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Phosphorus Replacement

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1. Replacing Phosphorus-Containing Food Additives With Foods Without Additives Reduces Phosphatemia in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Replacing Phosphorus-Containing Food Additives With Foods Without Additives Reduces Phosphatemia in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. The purpose of the study was to verify the effects of replacing phosphorus-containing food additives with foods without additives on phosphatemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients.Randomized clinical trial.Adult patients on hemodialysis for ≥6 months at a single center.A total of 134 patients with phosphorus levels of >5.5 mg (...) /dL were included and were randomized into an intervention group (n = 67) and a control group (n = 67).The IG received individual orientation to replace processed foods that have phosphorus additives with foods of similar nutritional value without these additives. The CG received only the nutritional orientation given before the study. Clinical laboratory data, nutritional status, energy and protein intake, and normalized protein nitrogen appearance (nPNA) were evaluated at the beginning

2016 Journal of Renal Nutrition

2. Phosphorus Replacement

Phosphorus Replacement Phosphorus Replacement Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Phosphorus Replacement Phosphorus (...) Replacement Aka: Phosphorus Replacement , Phosphate Replacement II. Indications: Hypophosphatemia < 2 mg/dl Symptom onset when phosphorus <2 mg/dl Severe symptoms ( , ) when <1 mg/dl Serum Phosphate Replacement is not required in most cases resolves spontaneously when primary cause is managed Treat , , , and phosphate normalizes III. Preparations Oral K-Phos Tab Phosphorus: 8 mmol (250 mg) Neutra-Phos Tab Phosphorus: 8 mmol (250 mg) Fleets Phosphosoda Phosphorus: 4 mmol (128 mg) IV Phosphate Phosphorus: 3

2018 FP Notebook

3. Dramatic mitigation of bone pain after phosphorus replacement therapy in a subject with FGF23-related hypophosphatemic osteomalacia (PubMed)

Dramatic mitigation of bone pain after phosphorus replacement therapy in a subject with FGF23-related hypophosphatemic osteomalacia Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is secreted from bone and suppresses the absorption of phosphorus in renal proximal tubule and in intestinal tract. Therefore, the increase of serum FGF23 levels leads to hypophosphatemic situations. Tumor-induced osteomalacia is often induced by various tumors, but it is often difficult to identify the localization of tumor (...) , because most of the FGF23-producing tumors are small and could be observed in any part of the body.Here we report a case of elderly female subject with FGF23-related hypophosphatemic osteomalacia who repeatedly experienced severe bone pain and fragility fracture in various parts of the body. Although we failed to identify the localization of tumor in this subject even with various examination, after starting phosphorus replacement therapy with relatively small amounts of calcium phosphate (1.5 g/day

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2016 SpringerPlus

4. Seasonal Alterations in Organic Phosphorus Metabolism Drive the Phosphorus Economy of Annual Growth in F. sylvatica Trees on P-Impoverished Soil (PubMed)

Seasonal Alterations in Organic Phosphorus Metabolism Drive the Phosphorus Economy of Annual Growth in F. sylvatica Trees on P-Impoverished Soil Phosphorus (P) is one of the most important macronutrients limiting plant growth and development, particularly in forest ecosystems such as temperate beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests in Central Europe. Efficient tree internal P cycling during annual growth is an important strategy of beech trees to adapt to low soil-P. Organic P (Porg) is thought (...) was similar in beech trees of both forests. During summer, leaves of Tut beeches meet their phosphate (Pi) needs by replacing phospholipids by galacto- and sulfolipids. Thus, several processes contribute to adequate Pi supply on P impoverished soil thereby mediating similar growth of beech at low and sufficient soil-P availability.

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2018 Frontiers in plant science

5. The impact of a nutritional intervention based on egg white for phosphorus control in hemodialyis patients. (PubMed)

The impact of a nutritional intervention based on egg white for phosphorus control in hemodialyis patients. Here we describe a dietary intervention for hyperphosphatemia in dialysis patients based on the partial replacement of meat and fish, which are one of the main sources of alimentary phosphorous, with egg white, a virtually phosphorous-free protein source. This intervention aims to reduce phosphorous intake without causing protein wasting.As many as 23 hyperphosphatemic patients (15 male (...) and 8 female, mean age 53.0 ± 10.0 years) on chronic standard 4 h, three times weekly, bicarbonate hemodialysis were enrolled in this open-label, randomized controlled trial. Patients in the intervention group were instructed to replace fish or meat with egg white in three meals a week for three months whereas diet was unchanged in the control group.Serum phosphate concentrations were significantly lower in the intervention group than in controls after three (4.9 ± 1.0 vs 6.6 ± 0.8; p < 0.001

