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Pharyngitis Causes

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101. Acute epiglottitis caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a healthy infant (PubMed)

Acute epiglottitis caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a healthy infant Haemophilus influenzae was the main causative organism for acute epiglottitis in the pre-Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine era. However, with current widespread Hib vaccination, the causative organisms may have changed. Here, we report the case of a healthy infant with acute epiglottitis caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA (...) ). The patient was a healthy 17-day-old male infant without a family history of immunodeficiency syndrome. He had not been started on any vaccines. On the third day of illness, he was diagnosed with acute pharyngitis with exudation on the back of the larynx. Although treatment using cefotaxime was initiated, he showed stridor, difficulty in pronunciation, and cyanosis upon crying on the fourth day. On the fifth day, he was diagnosed with acute epiglottitis by laryngoscopy, which showed a downward spread

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2018 Infection and drug resistance

102. Discrimination of "hot potato voice" caused by upper airway obstruction utilizing a support vector machine. (PubMed)

Discrimination of "hot potato voice" caused by upper airway obstruction utilizing a support vector machine. "Hot potato voice" (HPV) is a thick, muffled voice caused by pharyngeal or laryngeal diseases characterized by severe upper airway obstruction, including acute epiglottitis and peritonsillitis. To develop a method for determining upper-airway emergency based on this important vocal feature, we investigated the acoustic characteristics of HPV using a physical, articulatory speech synthesis (...) model. The results of the simulation were then applied to design a computerized recognition framework using a mel-frequency cepstral coefficient domain support vector machine (SVM).Quasi-experimental research design.Changes in the voice spectral envelope caused by upper airway obstructions were analyzed using a hybrid time-frequency model of articulatory speech synthesis. We evaluated variations in the formant structure and thresholds of critical vocal tract area functions that triggered HPV

2018 Laryngoscope

103. Traumatic division of pharyngeal branch of vagus causing dysphagia. (PubMed)

Traumatic division of pharyngeal branch of vagus causing dysphagia. 1260340 1976 07 06 2018 11 13 0007-1447 1 6013 1976 Apr 03 British medical journal Br Med J Traumatic division of pharyngeal branch of vagus causing dysphagia. 808-9 Tresure T T eng Case Reports Journal Article Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 AIM IM Deglutition Disorders etiology Humans Male Middle Aged Palate injuries Paralysis etiology Pharynx innervation Submandibular Gland Vagus Nerve

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1976 British medical journal

104. Group B beta-hemolytic streptococci causing pharyngitis. (PubMed)

Group B beta-hemolytic streptococci causing pharyngitis. Group B beta-hemolytic streptococci were isolated from the throats of 49 of 1,110 patients who had pharyngitis. Compared with patients whose throat cultures were negative for beta-hemolytic streptococci, those harboring group B were more likely to have enlarged tonsils (P less than 0.001), exudate (P less than 0.02), and tender enlarged anterior cervical lymph nodes (P less than 0.01). Group B should not necessarily be dismissed (...) as a nonpathogen when identified in the pharynx of patients with exudative pharyngitis; laboratories which report beta-hemolytic streptococcal isolates from the pharynx only as group A or non-group A should be encouraged to perform definitive group identification of all beta-hemolytic isolates to further evaluate the role of other streptococcal groups as the causative agents for pharyngitis.

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1979 Journal of clinical microbiology

105. On Some Causes of Backwardness and Stupidity in Children: And the Relife of these Symptoms in Some Instances by Naso-Pharyngeal Scarifications (PubMed)

On Some Causes of Backwardness and Stupidity in Children: And the Relife of these Symptoms in Some Instances by Naso-Pharyngeal Scarifications 20752816 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 2 1500 1889 Sep 28 British medical journal Br Med J On Some Causes of Backwardness and Stupidity in Children: And the Relife of these Symptoms in Some Instances by Naso-Pharyngeal Scarifications. 711-2 Hill W W eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1889 9 28 0 0 1889 9 28 0 1

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1889 British medical journal

106. Application of Minimum Effective Cuff Inflating Volume for Laryngeal Mask Airway and its Impact on Postoperative Pharyngeal Complications. (PubMed)

