How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

6,723 results for

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

6701. Overview of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition in erectile dysfunction. (Abstract)

Overview of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition in erectile dysfunction. Since the early 1980s, research on the mechanisms of penile erection has done much to clarify erectile physiology and pathophysiology. More recent studies have identified the importance of neurochemical mediators in erection. These include the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) cell-signaling system-a complex molecular pathway that mediates smooth muscle relaxation in the corpus cavernosum. Phosphodiesterase 5 (...) (PDE5) inactivates cGMP, which terminates nitric oxide-cGMP-mediated smooth muscle relaxation. Inhibition of PDE5 is expected to enhance penile erection by preventing cGMP degradation. Development of pharmacologic agents with this effect has closely paralleled the emerging science. The prototype of this new therapeutic class of PDE5 inhibitors is sildenafil, which was approved for treatment of erectile dysfunction in 1998. Tadalafil and vardenafil are new agents in this class. These agents have

2003 American Journal of Cardiology

6702. Efficacy and tolerability of tadalafil, a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, in treatment of erectile dysfunction. (Abstract)

Efficacy and tolerability of tadalafil, a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, in treatment of erectile dysfunction. Advances in molecular biology and protein chemistry, along with increasing understanding of the mechanisms of penile erection, have spurred development of pharmacologic approaches to the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). The next generation of oral agents includes tadalafil, a potent, highly selective phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor. In vitro studies have shown that tadalafil

2003 American Journal of Cardiology

6703. The effects of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibition with sildenafil on pulmonary hemodynamics and diffusion capacity, exercise ventilatory efficiency, and oxygen uptake kinetics in chronic heart failure. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibition with sildenafil on pulmonary hemodynamics and diffusion capacity, exercise ventilatory efficiency, and oxygen uptake kinetics in chronic heart failure. We sought to investigate the effects of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE(5)) inhibitor, on lung function and exercise performance in chronic heart failure (CHF).In CHF, nitric oxide-mediated regulation of lung vascular tone and alveolar-capillary membrane conductance is impaired and contributes (...) %), and brachial reactive hyperemia (+33.3%). No variations occurred in normal subjects and after placebo. Changes in DLco were related to those in VE/VCO(2) slope (r = -0.71; p = 0.002), and changes in brachial hyperemia correlated with those in DeltaVO(2)/DeltaWR (r = 0.80; p = 0.0002).This study shows that in CHF PDE(5) inhibition modulates pulmonary pressure and vascular tone, and improves DLco, exercise peak VO(2), aerobic (DeltaVO(2)/DeltaWR) and ventilatory (VE/VCO(2) slope) efficiencies, and oxygen

2004 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

6704. Nitric oxide pathway and phosphodiesterase inhibitors in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nitric oxide pathway and phosphodiesterase inhibitors in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease of various origins. Nitric oxide-a potent vasodilator-is a key player of pulmonary vasoregulation. Nitric oxide signaling is mainly mediated by the guanylate cyclase/cyclic guanylate monophosphate pathway. The effects of this second messenger system are limited by enzymatic degradation through phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Recently, beneficial effects of the oral PDE-5 (...) inhibitor sildenafil (originally approved for the treatment of erectile dysfunction) were reported for the treatment of PH. We provide a brief overview of the experimental and clinical application of PDE inhibitors in the field of PH. In particular, studies reporting the clinical effectiveness of sildenafil are highlighted. This agent, despite oral application, displays characteristics of a pulmonary selective vasodilator. In addition, evidence shows that sildenafil is operative mainly

2004 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

6705. Effects of epinephrine and phosphodiesterase III inhibitors on bupivacaine-induced myocardial depression in guinea-pig papillary muscle. (Abstract)

Effects of epinephrine and phosphodiesterase III inhibitors on bupivacaine-induced myocardial depression in guinea-pig papillary muscle. This study was designed to investigate the effects of epinephrine and the phosphodiesterase III inhibitors amrinone and milrinone on bupivacaine-induced myocardial depression in guinea-pig papillary muscles using an electrophysiological method.Electrophysiological studies of the effects of bupivacaine, epinephrine, amrinone and milrinone in normal and high K

2003 British Journal of Anaesthesia

6706. In vitro and in vivo effects of the phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor enoximone on malignant hyperthermia-susceptible swine. (Abstract)

In vitro and in vivo effects of the phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor enoximone on malignant hyperthermia-susceptible swine. In human skeletal muscles, the phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor enoximone induces in vitro contracture development, and it has been suggested that enoximone could trigger malignant hyperthermia (MH). In this study, the in vitro and in vivo effects of enoximone in MH-normal (MHN) and MH-susceptible (MHS) swine were investigated.Malignant hyperthermia trigger-free general

