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Pharyngitis Causes

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161. Granulomatosis polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis) causing atlantoaxial instability: A case report. (PubMed)

Granulomatosis polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis) causing atlantoaxial instability: A case report. No previous cases of atlantoaxial instability due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis have been reported.The aim of this study was to report a case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis causing atlantoaxial instability.This is a case report.A 45-year-old woman participated in this study.The patient's pain and atlantoaxial instability were resolved.A 45-year-old Caucasian woman with a large (...) ulcerative lesion in her oropharynx initially presented with chronic sinusitis, pharyngitis, and severe odynophagia. Years after her original symptoms began, she developed neck pain radiating into her upper trapezial region and shoulders.Atlantoaxial fusion was performed on the patient, resolving her neck, upper trapezial, and shoulder pain. She was diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Wegener's granulomatosis) and treated with cyclophosphamide.Granulomatosis with polyangiitis should

2016 The Spine Journal

162. Management of Esophageal Burns Caused by Caustic Ingestion: A Case Report (Full text)

Management of Esophageal Burns Caused by Caustic Ingestion: A Case Report Domestic and industrial swallowing of caustic substances can cause acute and chronic injuries. In the acute phase of care, focus is on the immediate control of tissue damage and perforation, and in the chronic phase, the focus is on the treatment of pharyngeal narrowing and impaired swallowing.The patients of this report were an 18-year-old man and a 20-year-old woman, who had esophageal burns after ingesting chemicals

2016 Iranian Red Crescent medical journal PubMed

163. Hemoptysis Causes

malformation Pulmonary artery rupture Systemic Catamenial (pulmonary ) Pulmonary causes (previously known as ) pneumonitis Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis Tracheobronchal causes III. Causes: Pseudohemoptysis Non-respiratory tract sources Nasopharyngeal source of bleeding Evaluate for , , tongue , , sinus drainage or pharyngeal source Coffee ground or darker blood (contrast with frothy from the airway) Associated with gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g. or ) Evaluate for epigastric tenderness or stigmata (...) Hemoptysis Causes Hemoptysis Causes Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Hemoptysis Causes Hemoptysis Causes Aka

2018 FP Notebook

164. Extragenital Infections Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae: A Review of the Literature (Full text)

Extragenital Infections Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae: A Review of the Literature In the United States, sexually transmitted diseases due to Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae continue to be a major public health burden. Screening of extragenital sites including the oropharynx and rectum is an emerging practice based on recent studies highlighting the prevalence of infection at these sites. We reviewed studies reporting the prevalence of extragenital (...) infections in women, men who have sex with men (MSM), and men who have sex only with women (MSW), including distribution by anatomical site. Among women, prevalence was found to be 0.6-35.8% for rectal gonorrhea (median reported prevalence 1.9%), 0-29.6% for pharyngeal gonorrhea (median 2.1%), 2.0-77.3% for rectal chlamydia (median 8.7%), and 0.2-3.2% for pharyngeal chlamydia (median 1.7%). Among MSM, prevalence was found to be 0.2-24.0% for rectal gonorrhea (median 5.9%), 0.5-16.5% for pharyngeal

2016 Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology PubMed

165. The office-based blood agar plate culture was more sensitive than the rapid antigen detection test for detecting pharyngitis

Diagnosis The office-based blood agar plate culture was more sensitive than the rapid antigen detection test for detecting pharyngitis Statistics from Altmetric.com Study question In children and adolescents suspected of having acute pharyngitis caused by group A streptococcus (GAS), are office-based rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) more sensitive than office-based blood agar plate cultures (BAPs)? Study design Design: blinded comparisons of office-based RADTs and BAPs with laboratory-based (...) The office-based blood agar plate culture was more sensitive than the rapid antigen detection test for detecting pharyngitis The office-based blood agar plate culture was more sensitive than the rapid antigen detection test for detecting pharyngitis | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log

2009 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

166. Pharyngeal Function and Breathing Pattern during Partial Neuromuscular Block in the Elderly: Effects on Airway Protection. (PubMed)