Application of Minimum Effective Cuff Inflating Volume for Laryngeal Mask Airway and its Impact on Postoperative Pharyngeal Complications. High intracuff pressure can cause severe pharyngeal complications including sore throat or hoarseness after laryngeal mask airway (LMA) removal postoperatively. Though the application of minimum effective cuff inflating volume is suggested to maintain airway sealing and adequacy of ventilation for patients receiving general anesthesia with LMA at lower level (...) of the intracuff pressure, it is currently not a standard care in most of the anesthetic departments. In this study, the minimum effective cuff inflating volume was determined for classic LMA Well Lead™ (Well Lead Medical Co., Ltd., China) and its impact on postoperative pharyngeal complications was also explored.Patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (I-III) undergoing the short-duration urological surgery were recruited in this trial. First, the minimum effective cuff inflating

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2015 Chinese medical journal

107. Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation for the Treatment of Post-extubation Dysphagia in Acute Stroke

Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation for the Treatment of Post-extubation Dysphagia in Acute Stroke Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation for the Treatment of Post-extubation Dysphagia in Acute Stroke - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one (...) or more studies before adding more. Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation for the Treatment of Post-extubation Dysphagia in Acute Stroke The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02470078 Recruitment Status : Recruiting

2015 Clinical Trials

108. Impact of Topical Pharyngeal Anesthetics on Discharge of the Patients When Used in Conjunction With Propofol Sedation in Routine EGD's

the discharge of the patient can cause serious side effects including methemoglobinemia, aspiration and anaphylactic reactions although these are rare. There have been studies supporting the use of local pharyngeal anesthetics along with sedatives such as benzodiazepines and opiates [1]. However there have been only a few studies on the use of local pharyngeal anesthetics in conjunction with propofol which have not supported any added benefit of local pharyngeal anesthetics [2, 3, 4]. Despite (...) Impact of Topical Pharyngeal Anesthetics on Discharge of the Patients When Used in Conjunction With Propofol Sedation in Routine EGD's Impact of Topical Pharyngeal Anesthetics on Discharge of the Patients When Used in Conjunction With Propofol Sedation in Routine EGD's - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning

2015 Clinical Trials

109. Pharyngeal Presentation of Goltz Syndrome: A Case Report with Review of the Literature (PubMed)

Pharyngeal Presentation of Goltz Syndrome: A Case Report with Review of the Literature Focal dermal hypoplasia (Goltz syndrome; GS) is an X-linked dominant disorder caused by a mutation in the porcupine homolog (PORCN) gene and is typically embryonically lethal for males. The presence of disease in males is usually the result of post-zygotic mutation, but may also be due to mosaicism. The presentation of this disorder is highly variable, but generally is characterized by cutaneous, skeletal (...) , ocular, oral, dental, and aural defects. Cutaneous manifestations include foci of hypoplastic skin, abnormal pigmentation, and papillomatous growths. We present both the first case of a patient with GS related laryngeal obstruction due to papillary lymphoid hyperplasia in an adult, and the first case in a male patient. Clinical, histologic, and genetic features of the disease are discussed. Operative technique for management of the patient with pharyngeal lesions is detailed, and intraoperative

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2015 Head and neck pathology

110. Late-onset Rash in Patients with Group A Beta-hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngitis Treated with Amoxicillin (PubMed)

days) after GAS pharyngitis onset. The rashes were characterized by maculopapules, which increased in size with coalescence and some developing into plaques, with a symmetrical distribution with a propensity for the extremities, including the palms and soles. The clinical courses of the patients were good, and the rashes subsided within 14 days. A non-immediate reaction to β-lactams, which usually manifests as a maculopapular rash, is a possible cause in our patients, however, repeated courses (...) Late-onset Rash in Patients with Group A Beta-hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngitis Treated with Amoxicillin We observed late-onset rashes in patients with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis. Of 1028 patients with GAS pharyngitis, which was principally treated with amoxicillin, we evaluated those who developed a late-onset rash and excluded those with scarlet fever alone. Twenty-one patients developed a rash (2.0%, 95% confidence interval, 1.3-3.1%), 7 to 20 days (median, 8

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2015 Pediatric reports

111. Combined endonasal and neurosurgical resection of a congenital teratoma with pharyngeal, intracranial and orbital extension: Case report, surgical technique and review of the literature. (PubMed)