2003 Anesthesiology

6707. Olprinone, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, reduces gut mucosal injury and portal endotoxin level during acute hypoxia in rabbits. (Abstract)

Olprinone, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, reduces gut mucosal injury and portal endotoxin level during acute hypoxia in rabbits. Preservation of gut integrity has become a therapeutic goal to obviate bacterial translocation in the critically ill. The authors examined whether olprinone, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, protected functional and structural integrity of gut mucosa against acute progressive hypoxia.Thirty-two animals were randomly allocated to a control group (n = 12), a low

2003 Anesthesiology

6708. The inhibition of antigen-induced eosinophilia and bronchoconstriction by CDP840, a novel stereo-selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 4. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The inhibition of antigen-induced eosinophilia and bronchoconstriction by CDP840, a novel stereo-selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 4. 1. The novel tri-aryl ethane CDP840, is a potent and selective inhibitor of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE 4) extracted from tissues or recombinant PDE 4 isoforms expressed in yeast (IC50S: 4-45 nM). CDP840 is stereo-selective since its S enantiomer (CT 1731) is 10-50 times less active against all forms of PDE 4 tested while both enantiomers (...) in response to antigen. This activity was not due to bronchodilatation since higher doses of CDP840 (3 mg kg-1) did not significantly change the bronchoconstrictor response to histamine. Rolipram was approximately 10 times less active than CDP840 in preventing antigen-induced bronchoconstriction. 6. These results confirm the observations that selective PDE 4 inhibitors reduce antigen-induced bronchoconstriction and pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation. CDP840 is more potent than rolipram in inhibiting

1996 British journal of pharmacology

6709. Inhibition of bronchospasm and ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in the guinea-pig by CDP840, a novel phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inhibition of bronchospasm and ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in the guinea-pig by CDP840, a novel phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor. 1. The activity of CDP840, a novel, potent and selective cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE 4) inhibitor, was evaluated in guinea-pig models (in vitro and in vivo) of bronchospasm, ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and non-cholinergic bronchoconstriction. Comparisons were made with (i) other PDE 4 inhibitors: CT1731 (S (...) microM). In producing > 30% (carbachol) and > 60% (histamine) relaxation these inhibitors had similar potency and were poor compared to salbutamol. 4. Pre-incubation with CDP840 (10 microM) did not antagonize histamine-induced contraction of isolated trachea; however, it did cause a slight potentiation of the subsequent relaxation to salbutamol (IC50 23 +/- 1 to 15 +/- 2 nM). 5. Pretreatment (1 h) with either CDP840 (1 mg kg-1, i.p. or 3 mg kg-1, i.v.) or rolipram (1 mg kg-1, i.p.) did

1996 British journal of pharmacology

6710. Inhibition of the transendothelial migration of human lymphocytes but not monocytes by phosphodiesterase inhibitors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inhibition of the transendothelial migration of human lymphocytes but not monocytes by phosphodiesterase inhibitors This study describes an in vitro model of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) migration through human endothelial cells, held on polycarbonate inserts, which allows automatic differential counting of migrated cells as lymphocytes and monocytes. Using this system it was found that treatment of PBMC with the phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors theophylline (at 1 and 10 (...) micrograms/ml) and RO-20-1724 (at 1 microM) inhibited the migration of the lymphocyte component to 64.2+/-16.4%, 48.9+/-3.0% and 47.5+/-5.8% of the control values, respectively, while the migration of the monocytes component was largely unaffected. The PDE inhibitors needed to be present during the assay to inhibit migration, whereas pre-treatment of either the endothelium or the PBMC did not consistently effect lymphocyte migration. The drugs also inhibited the migration of lymphocytes through control

1996 Clinical and experimental immunology

6711. Resensitization of hepatocyte glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase can be inhibited when cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors are used to elevate intracellular cyclic AMP concentrations to supraphysiological values. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Resensitization of hepatocyte glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase can be inhibited when cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors are used to elevate intracellular cyclic AMP concentrations to supraphysiological values. Treatment of intact hepatocytes with glucagon led to the rapid desensitization of adenylate cyclase, which reached a maximum around 5 min after application of glucagon, after which resensitization ensued. Complete resensitization occurred some 20 min after the addition (...) of glucagon. In hepatocytes which had been preincubated with the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), glucagon elicited a stable desensitized state where resensitization failed to occur even 20 min after exposure of hepatocytes to glucagon. Treatment with IBMX alone did not elicit desensitization. The action of IBMX in stabilizing the glucagon-mediated desensitized state was mimicked by the non-methylxanthine cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor Ro-20-1724 [4-(3

