How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

6,702 results for

Pharyngitis Causes

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

101. Pharyngeal perforation and tracheopharyngeal fistula caused by foreign body impaction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pharyngeal perforation and tracheopharyngeal fistula caused by foreign body impaction. Development of a tracheopharyngeal fistula after pharyngeal perforation is an uncommon occurrence. As a result, published guidance for management of this rare type of aerodigestive tract fistula is limited. We describe the workup and management of a traumatic tracheopharyngeal fistula caused by foreign body impaction. A conservative, endoscopic treatment strategy with broad-spectrum antibiotics, transnasal

2015 Annals of Thoracic Surgery

102. May the change of platelet to lymphocyte ratio be a prognostic factor for T3-T4 laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma: A retrospective study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

May the change of platelet to lymphocyte ratio be a prognostic factor for T3-T4 laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma: A retrospective study. Many blood markers have been shown to predict the recurrence and survival of various malignancies, but the effects of surgery on the body's inflammatory levels may cause changes in these inflammatory markers. Therefore, in this study, we assessed the relationship between changes in platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and survival and recurrence in patients (...) with T3-T4 laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC).Data of patients with T3-T4 HSCC were reviewed. Continuous variables were expressed as mean ± SD and were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. The covariate distributions were compared by Chi-square test. Survival curve was estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Log-Rank test were performed to estimate the survival curve and significance of the difference in survival distribution between groups, respectively. The prognostic value

2018 PLoS ONE

103. The usefulness of narrow band imaging in the assessment of laryngeal papillomatosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The usefulness of narrow band imaging in the assessment of laryngeal papillomatosis. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease caused by human papillomavirus 6 and 11. The characteristic feature of this disease are wart-like lesions covering the respiratory epithelium with a predilection for the larynx. There is no curative treatment for the disease. The goal of the treatment is a total surgical removal of the papillomatous lesions in order to reduce the number of relapses

2018 PLoS ONE

104. Serum selenium levels and the risk of progression of laryngeal cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Serum selenium levels and the risk of progression of laryngeal cancer. Observational studies have reported an inverse relationship between selenium status (blood or toenail) and the risk of laryngeal cancer; however, the impact of low serum selenium level on survival has not been evaluated.We conducted a prospective study of 296 patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer in Szczecin, Poland. Serum selenium was measured at diagnosis and prior to treatment. Patients were followed from the date (...) of diagnosis to death at five years. Vital status was obtained by linkage to the Polish National Death Registry.The five-year survival after diagnosis was 82.0% (95% CI: 68% to 91%) for individuals in the highest quartile of serum selenium (> 66.8 μg/L) and was 28.6% (95% CI 19% to 42%) for individuals in the lowest quartile (<50.0 μg/L). In an age- and sex-adjusted analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) for death from all causes was 7.01 (95% CI 3.81 to 12.9) for patients in the lowest quartile of serum selenium

2018 PLoS ONE

105. Consensus Statement: Using Laryngeal Electromyography for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vocal Cord Paralysis

RLN in 48% of cases. Cricoaryte- noid fixation and superior laryngeal neuropathy were the most common other diagnoses observed. Conclusions: If prognostic information is required in a patient with vocal fold paralysis that is more than 4 weeks and less than 6 months in duration, then LEMG should be performed. LEMG may be performed to clarify treatment decisions for vocal fold immobility that is presumed to be caused by RLN. Muscle Nerve 53: 850–855, 2016 Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN (...) ) is a periph- eral nerve lesion resulting in vocal fold paralysis. Clinical symptoms of vocal fold paralysis include hoarseness and swallowing dysfunction, including aspiration. This condition is caused by compression, disruption, or in?ammation of the nerve along its anatomic course. Recurrent laryngeal nerve lesions can occur from the skull base to the mediastinum as part of the vagus nerve or in its ascent via the tracheoesophageal groove into the larynx. RLN can occur after surgeries involving the head

2016 American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine

106. Consensus statement: using laryngeal electromyography for the diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord paralysis