Pharyngeal Function and Breathing Pattern during Partial Neuromuscular Block in the Elderly: Effects on Airway Protection. Intact pharyngeal function and coordination of breathing and swallowing are essential for airway protection and to avoid respiratory complications. Postoperative pulmonary complications caused by residual effects of neuromuscular-blocking agents occur more frequently in the elderly. Moreover, elderly have altered pharyngeal function which is associated with increased risk (...) block compared with control recordings. The authors were unable to demonstrate impaired coordination of breathing and swallowing.Partial neuromuscular block in healthy elderly individuals causes an increased incidence of pharyngeal dysfunction from 37 to 71%, with impaired ability to protect the airway; however, the authors were unable to detect an effect of partial neuromuscular block on coordination of breathing and swallowing.

2013 Anesthesiology

167. Contribution of the pharyngeal plexus to vocal cord adduction. (PubMed)

Contribution of the pharyngeal plexus to vocal cord adduction. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the pharyngeal plexus (PP) contributes to vocal cord adduction in the porcine model.Experimental study.Thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle contraction was recorded electromyographically with electrical stimulation of the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (iSLN) and PP in seven pigs.Glottic closure reflex (GCR) was detected with stimulation of the iSLN in all subjects. Electrical (...) cord adduction. These results support the promise of future rehabilitative uses of the PP to treat dysfunctions of the iSLN or as a means of addressing many age-related or metabolic causes of protective laryngeal paresis.NA.Copyright © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

2013 Laryngoscope

168. Pharyngeal electrical stimulation for dysphagia associated with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. (PubMed)

receiving "sham" stimulation.No specific treatment for oro-pharyngeal dysphagia related to MS has been described to date. Our preliminary findings suggest a potential benefit of intraluminal electrical pharyngeal stimulation for the treatment of dysphagia caused by MS.Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Pharyngeal electrical stimulation for dysphagia associated with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. Treatment options for dysphagia associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) are currently limited. In this study we investigated whether intraluminal electrical pharyngeal stimulation facilitates swallowing recovery in dysphagic MS patients.Twenty dysphagic MS patients were randomized to receive 5 Hz "real" pharyngeal stimulation (10 patients) for 10 min or "sham" pharyngeal stimulation for 10 min (10

2013 Brain stimulation

169. Cervical osteomyelitis after carbon dioxide laser excision of recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall. (PubMed)

Cervical osteomyelitis after carbon dioxide laser excision of recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall. Two patients with recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall, previously treated with carbon dioxide (CO2) laser excision and (chemo)radiotherapy, presented with neck pain due to cervical osteomyelitis. In one patient this led to cervical spine instability, for which a haloframe was applied. Our working hypothesis was that cervical osteomyelitis was caused by an infected (...) wound bed induced by CO2 laser excision of the tumor in the already vascular-compromised area of the irradiated posterior pharyngeal wall. We discuss the risks of leaving a wound for secondary granulation after CO2 laser excision of the posterior pharyngeal wall and prophylactic antibiotic treatment.

2013 Rhinology and Laryngology

170. Lymphogranuloma venereum in men screened for pharyngeal and rectal infection, Germany. (Full text)

Lymphogranuloma venereum in men screened for pharyngeal and rectal infection, Germany. To determine prevalence of lymphogranuloma venereum among men who have sex with men in Germany, we conducted a multicenter study during 2009-2010 and found high rates of rectal and pharyngeal infection in men positive for the causative agent, Chlamydia trachomatis. Many infections were asymptomatic. An adjusted C. trachomatis screening policy is justified in Germany.

