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Pharyngitis Causes

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121. Do Pharyngeal Packs During Orthognathic Surgery Reduce Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting

Do Pharyngeal Packs During Orthognathic Surgery Reduce Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Do Pharyngeal Packs During Orthognathic Surgery Reduce Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies (...) before adding more. Do Pharyngeal Packs During Orthognathic Surgery Reduce Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02049619 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified February 2015 by Xia Zhang, China Medical University, China. Recruitment status was: Recruiting

2014 Clinical Trials

122. Ponto-medullary nuclei involved in the generation of sequential pharyngeal swallowing and concomitant protective laryngeal adduction in situ (PubMed)

Ponto-medullary nuclei involved in the generation of sequential pharyngeal swallowing and concomitant protective laryngeal adduction in situ Both swallowing and respiration involve postinspiratory laryngeal adduction. Swallowing-related postinspiratory neurons are likely to be located in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and those involved in respiration are found in the Kölliker-Fuse nucleus (KF). The function of KF and NTS in the generation of swallowing and its coordination (...) with respiration was investigated in perfused brainstem preparations of juvenile rats (n = 41). Orally injected water evoked sequential pharyngeal swallowing (s-PSW) seen as phasic, spindle-shaped bursting of vagal nerve activity (VNA) against tonic postinspiratory discharge. KF inhibition by microinjecting isoguvacine (GABAA receptor agonist) selectively attenuated tonic postinspiratory VNA (n = 10, P < 0.001) but had no effect on frequency or timing of s-PSW. KF disinhibition after bicuculline (GABAA

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2014 The Journal of physiology

123. Foxi transcription factors promote pharyngeal arch development by regulating formation of FGF signaling centers (PubMed)

Foxi transcription factors promote pharyngeal arch development by regulating formation of FGF signaling centers The bones of the vertebrate face develop from transient embryonic branchial arches that are populated by cranial neural crest cells. We have characterized a mouse mutant for the Forkhead family transcription factor Foxi3, which is expressed in branchial ectoderm and endoderm. Foxi3 mutant mice are not viable and display severe branchial arch-derived facial skeleton defects, including (...) to express FGF-responsive genes. Zebrafish foxi1 is also expressed in branchial arch ectoderm and endoderm, and morpholino knock-down of foxi1 also causes apoptosis of neural crest in the branchial arches. We show that heat shock induction of fgf3 in zebrafish arch tissue can rescue cell death in foxi1 morphants. Our results suggest that Foxi3 may play a role in the establishment of signaling centers in the branchial arches that are required for neural crest survival, patterning and the subsequent

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2014 Developmental biology

124. Counseling a Patient with the Antenatal Diagnosis of a Cerebellar Abnormality and a Pharyngeal Cyst (PubMed)

Counseling a Patient with the Antenatal Diagnosis of a Cerebellar Abnormality and a Pharyngeal Cyst Introduction Prenatal counseling with regards to the prognosis of a cerebellar abnormality is hindered not only by the diverse clinical presentations but also by the presence of subtle findings. We present a case of a distinct combination of asymmetric cerebellar hypoplasia secondary to an anterior meningoencephalocele through a clival defect that caused a severe airway obstruction in the newborn (...) . Case Description A 21-year-old gravida 4 para 0 mother with a dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancy was referred for a second trimester sonographic survey. An asymmetric cerebellar hypoplasia, mega cisterna magna, and a pharyngeal cystic mass were noted on twin A. Magnetic resonance imaging report confirmed posterior fossa abnormalities and shed no light on the differential diagnosis of the cystic mass. The pregnancy ended by Cesarean delivery at 32 weeks' gestation after a preterm premature

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2014 AJP Reports

125. Effect of cold-water cooling of tonsillar fossa and pharyngeal mucosa on post-tonsillectomy pain. (PubMed)

Effect of cold-water cooling of tonsillar fossa and pharyngeal mucosa on post-tonsillectomy pain. Post-tonsillectomy pain is a notable concern and thermal injury produced by electric surgical devices is considered a main cause. Intraoperative cooling of the tonsillar fossa and pharyngeal mucosa with cold water has effectively reduced postoperative pain, but no studies have fully evaluated the effects of this technique with a proper study design. We assessed mucosal cooling in two groups (...) of patients undergoing the same surgical technique by a single surgeon, with one group receiving cold-water cooling and the other group as a control.Forty patients who underwent monopolar electrocautery tonsillectomy were randomly assigned to two groups (n = 20 for each group). Group 1 received cooling of the tonsillar fossa and pharyngeal mucosa with 4 °C saline just after removal of each tonsil whereas Group 2 did not receive cooling. Postoperative pain was recorded on operation day and 1, 2, 4, 7

