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Potassium Hydroxide

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1. Randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial on efficacy and safety of topical 10% Potassium hydroxide for molluscum contagiosum treatment in children. (PubMed)

Randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial on efficacy and safety of topical 10% Potassium hydroxide for molluscum contagiosum treatment in children. Our objective was to assess efficacy, safety and tolerance of topical potassium hydroxide (KOH) 10% for treating Molluscum contagiosum (MC) in children.Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial including all children 2-16 years with MC infection attending pediatrician primary healthcare visits. The treatment was KOH 10% gel

2019 The Journal of dermatological treatment

2. Efficacy and safety of topical application of 15% and 10% potassium hydroxide for the treatment of Molluscum contagiosum. (PubMed)

Efficacy and safety of topical application of 15% and 10% potassium hydroxide for the treatment of Molluscum contagiosum. Molluscum contagiosum is the most common skin infection in children. One topical treatment used for Molluscum contagiosum is potassium hydroxide. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of potassium hydroxide topical treatment at different concentrations with that of placebo in terms of complete clearing of Molluscum contagiosum lesions and to assess (...) the safety and tolerance of potassium hydroxide topical treatment.This was a double-blind randomized clinical trial of three treatments (potassium hydroxide 10%, potassium hydroxide 15%, placebo) applied once daily up to complete clearing of lesions (maximum duration 60 days) in 53 children aged 2-6 years in primary health care pediatric offices in Catalonia, Spain.In the intention-to-treat analysis, potassium hydroxide 10% (58.8%, P = .03) and potassium hydroxide 15% (64.3%, P = .02) had efficacy

2018 Pediatric dermatology

3. Potassium hydroxide mount with cellophane adhesive tape: a method for direct diagnosis of dermatophyte skin infections. (PubMed)

Potassium hydroxide mount with cellophane adhesive tape: a method for direct diagnosis of dermatophyte skin infections. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) mount is a simple and rapid procedure that can be performed with minimal resources and provides results within 1-2 h.To further optimize KOH mount using transparent cellophane tape to ascertain fungal elements, even by inexperienced personnel.A split-body study was conducted on 100 patients with tinea cruris. Conventional scrape method was performed

2018 Clinical & Experimental Dermatology

4. Tungiasis Presenting as Onychomycosis: Probably the First Report of Flea Infestation of the Nail Observed Using Modified Potassium Hydroxide Mount Technique (Full text)

Tungiasis Presenting as Onychomycosis: Probably the First Report of Flea Infestation of the Nail Observed Using Modified Potassium Hydroxide Mount Technique Tungiasis is an infection/infestation of the flea Tunga penetrans. These are bloodsucking ectoparasitic insects belonging to the phylum Arthropoda, and they do not possess wings, but they have long legs enabling them to jump up to 30 cm high. The fleas are usually present on the skin and in the hair of domestic and wild animals (...) is suspected to be suffering from onychomycosis. The nail in this case was processed differently, by using a modified potassium hydroxide (KOH) mount technique.

2018 Cureus PubMed

5. Comparison Of Efficacy Of 10% Potassium Hydroxide Solution Versus Cryotherapy In Treatment Of Molluscum Contagiosum. (PubMed)

Comparison Of Efficacy Of 10% Potassium Hydroxide Solution Versus Cryotherapy In Treatment Of Molluscum Contagiosum. Different topical therapies are being used for treating molluscum contagiosum. Potassium hydroxide in varying solution strengths with irritant reaction on the skin can help in eliminating the infection. It is cheap, easily available, can be easily applied at home, with good safety profile and cost effectiveness. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of 10% potassium (...) hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in treating molluscum contagiosum.This study was a Randomized control trial conducted in the Department of dermatology, Military hospital Rawalpindi. Study included 120 randomly selected patients with molluscum contagiosum divided equally into two groups. Group A were treated with 10% potassium hydroxide aqueous solution applied daily to the lesions twice daily for 6 weeks while Group B received weekly cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen. The status of lesions

2017 Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC

6. A Comparative Study of Potassium Hydroxide versus CO2 Laser Vaporization in The Treatment of Female Genital Warts: A Controlled Clinical Trial. (Full text)

A Comparative Study of Potassium Hydroxide versus CO2 Laser Vaporization in The Treatment of Female Genital Warts: A Controlled Clinical Trial. Genital warts are the most common viral sexually transmitted disease affecting 1% of the population. A prospective, open-label controlled trial was performed to compare topical 5% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution with CO2 laser in the treatment of female genital warts.Seventy patients were enrolled in the study after convenience sampling. Right-sided

2016 International journal of community based nursing and midwifery PubMed

7. Comparative Evaluation of Topical 10% Potassium Hydroxide and 30% Trichloroacetic Acid in the Treatment of Plane Warts. (Full text)