2019 Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD

6. Remobilisation of phosphorus fractions in rice flag leaves during grain filling: Implications for photosynthesis and grain yields. (PubMed)

Remobilisation of phosphorus fractions in rice flag leaves during grain filling: Implications for photosynthesis and grain yields. Phosphorus (P) is translocated from vegetative tissues to developing seeds during senescence in annual crop plants, but the impact of this P mobilisation on photosynthesis and plant performance is poorly understood. This study investigated rice (Oryza sativa L.) flag leaf photosynthesis and P remobilisation in a hydroponic study where P was either supplied until (...) luxury P supply. Ultimately, reduced photosynthesis did not translate into grain yield reductions. There was some evidence plants remobilised less essential P pools (e.g. Pi) or replaceable P pools (e.g. phospholipid-P) prior to remobilisation of P in pools critical to leaf function such as nucleic acid-P and cytosolic Pi. Competition for P between vegetative tissues and developing grains can impair photosynthesis when P supply is withdrawn during early grain filling. A reduction in the P sink

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2017 PLoS ONE

7. Soymilk intake has desirable effects on phosphorus and calcium metabolism (PubMed)

Soymilk intake has desirable effects on phosphorus and calcium metabolism The objective was to evaluate the effect of replacing milk with soymilk or calcium-fortified soymilk as a part of a meal on postprandial serum phosphorus levels. This study had a randomized crossover design. Ten healthy subjects were enrolled and consumed three test meals that contained either milk, soymilk, or calcium-fortified soymilk containing the same amount of calcium as milk. Blood samples were collected at 0, 30 (...) that replacing milk with soymilk as a part of a meal may suppress the postprandial elevation in serum phosphorus levels, even when the soymilk contains the same amount of calcium as milk.

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2018 Journal of clinical biochemistry and nutrition

8. Association between Hypophosphatemia and Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Early Stage of Sepsis: Could Phosphorus Replacement Treatment Reduce the Incidence of Arrhythmias? (PubMed)

Association between Hypophosphatemia and Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Early Stage of Sepsis: Could Phosphorus Replacement Treatment Reduce the Incidence of Arrhythmias? It is well known that new-onset arrhythmias are common in septic patients. It is thought that hypophosphatemia in the early stages of sepsis may contribute to the development of new arrhythmias. In this study, we hypothesized that intravenous (IV) phosphorus replacement may reduce the incidence of arrhythmias in critically ill (...) patients. 34 adult septic patients with hypophosphatemia admitted to the general intensive care unit were treated with IV phosphorus replacement per ICU protocol, and the incidence of new arrhythmias were compared with 16 patients from previously published data. IV phosphorus replacement was associated with a significantly reduced incidence of arrhythmias (38% vs. 63%, p=0.04). There were no differences in observed mortality between subgroups, which may be due to the small sample size. This study

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2014 Electrolytes & Blood Pressure : E & BP

9. Phosphorus and other aspects of CKD-MBD in the conservative management of chronic kidney disease. (PubMed)

Phosphorus and other aspects of CKD-MBD in the conservative management of chronic kidney disease. As the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases and the population ages, there is an imperative to offer cost effective and patient specific therapeutic options for the management of advanced CKD. In cases where there is a desire to avoid or delay renal replacement therapy, conservative options need to be defined and strategies for delaying the need for renal replacement therapy should (...) be offered. CKD-mineral bone disorders (MBD) refers to the constellation of disturbances in abnormal bone and soft tissue calcification along with abnormalities, in phosphorus, calcium, parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, and FGF-23. CKD-MBD is associated with morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients. Addressing CKD-MBD necessitated understanding phosphorus handling in the intestine and kidney and the ordered process of vascular calcification and uremic osteodystrophy. Decreasing dietary phosphorus

2017 Panminerva medica

10. Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy on Parathyroid Hormone, Vitamin D, Calcium, Phosphorus, and Albumin Levels. (PubMed)

Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy on Parathyroid Hormone, Vitamin D, Calcium, Phosphorus, and Albumin Levels. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) reduces obesity-related co-morbidities, such as diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Endocrinological abnormalities may occur as undesired side effects. Most centers routinely prescribe folic acid, cyanocobalamin (vitB12), and protein replacement in the postoperative period, but 25-OH-vitamin-D3 (vitD) and intact parathyroid hormone (...) (iPTH) levels are not routinely followed up. The aim of this study was to identify the effects of LSG on iPTH, vitD, calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and albumin levels.Data of morbidly obese patients who underwent LSG between January and December 2014 were studied in this prospectively designed study. Serum levels of iPTH, vitD, Ca, P, folic acid, vitB12, ALP, and albumin were measured preoperatively and postoperatively at the 3rd, 6th, and 12th months.In total, 119

