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Phonetic Alphabet

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21. Jeff Aronson: When I Use a Word … Join the Q

Jeff Aronson: When I Use a Word … Join the Q Jeffrey Aronson: When I Use a Word … Join the Q - The BMJ ---> Just like the grapheme /x/, , the grapheme /q/ is among the symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that do not represent the sounds of the English letters they resemble. Followed by a u in English and pronounced kw , it is instead used in IPA to represent the voiceless velar stop, common in Semitic languages, also known as a backed velar stop or a uvular stop, since

2015 The BMJ Blog

22. [Clinical study of post-stroke speech apraxia treated with scalp electric acupuncture under anatomic orientation and rehabilitation training]. (PubMed)

scale, repeating phonetic alphabet, repeating monosyllable and repeating disyllable were observed in the patients of the two groups. The assessment was done separately on the day of grouping and 4 weeks after treatment.In 4 weeks of treatment, the scores of counting, singing scale, repeating phonetic alphabet, repeating monosyllable and repeating disyllable were all improved as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all P<0. 001). The results in the observation group were better

2015 Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion

23. Learning Disorder: Reading (Overview)

, and memory do not cause dyslexia. Phonetic processing Communication of thought is the goal of all language skills. Psychological, educational, and brain research over the past 20 years has consistently shown that dyslexia is a deficit of language processing. Dyslexia involves deficient decoding of individual linguistic units, called phonemes, which are the smallest detectable sound in a spoken word. Poor abilities in any part of this process (eg, segmenting/blending, speed, memory) adversely affects (...) of reading involves the perception of alphabetic script coded as phonemes (ie, each symbol represents a phoneme). A person must recognize the visual sequence of letters in a specific order and correlate with the proper phonology. An individual must be able to simultaneously segment the letters into sounds and then blend those sounds into words. This process of associating a grapheme with its phoneme must occur fast enough for reading fluency, and the reader must also remember and retain the words read

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

24. Influence of timing of hard palate repair in a two-stage procedure on early speech development in danish children with cleft palate.

palate unrepaired, LateHPU) by random assignment. Thirty-five control children were matched for gender and age.All children were video recorded during a play interaction with a parent at 18 months of age. These recordings were transcribed according to the International Phonetic Alphabet. At 36 months a single word naming test was administered.At 18 months the LateHPU group produced fewer labial stops and more velar stops than the EarlyHPR group. Unlike the EarlyHPR group, the LateHPU group produced

2012 The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

25. Aphasia

if they try to replace the words they cannot find with sounds. Substitutions commonly involve picking another (actual) word starting with the same sound (e.g., clocktower - colander), picking another semantically related to the first (e.g., letter - scroll), or picking one phonetically similar to the intended one (e.g., lane - late). Deaf aphasia [ ] There have been many instances showing that there is a form of aphasia among deaf individuals. Sign languages are, after all, forms of language that have (...) is ideal for all involved, because while it will no doubt assist in their recovery, it will also make it easier for members of the family to learn how best to communicate with them. When a person's speech is insufficient, different kinds of could be considered such as alphabet boards, pictorial communication books, specialized software for computers or apps for tablets or smartphones. Intensity of treatment [ ] The intensity of aphasia therapy is determined by the length of each session, total hours

2012 Wikipedia

26. The reality of phonological forms: a reply to Port (PubMed)

; 3) the remarkable effectiveness of alphabetic writing systems and the tight coupling among skilled readers of orthographic and phonological language forms; 4) the finding that, by late infancy, children have discovered phonological constancies despite phonetic variation.

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2010 Language sciences (Oxford, England)

27. Neural representations and mechanisms for the performance of simple speech sequences (PubMed)

Neural representations and mechanisms for the performance of simple speech sequences Speakers plan the phonological content of their utterances before their release as speech motor acts. Using a finite alphabet of learned phonemes and a relatively small number of syllable structures, speakers are able to rapidly plan and produce arbitrary syllable sequences that fall within the rules of their language. The class of computational models of sequence planning and performance termed competitive (...) and subcortical structures, including the left inferior frontal sulcus, the medial premotor cortex, the basal ganglia, and the thalamus. The new model, called gradient order DIVA, thus fills a void in current speech research by providing formal mechanistic hypotheses about both phonological and phonetic processes that are grounded by neuroanatomy and physiology. This framework also generates predictions that can be tested in future neuroimaging and clinical case studies.

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2010 Journal of cognitive neuroscience

28. The proper name as starting point for basic reading skills (PubMed)

The proper name as starting point for basic reading skills Does alphabetic-phonetic writing start with the proper name and how does the name affect reading and writing skills? Sixty 4- to 5(1/2)-year-old children from middle SES families with Dutch as their first language wrote their proper name and named letters. For each child we created unique sets of words with and without the child's first letter of the name to test spelling skills and phonemic sensitivity. Name writing correlated (...) with children's knowledge of the first letter of the name and phonemic sensitivity for the sound of the first letter of the name. Hierarchical regression analysis makes plausible that both knowledge of the first letter's name and phonemic sensitivity for this letter explain why name writing results in phonetic spelling with the name letter. Practical implications of the findings are discussed.

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2009 Reading and Writing

29. The prelexical development in children implanted by 16 months compared with normal hearing children. (PubMed)

a span of 1 year. In the cochlear implant group, the recording started 4-5 days postoperatively (first implant); in the normal hearing group it began between the ages of 4 and 5 months. The video and audio recordings were analysed using EUDICO Linguistic Annotator version 2.4 (Nijmegen, The Netherlands) and International Phonetic Alphabet transcription.Both groups showed individual patterns of babbling acquisition, though the groups' patterns of acquisition were similar when analysed for consonant

2009 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

30. Cognitive Enhancement in Bipolar Disorder

was reported. Values indicate the change from baseline to week 8, with positive values reflecting higher scores at week 8 and negative values reflecting lower scores at week 8. Change From Baseline to Week 8 in Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT) Letter Fluency [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 8 ] The examinee is required to say as many words as they can think of in one minute that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. The task contains three trials. Measures phonetic verbal

2008 Clinical Trials

31. The importance of high-frequency audibility in the speech and language development of children with hearing loss. (PubMed)

identification of hearing loss) and at 2- and 6-month intervals thereafter. Broad transcription of child vocalizations, babble, and words was conducted using the International Phonetic Alphabet. A phoneme was judged acquired if it was produced 3 times in a 30-minute session.Preliminary data are presented from the 20 normal-hearing children, 3 children from the early-ID group, and 2 children from the late-ID group.Compared with the normal-hearing group, the 3 children from the early-ID group showed marked

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2004 Archives of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery

32. AKA unknown male Foxtrot 23/4: alias assignment for unidentified emergency room patients. (PubMed)

AKA unknown male Foxtrot 23/4: alias assignment for unidentified emergency room patients. To introduce a unique system of alias assignment for patients whose identity is initially unknown at time of admission to the emergency unit; to prevent confusion and cases of mistaken identity.At the triage area the "unknown" patient is given a "forename" using the phonetic alphabet according to the stage of the current name cycle. The sex of the patient is included as well as the unknown status

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1999 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

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