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1. Pinworm infection

Pinworm infection Pinworm infection - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Pinworm infection Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: June 2018 Summary The most common helminthic infection in the US. Although most infected individuals are asymptomatic, perianal itching is the most common clinical presentation. Diagnosis is made by applying adhesive tape to the perianal area and examining for eggs or adult (...) worms. Treatment consists of a single dose of an appropriate anthelmintic followed by a repeat dose at 2 weeks. Definition Pinworm infection is caused by the roundworm Enterobius vermicularis . Infection is largely asymptomatic. The classic clinical presentation is intense perianal itching (pruritus ani) without evidence of systemic inflammation. History and exam perianal pruritus perianal erythema presence of worms restlessness insomnia vulvar pruritus school attendance or institutionalisation

2018 BMJ Best Practice

2. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Pinworm Infection. (PubMed)

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Pinworm Infection. Symptomatic infection with pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis), a human pathogen, is clinically relevant in Germany, with an estimated prevalence in childhood of 2-20%. Enterobiasis can cause major mental distress. There is little systematically verified knowledge on the treatment of this condition, and there is no corresponding German guideline. This review is, therefore, intended as a summary of the current state of knowledge.This review (...) is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed for literature appearing from 1 January 1990 to 5 February 2019 and containing the search terms "enterobiasis," "oxyuriasis," "Enterobius vermicula- ris," "pinworm," and "threadworm."More than one billion people worldwide are thought to be infected with pinworm. Estimates of its prevalence among kindergarten and primary-school pupils in Europe are generally near 20%. Infants (<2 years of age), adolescents (>14 years of age

2019 Deutsches Arzteblatt international

3. A preliminary epidemiological study of pinworm infection in Thaklong Municipal Early Childhood Development Center and Rangsit Babies’ Home, Pathum Thani, Thailand (PubMed)

A preliminary epidemiological study of pinworm infection in Thaklong Municipal Early Childhood Development Center and Rangsit Babies’ Home, Pathum Thani, Thailand We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for Enterobius vermicularis in children at the Thaklong Municipal Early Childhood Development Center (TMECDC), and the Rangsit Babies' Home (RBH) in Pathum Thani, Thailand using the Scotch tape method.397 children aged 3-6 years were sampled (male = 198); 31 (7.8%) were E. vermicularis (...) level and age group were independently associated with a positive Scotch tape result. Older children and higher family education had opposing associations with E. vermicularis. Strategies to control pinworm infection should focus on high-risk children in orphanages.

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2018 BMC research notes

4. Pinworm infection – Ovulation at midnight (PubMed)

Pinworm infection – Ovulation at midnight 28377886 2017 08 16 2214-2509 8 2017 IDCases IDCases Pinworm infection - Ovulation at midnight. 47 10.1016/j.idcr.2017.03.005 Tomari Kouki K Department of General Pediatrics, Okinawa Prefectural Nanbu Medical Center, Japan. Yamashiro Toshiki T Department of General Pediatrics, Okinawa Prefectural Nanbu Medical Center, Japan. Matsukawa Itaru I Department of General Pediatrics, Okinawa Prefectural Nanbu Medical Center, Japan. eng Journal Article 2017 03

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2017 IDCases

5. Interspecies Variation in the Susceptibility of a Wild-Derived Colony of Mice to Pinworms (Aspiculuris tetraptera) (PubMed)

Interspecies Variation in the Susceptibility of a Wild-Derived Colony of Mice to Pinworms (Aspiculuris tetraptera) Pinworms are common parasites in wild and laboratory rodents. Despite their relative nonpathogenicity in immunocompetent models, pinworm infections add an unwanted variable and may confound some types of research. For this reason, health monitoring programs and biosecurity measures aim to minimize the spread of pinworm infections into colonies free from the organisms. Wild-derived (...) and laboratory strains of mice have shown varied susceptibility to infection with Aspiculuris tetraptera, the most commonly found murine pinworm. In particular, susceptibility is increased in wild-derived mice, young animals, and males. Routine surveillance at our institution revealed pinworm infection (A. tetraptera only) within a colony of multiple, wild-derived species of Mus, although only specific species showed positive results during initial sampling. To assess whether species-associated differences

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2017 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

6. PCR Testing of IVC Filter Tops as a Method for Detecting Murine Pinworms and Fur Mites (PubMed)

PCR Testing of IVC Filter Tops as a Method for Detecting Murine Pinworms and Fur Mites We evaluated PCR testing of filter tops from cages maintained on an IVC system through which exhaust air is filtered at the cage level as a method for detecting parasite-infected and -infested cages. Cages containing 4 naïve Swiss Webster mice received 360 mL of uncontaminated aspen chip or α-cellulose bedding (n = 18 cages each) and 60 mL of the same type of bedding weekly from each of the following 4 groups

