How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

3,162 results for

Pharyngitis Causes

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

141. Pharyngitis, Bacterial (Follow-up)

) is suspected or confirmed. Previous Next: Diet Allow a regular diet as tolerated in patients with bacterial pharyngitis. Warm liquids may provide symptomatic relief. Previous Next: Activity Encourage rest during the acute illness. Previous Next: Prevention Patients with bacterial pharyngitis should be kept out of daycare, school, or work until 24 hours after the initiation of antibiotics. Vaccination Despite the massive disease burden caused by S pyogenes (GAS) infection, no licensed vaccine is available (...) outbreak of group G streptococcal sore throat in an Israeli military base. Epidemiol Infect . 1987 Oct. 99(2):249-55. . . Stryker WS, Fraser DW, Facklam RR. Foodborne outbreak of group G streptococcal pharyngitis. Am J Epidemiol . 1982 Sep. 116(3):533-40. . Turner JC, Hayden FG, Lobo MC, Ramirez CE, Murren D. Epidemiologic evidence for Lancefield group C beta-hemolytic streptococci as a cause of exudative pharyngitis in college students. J Clin Microbiol . 1997 Jan. 35(1):1-4. . Zaoutis T, Attia M

2014 eMedicine.com

142. Pharyngitis (Diagnosis)

: Dec 11, 2018 Author: Harold K Simon, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric Pharyngitis Overview Background Pharyngitis is a leading cause of pediatric ambulatory care visits. Examination of patients who present with sore throat may reveal tonsillitis, tonsillopharyngitis, or nasopharyngitis. [ ] The absence of pharyngeal inflammation or the presence of rhinorrhea is much more likely to be associated with viral infection. However (...) , no physical findings clearly separate from viral, other bacterial, or noninfectious causes. The primary concern for pharyngitis in children aged 2 years or older is that untreated GABHS pharyngitis may subsequently cause rheumatic fever. To prevent this sequela, institute adequate antimicrobial therapy within 9 days of infection. Rapid antigen detection assays for GABHS are diagnostic if positive because the specificity of such tests is 98-99% (ie, 1-2% false-positive results); however, their sensitivity

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

143. Pharyngitis (Follow-up)

News. Available at . September 02, 2015; Accessed: April 26, 2016. Media Gallery Posterior pharynx with petechiae and exudates in a 12-year-old girl. Both the rapid antigen detection test and throat culture were positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Streptococcal pharyngitis. Note the redness and edema of the oropharynx and petechiae, or small red spots, on the soft palate caused by strep throat. Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria are spread through (...) Pharyngitis (Follow-up) Pediatric Pharyngitis Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pharmacologic Therapy, Drainage and Tonsillectomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

144. Pharyngitis (Treatment)

News. Available at . September 02, 2015; Accessed: April 26, 2016. Media Gallery Posterior pharynx with petechiae and exudates in a 12-year-old girl. Both the rapid antigen detection test and throat culture were positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Streptococcal pharyngitis. Note the redness and edema of the oropharynx and petechiae, or small red spots, on the soft palate caused by strep throat. Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria are spread through (...) Pharyngitis (Treatment) Pediatric Pharyngitis Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pharmacologic Therapy, Drainage and Tonsillectomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

145. Pediatrics, Pharyngitis (Follow-up)

News. Available at . September 02, 2015; Accessed: April 26, 2016. Media Gallery Posterior pharynx with petechiae and exudates in a 12-year-old girl. Both the rapid antigen detection test and throat culture were positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Streptococcal pharyngitis. Note the redness and edema of the oropharynx and petechiae, or small red spots, on the soft palate caused by strep throat. Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria are spread through (...) Pediatrics, Pharyngitis (Follow-up) Pediatric Pharyngitis Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pharmacologic Therapy, Drainage and Tonsillectomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

