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Pharyngitis Causes

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81. Study of ideal topical pharyngeal anesthesia in upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. (PubMed)

(p<0.05). It was determined that as anesthetization scores increased, discomfort in the throat caused by the device, coughing during the procedure, and anxiety scores decreased (p<0.05).Lidocaine gel and spray combination is the most ideal pharyngeal anesthesia to ensure the adaptation of the patient to the procedure and to decrease anxiety and discomfort during the procedure. (...) Study of ideal topical pharyngeal anesthesia in upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. This study is designed to determine which drug forms provide ideal pharyngeal anesthesia when used during upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy.A total of 180 patients were included in the study. Using the random number table, these patients were divided into three groups. Group 1, lidocaine gel+isotonic spray; Group 2, base lubricant gel+lidocaine spray

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2016 The Turkish journal of gastroenterology : the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology

82. Tissue tropisms in group A Streptococcus: what virulence factors distinguish pharyngitis from impetigo strains? (PubMed)

Tissue tropisms in group A Streptococcus: what virulence factors distinguish pharyngitis from impetigo strains? Group A streptococci (GAS) are a common cause of pharyngitis and impetigo, and distinct throat strains and skin strains have been long recognized. This review aims to describe recent advances in molecular differences between throat and skin strains, and the pathogenic mechanisms used by virulence factors that may distinguish between these two groups.Recent findings include a new

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2016 Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases

83. Blunt pharyngeal trauma detected by ultrasound sonography: A case report (PubMed)

. Emphasis is based on the suspicion that minor blunt neck trauma may cause pharyngeal perforation. (...) Blunt pharyngeal trauma detected by ultrasound sonography: A case report Pharyngeal perforation related to blunt neck trauma is a rare clinical entity. Here in, we report a case of pharyngeal perforation secondary to minor blunt neck trauma. A 46 year old female was brought to our emergency room with neck pain. She fell down and hit her neck directly to the edge of a bed. There was no crepitation in physical examination. Neck ultrasound showed a small amount of air in her deep neck space

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2016 Trauma Case Reports

84. The Clinical Presentation of Fusobacterium-Positive and Streptococcal-Positive Pharyngitis in a University Health Clinic: A Cross-sectional Study. (PubMed)

The Clinical Presentation of Fusobacterium-Positive and Streptococcal-Positive Pharyngitis in a University Health Clinic: A Cross-sectional Study. Pharyngitis guidelines focus solely on group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infection. European data suggest that in patients aged 15 to 30 years, Fusobacterium necrophorum causes at least 10% of cases of pharyngitis; however, few U.S. data exist.To estimate the prevalence of F. necrophorum; Mycoplasma pneumoniae; and group A and C/G β-hemolytic (...) streptococcal pharyngitis and to determine whether F. necrophorum pharyngitis clinically resembles group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis.Cross-sectional.University student health clinic.312 students aged 15 to 30 years presenting to a student health clinic with an acute sore throat and 180 asymptomatic students.Polymerase chain reaction testing from throat swabs to detect 4 species of bacteria and signs and symptoms used to calculate the Centor score.Fusobacterium necrophorum was detected in 20.5

2015 Annals of Internal Medicine

85. Tonic stimulation of the pharyngeal mucosa causes pain and a reversible increase of inflammatory mediators (PubMed)

Tonic stimulation of the pharyngeal mucosa causes pain and a reversible increase of inflammatory mediators To develop a model of the inflammatory component of non-infectious sore throat using tonic stimulation and quantification of inflammatory mediators in pharyngeal lavage fluid.Forty-five healthy volunteers.Cold dry air.Tonic stimulation of the pharynx was achieved using a constant stream of cold dry air to the back of the throat. Following optimization of stimulation conditions (phase 1 (...) ), and substance P (P < 0.001), but no increase in peptidoleukotriene. When the stimulus was removed, the level of inflammatory markers in pharyngeal lavage fluid returned to baseline by 30 min post-stimulation. These objective measures mirrored subjective pain ratings.Tonic stimulation of the pharyngeal mucosa with cold dry air causes pain and an increase of inflammatory mediators which are reversible.

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2013 Inflammation Research

86. Effectiveness of corticosteroid treatment in acute pharyngitis: a systematic review of the literature

that corticosteroid treatment for acute pharyngitis was associated with a relatively small reduction in time to clinically meaningful pain relief and pain relief at 24 hours. Overall, the authors' acknowledged the limitations of the data and analyses, but their conclusions should be interpreted with appropriate caution. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness and tolerability of corticosteroids for pain relief of acute pharyngitis potentially caused by group A beta-haemolytic Streptococcus (GABHS (...) of corticosteroids for the treatment of acute pharyngitis potentially caused by group A beta-haemolytic Streptococcus . In patients with severe disease, physicians should weigh the risks and benefits of corticosteroids before instituting treatment. Research : The authors did not state any implications for further research. Funding University of Alberta, Department of Emergency Medicine, Canada; 21st Century Canada Research Chairs program (Government of Canada). Bibliographic details Wing A, Villa-Roel C, Yeh B

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2010 DARE.