Combined endonasal and neurosurgical resection of a congenital teratoma with pharyngeal, intracranial and orbital extension: Case report, surgical technique and review of the literature. This study reports a patient with a large teratoma involving the oropharynx, the nasopharynx and the left orbit, with intracranial extension. This case represents one of the first reported instances of such an association. A literature review reporting head and neck teratomas with intracranial involvement (...) is also presented.The authors describe a case of a neonate presenting with a huge teratoma causing respiratory distress due to upper airway obstruction. The child was operated on at 3 months of age with a combined neurosurgical and endonasal endoscopic-assisted approach. After more than 1-year follow-up, the child has no recurrence and no complications of surgery.This type of teratoma is very rare and surgical morbidity is common. The diagnosis may be apparent before birth, which will facilitate

2015 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

112. Rhinosporidiosis: A Chronic Tropical Disease in Lateral Pharyngeal Wall (PubMed)

Rhinosporidiosis: A Chronic Tropical Disease in Lateral Pharyngeal Wall Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. It predominantly affects the mucous membranes of the nose and the nasopharynx. Clinically the lesion presents as a pink or red pedunculated polyp in one or both nostrils. Diagnosis can be made by aspiration cytology and examination with May-Grunwald-Giemsa, hematoxylin and eosin, Periodic acid-Schiff and mucicarmine staining. Definitive (...) diagnosis is by histopathology of the specimen. We report a case of Rhinosporidiosis at the lateral pharyngeal wall which is a very rare site for Rhinosporidiosis to occur; was treated by diathermy excision of the mass and cauterization of the base and oral Dapsone to prevent recurrence of the disease.

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2015 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

113. Severe hoarseness associated with the streamlined liner of the pharyngeal airway (SLIPA<sup>TM</sup> ). (PubMed)

Severe hoarseness associated with the streamlined liner of the pharyngeal airway (SLIPATM ). Hoarseness is a common post-operative complication in patients who receive general anesthesia. In most cases, the symptoms are temporary and improve within several days. This report describes two patients with prolonged hoarseness following use of the streamlined liner of the pharyngeal airway (SLIPATM). We present the first case of a 56-year-old female patient who developed arytenoid (...) cartilage dislocation resulting in prolonged hoarseness and dysphagia after using a SLIPA™ during a laparoscopic myomectomy. In the second case, we report on a 65-year-old male patient who was scheduled for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Left vocal fold paralysis or paresis resulting from recurrent laryngeal nerve injury associated with use of a SLIPA™ caused persistent hoarseness. It should be noted that recurrent laryngeal nerve injury or arytenoid cartilage dislocation are possible complications

2015 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

114. Pharyngeal pouch: which technique? (PubMed)

Pharyngeal pouch: which technique? Pharyngeal pouches have been recognised as a cause of dysphagia for centuries and have been treated in a variety of ways over that time.This article aimed to analyse the results of surgery by a variety of techniques, as performed by one surgeon.A retrospective analysis of a case series was conducted, analysing the variables of patient age, sex, type of surgery, length of hospital stay, leak, recurrence and other complications.A total of 121 patients were (...) treated by 135 operations. There were no leaks in the group treated by endoscopic stapling and this group also had a significantly shorter hospital stay. As for recurrence, the lowest rate appeared to be in the group treated by excision of the pouch.The techniques used by the author all still seem to have a role in the management of pharyngeal pouch, with the endoscopic stapling approach associated with a low rate of complications and short hospital stay.

2015 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

115. Revision Rates and Speech Outcomes Following Pharyngeal Flap Surgery for Velopharyngeal Insufficiency. (PubMed)

Revision Rates and Speech Outcomes Following Pharyngeal Flap Surgery for Velopharyngeal Insufficiency. Velopharyngeal insufficiency in children with cleft palate (and other causes) contributes to difficulty with communication and quality of life. The pharyngeal flap is a workhorse to address hypernasality and nasal air escape. However, there is a paucity of literature on the characteristics of cases that require revision.To measure the revision rate of pharyngeal flaps, compare (...) the preperceptual and postperceptual speech scores, and identify the characteristics of those patients who required revision.A retrospective medical record review was completed for patients who underwent pharyngeal flap surgery from June 1, 2008, through January 31, 2013, at a tertiary academic center.Perceptual speech analyses and surgical revision rates. Perceptual speech patterns before and after surgery were compared using nasal air emission and resonance scores. The association between requiring revision

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2015 JAMA facial plastic surgery

116. Effects of Morphine and Midazolam on Pharyngeal Function, Airway Protection, and Coordination of Breathing and Swallowing in Healthy Adults. (PubMed)