2013 Emerging Infectious Diseases PubMed

171. Pharyngeal perforation after blunt cervical trauma in child. (PubMed)

Pharyngeal perforation after blunt cervical trauma in child. Pharyngeal perforation caused by non-penetrating cervical trauma is an extremely rare clinical entity both in adults and children. Data concerning management of this type of injury are quite rare in surgical and even scarcer in pediatric literature. Since delay in treatment may be associated with life-threatening complications, prompt diagnosis coupled with appropriate therapy is essential for achieving favorable clinical outcome (...) . To the best of authors' knowledge, the present study illustrates for the first time the experience with successful treatment of pharyngeal perforation caused by a blunt cervical trauma in a child.Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

2013 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

172. Detection of group a streptococcal pharyngitis by quantitative PCR. (Full text)

Detection of group a streptococcal pharyngitis by quantitative PCR. Group A streptococcus (GAS) is the most common bacterial cause of sore throat. School-age children bear the highest burden of GAS pharyngitis. Accurate diagnosis is difficult: the majority of sore throats are viral in origin, culture-based identification of GAS requires 24-48 hours, and up to 15% of children are asymptomatic throat carriers of GAS. The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (...) (qPCR) assay for detecting GAS pharyngitis and assess its suitability for clinical diagnosis.Pharyngeal swabs were collected from children aged 3-18 years (n = 91) and adults (n = 36) located in the Melbourne area who presented with sore throat. Six candidate PCR assays were screened using a panel of reference isolates, and two of these assays, targeting speB and spy1258, were developed into qPCR assays. The qPCR assays were compared to standard culture-based methods for their ability to detect GAS

2013 BMC Infectious Diseases PubMed

173. Facial diplegia, pharyngeal paralysis, and ophthalmoplegia after a timber rattlesnake envenomation. (PubMed)

Facial diplegia, pharyngeal paralysis, and ophthalmoplegia after a timber rattlesnake envenomation. The timber rattlesnake, also known as Crotalus horridus, is well known to cause significant injury from toxins stored within its venom. During envenomation, toxic systemic effects immediately begin to cause damage to many organ systems including cardiovascular, hematologic, musculoskeletal, respiratory, and neurologic. One defining characteristic of the timber rattlesnake is a specific neurotoxin (...) called crotoxin, or the "canebrake toxin," which is a potent β-neurotoxin affecting presynaptic nerves that can cause paralysis by inhibiting appropriate neuromuscular transmission. We present an unusual case of an 8-year-old boy bitten twice on his calf by a timber rattlesnake, who presented with a life-threatening envenomation and suffered multisystem organ failure as well as a prominent presynaptic neurotoxicity resulting in facial diplegia, pharyngeal paralysis, and ophthalmoplegia.

2013 Pediatric Emergency Care

174. Observation of Vocal Fold and Pharyngeal Paralysis After Carotid Endarterectomy Using a Magnifying Laryngoscope. (PubMed)

caused by damage to the recurrent laryngeal and pharyngeal nerves. Therefore, the probable site of nerve injury during CEA was near the inferior vagal ganglion of the vagus nerve trunk in our three patients. (...) Observation of Vocal Fold and Pharyngeal Paralysis After Carotid Endarterectomy Using a Magnifying Laryngoscope. Injury to the vagus nerve or one of its branches during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can result in vocal fold paralysis (VFP), but the exact mechanisms and site of injury responsible for VFP after CEA are unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the site of nerve injury in patients with VFP after CEA using magnifying laryngoscopy.We performed 96 consecutive CEA procedures in 87

2013 World Journal of Surgery

175. Pharyngeal pH monitoring better predicts a successful outcome for extraesophageal reflux symptoms after antireflux surgery. (PubMed)

Pharyngeal pH monitoring better predicts a successful outcome for extraesophageal reflux symptoms after antireflux surgery. Gastroesophageal reflux disease can be associated with extraesophageal symptoms (hoarseness, cough, asthma, and globus). However, these symptoms may have a multifactorial etiology. Proximal pH monitoring has been proposed as a means of identifying patients where reflux is the cause of the extraesophageal symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine whether proximal (...) esophageal or pharyngeal pH monitoring better identified patients with extraesophageal symptoms that improved after antireflux surgery.A retrospective chart review was performed to identify all patients who had esophageal and pharyngeal pH monitoring before an antireflux operation. A composite score was used to define an abnormal result with each test. A successful outcome was defined as improvement or resolution of extraesophageal symptoms.There were 20 patients identified. Antireflux surgery led