2014 American Journal of Otolaryngology

126. A Mouse Splice-Site Mutant and Individuals with Atypical Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletions Demonstrate the Crucial Role for Crkl in Craniofacial and Pharyngeal Development (PubMed)

A Mouse Splice-Site Mutant and Individuals with Atypical Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletions Demonstrate the Crucial Role for Crkl in Craniofacial and Pharyngeal Development The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is thought to be a contiguous gene syndrome caused by haploinsufficiency for a variable number of genes with overlapping function during the development of the craniofacial, pharyngeal and cardiac structures. The complexity of genetic and developmental anomalies resulting in 22q11DS has made (...) attributing causation to specific genes difficult. The CRKL gene resides within the common 3-Mb region, most frequently affected in 22q11DS, and has been shown to play an essential role in the development of tissues affected in 22q11DS. Here, we report the characterisation of a mouse strain we named 'snoopy', harbouring a novel Crkl splice-site mutation that results in a loss of Crkl expression. The snoopy strain exhibits a variable phenotype that includes micrognathia, pharyngeal occlusion, aglossia

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2014 Molecular syndromology

127. Molecular and Clinical Diagnosis of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis in Children (PubMed)

Molecular and Clinical Diagnosis of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis in Children Group A Streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis is a very common condition causing significant morbidity in children. Accurate diagnosis followed by appropriate antimicrobial therapy is recommended to prevent postinfectious sequelae. Diagnosis of GAS pharyngitis by a rapid antigen detection test (RADT) or culture in the absence of discriminating clinical findings remains challenging. Validation of new sensitive rapid (...) diagnostic tests is therefore a priority. The performance of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay (illumigene assay) for the diagnosis of GAS pharyngitis was compared with that of a RADT and standard culture in 361 pediatric throat swab samples. Discrepant results were resolved using an alternate molecular assay. Test results were correlated with clinical presentations in patients positive by either method. The closest estimate of the true prevalence of GAS pharyngitis was 19.7% (71/361

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2014 Journal of clinical microbiology

128. Role of common hypnotics on the phenotypic causes of obstructive sleep apnoea: paradoxical effects of zolpidem. (PubMed)

Role of common hypnotics on the phenotypic causes of obstructive sleep apnoea: paradoxical effects of zolpidem. Hypnotics are contraindicated in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) because of concerns of pharyngeal muscle relaxation and delayed arousal worsening hypoxaemia. However, human data are lacking. This study aimed to determine the effects of three common hypnotics on the respiratory arousal threshold, genioglossus muscle responsiveness and upper airway collapsibility during sleep.21

2017 European Respiratory Journal

129. Characteristics of Dysphagia in Infants with Microcephaly Caused by Congenital Zika Virus Infection, Brazil, 2015. (PubMed)

Characteristics of Dysphagia in Infants with Microcephaly Caused by Congenital Zika Virus Infection, Brazil, 2015. We summarize the characteristics of dysphagia in 9 infants in Brazil with microcephaly caused by congenital Zika virus infection. The Schedule for Oral Motor Assessment, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, and the videofluoroscopic swallowing study were used as noninstrumental and instrumental assessments. All infants had a degree of neurologic damage and showed (...) abnormalities in the oral phase. Of the 9 infants, 8 lacked oral and upper respiratory tract sensitivity, leading to delays in initiation of the pharyngeal phase of swallowing. Those delays, combined with marked oral dysfunction, increased the risk for aspiration of food, particularly liquid foods. Dysphagia resulting from congenital Zika virus syndrome microcephaly can develop in infants >3 months of age and is severe.