2017 Obesity Surgery

11. Egg White for Phosphorus Control in Haemodialysis Patients

by replacing the meat or fish included in two meals a week with egg white that is reach of proteins but has virtually no phosphate. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Treatment Official Title: The Impact of a Nutritional Intervention Based on Egg White for Phosphorus Control in Haemodialysis Patients (...) Egg White for Phosphorus Control in Haemodialysis Patients Egg White for Phosphorus Control in Haemodialysis Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Egg White for Phosphorus Control

2017 Clinical Trials

12. Microbial Phosphorus Solubilization and Its Potential for Use in Sustainable Agriculture (PubMed)

are capable of solubilizing/mineralizing insoluble soil phosphate to release soluble P and making it available to plants. These microorganisms improve the growth and yield of a wide variety of crops. Thus, inoculating seeds/crops/soil with Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms (PSM) is a promising strategy to improve world food production without causing any environmental hazard. Despite their great significance in soil fertility improvement, phosphorus-solubilizing microorganisms have yet to replace (...) Microbial Phosphorus Solubilization and Its Potential for Use in Sustainable Agriculture The use of excess conventional Phosphorus (P) fertilizers to improve agricultural productivity, in order to meet constantly increasing global food demand, potentially causes surface and ground water pollution, waterway eutrophication, soil fertility depletion, and accumulation of toxic elements such as high concentration of selenium (Se), arsenic (As) in the soil. Quite a number of soil microorganisms

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2017 Frontiers in microbiology

13. Effective stabilization of a planar phosphorus(iii) center embedded in a porphyrin-based fused aromatic skeleton †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental details, spectroscopic data, crystallographic data, DFT calculations, an (PubMed)

that the planar transition state is stabilized by the Ni(ii) porphyrin network that allows the contribution of a 22π-aromatic circuit involving phosphorus lone-pair electrons. Along this postulate, we attempted to engineer diarylphosphine-fused porphyrins with smaller inversion barriers by replacing the fused benzene rings with five-membered heterocyclic rings such as thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran, indole, benzothiophene 1,1-dioxide, and thiophene 1,1-dioxide. In that order, the aromatic character (...) Effective stabilization of a planar phosphorus(iii) center embedded in a porphyrin-based fused aromatic skeleton †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental details, spectroscopic data, crystallographic data, DFT calculations, an Organophosphorus(iii) compounds usually take on stable pyramidal structures with a large inversion barrier of 30-35 kcal mol-1. In contrast, diphenylphosphine-fused Ni(ii) porphyrin, where the phosphorus atom is directly attached at the meso

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2017 Chemical Science

14. Effects of neutral phytase on growth performance and phosphorus utilization in crucian carp (Carassius auratus) (PubMed)

Effects of neutral phytase on growth performance and phosphorus utilization in crucian carp (Carassius auratus) A feeding trial was conducted for nine weeks to investigate the effects of partially replacing Ca(H2PO4)2 with neutral phytase on the growth performance, phosphorus utilization, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters, bone and carcass mineral composition, and digestive-enzyme-specific activity in crucian carp (Carassius auratus). The diets prepared with 0.8%, 0%, and 1.8 (...) soared when fed with the phytase-supplemented diets (P<0.05). We may conclude that supplemental dietary neutral phytase improved the growth performance, phosphorus utilization as well as nutrient utilization in crucian carp, and it can be considered an important nutritional replacement for Ca(H2PO4)2.

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2017 Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B

15. Techniques for evaluating digestibility of energy, amino acids, phosphorus, and calcium in feed ingredients for pigs (PubMed)

Techniques for evaluating digestibility of energy, amino acids, phosphorus, and calcium in feed ingredients for pigs Sound feed formulation is dependent upon precise evaluation of energy and nutrients values in feed ingredients. Hence the methodology to determine the digestibility of energy and nutrients in feedstuffs should be chosen carefully before conducting experiments. The direct and difference procedures are widely used to determine the digestibility of energy and nutrients in feedstuffs (...) . The direct procedure is normally considered when the test feedstuff can be formulated as the sole source of the component of interest in the test diet. However, in some cases where test ingredients can only be formulated to replace a portion of the basal diet to provide the component of interest, the difference procedure can be applied to get equally robust values. Based on components of interest, ileal digesta or feces can be collected, and different sample collection processes can be used. For example

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2017 Animal Nutrition

16. The 2002 Moyer Award. Metabolic effects of vitamin D on serum calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus in pediatric burn patients. (PubMed)