87. Lemierre's Syndrome – A rare cause of disseminated sepsis requiring multi-organ support (PubMed)

Lemierre's Syndrome – A rare cause of disseminated sepsis requiring multi-organ support Lemierre's syndrome is a rare complication of acute pharyngitis characterised by septicaemia with infective thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, most commonly due to Fusobacterium necrophorum. It characteristically affects healthy young adults causing persistent pyrexia and systemic sepsis presenting several days after an initial pharyngitis. Septic emboli seed via the bloodstream to distant

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2017 Journal of the Intensive Care Society

88. Letermovir (Prevymis) - to prevent illness caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV) in adults having an allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant

Letermovir (Prevymis) - to prevent illness caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV) in adults having an allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant 30 Churchill Place ? Canary Wharf ? London E14 5EU ? United Kingdom An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44 (0)20 3660 5520 Send a question via our website www.ema.europa.eu/contact © European Medicines Agency, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. 9 November 2017 EMA/CHMP/490007/2017 (...) population being CMV-seropositive in most countries. Similar to other herpesviruses, acute infection is generally followed by latent (dormant) infection. Among individuals with intact immune systems, reactivation of CMV infection is uncommon and is generally asymptomatic. However, CMV reactivation in immunocompromised patients, such as transplant recipients, can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Annually, approximately 27,000 allogeneic HSCTs are performed worldwide (Gratwohl 2015): in 2014

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

89. Halzoun, an allergic pharyngitis syndrome in Lebanon: the trematode Dicrocoelium dendriticum as an additional cause. (PubMed)

Halzoun, an allergic pharyngitis syndrome in Lebanon: the trematode Dicrocoelium dendriticum as an additional cause. Halzoun syndrome typically manifests in the form of an allergic pharyngitis following the consumption of raw or undercooked ovine liver. First described in Lebanon in 1905, it was initially attributed to Fasciola hepatica, while later publications have attributed it to other pathogens. There has been no definitive documentation of the pathogen causing the Lebanese Halzoun

2012 Acta Tropica

90. Ingestion and Pharyngeal Trauma Causing Secondary Retropharyngeal Abscess in Five Adult Patients (PubMed)

Ingestion and Pharyngeal Trauma Causing Secondary Retropharyngeal Abscess in Five Adult Patients Retropharyngeal abscess most commonly occurs in children. When present in adults the clinical features may not be typical, and associated immunosuppression or local trauma can be part of the presentation. We present a case series of five adult patients who developed foreign body ingestion trauma associated retropharyngeal abscess. The unusual pearls of each case, along with their outcomes

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2012 Case Reports in Emergency Medicine

91. Pharyngitis Causes

Pharyngitis Causes Pharyngitis Causes Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pharyngitis Causes Pharyngitis Causes Aka (...) : Pharyngitis Causes , Sore Throat Causes , Dysphagia from Oropharyngeal Cause From Related Chapters II. Causes: Bacterial (Persists slightly longer than viral) Common l Causes Pneumococcus (also ) e (also ) Other l Causes necrophorium ( ) Causes 10% of cases in young adults and adolescents Risk of (high morbidity and mortality) Consider empiric treatment in young patients with severe, prolonged cases >5 days Other Streptococcal species (Groups B, C, G) ral l processes III. Causes: Viral (Pharyngitis lasts

2015 FP Notebook

92. Nasopharyngeal polyp causing sensory disturbances: a case report (PubMed)

Nasopharyngeal polyp causing sensory disturbances: a case report Nasopharyngeal polyps are benign abnormal mucosal protrusions associated with nasal and pharyngeal mucosa. They are commonly found in all age groups with various symptoms. This paper presents a case of a 52-year-old male who presented with constant numbness over the dental midline and extending along the right side of the maxilla for the past few weeks. The patient also reported difficulty in breathing, especially lying down

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2016 Electronic physician

93. Lung and pharyngeal abscess caused by enterotoxin G- and I-producing Staphylococcus aureus. (PubMed)

Lung and pharyngeal abscess caused by enterotoxin G- and I-producing Staphylococcus aureus. We report a particularly serious case of extensive meticillin sensitive Staphylococcal lung and pharyngeal abscess. Our patient had no significant risk factors for severe infection. The detection of enterotoxin G and I here suggest that when present together, these toxins work synergistically to produce a more virulent strain of Staphylococcus aureus.Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