146. Pharyngitis (Follow-up)

, multicenter study. PLoS One . 2017. 12 (2):e0172871. . . Gerber MA, Shulman ST. Rapid diagnosis of pharyngitis caused by group A streptococci. Clin Microbiol Rev . 2004 Jul. 17 (3):571-80, table of contents. . Tanz RR, Gerber MA, Kabat W, Rippe J, Seshadri R, Shulman ST. Performance of a rapid antigen-detection test and throat culture in community pediatric offices: implications for management of pharyngitis. Pediatrics . 2009 Feb. 123 (2):437-44. . Del Mar CB, Glasziou PP, Spinks AB. Antibiotics for sore (...) Pharyngitis (Follow-up) Pharyngitis Follow-up: Further Outpatient Care, Further Inpatient Care, Transfer Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNzY0MzA0LWZvbGxvd3Vw processing > Pharyngitis Follow-up

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

147. Pharyngitis (Diagnosis)

R Acerra, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pharyngitis Overview Practice Essentials Pharyngitis is defined as an infection or irritation of the pharynx or tonsils (see the image below). The etiology is usually infectious, with most cases being of viral origin and most bacterial cases attributable to group A streptococci (GAS). Other causes include allergy, trauma, toxins, and neoplasia. Posterior pharynx with petechiae (...) and exudates in a 12-year-old girl. Both the rapid antigen detection test and throat culture were positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Signs and symptoms It is difficult to distinguish viral and bacterial causes of pharyngitis on the basis of history and physical examination alone. Nevertheless, the following factors may help rule out or diagnose GAS pharyngitis: GAS infection is most common in children aged 4-7 years Sudden onset is consistent with GAS pharyngitis; pharyngitis after several

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

148. Pediatrics, Pharyngitis (Diagnosis)

Pharyngitis Updated: Dec 11, 2018 Author: Harold K Simon, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric Pharyngitis Overview Background Pharyngitis is a leading cause of pediatric ambulatory care visits. Examination of patients who present with sore throat may reveal tonsillitis, tonsillopharyngitis, or nasopharyngitis. [ ] The absence of pharyngeal inflammation or the presence of rhinorrhea is much more likely to be associated with viral (...) infection. However, no physical findings clearly separate from viral, other bacterial, or noninfectious causes. The primary concern for pharyngitis in children aged 2 years or older is that untreated GABHS pharyngitis may subsequently cause rheumatic fever. To prevent this sequela, institute adequate antimicrobial therapy within 9 days of infection. Rapid antigen detection assays for GABHS are diagnostic if positive because the specificity of such tests is 98-99% (ie, 1-2% false-positive results

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

149. Pharyngitis, Bacterial (Diagnosis)

: Feb 08, 2019 Author: Joseph Adrian L Buensalido, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Bacterial Pharyngitis Overview Background Pharyngitis, or sore throat, is often caused by infection. Common respiratory viruses account for the vast majority of cases (see ), and these are usually self-limited. Bacteria are also important etiologic agents, and, when identified properly, may be treated with antibacterials, resulting in decreased local (...) symptoms and prevention of serious sequelae. The most common and important bacterial cause of pharyngitis is (group A Streptococcus [GAS]). When suspected, bacterial pharyngitis should be confirmed with routine diagnostic tests and treated with various antibiotics. Swabbing the throat and testing for GAS pharyngitis via rapid antigen detection test (RADT) and/or culture should be performed as clinical features alone cannot reliably distinguish GAS pharyngitis from viral pharyngitis. The exceptions

2014 eMedicine.com

150. Pharyngitis, Viral (Diagnosis)

Author: KoKo Aung, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Viral Pharyngitis Overview Background Viral pharyngitis can be caused by numerous viruses. Acute pharyngitis is an inflammatory syndrome of the pharynx and/or tonsils caused by several different groups of microorganisms. Pharyngitis can be part of a generalized upper respiratory tract infection or a specific infection localized in the pharynx. Most cases are caused by viruses (...) and occur as part of common colds and influenzal syndromes. For information on bacterial pharyngitis, see the article in the Infectious Diseases volume. Next: Pathophysiology Several viruses can cause viral pharyngitis. Rhinovirus More than 100 different serotypes of rhinovirus cause approximately 20% of cases of pharyngitis and 30-50% of common colds. These viruses enter the body through the ciliated epithelium that lines the nose, causing edema and hyperemia of the nasal mucous membranes

