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Phonetic Alphabet

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1. Phonetic Alphabet

Phonetic Alphabet Phonetic Alphabet Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Phonetic Alphabet Phonetic Alphabet Aka: Phonetic (...) Alphabet , Military Alphabet II. Approach: Words representing english alphabet (Military or Phonetic Alphabet) Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Wiskey X-Ray Yankee Zulu Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Phonetic Alphabet." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window

2018 FP Notebook

2. Jeff Aronson: When I Use a Word … Phonetic alphabets

Jeff Aronson: When I Use a Word … Phonetic alphabets Jeffrey Aronson: When I Use a Word … Phonetic alphabets - The BMJ ---> So, there are phonemes and graphemes. A phoneme is a basic indivisible unit of sound, the linguistic atom. A grapheme is a symbol that represents a phoneme. Each grapheme in any well-defined system represents a single phoneme. However, there are several different systems, and a grapheme can represent several different phonemes, depending on the system in use. In addition (...) , some graphemes are also used to represent specific letters, and those letters have names, which are themselves strings of phonemes. For example, as we have , the grapheme /q/ in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents the voiceless uvular stop that is common in Semitic languages and sounds like a throaty kay, as in “qat.” However, in English the grapheme /q/ represents the letter kew, with a phoneme that in IPA is represented by the grapheme /k/, the voiceless velar stop, as in “cat

2015 The BMJ Blog

3. Phonetic Alphabet

Phonetic Alphabet Phonetic Alphabet Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Phonetic Alphabet Phonetic Alphabet Aka: Phonetic (...) Alphabet , Military Alphabet II. Approach: Words representing english alphabet (Military or Phonetic Alphabet) Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Wiskey X-Ray Yankee Zulu Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Phonetic Alphabet." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window

2016 FP Notebook

4. Perception of the Speech Code Revisited: Speech Is Alphabetic After All. (PubMed)

Perception of the Speech Code Revisited: Speech Is Alphabetic After All. We revisit an article, "Perception of the Speech Code" (PSC), published in this journal 50 years ago (Liberman, Cooper, Shankweiler, & Studdert-Kennedy, 1967) and address one of its legacies concerning the status of phonetic segments, which persists in theories of speech today. In the perspective of PSC, segments both exist (in language as known) and do not exist (in articulation or the acoustic speech signal). Findings (...) interpreted as showing that speech is not a sound alphabet, but, rather, phonemes are encoded in the signal, coupled with findings that listeners perceive articulation, led to the motor theory of speech perception, a highly controversial legacy of PSC. However, a second legacy, the paradoxical perspective on segments has been mostly unquestioned. We remove the paradox by offering an alternative supported by converging evidence that segments exist in language both as known and as used. We support

2015 Psychological Review

5. Linking the shapes of alphabet letters to their sounds: the case of Hebrew (PubMed)

Linking the shapes of alphabet letters to their sounds: the case of Hebrew Learning the sounds of letters is an important part of learning a writing system. Most previous studies of this process have examined English, focusing on variations in the phonetic iconicity of letter names as a reason why some letter sounds (such as that of b, where the sound is at the beginning of the letter's name) are easier to learn than others (such as that of w, where the sound is not in the name). The present (...) study examined Hebrew, where variations in the phonetic iconicity of letter names are minimal. In a study of 391 Israeli children with a mean age of 5 years, 10 months, we used multilevel models to examine the factors that are associated with knowledge of letter sounds. One set of factors involved letter names: Children sometimes attributed to a letter a consonant-vowel sound consisting of the first phonemes of the letter's name. A second set of factors involved contrast: Children had difficulty

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2012 Reading and Writing

6. The Alphabet of Nature and the Alphabet of Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Botany, Diplomatics, and Ethno-Linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner: Botany, Diplomatics, and Ethno-Linguistics ac (PubMed)

. Gatterer collaborated closely with Büttner, the first Göttingen professor of natural history. Büttner constructed a general alphabet of languages which connected the phonetics of language with the historically known alphabets. Early on, diplomatics and ethnography combined the natural order of natural history and the cultural order of the alphabet with the attempt to register development and to document development by the evolution of forms. Based on the shared model of the alphabet and on the common (...) The Alphabet of Nature and the Alphabet of Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Botany, Diplomatics, and Ethno-Linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner: Botany, Diplomatics, and Ethno-Linguistics ac In the middle of the eighteenth century, Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner attempted to realize the old idea of deciphering the alphabet of the world, which Francis Bacon had raised as a general postulate