RLN in 48% of cases. Cricoaryte- noid fixation and superior laryngeal neuropathy were the most common other diagnoses observed. Conclusions: If prognostic information is required in a patient with vocal fold paralysis that is more than 4 weeks and less than 6 months in duration, then LEMG should be performed. LEMG may be performed to clarify treatment decisions for vocal fold immobility that is presumed to be caused by RLN. Muscle Nerve 53: 850–855, 2016 Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN (...) ) is a periph- eral nerve lesion resulting in vocal fold paralysis. Clinical symptoms of vocal fold paralysis include hoarseness and swallowing dysfunction, including aspiration. This condition is caused by compression, disruption, or in?ammation of the nerve along its anatomic course. Recurrent laryngeal nerve lesions can occur from the skull base to the mediastinum as part of the vagus nerve or in its ascent via the tracheoesophageal groove into the larynx. RLN can occur after surgeries involving the head

2016 American Academy of Neurology

107. Effect of Intravenous Lidocaine and Dexamethasone Combination on Postoperative Sore Throat, Cough and Hoarseness.

Last Update Posted : November 7, 2016 Sponsor: B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Information provided by (Responsible Party): Dr Asish Subedi, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Post operative sore throat (POST) following tracheal intubation is a common problem causing dissatisfaction and discomfort to the patients. Prophylactic use of both lidocaine and dexamethasone has been used independently for this purpose. However (...) Effect of Intravenous Lidocaine and Dexamethasone Combination on Postoperative Sore Throat, Cough and Hoarseness. Effect of Intravenous Lidocaine and Dexamethasone Combination on Postoperative Sore Throat, Cough and Hoarseness. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2013 Clinical Trials

108. Effect of preoperative licorice lozenges on incidence of postextubation cough and sore throat in smokers undergoing general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation. (Abstract)

Effect of preoperative licorice lozenges on incidence of postextubation cough and sore throat in smokers undergoing general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation. Post-Operative Sore Throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect ofendotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested whether medicated lozenges of Licorice provides efficacy in decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under (...) general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation.100 patients, 20 - 65 years, American Society ofAnaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Grade I & II, of either sex, with history of smoking, and posted for elective surgical procedure lasting more than one hour and requiring general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation were included and randomly divided into two groups (n = 50) to receive Licorice lozenges (Group A) and Sugar Candy (Group B). The patients were assessed for cough, sore throat

2013 Middle East journal of anesthesiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

109. Should Bite Guards Be Used With Laryngeal Mask Airways In Adults?

Should Bite Guards Be Used With Laryngeal Mask Airways In Adults? BestBets: Should Bite Guards Be Used With Laryngeal Mask Airways In Adults? Should Bite Guards Be Used With Laryngeal Mask Airways In Adults? Report By: Elizabeth Heptinstall - Clinical Fellow Neuro-ICU Search checked by Louise Heptinstall - Clinical Fellow Institution: St George's Hospital, London, UK Date Submitted: 17th November 2013 Date Completed: 10th March 2015 Last Modified: 11th March 2015 Status: Green (complete) Three (...) Part Question In [adults with an unsecured airway requiring an emergent laryngeal mask airway] should [bite guards be used] to [prevent airway loss during awakening]? Clinical Scenario A 54-year-old man has suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The Paramedic Emergency Service have instituted ALS—administering a defibrillatory shock and managing his airway by insertion of a laryngeal mask airway device. Spontaneous circulation has returned but the patient still required airway and breathing

2015 BestBETS

110. Ponto-medullary nuclei involved in the generation of sequential pharyngeal swallowing and concomitant protective laryngeal adduction in situ Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ponto-medullary nuclei involved in the generation of sequential pharyngeal swallowing and concomitant protective laryngeal adduction in situ Both swallowing and respiration involve postinspiratory laryngeal adduction. Swallowing-related postinspiratory neurons are likely to be located in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and those involved in respiration are found in the Kölliker-Fuse nucleus (KF). The function of KF and NTS in the generation of swallowing and its coordination (...) with respiration was investigated in perfused brainstem preparations of juvenile rats (n = 41). Orally injected water evoked sequential pharyngeal swallowing (s-PSW) seen as phasic, spindle-shaped bursting of vagal nerve activity (VNA) against tonic postinspiratory discharge. KF inhibition by microinjecting isoguvacine (GABAA receptor agonist) selectively attenuated tonic postinspiratory VNA (n = 10, P < 0.001) but had no effect on frequency or timing of s-PSW. KF disinhibition after bicuculline (GABAA