2011 Journal of Infection

94. Atypical microdeletion in 22q11 deletion syndrome reveals new candidate causative genes: A case report and literature review. (PubMed)

causative genes that regulate the development of the third and fourth pharyngeal arches in human. However, the exact pathogenesis of this syndrome remains unknown. Herein, we report a case of 22q11 deletion syndrome with an atypical microdeletion of 125 kb.A 15-year-old Chinese girl presented with symptoms of facial dysmorphia, cardiac defects, velopharyngeal insufficiency, splenomegaly, immunodeficiency, and thrombocytopenia.Microarray analysis revealed a 22q11.23 deletion of 125 kb (chromosome 22 (...) Atypical microdeletion in 22q11 deletion syndrome reveals new candidate causative genes: A case report and literature review. 22q11 deletion syndrome, the most common chromosomal microdeletion disease, is caused by megabase-sized deletions on chromosome 22q11.2. It is characterized by a wide spectrum of congenital anomalies in velopharyngeal and facial, cardiac, genitourinary, vertebroskeletal, respiratory, digestive, and central nervous systems. Phenotype-genotype studies have revealed several

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2018 Medicine

95. Pediatric Amazonian Toxoplasmosis Caused by Atypical Strains in French Guiana, 2002-2017. (PubMed)

Pediatric Amazonian Toxoplasmosis Caused by Atypical Strains in French Guiana, 2002-2017. Amazonian toxoplasmosis is a recently described form of Toxoplasma gondii infection, characterized by severe clinical and biological features and involvement of atypical genetic strains circulating through a forest-based cycle. Though mostly reported in French Guiana since 1998, this disease is probably under-diagnosed in other areas of South America. Few data are available on its specific features (...) in children.We retrospectively included all children seen in Cayenne between 2002 and 2017, diagnosed with acute toxoplasmosis due to an atypical strain. Clinical and biological features and risk factors of Amazonian toxoplasmosis were recorded.Eleven children met the inclusion criteria. The main clinical features were fever, lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly, as reported in adults. Less expected signs such as rhinorrhea, pharyngitis and maculopapular rash were also frequent. Cutaneous signs

2018 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

96. Oesophageal causes of dysphagia localised only to the pharynx: implications for the suspected head and neck cancer pathway. (PubMed)

Oesophageal causes of dysphagia localised only to the pharynx: implications for the suspected head and neck cancer pathway. Dysphagia is a presenting symptom of both pharyngeal and oesophageal cancers. The referral pathway choice is determined by whether it is thought to be oropharyngeal or oesophageal, and this is in turn influenced by whether dysphagia is perceived to be above or below the suprasternal notch. We studied the concordance between the presence of pharynx-localised dysphagia (PLD (...) was 74 years. The commonest benign pathologies were cricopharyngeal dysfunction with or without pharyngeal pouch (n = 67), peptic stricture (n = 44) and Schatzki's ring (n = 11). There were 49 cases of cancer, including one hypopharyngeal cancer, one cervical oesophageal cancer, 28 cancers of the upper/mid-thoracic oesophagus, 15 cancers of the lower thoracic oesophagus and 4 cardio-oesophageal cancers. In 105 (59%) patients, PLD was caused by oesophageal disease. Independent predictors of malignancy

2018 Clinical Otolaryngology

97. An Underlooked Cause of Periodic Fever (PFAPA) in an Adult Patient with No Response to Tonsillectomy (PubMed)

An Underlooked Cause of Periodic Fever (PFAPA) in an Adult Patient with No Response to Tonsillectomy Periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) is an autoinflammatory disease manifested as recurrent febrile episodes associated with one of the following cardinal features: aphthous ulceration, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis. It was initially described in children and thought to be a disease of pediatric age group. Few adult cases were also reported

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2018 Case reports in rheumatology

98. Appaconitine Patch for Oral Mucositis Pain Caused by Chemoradiotherapy in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Appaconitine Patch for Oral Mucositis Pain Caused by Chemoradiotherapy in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Cancer Appaconitine Patch for Oral Mucositis Pain Caused by Chemoradiotherapy in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Cancer - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Appaconitine Patch for Oral Mucositis Pain Caused by Chemoradiotherapy in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Cancer The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier

2018 Clinical Trials

99. A swimming pool-associated outbreak of pharyngoconjunctival fever caused by human adenovirus type 4 in Beijing, China (PubMed)

A swimming pool-associated outbreak of pharyngoconjunctival fever caused by human adenovirus type 4 in Beijing, China Patients with swimming pool-acquired human adenovirus (HAdV) infections usually manifest characteristic clinical features that include fever, pharyngitis, and conjunctival inflammation, syndromically referred to as pharyngoconjunctival fever (PCF). HAdV types 3, 4, and 7 are most commonly associated with PCF. This article reports an outbreak of PCF that involved 55 students

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2018 International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases

100. Parapharyngeal Abscesses Caused by Group G Streptococcus (PubMed)

Parapharyngeal Abscesses Caused by Group G Streptococcus Deep neck abscess is a life-threatening infection that causes laryngeal edema and upper airway occlusion. The predominant bacterial species involved in this disorder is group A streptococcus. Group G streptococcus (GGS) constitutes the normal commensal flora of the human upper airway. Although rarely, it can cause pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and peritonsillar abscess. Here, we report a case of a woman with parapharyngeal abscess caused

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2018 Case reports in otolaryngology

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