Comparative Evaluation of Topical 10% Potassium Hydroxide and 30% Trichloroacetic Acid in the Treatment of Plane Warts. Warts are benign proliferations of skin and mucosa caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Plane warts are caused by HPV types 3, 10, 28, and 41, occurring mostly in children and young adults. Among the treatment modalities, topical application of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is age old. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) has a keratolytic effect on virus-infected cells. It is less

2016 Indian journal of dermatology PubMed

8. Potassium Hydroxide

Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Aka (...) : Potassium Hydroxide , KOH Preparation II. Mechanism KOH dissolves keratin but leaves fungal, hyphae cell wall intact III. Preparations: Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) 10-20% solutions KOH alone Requires heating (See below) KOH with Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) 40% solution Stable and does not require heating KOH with Swartz-Medrik Stain Keratin: Pink Hyphae: Blue KOH with Calcofluor White Stain Used by commercial labs Binds cellulose and highlights fungal organisms under fluorescent microscopy IV. Technique

2018 FP Notebook

9. Comparative study of efficacy, rapidity of detection, and cost-effectiveness of potassium hydroxide, calcofluor white, and Chicago sky blue stains in the diagnosis of dermatophytoses. (PubMed)

Comparative study of efficacy, rapidity of detection, and cost-effectiveness of potassium hydroxide, calcofluor white, and Chicago sky blue stains in the diagnosis of dermatophytoses. The diagnosis of superficial mycosis such as dermatophytosis is often done clinically. However, in difficult cases, a rapid test with high sensitivity and specificity helps in the immediate confirmation and administration of treatment.The efficacy, rapidity of detection, and cost-effectiveness of KOH preparation

2016 International Journal of Dermatology

10. Dermoscopic patterns in patients with a clinical diagnosis of onychomycosis—results of a prospective study including data of potassium hydroxide (KOH) and culture examination (Full text)

Dermoscopic patterns in patients with a clinical diagnosis of onychomycosis—results of a prospective study including data of potassium hydroxide (KOH) and culture examination Onychomycosis is the most common nail disease, representing 50% of cases affecting the nail apparatus. The diagnosis is made by clinical examination along with the KOH exam of the nail and culture of the sample. However, not all dermatologists have access to a mycology lab.To determine the correlation between KOH

2015 Dermatology practical & conceptual PubMed

11. Comparison of efficacy of 5% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of male genital wart: a randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Comparison of efficacy of 5% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of male genital wart: a randomized clinical trial. 24566576 2014 06 02 2014 09 26 0392-0488 149 1 2014 Feb Giornale italiano di dermatologia e venereologia : organo ufficiale, Societa italiana di dermatologia e sifilografia G Ital Dermatol Venereol Comparison of efficacy of 5% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of male genital wart: a randomized clinical trial. 149-50 (...) Yaghoobi R R Department of Dermatology, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran - dr.pazyar@gmail.com. Jalal Lotfi S S Pazyar N N Kazerouni A A eng Comparative Study Letter Randomized Controlled Trial Italy G Ital Dermatol Venereol 8102852 0392-0488 0 Hydroxides 0 Potassium Compounds WZH3C48M4T potassium hydroxide IM Adolescent Adult Condylomata Acuminata drug therapy surgery Cryosurgery Genital Diseases, Male drug therapy surgery Humans Hydroxides therapeutic use Male Middle Aged

2014 Giornale italiano di dermatologia e venereologia : organo ufficiale, Societa italiana di dermatologia e sifilografia

12. Comparative study of 5% and 2.5% potassium hydroxide solution for molluscum contagiosum in children. (PubMed)

Comparative study of 5% and 2.5% potassium hydroxide solution for molluscum contagiosum in children. Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a pediatric viral infection that is fairly contagious. Although various treatment methods are available, the presence of facial lesions limits options of therapy.We aimed to test an alternative treatment consisting of application of two different concentrations of potassium hydroxide (of KOH 5% solution and of KOH 2.5% solution) aqueous solution.In this study we (...) evaluated the effectiveness and side-effects of daily applications of potassium hydroxide (KOH) aqueous solution at 2.5% and 5% concentrations, twice daily in 29 children with MC. Out of a total of 29 patients with molluscum contagiosum included in the study, 13 patients in the 2.5% KOH group and 12 patients in the KOH 5% group completed the study. Families were instructed to apply potassium hydroxide twice a day. The assessment of response and side-effects were performed on days 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60