2014 eMedicine.com

151. Craniofacial, Pharyngoplasty and Pharyngeal Flaps

short palate, scarred/tightened palate, or dysfunction/malposition of the levator palatini muscle Poor mobility of the posterior and lateral pharyngeal walls due to poor muscular mobility The latter is more commonly caused by a neurologic deficit. Anatomic Considerations Surgical treatment of VPD rests on an understanding of the anatomy of the velopharynx (ie, the palate, posterior pharyngeal wall, and airway; see the image below). Schematic lateral view of velopharynx, illustrating anatomy (...) Craniofacial, Pharyngoplasty and Pharyngeal Flaps Surgical Treatment of Velopharyngeal Dysfunction: Overview, Preparation, Technique Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTI3OTkyOC1vdmVydmlldw

2014 eMedicine Surgery

152. Pharyngitis (Treatment)

diagnosis of pharyngitis caused by group A streptococci. Clin Microbiol Rev . 2004 Jul. 17 (3):571-80, table of contents. . Tanz RR, Gerber MA, Kabat W, Rippe J, Seshadri R, Shulman ST. Performance of a rapid antigen-detection test and throat culture in community pediatric offices: implications for management of pharyngitis. Pediatrics . 2009 Feb. 123 (2):437-44. . Del Mar CB, Glasziou PP, Spinks AB. Antibiotics for sore throat. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2006 Oct 18. CD000023. . Nakhoul GN, Hickner J (...) Pharyngitis (Treatment) Pharyngitis Treatment & Management: Prehospital Care, Emergency Department Care, Consultations Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNzY0MzA0LXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

153. Pediatrics, Pharyngitis (Treatment)

News. Available at . September 02, 2015; Accessed: April 26, 2016. Media Gallery Posterior pharynx with petechiae and exudates in a 12-year-old girl. Both the rapid antigen detection test and throat culture were positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Streptococcal pharyngitis. Note the redness and edema of the oropharynx and petechiae, or small red spots, on the soft palate caused by strep throat. Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria are spread through (...) Pediatrics, Pharyngitis (Treatment) Pediatric Pharyngitis Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pharmacologic Therapy, Drainage and Tonsillectomy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

154. Pharyngitis (Overview)

R Acerra, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pharyngitis Overview Practice Essentials Pharyngitis is defined as an infection or irritation of the pharynx or tonsils (see the image below). The etiology is usually infectious, with most cases being of viral origin and most bacterial cases attributable to group A streptococci (GAS). Other causes include allergy, trauma, toxins, and neoplasia. Posterior pharynx with petechiae (...) and exudates in a 12-year-old girl. Both the rapid antigen detection test and throat culture were positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Signs and symptoms It is difficult to distinguish viral and bacterial causes of pharyngitis on the basis of history and physical examination alone. Nevertheless, the following factors may help rule out or diagnose GAS pharyngitis: GAS infection is most common in children aged 4-7 years Sudden onset is consistent with GAS pharyngitis; pharyngitis after several

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

155. Pediatrics, Pharyngitis (Overview)

Pharyngitis Updated: Dec 11, 2018 Author: Harold K Simon, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric Pharyngitis Overview Background Pharyngitis is a leading cause of pediatric ambulatory care visits. Examination of patients who present with sore throat may reveal tonsillitis, tonsillopharyngitis, or nasopharyngitis. [ ] The absence of pharyngeal inflammation or the presence of rhinorrhea is much more likely to be associated with viral (...) infection. However, no physical findings clearly separate from viral, other bacterial, or noninfectious causes. The primary concern for pharyngitis in children aged 2 years or older is that untreated GABHS pharyngitis may subsequently cause rheumatic fever. To prevent this sequela, institute adequate antimicrobial therapy within 9 days of infection. Rapid antigen detection assays for GABHS are diagnostic if positive because the specificity of such tests is 98-99% (ie, 1-2% false-positive results