2013 Surgical endoscopy

176. Feasibility of a "resect and watch" strategy with endoscopic resection for superficial pharyngeal cancer. (PubMed)

study.Tertiary cancer center.A total of 32 patients with 47 SPCs were eligible.A "resect and watch" strategy of initial ER and observation until development of secondary diseases, including local recurrence, neck lymph node metastasis (LNM), and metachronous pharyngeal cancer.Complications, tumor recurrence, development of metachronous pharyngeal cancer, overall survival, and cause-specific survival.There were no severe complications related to ER. Median length of follow-up was 43 months (range, 7-76 months (...) ). Cumulative development of secondary diseases at 5 years was 44% (95% CI, 24.5%-63.8%). Local recurrence (N = 4) and neck LNM (N = 5) were successfully treated by local resection (2 partial surgical resections and 2 additional ERs) and neck dissection, respectively. Metachronous pharyngeal cancers (N = 6) were completely removed by ER. The overall survival and cause-specific survival rates at 5 years were 84.4% (95% CI, 70.0%-98.8%) and 100%, respectively. No patient needed radical surgery

2013 Gastrointestinal endoscopy

177. Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome and IgA nephropathy. (Full text)

Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome and IgA nephropathy. A syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA), as well as immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), may be caused by autoimmune reactivity nephropathy.A 10-year-old boy presented with periodic fever, exudative tonsillitis, oral aphthous ulcer, and cervical lymph node inflammation. These conditions had occurred at intervals of about 2-6 weeks since the age of 3

2013 Pediatric Nephrology PubMed

178. Alcohol drinking cessation and the risk of laryngeal and pharyngeal cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

risk of laryngeal and pharyngeal cancers caused by alcohol was reversible; the time periods until the risks became equal to those of never drinkers were 36 (95% CI 11-106) and 39 (95% CI 13-103) years, respectively. Moreover, 5 years of drinking cessation was associated with a reduction of around 15% in the alcohol-related elevated risk of laryngeal and pharyngeal cancers.Although a long time period is required to completely eliminate the alcohol-related elevated risk of laryngeal and pharyngeal (...) Alcohol drinking cessation and the risk of laryngeal and pharyngeal cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. To evaluate the effect of alcohol cessation on the risk of developing laryngeal and pharyngeal cancers, combining available evidence in the scientific literature in a meta-analysis.A systematic literature review was conducted, and a meta-analysis was applied on the retrieved studies. The generalised least squares method was used to estimate the trend from dose-response data

2013 PloS one PubMed

179. Electrical Pharyngeal Stimulation for Dysphagia Therapy in Tracheostomized Stroke Patients

Electrical Pharyngeal Stimulation for Dysphagia Therapy in Tracheostomized Stroke Patients Electrical Pharyngeal Stimulation for Dysphagia Therapy in Tracheostomized Stroke Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Electrical Pharyngeal Stimulation for Dysphagia Therapy in Tracheostomized Stroke Patients The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01956175 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : October 8, 2013 Last Update Posted : February 20, 2015 Sponsor: University

2013 Clinical Trials

180. Correlation between nasopharyngoscopy and cephalometry in the diagnosis of hyperplasia of the pharyngeal tonsils (Full text)

Correlation between nasopharyngoscopy and cephalometry in the diagnosis of hyperplasia of the pharyngeal tonsils  Hyperplasia of the pharyngeal tonsil is one of the main causes of mouth breathing, and accurate diagnosis of this alteration is important for proper therapeutic planning. Therefore, studies have been conducted in order to provide information regarding the procedures that can be used for the diagnosis of pharyngeal obstruction. To verify the correlation between nasopharyngoscopy (...) and cephalometric examinations in the diagnosis of pharyngeal tonsil hyperplasia. This was a cross-sectional, clinical, experimental, and quantitative study. Fifty-five children took part in this study, 30 girls and 25 boys, aged between 7 and 11 years. The children underwent nasofibropharyngoscopic and cephalometric evaluation to determine the grade of nasopharyngeal obstruction. The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient at the 5% significance level was used to verify the correlation between these exams

2012 International archives of otorhinolaryngology PubMed

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