. Total intravenous (IV) replacement of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus was also quantitated retrospectively. Bivariate and multivariate correlational analysis was used for statistical comparison. For the study duration, multivariate analysis demonstrated a positive correlation between 25D and serum calcium (r =.47, P <.05) and 1,25D and calcium (r =.27, P <.05). Overall, calcium had a positive correlation with phosphorus and a negative correlation with IV calcium replacement (ie, patients (...) with lower calcium received more IV replacement). During the initial week of hospitalization (week 0), decreased 25D (mean 11.6 ng/ml; normal range 15-57 ng/ml) and 1,25D (mean 13.9 pg/ml; normal range 15-75 pg/ml) did not correlate with any other measured variable. In week 1, 1,25D (mean 15.2 ng/ml) had a positive correlation (r =.410, P <.05) with calcium (mean 7.70 mg/dl). Hypovitaminosis D observed in burn injury correlates with serum calcium and phosphorus abnormalities. Early after injury (<1 week

2017 Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation

17. Methodologies for the Determination of Endogenous Phosphorus Losses in Growing Pigs (PubMed)

Methodologies for the Determination of Endogenous Phosphorus Losses in Growing Pigs A study was conducted to compare the endogenous basal losses of phosphorus (EBLP) in pigs fed diets containing gelatin (GEL) or spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP) as protein sources and to determine the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of phosphorus (P) in SDPP. The trial was carried out at the Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil. Twelve castrated pigs with an initial body weight of 55 kg were (...) containing SDPP, the STTD of P in SDPP was 96.9%, 98.8%, and 95.9% for 10%, 20%, and 30% SDPP, respectively. Therefore, it can be concluded that SDPP can replace GEL to estimate the endogenous losses of P. In addition, the STTD of P in SDPP estimated with the P-free diet was 97.2% and it was 97.4% by the regression method, utilizing SDPP.

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2016 Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences

18. Phosphorus remobilization from rice flag leaves during grain filling: an RNA‐seq study (PubMed)

Phosphorus remobilization from rice flag leaves during grain filling: an RNA‐seq study The physiology and molecular regulation of phosphorus (P) remobilization from vegetative tissues to grains during grain filling is poorly understood, despite the pivotal role it plays in the global P cycle. To test the hypothesis that a subset of genes involved in the P starvation response are involved in remobilization of P from flag leaves to developing grains, we conducted an RNA-seq analysis of rice (...) -MFS2, also showed expression profiles consistent with involvement in P remobilization from senescing flag leaves. Metabolic pathway analysis using the KEGG system suggested plastid membrane lipid synthesis is a critical process during the P remobilization phase. In particular, the up-regulation of OsPLDz2 and OsSQD2 at 15 DAA suggested phospholipids were being degraded and replaced by other lipids to enable continued cellular function while liberating P for export to developing grains. Three genes

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2016 Plant biotechnology journal

19. Heterotrophic bacteria from an extremely phosphate-poor lake have conditionally reduced phosphorus demand and utilize diverse sources of phosphorus (PubMed)

to medium without added phosphorus (P), the isolates grow slowly, their RNA content falls to as low as 1% of cellular dry weight, and 86-100% of the membrane lipids are replaced with amino- or glycolipids. Similar changes in lipid composition have been observed in marine photoautotrophs and soil heterotrophs, and similar flexibility in phosphorus sources has been demonstrated in marine and soil-dwelling heterotrophs. Our results demonstrate that heterotrophs isolated from this unusual environment alter (...) Heterotrophic bacteria from an extremely phosphate-poor lake have conditionally reduced phosphorus demand and utilize diverse sources of phosphorus Heterotrophic Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria were isolated from Lake Matano, Indonesia, a stratified, ferruginous (iron-rich), ultra-oligotrophic lake with phosphate concentrations below 50 nM. Here, we describe the growth of eight strains of heterotrophic bacteria on a variety of soluble and insoluble sources of phosphorus. When transferred

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2015 Environmental microbiology

20. Effect of immobilized fungal phytase on growth performance and bone traits of broilers fed with low dietary calcium and phosphorus (PubMed)

supplemented in a broiler diet with low phosphorus (0.37% in starter and 0.32% NPP in finisher diet) and low calcium (0.8% in diet) for better growth performance and with successful replacement of dietary P by 0.08 % and reduced P excretion into the environment in broiler chicken. (...) Effect of immobilized fungal phytase on growth performance and bone traits of broilers fed with low dietary calcium and phosphorus The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of phytase which was laboratory produced by Aspergillus foetidus on the growth performance, mineral retention, and bone traits of broilers fed with low dietary calcium and phosphorus.The extracellular phytase enzyme secreted into the crude filtrate was concentrated by ammonium sulfate precipitation to obtain

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2018 Veterinary world

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