2014 Cutaneous and ocular toxicology

13. Microscopic potassium hydroxide preparation (Full text)

Microscopic potassium hydroxide preparation 24452564 2014 09 29 2018 11 13 1715-5258 60 1 2014 Jan Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Microscopic potassium hydroxide preparation. 57 Ponka David D Baddar Faisal F eng Journal Article Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 0 Hydroxides 0 Indicators and Reagents 0 Potassium Compounds WZH3C48M4T potassium hydroxide IM Dermatomycoses diagnosis pathology Humans Hydroxides Indicators and Reagents Microscopy (...) methods Potassium Compounds 2014 1 24 6 0 2014 1 24 6 0 2014 9 30 6 0 ppublish 24452564 60/1/57 PMC3994805 J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 Aug;49(2):193-7 12894064

2014 Canadian Family Physician PubMed

14. A prospective, open, comparative study of 5% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of genital warts in men. (Full text)

A prospective, open, comparative study of 5% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of genital warts in men. Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus infection and represent one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Many infections are transient but the virus may recur, persist, or become latent. To date, there is no effective antiviral treatment to eliminate HPV infection and most therapies are aimed at the destruction of visible lesions. Potassium (...) hydroxide is a strong alkali that has been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of genital warts and molluscum contagiosum. Cryotherapy is considered one of the most established treatments for genital warts. No comparative trials have been reported to date on the use of potassium hydroxide for genital warts.A prospective, open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare topical potassium hydroxide versus cryotherapy in the treatment of genital warts affecting immunocompetent

2014 Anais brasileiros de dermatologia PubMed

15. A comparison of a 5% potassium hydroxide solution with a 5-fluorouracil and salicylic acid combination in the treatment of patients with anogenital warts: a randomized, open-label clinical trial. (Full text)

A comparison of a 5% potassium hydroxide solution with a 5-fluorouracil and salicylic acid combination in the treatment of patients with anogenital warts: a randomized, open-label clinical trial. Anogenital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), over 30 types of which are infectious for the anogenital tract. Without treatment, warts may regress spontaneously, remain unchanged, or increase in number and size. This study compared the efficacy of a topical 5% potassium hydroxide (KOH

2014 International journal of dermatology PubMed

16. Potassium Hydroxide: An Alternative Reagent to Perform the Modified Apt Test. (PubMed)

Potassium Hydroxide: An Alternative Reagent to Perform the Modified Apt Test. We tested the performance of potassium hydroxide (KOH) in the modified Apt test under different experimental conditions using sodium hydroxide as a positive control. Like sodium hydroxide, KOH differentiated fresh fetal and adult blood stains on a cloth but not dried blood. KOH may be used to perform the Apt test at the bedside. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2014 Journal of Pediatrics

17. Corrosion Behavior and Mechanism of Basalt Fibers in Sodium Hydroxide Solution (Full text)

Corrosion Behavior and Mechanism of Basalt Fibers in Sodium Hydroxide Solution In this paper, the corrosion mechanism and tensile properties of basalt fibers in sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution with various concentrations and temperatures were studied. The hydroxyl ions disrupt the ⁻Si⁻O⁻Si⁻ and ⁻Si⁻O⁻Al⁻ bonds leading to the formation of insoluble hydroxides. With the continuation of the hydration reaction, a hydration layer (corrosion shell) with high content of calcium, iron, manganese (...) the corrosion rate of basalt fibers, shortened the formation time of the corrosion shell and increased mass loss. From 25 to 70 °C, the mass loss of fibers increased from 2.4% to 33.8% for fibers immersed in 1 mol/L NaOH for 3 days. The experimental results from quantitative x-ray fluorescence (XRF) showed that the mass loss of basalt fibers was mainly due to the leaching of silicon, aluminum and potassium ions.

2018 Materials PubMed

18. An open, comparative study of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus salicylic and lactic acid combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children. (PubMed)

An open, comparative study of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus salicylic and lactic acid combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children. To evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and salicylic and lactic acid (SAL + LAC) combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum (MC).26 patients with MC randomized into two treatment groups. 12 patients treated with 10% KOH solution and 14 patients treated with SAL + LAC

2013 Journal of Dermatological Treatment

19. An open, comparative study of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus salicylic and lactic acid combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children. (PubMed)

An open, comparative study of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus salicylic and lactic acid combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children. To evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and salicylic and lactic acid (SAL + LAC) combination in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum (MC).26 patients with MC randomized into two treatment groups. 12 patients treated with 10% KOH solution and 14 patients treated with SAL + LAC

2013 Journal of Dermatological Treatment

20. Comparison of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum: An open randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

Comparison of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum: An open randomized clinical trial. Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a common cutaneous viral infection. Potassium hydroxide (KOH), as a strong alkali, and cryotherapy have been used for its treatment. The objective of this study was to compare these two treatment modalities.30 patients, aged between 1 and 24 years of age, were randomly divided into 2 groups: 15 were treated with KOH 10

2013 Journal of Dermatological Treatment

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