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Pharyngitis Causes

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61. Development of a Closed-Loop Stimulator for Laryngeal Reanimation: Part 2. Device Testing in the Canine Model of Laryngeal Paralysis. (Abstract)

artifact rejection techniques for FES of both healthy and paralyzed VFs. Stimulation levels effective for VF adduction did not cause signs of discomfort during awake testing.Our inductive and battery-powered prototypes performed effectively during in vivo testing, and the 2 units that were implanted for long-term evaluation held up well. As a proof of concept, we demonstrated that elicited neck strap muscle or laryngeal EMG potentials could be used as a control signal for closed-loop stimulation (...) Development of a Closed-Loop Stimulator for Laryngeal Reanimation: Part 2. Device Testing in the Canine Model of Laryngeal Paralysis. Laryngeal paralysis of central or peripheral origin can potentially be treated using functional electrical stimulation (FES) of laryngeal muscles. Experiments in canines (dogs) were performed using implant prototypes capable of closed-loop FES to refine engineering designs and specifications, test surgical approaches for implantation, and better understand

2019 Rhinology and Laryngology

62. Laryngeal adductor function following potassium titanyl phosphate laser welding of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. (Abstract)

Laryngeal adductor function following potassium titanyl phosphate laser welding of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) transection injuries may occur during thyroidectomy and other surgical procedures. Laser nerve welding has been shown to cause less technique-related axonal damage than the traditional suture method. We compared functional adductor results using these two methods of RLN repair.Animal model.Canine hemilarynges underwent pretreatment testing (...) of laryngeal adductor function, followed by RLN transection and repair using potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser welding (n = 8) or microneural suture (n = 16) techniques. Six months later, adductor function was measured again and expressed as a proportion of the pretreatment value.The mean laryngeal adductor pressure ratios were 82.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 72.8%-92.0%) for the laser repair group and 55.5% (95% CI: 49.4%-61.6%) for the suture control group, with a difference of 26.9% (95% CI

2019 Laryngoscope

63. Laryngeal cryptococcus: a rare cause of hoarseness in renal allograft recipient Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laryngeal cryptococcus: a rare cause of hoarseness in renal allograft recipient Cryptococcosis commonly involves central nervous system and lungs in organ transplant recipients. Isolated laryngeal infection is extremely rare. We report a rare case of cryptococcus in a renal allograft recipient that clinically presented with hoarseness of voice and mimicked laryngeal carcinoma on examination.

2015 Journal of nephropharmacology

64. A three‐dimensional placoderm (stem‐group gnathostome) pharyngeal skeleton and its implications for primitive gnathostome pharyngeal architecture Full Text available with Trip Pro

, nearly complete pharyngeal skeleton in an Early Devonian placoderm fish, Paraplesiobatis heinrichsi Broili, from Hunsrück Slate of Germany. Using synchrotron light tomography, we resolve and reconstruct the three-dimensional gill arch architecture of Paraplesiobatis and compare it with other gnathostomes. The preserved pharyngeal skeleton comprises elements of the hyoid arch (probable ceratohyal) and a series of branchial arches. Limited resolution in the tomography scan causes some uncertainty (...) A three‐dimensional placoderm (stem‐group gnathostome) pharyngeal skeleton and its implications for primitive gnathostome pharyngeal architecture The pharyngeal skeleton is a key vertebrate anatomical system in debates on the origin of jaws and gnathostome (jawed vertebrate) feeding. Furthermore, it offers considerable potential as a source of phylogenetic data. Well-preserved examples of pharyngeal skeletons from stem-group gnathostomes remain poorly known. Here, we describe an articulated