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2017 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

7. Pinworm

Pinworm Pinworm Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pinworm Pinworm Aka: Pinworm , Enterobius vermicularis , Enterobiasis (...) within 3 days IV. Transmission Ingestion of Pinworm ova (20 day viability) Passed by fomites (hands, clothing, house dust) Female worms migrate to anus at night to deposit eggs V. Symptoms Perianal or perineal worse at night May also cause vaginal irritation Restlessness at night VI. Signs Small (0.5 to 1 cm) white worms at perianal area VII. Differential Diagnosis See See VIII. Labs IX. Course Self limited; resolves by 6 weeks (unless reingested) X. Management Pyrantel pamoate (Pin-Rid, OTC) Dose

2018 FP Notebook

8. Pinworm Test

Pinworm Test Pinworm Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pinworm Test Pinworm Test Aka: Pinworm Test , Cellophane (...) on a slide with clean side down Trim tape, label slide and bring to clinic VI. Exam View slide under direct microscopy VII. Efficacy : 90% if done on 3 consecutive days Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Pinworm Test." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine About FPnotebook.com

2018 FP Notebook

9. Paleoparasitological evidence of pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis) infection in a female adolescent residing in ancient Tehran (Iran) 7000 years ago (PubMed)

Paleoparasitological evidence of pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis) infection in a female adolescent residing in ancient Tehran (Iran) 7000 years ago The Molavi street archeological site south of Tehran accidentally provided a unique opportunity for paleoparasitological studies in Iran. A female skeleton was unearthed and evaluated to be 7000 years old. Soil samples were collected around the pelvic and sacrum bones.Careful microscopic investigation of rehydrated soil samples revealed (...) the presence of one Enterobius vermicularis egg attached to the skeleton sacral region.The present finding likely represents the oldest evidence of a human pinworm infection in Asia.

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2016 Parasites & vectors

10. Temporal and spatial mosaics: deep host association and shallow geographic drivers shape genetic structure in a widespread pinworm, Rauschtineria eutamii (PubMed)

Temporal and spatial mosaics: deep host association and shallow geographic drivers shape genetic structure in a widespread pinworm, Rauschtineria eutamii Climate and host demographic cycling often shape both parasite genetic diversity and host distributions, processes that transcend a history of strict host-parasite association. We explored host associations and histories based on an evaluation of mitochondrial and nuclear sequences to reveal the underlying history and genetic structure (...) of a pinworm, Rauschtineria eutamii, infecting 10 species of western North American chipmunks (Rodentia:Tamias, subgenus Neotamias). Rauschtineria eutamii contains divergent lineages influenced by the diversity of hosts and variation across the complex topography of western North America. We recovered six reciprocally monophyletic R. eutamii mitochondrial clades, largely supported by nuclear gene trees, exhibiting divergence levels comparable to intraspecific variation reported for other nematodes

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2016 Biological journal of the Linnean Society. Linnean Society of London

11. The horse pinworm (Oxyuris equi) in archaeology during the Holocene: Review of past records and new data.

The horse pinworm (Oxyuris equi) in archaeology during the Holocene: Review of past records and new data. This paper focuses on the horse pinworm, Oxyuris equi, in archaeology during the Holocene period, and presents an overview of past published occurrences, early mentions in texts, and new data from our paleoparasitology research. This original compilation shows that the most ancient record of the horse pinworm dates to ca. 2500 years before present (ybp) in Central Asia and to ca. 2020 ybp (...) in Western Europe. It also shows that the parasite is not detected on the American continent until contemporary periods. The role of European migrations from 1492 (Christopher Columbus) is discussed to explain the transfer of the horse pinworm from the Old World to the Americas. The absence of any record of this parasite before ca. 2500 ybp in Eurasia could be explained by parasite ecology, unfavorable sampling and scarcity of horse archeological remains. For the Americas, the absence of horse for long

2015 Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases

12. Characterization of Rat Pinworm (Syphacia muris) Epidemiology as a Means to Increase Detection and Elimination (PubMed)