Effects of Morphine and Midazolam on Pharyngeal Function, Airway Protection, and Coordination of Breathing and Swallowing in Healthy Adults. Drugs used for sedation in anesthesia and intensive care may cause pharyngeal dysfunction and increased risk for aspiration. In this study, the authors investigate the impact of sedative doses of morphine and midazolam on pharyngeal function during swallowing and coordination of breathing and swallowing.Pharyngeal function, coordination of breathing (...) infusion to 42 and 44% of swallows compared with 17% in baseline recordings. Midazolam markedly increased incidence of pharyngeal dysfunction from 16 to 48% and 59%. Morphine prolonged apnea before swallowing, and midazolam increased the number of swallows followed by inspiration.Morphine and midazolam in dosages that produce sedation are associated with increased incidence of pharyngeal dysfunction and discoordinated breathing and swallowing, a combination impairing airway protection and potentially

2015 Anesthesiology

117. Severe viral oesophagitis, pharyngitis, and stomatitis as antecedents of ileocecal Crohn's disease (PubMed)

Severe viral oesophagitis, pharyngitis, and stomatitis as antecedents of ileocecal Crohn's disease We present a 22-year-old male who developed a severe erosive oesophagitis extending to the pharynx and oral cavity without obvious risk factors. Endoscopic image suggested viral aetiology that could not be confirmed by routine serological diagnostics of infections with cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and Herpes simplex virus. The histopathological evaluation also gave no definite clues (...) to the aetiology of the inflammation. Treatment with acyclovir was ineffective, but gancyclovir therapy caused spectacular clinical improvement and healing of erosions. Two months later the patient presented febrile diarrhoea that was a symptom of ileocecal Crohn's disease proven by endoscopy, enterography, and histopathology. It is the first report of severe viral oesophagitis preceding clinical manifestation of Crohn's disease. This observation warrants further study towards the viral aetiology of oral

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2015 PrzeglaÌœd gastroenterologiczny

118. Effects of orthognathic surgery on pharyngeal airway and respiratory function during sleep in patients with mandibular prognathism. (PubMed)

in pharyngeal airway morphology in that patient, but he was obesity class 1 and was 54 years old. In conclusion, some patients who are obese, have a large amount of mandibular setback, and/or are of relatively advanced age may develop sleep-disordered breathing after mandibular setback; a two-jaw operation should therefore be considered in skeletal class III patients who have such risks because it decreases the amount of pharyngeal airway space reduction caused by mandibular setback surgery. Copyright © (...) Effects of orthognathic surgery on pharyngeal airway and respiratory function during sleep in patients with mandibular prognathism. The aim of this study was to determine changes in overnight respiratory function and craniofacial and pharyngeal airway morphology following orthognathic surgery. The subjects were 40 patients in whom mandibular prognathism was corrected by orthognathic surgery: a one-jaw operation in 22 patients and a two-jaw operation in 18 patients. Morphological changes were

2014 International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

119. Evaluation of pharyngeal airway space changes after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery with a 3-dimensional simulation and modeling program. (PubMed)

, and cross-sectional measurements, and polysomnography changes were compared with the paired samples t test. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the association between the computed tomography and polysomnography measurements.The results indicated that setback procedures produce anteroposterior narrowing of the pharyngeal airway space at the oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal levels and the middle and inferior pharyngeal volumes (P <0.05). In contrast, advancement of the maxilla causes widening (...) of the airway in the nasopharyngeal and retropalatal dimensions and increases the superior pharyngeal volume (P <0.05). Distinctively, bimaxillary orthognathic surgery induces significant increases in the total airway volume and the transverse dimensions of all airway areas (P <0.05). Significant correlations were found between the measurements on the computed tomography scans and crucial polysomnography parameters.Bimaxillary orthognathic surgery for correction of Class III malocclusion caused an increase

2014 American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics

120. Effect of Sub-mental Sensitive Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation on Pharyngeal Muscles Control : TENSVIRT Study

Effect of Sub-mental Sensitive Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation on Pharyngeal Muscles Control : TENSVIRT Study Effect of Sub-mental Sensitive Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation on Pharyngeal Muscles Control : TENSVIRT Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of Sub-mental Sensitive Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation on Pharyngeal Muscles Control : TENSVIRT Study (TENSVIRT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02170506 Recruitment Status : Completed First

2014 Clinical Trials

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