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1. Pinworm infection

Pinworm infection Pinworm infection - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Pinworm infection Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: June 2018 Summary The most common helminthic infection in the US. Although most infected individuals are asymptomatic, perianal itching is the most common clinical presentation. Diagnosis is made by applying adhesive tape to the perianal area and examining for eggs or adult (...) worms. Treatment consists of a single dose of an appropriate anthelmintic followed by a repeat dose at 2 weeks. Definition Pinworm infection is caused by the roundworm Enterobius vermicularis . Infection is largely asymptomatic. The classic clinical presentation is intense perianal itching (pruritus ani) without evidence of systemic inflammation. History and exam perianal pruritus perianal erythema presence of worms restlessness insomnia vulvar pruritus school attendance or institutionalisation

2018 BMJ Best Practice

2. PCR Testing of IVC Filter Tops as a Method for Detecting Murine Pinworms and Fur Mites (PubMed)

PCR Testing of IVC Filter Tops as a Method for Detecting Murine Pinworms and Fur Mites We evaluated PCR testing of filter tops from cages maintained on an IVC system through which exhaust air is filtered at the cage level as a method for detecting parasite-infected and -infested cages. Cages containing 4 naïve Swiss Webster mice received 360 mL of uncontaminated aspen chip or α-cellulose bedding (n = 18 cages each) and 60 mL of the same type of bedding weekly from each of the following 4 groups (...) of cages housing mice infected or infested with Syphacia obvelata (SO), Aspiculuris tetraptera (AT), Myocoptes musculinus (MC), or Myobia musculi (MB) and Radfordia affinis (RA; 240 mL bedding total). Detection rates were compared at 30, 60, and 90 d after initiating bedding exposure, by using PCR analysis of filter tops (media extract and swabs) and testing of mouse samples (fur swab [direct] PCR testing, fecal flotation, anal tape test, direct examination of intestinal contents, and skin scrape). PCR

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2017 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

3. Pinworm Test

Pinworm Test Pinworm Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pinworm Test Pinworm Test Aka: Pinworm Test , Cellophane (...) on a slide with clean side down Trim tape, label slide and bring to clinic VI. Exam View slide under direct microscopy VII. Efficacy : 90% if done on 3 consecutive days Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Pinworm Test." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine About FPnotebook.com

2018 FP Notebook

4. False-Positive Results after Environmental Pinworm PCR Testing due to Rhabditid Nematodes in Corncob Bedding (PubMed)

False-Positive Results after Environmental Pinworm PCR Testing due to Rhabditid Nematodes in Corncob Bedding Modern rodent colonies are housed in individually ventilated cages to protect the animals from contamination with adventitious pathogens. Standard health monitoring through soiled-bedding sentinels does not always detect infections, especially in the context of low pathogen prevalence. Recently proposed alternatives include analyzing environmental samples from the cages or rack exhaust (...) barrier facility that was detected by fecal PCR in sentinels and confirmed by fecal flotation and direct cecal examination of both sentinels and colony animals. The outbreak led to a widespread survey of all facilities for pinworms by using environmental PCR from ventilated rack exhaust plenums. Environmental PCR suggested an unexpected widespread contamination of all ventilated racks holding nonautoclaved cages, but results could not be confirmed in sentinel or colony animals by fecal flotation

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2014 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

5. Studies on Pinworm Infections : III. Tests with Phenothiazine in the Treatment of Pinworm Infections (PubMed)

Studies on Pinworm Infections : III. Tests with Phenothiazine in the Treatment of Pinworm Infections 20322348 2010 06 22 2010 06 22 0008-4409 46 2 1942 Feb Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Studies on Pinworm Infections : III. Tests with Phenothiazine in the Treatment of Pinworm Infections. 111-5 Miller M J MJ Allen D D eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 2010 3 24 6 0 1942 2 1 0 0 1942 2 1 0 1 ppublish 20322348 PMC1827183

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1942 Canadian Medical Association Journal

6. Studies on Pinworm Infection : 2. Tests With Gentian Violet in the Treatment of Pinworm Infection (PubMed)

Studies on Pinworm Infection : 2. Tests With Gentian Violet in the Treatment of Pinworm Infection 20321891 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0008-4409 43 5 1940 Nov Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Studies on Pinworm Infection : 2. Tests With Gentian Violet in the Treatment of Pinworm Infection. 455-8 Miller M J MJ Choquette L L Audet W W Kelso R F RF Guenette J A JA eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 2010 3 24 6 0 1940 11 1 0 0 1940 11 1 0 1 ppublish 20321891

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1940 Canadian Medical Association Journal

7. PINWORM INFECTIONS: IV. Tests with p-benzylphenyl carbamate in the treatment of pinworm infections. (PubMed)

PINWORM INFECTIONS: IV. Tests with p-benzylphenyl carbamate in the treatment of pinworm infections. 15410372 2004 09 30 2018 12 01 0008-4409 62 3 1950 Mar Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Tests with p-benzylphenyl carbamate in the treatment of pinworm infections. 271-4 MILLER M J MJ CHOQUETTE L P E LP eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 0 Anti-Anxiety Agents 0 Carbamates 0 Esters OM Animals Anti-Anxiety Agents Carbamates Enterobiasis Enterobius