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2017 Emerging Infectious Diseases

130. Comprehensive swallowing exercises to treat complicated dysphagia caused by esophageal replacement with colon: A case report. (PubMed)

independently, and we were able to remove the jejunum nutrient catheter before discharging the patient.For patients with dysphagia caused by anastomotic stricture following esophageal replacement with colon, the swallowing function can be improved by enhancing the pharyngeal impetus when treatment using esophageal dilation is ineffective. (...) Comprehensive swallowing exercises to treat complicated dysphagia caused by esophageal replacement with colon: A case report. Surgical procedures for colonic replacement of the esophagus are most commonly associated with anastomotic stricture which cause dysphagia. In this report, we describe a rare case of a patient who demonstrated dysphagia resulting from an anastomotic stricture following esophageal replacement with the colon. All the treatments to dilate the anastomotic stricture were

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2017 Medicine

131. Prevention of Pain Caused by the Oro-gastric Tube Laying in Neonatology

Prevention of Pain Caused by the Oro-gastric Tube Laying in Neonatology Prevention of Pain Caused by the Oro-gastric Tube Laying in Neonatology - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Prevention (...) of Pain Caused by the Oro-gastric Tube Laying in Neonatology (DOLATSONG) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03142230 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : May 5, 2017 Last Update Posted : May 8, 2017

2017 Clinical Trials

132. Eosinophilic oesophagitis: an insidious but treatable cause of sore throat (PubMed)

Eosinophilic oesophagitis: an insidious but treatable cause of sore throat 28126881 2017 07 14 2018 11 13 1478-5242 67 655 2017 Feb The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Eosinophilic oesophagitis: an insidious but treatable cause of sore throat. 91-92 10.3399/bjgp17X689341 Swift Carla J CJ Department of Medicine, Lister Hospital, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, East of England Deanery. Ong John J Gastroenterology Department (...) , Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk, East of England Deanery. eng Case Reports Journal Article England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 0 Proton Pump Inhibitors IM Adult Deglutition Disorders etiology pathology Endoscopy, Digestive System Eosinophilic Esophagitis complications diagnosis Gastroesophageal Reflux complications General Practice Humans Male Pharyngitis etiology pathology Proton Pump Inhibitors therapeutic use Referral and Consultation Treatment Outcome 2016 07 01 2016

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2017 The British Journal of General Practice

133. Hypoglossal dural arteriovenous fistula: a rare cause of unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy (PubMed)

arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) in the region of the right hypoglossal canal. She underwent a cerebral angiogram, which confirmed a hypoglossal DAVF with predominant supply from the neuromeningeal branches of the right ascending pharyngeal artery. She has been able to cope with her symptoms and remains on active surveillance. Hypoglossal nerve palsy is uncommon, causes may be classified according to location. DAVFs are a rare cause of hypoglossal nerve palsy. DAVFs can be graded according to their pattern (...) Hypoglossal dural arteriovenous fistula: a rare cause of unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy Ms Y, a 57-year-old female presented with a 1-week history of tongue deviation. The history of the presenting complaint also included minor dysarthria, dysphagia for solids and liquids as well as a 2- to 3-month history of pulsatile tinnitus affecting the right ear. Examination of the cranial and peripheral nerves revealed a right hypoglossal nerve lower motor neurone palsy. MRI demonstrated a dural

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2017 BJR Case Reports

134. Extraction orthodontic treatment may or may not cause a decrease in posterior airway size, with no association shown to sleep apnea.

Extraction orthodontic treatment may or may not cause a decrease in posterior airway size, with no association shown to sleep apnea. UTCAT2335, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Extraction orthodontic treatment may or may not cause a decrease in posterior airway size, with no association shown to sleep apnea. Clinical Question For a healthy adult patient who had orthodontic treatment, does the extraction (...) of four premolar teeth cause a decrease in the posterior airway space and therefore increase the chances of that patient developing sleep apnea? Clinical Bottom Line Orthodontic treatment involving the extraction of four premolars has not been proven to cause sleep apnea. Very little research has been done in this area. The current research focuses on the size of the posterior airway, not sleep apnea. Much more research needs to be done before a definitive answer can be reached. (See Comments

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

135. Pharyngitis (Overview)

: Dec 11, 2018 Author: Harold K Simon, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric Pharyngitis Overview Background Pharyngitis is a leading cause of pediatric ambulatory care visits. Examination of patients who present with sore throat may reveal tonsillitis, tonsillopharyngitis, or nasopharyngitis. [ ] The absence of pharyngeal inflammation or the presence of rhinorrhea is much more likely to be associated with viral infection. However (...) , no physical findings clearly separate from viral, other bacterial, or noninfectious causes. The primary concern for pharyngitis in children aged 2 years or older is that untreated GABHS pharyngitis may subsequently cause rheumatic fever. To prevent this sequela, institute adequate antimicrobial therapy within 9 days of infection. Rapid antigen detection assays for GABHS are diagnostic if positive because the specificity of such tests is 98-99% (ie, 1-2% false-positive results); however, their sensitivity