2014 The Journal of physiology

111. Large laryngeal polyp causing airway obstruction Full Text available with Trip Pro

Large laryngeal polyp causing airway obstruction 29497548 2018 11 14 2053-8855 2016 8 2016 Aug Oxford medical case reports Oxf Med Case Reports Large laryngeal polyp causing airway obstruction. omw050 10.1093/omcr/omw050 Ochiai Atsushi A Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Japan. eng Journal Article 2016 08 29 England Oxf Med Case Reports 101642070 2053-8855 2018 3 3 6 0 2016 8 29 0 0 2016 8 29 0 1 epublish 29497548 10.1093

2016 Oxford Medical Case Reports

112. Laryngeal lipoma: a rare cause of acute intermittent airway obstruction Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laryngeal lipoma: a rare cause of acute intermittent airway obstruction We present a case of a 62-year-old man with a lipoma in the exceedingly rare location of the larynx, causing intermittent airway obstruction and dysphagia. The lipoma was excised endoscopically with complete resolution of symptoms. Lipomas are relatively common, accounting for 4-5% of all benign tumours in the body. They traditionally occur in areas of large depositions of subcutaneous fat, most frequently the trunk (...) and limbs. They are recognised to occur in the head and neck but these only represent 13-15% of all lipomas. Lipomas are typically asymptomatic unless their impingement of nearby structures causes symptoms. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

2016 BMJ case reports

113. Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction: a common and overlooked cause of exertional breathlessness Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction: a common and overlooked cause of exertional breathlessness 27563141 2017 06 19 2018 11 13 1478-5242 66 650 2016 Sep The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction: a common and overlooked cause of exertional breathlessness. e683-5 10.3399/bjgp16X687001 Hall Andrew A Thomas Mike M Sandhu Guri G Hull James H JH eng Journal Article England Br J Gen

2016 The British Journal of General Practice

114. Identification of Risk Factors Causing Difficulty in Laryngeal Mask Insertion

to insertion of laryngeal mask collected in 8 Italian research centers Criteria Inclusion Criteria: ASA classification I-II Age between 18 and 65 years Airway management with laryngeal mask Signed informed consent to the study in the medical record Exclusion Criteria: Diseases of the upper airways Risk of inhalation of gastric contents (previous gastric surgery, hiatal hernia, gastroesophageal reflux, peptic ulcer, stomach full, pregnancy) Large obese (BMI> 40) Sore throat, voice alteration A history (...) Identification of Risk Factors Causing Difficulty in Laryngeal Mask Insertion Identification of Risk Factors Causing Difficulty in Laryngeal Mask Insertion - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more

2016 Clinical Trials

115. Comparison Between the Protectorâ„¢ Laryngeal Mask Airway and the Endotracheal Tube for Minimally Invasive Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery. (Abstract)

Comparison Between the Protectorâ„¢ Laryngeal Mask Airway and the Endotracheal Tube for Minimally Invasive Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery. Pharyngolaryngeal symptoms are a main concern after neck surgery. The Protector™ LMA is a new supraglottic airway device. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate whether application of the LMA Protector™ causes fewer pharyngolaryngeal symptoms than application of the endotracheal tube after minimally invasive total thyroidectomy (...) . Finally, the LMA group had fewer episodes of emergence cough, compared with the ETT group.The LMA Protector™ causes fewer pharyngolaryngeal symptoms than the ETT within 6 and 12 h after minimally invasive total thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03098667.