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2010 NTM

7. Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . Apoptosis

is a suffix, as in blepharoptosis, metemptosis, nephroptosis, proctoptosis, proptosis, and visceroptosis. For “apoptosis” the Oxford English Dictionary , which uses the International Phonetic Alphabet, offers /ˌapɒpˈtəʊsᵻs/ as the pronunciation. The IndoEuropean root PET meant to rush (προπέτῶς, impetuously or petulantly) or to fly (like a pterodactyl or archaeopteryx). Competitors rush to win and impetigo rushes across the skin. In Greek ποτᾰμός is a rushing river, in which we may see a hippopotamus

2017 The BMJ Blog

8. Early Predictors of Learning a Foreign Language in Pre-school – Polish as a First Language, English as a Foreign Language (PubMed)

awareness in Polish, and knowledge of English were assessed. We found that in Polish pre-school children emerging letter identification from their first language alphabet, phonological awareness in their first language, and non-verbal intelligence were related to the achievements in learning EFL, despite the differences in transparency between the two languages. Moreover, the children's passive color vocabulary was larger than their active vocabulary, and they were used to repetition tasks (...) . The participants in our study attempted to communicate in English during the assessment, which suggests that even at a pre-school age they were able to differentiate between first language and FL discourse. We also identified some problems possibly stemming from linguistic transfer, like articles omissions. Therefore, teachers should pay more emphasis to the differences between the first and the second language, in terms of: syntax, morphology, phonetics, phonology, and orthography, to prevent later

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2018 Frontiers in psychology

9. Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . Fifty up

Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . Fifty up Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . Fifty up - The BMJ ---> This is the fiftieth blog in my “When I Use a Word” series. You’ve been counting, of course. To appreciate fully the range of words that imply “five” and “fifth”, “fifteen” and “fifty” requires an understanding of the phonetic phenomenon of assimilation, which is the modification of a sound in a word, phrase, or sentence, making it more like a neighbouring sound. For instance (...) , the period of 50 days before Lent; quinquelateral, having five sides; and quinquereme, an ancient Greek or Roman galley rowed by oarsmen arranged in groups of five. People are quinquedigitate, except, of course, the Simpsons, who have only four digits on each hand. Quinquecostate, having five ribs, refers to the five parallel lines on which characters of the ancient alphabet called were based. Quintessence (Latin quintus, fifth) was originally an essential addition to the four basic elements. Quintuplets

2016 The BMJ Blog

10. Anabolic Response Cancer

. Group differences in learning and memory as measured by Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT) [ Time Frame: Postabsorptive state during 3 hours and change after feeding on study day 1 ] The examinee is required to say as many words as they can think of in one minute that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. The task contains three trials. Measures phonetic verbal fluency. The raw score (total and mean words recorded across the three trials) was reported. Group differences in overall

2016 Clinical Trials

11. Metabolic Processes in Adults and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder

as measured by Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), [ Time Frame: 1 day ] ontrolled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT): The examinee is required to say as many words as they can think of in one minute that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. The task contains three trials. Measures phonetic verbal fluency. The raw score (total and mean words recorded across the three trials) was reported. Group differences in learning and memory as measured by Digit Span [ Time Frame: 1 day ] recall

2016 Clinical Trials

12. Very Low Calorie Diet Weight Loss

populations take 3 to 7 minutes to complete, and others may take up a bit longer. Group differences in learning and memory as measured by Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT) [ Time Frame: Postabsorptive state during 3 hours and change after feeding on study day 1 and the change from day 2 and day 3 ] Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT): The examinee is required to say as many words as they can think of in one minute that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. The task contains (...) three trials. Measures phonetic verbal fluency. The raw score (total and mean words recorded across the three trials) was reported. Group differences in learning and memory as measured by Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) [ Time Frame: Postabsorptive state during 3 hours and change after feeding on study day 1 and the change from day 2 and day 3 ] Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT): a verbal episodic memory test that evaluates a wide diversity of functions: short-term auditory-verbal memory