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

136. Pharyngitis, Viral (Treatment)

Pharyngitis, Viral (Treatment) Viral Pharyngitis Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Diet, Activity Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MzYyLXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Viral Pharyngitis (...) Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 21, 2018 Author: KoKo Aung, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Viral Pharyngitis Treatment Medical Care Treatment strategies for patients with acute pharyngitis are based on epidemiologic factors, signs and symptoms, and results of laboratory tests. [ ] Rest, oral fluids, and salt-water gargling (for soothing effect) are the main supportive measures in patients with viral pharyngitis

2014 eMedicine.com

137. Pharyngitis, Bacterial (Treatment)

) is suspected or confirmed. Previous Next: Diet Allow a regular diet as tolerated in patients with bacterial pharyngitis. Warm liquids may provide symptomatic relief. Previous Next: Activity Encourage rest during the acute illness. Previous Next: Prevention Patients with bacterial pharyngitis should be kept out of daycare, school, or work until 24 hours after the initiation of antibiotics. Vaccination Despite the massive disease burden caused by S pyogenes (GAS) infection, no licensed vaccine is available (...) outbreak of group G streptococcal sore throat in an Israeli military base. Epidemiol Infect . 1987 Oct. 99(2):249-55. . . Stryker WS, Fraser DW, Facklam RR. Foodborne outbreak of group G streptococcal pharyngitis. Am J Epidemiol . 1982 Sep. 116(3):533-40. . Turner JC, Hayden FG, Lobo MC, Ramirez CE, Murren D. Epidemiologic evidence for Lancefield group C beta-hemolytic streptococci as a cause of exudative pharyngitis in college students. J Clin Microbiol . 1997 Jan. 35(1):1-4. . Zaoutis T, Attia M

2014 eMedicine.com

138. Pharyngitis, Viral (Overview)

Author: KoKo Aung, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Viral Pharyngitis Overview Background Viral pharyngitis can be caused by numerous viruses. Acute pharyngitis is an inflammatory syndrome of the pharynx and/or tonsils caused by several different groups of microorganisms. Pharyngitis can be part of a generalized upper respiratory tract infection or a specific infection localized in the pharynx. Most cases are caused by viruses (...) and occur as part of common colds and influenzal syndromes. For information on bacterial pharyngitis, see the article in the Infectious Diseases volume. Next: Pathophysiology Several viruses can cause viral pharyngitis. Rhinovirus More than 100 different serotypes of rhinovirus cause approximately 20% of cases of pharyngitis and 30-50% of common colds. These viruses enter the body through the ciliated epithelium that lines the nose, causing edema and hyperemia of the nasal mucous membranes

2014 eMedicine.com

139. Pharyngitis, Bacterial (Overview)

: Feb 08, 2019 Author: Joseph Adrian L Buensalido, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Bacterial Pharyngitis Overview Background Pharyngitis, or sore throat, is often caused by infection. Common respiratory viruses account for the vast majority of cases (see ), and these are usually self-limited. Bacteria are also important etiologic agents, and, when identified properly, may be treated with antibacterials, resulting in decreased local (...) symptoms and prevention of serious sequelae. The most common and important bacterial cause of pharyngitis is (group A Streptococcus [GAS]). When suspected, bacterial pharyngitis should be confirmed with routine diagnostic tests and treated with various antibiotics. Swabbing the throat and testing for GAS pharyngitis via rapid antigen detection test (RADT) and/or culture should be performed as clinical features alone cannot reliably distinguish GAS pharyngitis from viral pharyngitis. The exceptions

2014 eMedicine.com

140. Pharyngitis, Viral (Follow-up)

Pharyngitis, Viral (Follow-up) Viral Pharyngitis Follow-up: Deterrence/Prevention, Complications, Prognosis Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMjI1MzYyLWZvbGxvd3Vw processing > Viral Pharyngitis Follow (...) -up Updated: Nov 21, 2018 Author: KoKo Aung, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Viral Pharyngitis Follow-up Deterrence/Prevention Washing hands frequently, using disposable tissues, and limiting human contact are important preventive measures for the common cold syndrome and other viral pharyngitis. No consistent benefit was demonstrated in preventing a common cold with large doses of vitamin C. Live adenovirus vaccines have

2014 eMedicine.com

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