Characterization of Rat Pinworm (Syphacia muris) Epidemiology as a Means to Increase Detection and Elimination Rodent pinworms persist in many institutions, suggesting deficiencies in eradication and diagnostic processes. When pinworms are detected, treatment success is common, but false-negative test results during health surveillance or after treatment likely contribute to the continued presence of this parasite. PCR testing is not always practical, and increased information regarding (...) the life cycle and general epidemiology of pinworm infestations could improve the sensitivity of traditional nonPCR detection methods and improve eradication efforts. We therefore investigated a pinworm (Syphacia muris) infestation in Sprague-Dawley rats (Rattus norvegicus) to develop a more accurate testing strategy. In addition, we sought to determine the duration of egg viability by using an in vitro hatching protocol to assess environmental persistence. Finally, we tested the ovicidal efficacy

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2014 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

13. False-Positive Results after Environmental Pinworm PCR Testing due to Rhabditid Nematodes in Corncob Bedding (PubMed)

False-Positive Results after Environmental Pinworm PCR Testing due to Rhabditid Nematodes in Corncob Bedding Modern rodent colonies are housed in individually ventilated cages to protect the animals from contamination with adventitious pathogens. Standard health monitoring through soiled-bedding sentinels does not always detect infections, especially in the context of low pathogen prevalence. Recently proposed alternatives include analyzing environmental samples from the cages or rack exhaust (...) barrier facility that was detected by fecal PCR in sentinels and confirmed by fecal flotation and direct cecal examination of both sentinels and colony animals. The outbreak led to a widespread survey of all facilities for pinworms by using environmental PCR from ventilated rack exhaust plenums. Environmental PCR suggested an unexpected widespread contamination of all ventilated racks holding nonautoclaved cages, but results could not be confirmed in sentinel or colony animals by fecal flotation

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2014 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS

14. Pinworm (Treatment)

Pinworm (Treatment) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA (...) == processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment Approach Considerations Anthelmintics, such as mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and albendazole, are active against Enterobius vermicularis. Itching, irritation, and excoriation should be treated symptomatically. Reinfection with E vermicularis immediately after the completion

2014 eMedicine.com

15. Pinworm (Overview)

Pinworm (Overview) Pinworm (Enterobiasis): Background, Pathophysiology and Etiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Updated (...) : Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Overview Background Pinworm infection, also called enterobiasis, is caused by Enterobius vermicularis . E vermicularis is a white slender nematode with a pointed tail. In humans, they reside in the cecum, appendix, and ascending colon. Female pinworms are 8-13 mm long, and males are 2-5 mm long. Pinworm infection is primarily a pediatric condition

2014 eMedicine.com

16. Pinworm (Follow-up)

Pinworm (Follow-up) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA (...) == processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment Approach Considerations Anthelmintics, such as mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and albendazole, are active against Enterobius vermicularis. Itching, irritation, and excoriation should be treated symptomatically. Reinfection with E vermicularis immediately after the completion

2014 eMedicine.com

17. Pinworms (Follow-up)

Pinworms (Follow-up) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA (...) == processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment Approach Considerations Anthelmintics, such as mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and albendazole, are active against Enterobius vermicularis. Itching, irritation, and excoriation should be treated symptomatically. Reinfection with E vermicularis immediately after the completion

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

18. Pinworms (Diagnosis)

Pinworms (Diagnosis) Pinworm (Enterobiasis): Background, Pathophysiology and Etiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Updated (...) : Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Overview Background Pinworm infection, also called enterobiasis, is caused by Enterobius vermicularis . E vermicularis is a white slender nematode with a pointed tail. In humans, they reside in the cecum, appendix, and ascending colon. Female pinworms are 8-13 mm long, and males are 2-5 mm long. Pinworm infection is primarily a pediatric condition

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

19. Pinworm (Diagnosis)

Pinworm (Diagnosis) Pinworm (Enterobiasis): Background, Pathophysiology and Etiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Updated (...) : Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Overview Background Pinworm infection, also called enterobiasis, is caused by Enterobius vermicularis . E vermicularis is a white slender nematode with a pointed tail. In humans, they reside in the cecum, appendix, and ascending colon. Female pinworms are 8-13 mm long, and males are 2-5 mm long. Pinworm infection is primarily a pediatric condition

2014 eMedicine.com

20. Pinworms (Treatment)

Pinworms (Treatment) Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Long-Term Monitoring, Deterrence/Prevention Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1NjUyLXRyZWF0bWVudA (...) == processing > Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 21, 2018 Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pinworm (Enterobiasis) Treatment Approach Considerations Anthelmintics, such as mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and albendazole, are active against Enterobius vermicularis. Itching, irritation, and excoriation should be treated symptomatically. Reinfection with E vermicularis immediately after the completion

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

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