2019 World Journal of Surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

116. Cohort Study on Laryngeal Cough Reflex, Respiratory Disease, and Death: A Mediation Analysis. (Abstract)

self-reported questionnaire. Exposure was experience of laryngeal cough reflex while drinking. The outcome was all-cause mortality. All covariates were selected from demographic, socioeconomic variables, baseline health and functional status, smoking, alcohol drinking, number of remaining teeth, and stroke. The mediator variable was respiratory disease. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality. Parametric mediation analysis was conducted to estimate (...) to 1.19] and respiratory disease (HR = 1.80; 95% CI = 1.62 to 2.00) were associated with mortality. The mediation analysis showed that respiratory disease significantly (P < .001) and partially mediated the association between laryngeal cough reflex, an indicator of 1 or more conditions such as chronic aspiration and mortality.Laryngeal cough reflex was a prevalent condition, and it was associated with all-cause mortality in community-dwelling older Japanese individuals. Clinicians could contribute

2019 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

117. Lateral thermal spread induced by energy devices: a porcine model to evaluate the influence on the recurrent laryngeal nerve. (Abstract)

Lateral thermal spread induced by energy devices: a porcine model to evaluate the influence on the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis is a frequently observed complication after esophagectomy, and thermal injury is considered to be one of the causes. The difference in the lateral thermal spread associated with the grasping range of various energy devices remains unknown.Ultrasonic devices (Harmonic® HD1000i and Sonicision™) and a vessel-sealing device (Ligasure (...) devices. In the NIM study, the activation of the Sonicision with one-third grasping range did not cause EMG changes at distances of up to 1 mm from the RLN, whereas applying Ligasure with a one-third grasping range 1 mm away from the RLN led to a critical result.The grasping range did not influence the thermal spread induced by the energy devices. Ultrasonic devices may be safer in terms of lateral thermal spread to the RLN than Ligasure.

2019 Surgical endoscopy

118. Comparison of Supreme laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal intubation for airway management during general anesthesia for cesarean section: a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of Supreme laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal intubation for airway management during general anesthesia for cesarean section: a randomized controlled trial. The obstetric airway is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Endotracheal intubation is considered the standard of care but the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) has gained acceptance as a rescue airway and has been incorporated into the obstetric airway management guidelines. In this randomized controlled

2019 BMC Anesthesiology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

119. Association of Mallampati scoring on airway outcomes in women undergoing general anesthesia with Supreme™ laryngeal mask airway in cesarean section. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Mallampati scoring on airway outcomes in women undergoing general anesthesia with Supreme™ laryngeal mask airway in cesarean section. Obstetric dfficult airway is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is often used as a rescue airway device after failed intubation, however, little is known about predictors of difficult LMA insertion, particularly in obstetrics. Since Mallampati scores of III/IV has been associated with difficult (...) MP: 15.7 (4.4) seconds, p = 0.2172), and first attempt success rate, seal pressure, and peak airway pressure. No clinical aspiration was noted. The incidence of blood on SLMA was higher in the High MP group than in Low MP (4 (6.6%) vs 4 (0.8%), p = 0.001). There was no difference in sore throat, voice hoarseness, maternal satisfaction and fetal outcomes.High MP was not associated with reduced SLMA airway outcomes in cesarean section under general anesthesia, but may increase the risk of blood

2019 BMC Anesthesiology

120. Prehospital Laryngeal Tube Airway Device Placement Resulting in Hypopharyngeal Perforation: A Case Report. (Abstract)

extensive resuscitative efforts by the EMS crew. Upon autopsy of the patient, it was discovered that the laryngeal tube device had caused a deep 5 cm perforation to the left piriform recess. The laryngeal tube had bent and was pushed into the perforation in the piriform recess; had the patient had regain of spontaneous circulation this could have caused significant morbidity. Laryngeal tube airway devices have shown increased usage in healthcare settings, in particular in the prehospital arena. Studies (...) Prehospital Laryngeal Tube Airway Device Placement Resulting in Hypopharyngeal Perforation: A Case Report. A 26-year-old female patient presented in cardiac arrest from presumed opioid overdose. An Ambu King LTS-D laryngeal device was placed by EMS providers for airway management during the resuscitation. There was no documented difficulty with placement and breath sounds and waveform capnography were consistent with appropriate placement. The resuscitation was terminated on scene after

2019 Prehospital emergency care

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>