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1950 Canadian Medical Association Journal

8. Pinworm Test

Pinworm Test Pinworm Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pinworm Test Pinworm Test Aka: Pinworm Test , Cellophane (...) on a slide with clean side down Trim tape, label slide and bring to clinic VI. Exam View slide under direct microscopy VII. Efficacy : 90% if done on 3 consecutive days Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Pinworm Test." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine About FPnotebook.com

2015 FP Notebook

9. Characterization of Rat Pinworm (Syphacia muris) Epidemiology as a Means to Increase Detection and Elimination (PubMed)

Characterization of Rat Pinworm (Syphacia muris) Epidemiology as a Means to Increase Detection and Elimination Rodent pinworms persist in many institutions, suggesting deficiencies in eradication and diagnostic processes. When pinworms are detected, treatment success is common, but false-negative test results during health surveillance or after treatment likely contribute to the continued presence of this parasite. PCR testing is not always practical, and increased information regarding (...) the life cycle and general epidemiology of pinworm infestations could improve the sensitivity of traditional nonPCR detection methods and improve eradication efforts. We therefore investigated a pinworm (Syphacia muris) infestation in Sprague-Dawley rats (Rattus norvegicus) to develop a more accurate testing strategy. In addition, we sought to determine the duration of egg viability by using an in vitro hatching protocol to assess environmental persistence. Finally, we tested the ovicidal efficacy

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2014 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

10. Pinworm (Treatment)

such as finger-sucking. If large numbers of children attending the same school test positive for pinworm eggs, all classmates and family members of the children who are infected should be treated 2 times at 2-week intervals. If less than 30% of class members test positive for pinworm eggs, treating only the children who have positive test results reduces the positive rate for eggs in that class. Follow-up is recommended if the pinworm symptoms persist longer than 2 weeks or if signs of bacterial (...) Pinworm (Treatment) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA

2014 eMedicine.com

11. Pinworm (Follow-up)

such as finger-sucking. If large numbers of children attending the same school test positive for pinworm eggs, all classmates and family members of the children who are infected should be treated 2 times at 2-week intervals. If less than 30% of class members test positive for pinworm eggs, treating only the children who have positive test results reduces the positive rate for eggs in that class. Follow-up is recommended if the pinworm symptoms persist longer than 2 weeks or if signs of bacterial (...) Pinworm (Follow-up) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA

2014 eMedicine.com

12. Pinworms (Follow-up)

such as finger-sucking. If large numbers of children attending the same school test positive for pinworm eggs, all classmates and family members of the children who are infected should be treated 2 times at 2-week intervals. If less than 30% of class members test positive for pinworm eggs, treating only the children who have positive test results reduces the positive rate for eggs in that class. Follow-up is recommended if the pinworm symptoms persist longer than 2 weeks or if signs of bacterial (...) Pinworms (Follow-up) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

13. Pinworms (Treatment)

such as finger-sucking. If large numbers of children attending the same school test positive for pinworm eggs, all classmates and family members of the children who are infected should be treated 2 times at 2-week intervals. If less than 30% of class members test positive for pinworm eggs, treating only the children who have positive test results reduces the positive rate for eggs in that class. Follow-up is recommended if the pinworm symptoms persist longer than 2 weeks or if signs of bacterial (...) Pinworms (Treatment) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

14. Pinworm Infestation

Pinworm Infestation Pinworm Infestation - Infectious Diseases - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases / / / / IN THIS TOPIC OTHER TOPICS IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge Smallpox Because (...) Loading , MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine Click here for Patient Education NOTE: This is the Professional Version. CONSUMERS: Topic Resources Enterobiasis is an intestinal infestation by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis , usually in children. Its major symptom is perianal itching. Diagnosis is by visual inspection for threadlike worms in the perianal area or the cellophane tape test for ova. Treatment is with mebendazole or albendazole . (See also .) Pinworm infestation is the most

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

15. Pinworm infection

depends on finding the eggs or the adult pinworms. Individual eggs are invisible to the naked eye, but they can be seen using a low-power . On the other hand, the light-yellowish thread-like adult pinworms are clearly visually detectable, usually during the night when they move near the anus, or on toilet paper. Transparent (e.g. ) applied on the anal area will pick up deposited eggs, and diagnosis can be made by examining the tape with a microscope. This test is most successful if done every morning (...) Pinworm infection Pinworm infection - Wikipedia Pinworm infection From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the human infection with pinworms. For the organism itself, see . Pinworm infection Other names Enterobiasis, oxyuriasis Pinworm eggs ( ) Symptoms Itchy area Usual onset 4 to 8 weeks from exposure Causes ( ) Attending school Seeing the worms or eggs Prevention , daily bathing in the morning, daily changing of Medication , , or Prognosis Non serious Frequency Common