2017 Journal of morphology

65. Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update | Journal of Clinical Oncology Search in: Menu Article Tools ASCO SPECIAL ARTICLE Article Tools OPTIONS & TOOLS COMPANION ARTICLES No companion articles ARTICLE CITATION DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2017.75.7385 Journal of Clinical Oncology - published online before print November 27 (...) , 2017 PMID: Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update x Arlene A. Forastiere , x Nofisat Ismaila , x Jan S. Lewin , x Cherie Ann Nathan , x David J. Adelstein , x Avraham Eisbruch , x Gail Fass , x Susan G. Fisher , x Scott A. Laurie , x Quynh-Thu Le , x Bernard O’Malley , x William M. Mendenhall , x Snehal Patel , x David G. Pfister , x Anthony F. Provenzano , x Randy Weber , x Gregory S

2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

66. Anterior laryngeal electrodes for recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring during thyroid and parathyroid surgery: New expanded options for neural monitoring. (Abstract)

Anterior laryngeal electrodes for recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring during thyroid and parathyroid surgery: New expanded options for neural monitoring. Intraoperative neural monitoring is a useful adjunct for the laryngeal nerve function assessment during thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Typically, monitoring is performed by measurement of electromyographic responses recorded by endotracheal tube (ETT) surface electrodes. Tube position alterations during surgery can cause displacement (...) of the electrodes relative to the vocal cords, leading to false positive loss of signal. Numerous reports have denoted monitoring equipment-related issues, especially endotracheal tube displacement, as the dominant source of false positive error. The false positive error may result in inappropriate decisions by the surgeon. This study tests the hypothesis that anterior laryngeal electrodes (ALEs) can help reduce this error. Placement of ALEs directly onto the thyroid cartilage represent an adjunctive

2018 Laryngoscope

67. Laryngopyocoele: an unusual cause of a sore throat. (Abstract)

Laryngopyocoele: an unusual cause of a sore throat. Laryngopyocoeles are rare entities that present as airway obstruction or as neck masses. We present a unique case of a laryngopyocoele in a young patient with a sore throat. A 22-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a sore throat of 1-week duration. He had no other upper respiratory symptoms. His vitals were as follows: heart rate, 91; respiratory rate, 16; blood pressure, 119/60; and temperature, 36.8 (98.3°F). There were

2012 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

68. Application of Minimum Effective Cuff Inflating Volume for Laryngeal Mask Airway and its Impact on Postoperative Pharyngeal Complications. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Application of Minimum Effective Cuff Inflating Volume for Laryngeal Mask Airway and its Impact on Postoperative Pharyngeal Complications. High intracuff pressure can cause severe pharyngeal complications including sore throat or hoarseness after laryngeal mask airway (LMA) removal postoperatively. Though the application of minimum effective cuff inflating volume is suggested to maintain airway sealing and adequacy of ventilation for patients receiving general anesthesia with LMA at lower level (...) of the intracuff pressure, it is currently not a standard care in most of the anesthetic departments. In this study, the minimum effective cuff inflating volume was determined for classic LMA Well Lead™ (Well Lead Medical Co., Ltd., China) and its impact on postoperative pharyngeal complications was also explored.Patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (I-III) undergoing the short-duration urological surgery were recruited in this trial. First, the minimum effective cuff inflating

2015 Chinese medical journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

69. On an Outbreak of Sore Throats and of Scarlet Fever caused by Infected Milk Full Text available with Trip Pro

On an Outbreak of Sore Throats and of Scarlet Fever caused by Infected Milk 20474143 2010 06 22 2010 06 22 0022-1724 2 2 1902 Apr 01 The Journal of hygiene J Hyg (Lond) On an Outbreak of Sore Throats and of Scarlet Fever caused by Infected Milk. 150-69 Newsholme A A eng Journal Article England J Hyg (Lond) 0375374 0022-1724 2010 5 18 6 0 1902 4 1 0 0 1902 4 1 0 1 ppublish 20474143 PMC2236025