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

156. Long-term outcome of transoral organ-preserving pharyngeal endoscopic resection for superficial pharyngeal cancer. (PubMed)

), respectively. Ninety-six patients (92%) had no local recurrence or distant metastases. Local recurrence at the primary site developed in 6 patients, but all were resolved by repeat TOPER. With a median follow-up period of 43 months (range 3-96 months), the overall survival rate at 5 years was 71% (95% CI, 59-82). Cause-specific survival rate at 5 years was 97% (95% CI, 93-100). The cumulative development rate of multiple cancers in pharyngeal mucosal sites at 5 years was 22% (95% CI, 12-33). The pharynx (...) Long-term outcome of transoral organ-preserving pharyngeal endoscopic resection for superficial pharyngeal cancer. Early detection of pharyngeal cancer has been difficult. We reported that narrow-band imaging (NBI) endoscopy can detect superficial pharyngeal cancer, and these lesions can be treated endoscopically.To assess the safety and long-term efficacy of transoral organ-preserving pharyngeal endoscopic resection (TOPER) for superficial pharyngeal cancer.Retrospective 2-center cohort

2011 Gastrointestinal endoscopy

157. Hyperthyroidism and Other Causes of Thyrotoxicosis

Hyperthyroidism and Other Causes of Thyrotoxicosis 456 ATA/AACE Guidelines Rebecca S. Bahn (Chair), MD 1, *; Henry B. Burch, MD 2 ; David S. Cooper, MD 3 ; Jeffrey R. Garber, MD, FACP , FACE 4 ; M. Carol Greenlee, MD 5 ; Irwin Klein, MD 6 ; Peter Laurberg, MD 7 ; I. Ross McDougall, MD 8 ; Victor M. Montori, MD 1 ; Scott A. Rivkees, MD 9 ; Douglas S. Ross, MD 10 ; Julie Ann Sosa, MD 11 ; Marius N. Stan, MD 1 American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Medical Guidelines for Clinical (...) - ism in patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy; and manage- ment of other miscellaneous causes of thyrotoxicosis. Conclusions: One hundred evidence-based recom- mendations were developed to aid in the care of patients with thyrotoxicosis and to share what the task force believes is current, rational, and optimal medical practice. For accompanying editorial, see page 325 InTRoduCTIon Thyrotoxicosis is a condition having multiple eti- ologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. The term

2011 American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists

158. Management of Patients with Infections Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Management of Patients with Infections Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the Treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in Adults and Children | Clinical Infectious Diseases | Oxford Academic (...) , pneumonia, bone and joint infections, and central nervous system (CNS) infections. Recommendations are provided regarding vancomycin dosing and monitoring, management of infections due to MRSA strains with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin, and vancomycin treatment failures. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY MRSA is a significant cause of both health care–associated and community-associated infections. This document constitutes the first guidelines of the IDSA on the treatment of MRSA infections. The primary

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2011 Infectious Diseases Society of America

159. Pulmonary exposure to cellulose nanocrystals caused deleterious effects to reproductive system in male mice (PubMed)

Pulmonary exposure to cellulose nanocrystals caused deleterious effects to reproductive system in male mice Over the past several years there has been an increased number of applications of cellulosic materials in many sectors, including the food industry, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. However, to date, there are few studies investigating the potential adverse effects of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). The objective of this study was to determine long-term outcomes on the male reproductive (...) system of mice upon repeated pharyngeal aspiration exposure to CNC. To achieve this, cauda epididymal sperm samples were analyzed for sperm concentration, motility, morphological abnormalities, and DNA damage. Testicular and epididymal oxidative damage was evaluated, as well as histopathology examination of testes. In addition, changes in levels of testosterone in testes and serum and of luteinizing hormone (LH) in serum were determined. Three months after the last administration, CNC exposure

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A

160. Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci

Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02712307 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : March 18, 2016 Last Update Posted : November 14, 2018 Sponsor: Ass. Prof

2016 Clinical Trials

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>