2012 Wikipedia

16. A Guide to Utilization of the Microbiology Laboratory for Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: 2018 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Society for Microbiology

laboratory in infectious disease diagnosis calls for a close, positive working relationship between the physician/advanced practice provider and the microbiologists who provide enormous value to the healthcare team. This document, developed by experts in laboratory and adult and pediatric clinical medicine, provides information on which tests are valuable and in which contexts, and on tests that add little or no value for diagnostic decisions. This document presents a system-based approach rather than (...) , and blood and tissue parasite infections. Each section contains introductory concepts, a summary of key points, and detailed tables that list suspected agents; the most reliable tests to order; the samples (and volumes) to collect in order of preference; specimen transport devices, procedures, times, and temperatures; and detailed notes on specific issues regarding the test methods, such as when tests are likely to require a specialized laboratory or have prolonged turnaround times. In addition

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2018 Infectious Diseases Society of America

17. CRACKCast E174 – Genitourinary and Renal Tract Disorders

). A blood glucose test should be considered in patients presenting with recurrent candidal balanoposthitis. Systemic abx for severe infections / STIs [6] Describe the diagnosis and management of pediatric epididymitis and o rchitis. Epididymitis: Etiology varies by age and presence of structural abnormalities Pre-adolescence: Usually viral Bacterial causes are rare and occur with structural abnormalities Adolescent: Consider STI’s as a cause A urethral discharge may be present, particularly when (...) of a similar prior episode. Up to 90% of patients have associated nausea and vomiting. Cryptorchidism (one or both testes are undescended) increases the risk of torsion and may present with abdominal or inguinal pain. Familial history and recent trauma may increase the risk of torsion Imaging: Emergent doppler ultrasonography of both testicles and spermatic cords. 85-95% sensitivity Management: Immediate surgery – ideally no more than 12 hrs from onset of symptoms Surgery should not be delayed while

2018 CandiEM

18. CRACKCast E133 – Parasitic Infections

of malarial infection: uncomplicated and severe Uncomplicated Malaria: The patient will have symptoms of malaria The patient will have positive parasitological test The patient will NOT have signs of severe malaria Severe Malaria (Think Falciprum >>>> Vivax): Risk factors: Non-immune individuals Immunocompromised patients (including asplenic individuals) Children 6 to 36 months of age Pregnant women Features: CNS: Altered consciousness, (+/- meningismus) seizures, focal deficits (cerebral malaria) GI (...) Pneumonia Typhoid fever Hemorrhagic fever Sepsis due to bacteremia Dengue fever Chikungunya Meningitis [3] Describe the diagnosis and treatment of acute malarial infection Diagnosis of Acute Malarial Infections: There are two tests that we use for the diagnosis of acute malarial infections: Thick & thin films for microscopy (1-3 Q12hrs Gold standard) Malaria rapid Antigen (sample in febrile stage) test ***NOTE***: If slides are negative on your first attempt, repeat testing every 24 hours for 3 days

2017 CandiEM

19. CRACKCast E096 – Anorectal Disorders

-Dermatologic Pruritis prone diseases: Liver failure, renal failure Myxedema, DM, thyrotoxicosis Vitamin A, D deficiency, iron deficiency Cancer – hodgkins or paget’s disease Infections STDs Syphilis HSV HPV Others Scabies Permethrin 5%, then reapply in 2 weeks Pinworm ( look for this in young children) Tape trick Treatment: Mebendazole 100 mg PO (or pyrantel pamoate 11 mg/kg (max 1 g) po) with a repeat in 2 weeks. Bacterial / fungal infection Here’s a helpful ROSENISM: ITCH: Infection Topical irritants (...) presentations. As well as their treatment! Gonorrhea (neisseria) Ceftriaxone 250 mg IM / Cefixime 400 mg PO x1 dose Chlamydia and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) Need antibody tests to find it because rectal cultures are inaccurate Doxycycline 100 mg PO BID x 7 days (21 days if for LGV) Or azithromycin 1 g po once for chlamydia Syphilis Primary (may be falsely confused as an anal fissure!): benzathine Penicillin G. 2.4 Million units IM x 1 Secondary (condyloma latum – smooth, raised, painless wart-like

2017 CandiEM

20. Effect of Fenbendazole on Three Behavioral Tests in Male C57BL/6N Mice (PubMed)

Effect of Fenbendazole on Three Behavioral Tests in Male C57BL/6N Mice Pinworms are highly contagious parasites of laboratory rodents that often are treated with fenbendazole. To our knowledge, the effect of fenbendazole at therapeutic dosages on behavioral tests in mice has not been evaluated. Here we studied 6-wk-old male C57BL/6N mice. We compared the behavior of control mice (fed regular diet) with 3 groups of mice treated with dietary fenbendazole. Treatment groups were 4 wk (...) of fenbendazole, 2 wk of fenbendazole followed by 2 wk of regular diet, and 2 wk of regular diet followed by 2 wk of fenbendazole. At the end of dietary treatment all groups were tested by open field for central, peripheral and vertical activity; elevated plus maze for anxiety; and rotarod for motor ability and then evaluated by clinical pathology and selected histopathology. Treated and control groups showed no differences in open field or elevated plus maze testing, histopathology, or clinical pathology

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2010 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

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