2016 Clinical Trials

13. Omics Profiling of Weight Loss With Bariatric Surgery

, and others may take up a bit longer. Group differences in learning and memory as measured by Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), [ Time Frame: Postabsorptive state during 3 hours and change after feeding on study day 1 and the change from day 2 and day 3 (obese only) ] Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT): The examinee is required to say as many words as they can think of in one minute that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. The task contains three trials. Measures phonetic

2016 Clinical Trials

14. CHF COPD Sip Feed Anabolic Response

is required to say as many words as they can think of in one minute that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. The task contains three trials. Measures phonetic verbal fluency. The raw score (total and mean words recorded across the three trials) was reported. Group differences in learning and memory as measured by Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) [ Time Frame: Postabsorptive state during 3 hours and change after feeding on study day 1 ] a verbal episodic memory test that evaluates a wide

2016 Clinical Trials

15. Comparative ethnobotany of the Wakhi agropastoralist and the Kyrgyz nomads of Afghanistan (PubMed)

in western transcription, the new Wakhi alphabet, phonetically and in Cyrillic. The present study documents a large body of endemic, indigenous plant knowledge; on crops, fuel, fodder, cosmetics, dyes, vegetables, veterinary medicine, traditional medicines and other plant uses which sustain life in Wakhan and Pamir. Overall, the Wakhi use considerably more plants than the Kyrgyz, and their materia medica and use thereof is more complex. Although the Wakhi and Kyrgyz are close neighbours, there are few

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2016 Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine

16. The Neural Correlates of the Interaction between Semantic and Phonological Processing for Chinese Character Reading (PubMed)

The Neural Correlates of the Interaction between Semantic and Phonological Processing for Chinese Character Reading Visual word recognition involves mappings among orthographic, phonological, and semantic codes. In alphabetic languages, it is hard to disentangle the effects of these codes, because orthographically well-formed words are typically pronounceable, confounding orthographic and phonological processes, and orthographic cues to meaning are rare, and where they occur are morphological (...) , confounding orthographic and semantic processes. In Chinese character recognition, it is possible to explore orthography to phonology (O-P) and orthography to semantics (O-S) processes independently by taking advantage of the distinct phonetic and semantic components in Chinese phonograms. We analyzed data from an fMRI experiment using lexical decision for Chinese characters to explore the sensitivity of areas associated with character recognition to orthographic, phonological, and semantic processing

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2016 Frontiers in psychology

17. When doctors betray their profession

seen suggestions that it takes children learning to read and write in English up to 3 or 4 times or as long as someone learning to read and write in Finnish or Spanish and some other languages, probably Russian come to think of it, that are written phonetically and with consistent rules. In English one just has to memorize thousands of spellings and pronounciations “ Write, write, rite, right and cough vs enough or said vs bed. I wonder if Chinese is easier to read and write. to post comments (...) By jrkrideau (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By shay (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By Denice Walter (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By Eric Lund (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By Vicki (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By shay (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By Chris (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 to post comments By DLC (not verified) on 24 Jul 2015 ) that suggests alphabetic and logographic writing systems may use

2015 Respectful Insolence

19. Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . The X factor

Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . The X factor Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . The X factor - The BMJ ---> There are symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that do not represent the sounds of letters they look like. Among these is the grapheme /x/, which does not represent any of the sounds of the letter ex, but instead represents the sound of a voiceless velar fricative, as in an obsolete English word for sherry, Xeres (hheres), properly Xeres sack (sherris sack

2015 The BMJ Blog

20. Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . þink about ðis

) and unvoiced (þ). Later on, ð was adopted in the International Phonetic Alphabet, but þ was replaced by θ, the Greek theta. The thorn grapheme is typographically problematic. It was sometimes represented by overtyping b and p and sometimes by a slash followed by a lower case o . And in old English manuscripts it was often represented as y, because of the similarity of the two letters. So “the,” “this,” and “that” became “ye,” “yis,” and “yat” or “yt.” If you want your establishment to appear to be old (...) it will be th as in “this,” a voiced interdental fricative. In Old English and Icelandic these two phonemes were called thorn (voiceless th ) and eth (voiced th ). The corresponding runes were þ and ð. In Late Old English manuscripts these two symbols (graphemes) were used more or less interchangeably, the voicing being dictated by the surrounding sounds. However, when the Danish philologist created a phonetic transcription scheme, he allotted þ and ð specifically to the two different th sounds, voiced (ð

2015 The BMJ Blog

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