1988 Biochemical Journal

6712. Phosphodiesterase 4 in macrophages: relationship between cAMP accumulation, suppression of cAMP hydrolysis and inhibition of [3H]R-(-)-rolipram binding by selective inhibitors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phosphodiesterase 4 in macrophages: relationship between cAMP accumulation, suppression of cAMP hydrolysis and inhibition of [3H]R-(-)-rolipram binding by selective inhibitors. A perplexing phenomenon identified in several tissues is the lack of correlation between inhibition of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) and certain functional responses such as smooth muscle relaxation, gastric acid secretion and cAMP accumulation. Interpretation of these data is complicated further by the finding (...) ) to increase cAMP content did not correlate with their potency as inhibitors of partly purified PDE4, whereas a significant linear and rank order correlation was found when cAMP accumulation was related to the displacement of [3H]R-(-)-rolipram from a specific site identified in macrophage lysates. An explanation for these data emerged from the finding that the IC50 values and rank order of potency of these compounds for inhibition of partly purified PDE4 and the native (membrane-bound) form of the same

1996 Biochemical Journal

6713. Efficacy of phosphodiesterase inhibition with milrinone in combination with converting enzyme inhibitors in patients with heart failure. The Milrinone Multicenter Trials Investigators. (Abstract)

Efficacy of phosphodiesterase inhibition with milrinone in combination with converting enzyme inhibitors in patients with heart failure. The Milrinone Multicenter Trials Investigators. We describe the results of two placebo-controlled trials (MIL-1077 and MIL-1078) designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of oral milrinone administered together with converting enzyme inhibitors to patients with congestive heart failure. Although these trials were terminated prematurely, they provide the only (...) controlled data regarding the effect of oral milrinone on exercise capacity in patients receiving converting enzyme inhibitors. Of the 254 patients randomized, 140 completed one of the trials or reached an end point and are the basis of this report. In both trials, there was a clear trend for an increase in exercise capacity in the milrinone-treated patients (+26 +/- 8% vs. +5 +/- 7% in MIL-1077 and +11 +/- 5% vs. +2 +/- 4% in MIL-1078). Symptoms of congestive heart failure were decreased in one trial

1993 Journal of the American College of Cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6714. Inhibition of the phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) enzyme reverses memory deficits produced by infusion of the MEK inhibitor U0126 into the CA1 subregion of the rat hippocampus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inhibition of the phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) enzyme reverses memory deficits produced by infusion of the MEK inhibitor U0126 into the CA1 subregion of the rat hippocampus. Cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4), which is an integral component of NMDA receptor-mediated cAMP signaling, is involved in the mediation of memory processes. Given that NMDA receptors also mediate MEK/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK, ERK) signaling, which is involved in synaptic plasticity, and that some (...) PDE4 subtypes are phosphorylated and regulated by ERK, it was of interest to determine if PDE4 is involved in MEK/ERK signaling-mediated memory. It was found that rolipram, a PDE4-selective inhibitor, reversed the amnesic effect in the radial-arm maze test of the MEK inhibitor U0126 administered into the CA1 subregion of the rat hippocampus. Consistent with this, rolipram, either by peripheral administration or direct intra-CA1 infusion, enhanced the retrieval of long-term memory impaired by intra

2004 Neuropsychopharmacology

6715. Zaprinast, a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, overcomes sexual dysfunction produced by fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in hamsters. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Zaprinast, a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, overcomes sexual dysfunction produced by fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in hamsters. A high incidence of sexual dysfunction among women is reported in the clinical literature. Little experimental investigation has been initiated on the ability of phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors to overcome deficits in sexual functioning because of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). The effects of fluoxetine, an SSRI (...) , and zaprinast, a PDE-5 inhibitor, on the lateral displacement response (used as a measure of sensitivity to reproductively relevant stimuli) of hamsters in behavioral estrus were investigated. In Experiment 1, hamsters that were maximally sensitive to reproductively relevant stimuli because they were at the peak of behavioral estrus were administered fluoxetine (10 mg/kg, i.p.); they had significantly decreased lateral displacement responses compared to vehicle-administered hamsters. In Experiment 2

2003 Neuropsychopharmacology

6716. Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors and db-cAMP inhibit TNF-α release from human mononuclear cells. Effects of cAMP and cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors and db-cAMP inhibit TNF-α release from human mononuclear cells. Effects of cAMP and cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitors We investigated the effects of specific inhibitors of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) on the inhibitory activity of phosphodiesterase (PDE) type 4 inhibitors and of the cell permeable analogue of cAMP, db-cAMP on LPS-induced TNF-alpha release from human mononuclear cells. Incubation from 30 min (...) of mononuclear cells with dbcAMP (10(-5) to 10(-3) M), rolipram (10(-9) M to 10(-5) M) or Ro 20-1724 (10(-9) M to 10(-5) M) significantly inhibited LPS-induced TNF-alpha release. When mononuclear cells were preincubated for 30 min with the selective PKA inhibitor, H89 (10(-4) M), but not with the selective PKG inhibitor, Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs (10(-4) M), a significant reduction of the inhibitory effect of db-cAMP was noted. Thirty min incubation of mononuclear cells with Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs induced a significant

