the most useful and beneficial treatment for diarrhoea and associated hypokalaemia.

1985 Archives of disease in childhood Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4368. Potassium substitution via the oral route: does its efficacy depend on the anion of the potassium salt? (Abstract)

Potassium substitution via the oral route: does its efficacy depend on the anion of the potassium salt? In an open, randomized study, we investigated the effect of oral potassium chloride (KCl) and of potassium citrate/bicarbonate (K-cit/bic) in 42 patients with hypokalemia (less than or equal to 3.5 mmol/l). In both groups 80 mmol K+ were administered daily. The parameters examined were serum potassium concentration, acid-base status, and urinary electrolyte excretion. Parameters were

1991 Klinische Wochenschrift Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4369. [Potassium substitution during coronary surgery: K(+)-Mg+(+)-aspartate-complex (Inzolen) versus potassium chloride]. (Abstract)

[Potassium substitution during coronary surgery: K(+)-Mg+(+)-aspartate-complex (Inzolen) versus potassium chloride]. Potassium loss may cause arrhythmias and cardiac injury in patients undergoing heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In a prospective, randomized trial two different methods of potassium substitution were investigated regarding their influence on cardiac rhythm following reperfusion. Patients received either potassium chloride (Group I, n = 102) or potassium magnesium (...) perioperative myocardial infarction was diagnosed based on ECG and CK-MB findings. One patient in each group died during the postoperative hospital stay. At the time of declamping mean serum potassium concentration was 4.9 +/- 0.7 mmol/l in group I and 4.8 +/- 0.5 mmol/l in group II (n.s.). The concentration of magnesium was significantly lower in the potassium chloride substitution group (1.48 mmol/l) compared to the other group (2.33 mmol/l) (p < 0.05). No significant differences in cardiac electric

1993 Anaesthesiologie und Reanimation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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