1996 Mediators of inflammation

6717. Effects of type-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion and islet phosphodiesterase activity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of type-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion and islet phosphodiesterase activity. 1. We examined various type-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on glucose-induced insulin secretion from rat isolated islets, on islet PDE activity and on islet cyclic AMP accumulation in order to assess the relationship between type-selective PDE inhibition and modification of insulin release. 2. The non-selective PDE inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (...) (IBMX, 10(-5)-10(-3) M), as well as the type III selective PDE inhibitors SK&F 94836 (10(-5)-10(-3) M), Org 9935 (10(-7)-10(-4) M), SK&F 94120 (10(-5)-10(-4) M) and ICI 118233 (10(-6)-10(-4) M) each caused concentration-dependent augmentation (up to 40% increase) of insulin release in the presence of a stimulatory glucose concentration (10 mM), but not in the presence of 3 mM glucose. 3. Neither the type IV PDE inhibitor rolipram (10(-4) M) nor the type I and type V PDE inhibitor, zaprinast (10(-4

1995 British journal of pharmacology

6718. Evidence that cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors suppress TNF alpha generation from human monocytes by interacting with a 'low-affinity' phosphodiesterase 4 conformer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence that cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors suppress TNF alpha generation from human monocytes by interacting with a 'low-affinity' phosphodiesterase 4 conformer. 1. We have investigated the inhibitory effects of RP 73401 (piclamilast) and rolipram against human monocyte cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE4) in relation to their effects on prostaglandin (PG)E2-induced cyclic AMP accumulation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF alpha production and TNF alpha mRNA expression (...) . 2. PDE4 was found to be the predominant PDE isoenzyme in the cytosolic fraction of human monocytes. Cyclic GMP-inhibited PDE (PDE3) was also detected in the cytosolic and particulate fractions. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of human monocyte poly (A+) mRNA revealed amplified products corresponding to PDE4 subtypes A and B of which the former was most highly expressed. A faint band corresponding in size to PDE4D was also observed. 3. RP 73401 was a potent inhibitor

1996 British journal of pharmacology

6719. Evidence that cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors suppress interleukin-2 release from murine splenocytes by interacting with a ‘low-affinity' phosphodiesterase 4 conformer Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence that cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors suppress interleukin-2 release from murine splenocytes by interacting with a ‘low-affinity' phosphodiesterase 4 conformer 1. We have investigated the suppressive effects of rolipram, RP 73401 (piclamilast) and other structurally diverse inhibitors of cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) on interleukin (IL)-2 generation from Balb/c mouse splenocytes exposed to the superantigen, Staphylococcocal enterotoxin-A (Staph (...) . A). The purpose was to determine whether their potencies are more closely correlated with inhibition of PDE4 from CTLL cells, against which rolipram displays weak potency (low-affinity PDE4), or displacement of [3H]-(+/-)-rolipram from its high-affinity binding site (HARBS) in mouse brain cytosol. 2. RP 73401 (IC50 0.46 +/- 0.07 nM, n = 4) was a very potent inhibitor of Staph. A-induced IL-2 release from Balb/c mouse splenocytes, being > 1100 fold more potent than (+/-)-rolipram (IC50 540 +/- 67 nM, n = 3). 3

1997 British journal of pharmacology

6720. Potential role of phosphodiesterase 7 in human T cell function: comparative effects of two phosphodiesterase inhibitors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potential role of phosphodiesterase 7 in human T cell function: comparative effects of two phosphodiesterase inhibitors Even though the existence of phosphodiesterase (PDE) 7 in T cells has been proved, the lack of a selective PDE7 inhibitor has confounded an accurate assessment of PDE7 function in such cells. In order to elucidate the role of PDE7 in human T cell function, the effects of two PDE inhibitors on PDE7A activity, cytokine synthesis, proliferation and CD25 expression of human (...) . A PDE inhibitor, T-2585, which suppressed PDE4 isoenzyme with high potency (IC50 = 0.00013 microM) and PDE7A with low potency (IC50 = 1.7 microM) inhibited cytokine synthesis, proliferation and CD25 expression in the dose range at which the drug suppressed PDE7A activity. A potent selective inhibitor of PDE4 (IC50 = 0.00031 microM), RP 73401, which did not effectively suppress PDE7A (IC50 > 10 microM), inhibited the Df- and anti-CD3 MoAb-stimulated responses only weakly, even at 10 microM. PDE7 may

2002 Clinical and experimental immunology

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>