1902 The Journal of hygiene

70. Why does sore throat diagnosis and management cause controversy?

Why does sore throat diagnosis and management cause controversy? db's Medical Rants » Blog Archive » Why does sore throat diagnosis and management cause controversy? Internal medicine, American health care, and especially medical education 3 Posted by rcentor | Posted on 10-04-2015 Category : In 2007, Malcolm Gladwell spoke to the Society of Medical Decision Making in Pittsburgh. In his talk concerning decision making, he used sore throats as an example of “easy decision making”. Of course I (...) stood up after his talk to point out that even sore throats raise complex decisions. Just this year, my friend and colleague Jeffrey Linder titled his editorial about our recent pharyngitis paper: Sore Throat: Avoid Overcomplicating the Uncomplicated Sore throats often are uncomplicated. They often represent “just a sore throat”. But sometimes they portend more serious illness. Many diagnostic delays occur because we physicians “blow off” the patient’s complaints as simple or uncomplicated

2015 db's Medical Rants blog

71. The Pushback Pharyngeal Flap: An 18-Year Experience. (Abstract)

The Pushback Pharyngeal Flap: An 18-Year Experience. The pharyngeal flap is one of the oldest and most popular techniques for correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency. The authors describe a large series using a technique that combines a pharyngeal flap with a palate pushback to avoid common causes of operative failure while restoring the velopharyngeal mechanism.A retrospective cohort study was performed of patients who underwent a pushback pharyngeal flap by a single surgeon from 2000 (...) mm. Postoperative complications included flap dehiscence (n = 1), transient dysphagia (n = 2), obstructive sleep apnea (n = 4), and a palatal fistula and/or persistent velopharyngeal insufficiency that required further surgery (n = 6). At an average of 2.5 years postoperatively, 91.7 percent of patients achieved adequate velopharyngeal function, with significant improvements in the majority of speech metrics (p < 0.001).The pushback pharyngeal flap is a safe and effective technique for treatment

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

72. Predominance of emm4 and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pyogenes in acute pharyngitis in a southern region of Korea. (Abstract)

Predominance of emm4 and antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pyogenes in acute pharyngitis in a southern region of Korea. Streptococcus pyogenes is the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis. Genotyping of emm is useful for molecular epidemiological survey of S. pyogenes. Antibiotic resistance data are needed for empirical treatments.In total, 358 children in Changwon, Korea who had pharyngitis symptoms were subjected to throat cultures to isolate S. pyogenes in 2017. emm genotyping

2019 Journal of Medical Microbiology

73. Pharyngeal dysfunction associated with early and late onset sleep disordered breathing in children. (Abstract)

Pharyngeal dysfunction associated with early and late onset sleep disordered breathing in children. To compare the frequency and type of diagnoses associated with pharyngeal dysfunction (PD) in children presenting with early versus late onset sleep disordered breathing (SDB).This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study. A consecutive series of children ≤3 years old who underwent management for SDB were retrospectively identified from a prospectively kept surgical database. The early onset (...) ). There was no statistically significant difference in airway lesions between groups.Early-onset SDB is associated with conditions causing PD more often than later-onset SDB. Identifying these conditions and optimizing their management may impact outcomes in treating pediatric SDB.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

74. Pharyngeal hairy polyps: Case series and literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pharyngeal hairy polyps: Case series and literature review. It was aimed to report 5 cases of pharyngeal hairy polyps, and to summarize the characteristics combined with literature review.Five cases with pathological diagnosis of pharyngeal hair polyps were diagnosed and treated in our department from June, 2006 to October, 2016, and retrospective analysis of their clinical data was performed. Among the 5 cases, there were 1 male and 4 female, with the age of 2 days to 26 months old. After (...) . Symptoms disappeared completely after the surgery, and follow-up was performed for 1 year without recurrence shown.Pharyngeal hairy polyp is a rare non-malignant clinical disease, mainly caused by symptoms in respiratory tract obstruction. Complete removal of polyps along the pars basilaris is an effective treatment, with no recurrence case reported after surgery.

2019 Medicine

75. Evaluation of preoperative Strepsils lozenges on incidence of postextubation cough and sore throat in smokers undergoing anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of preoperative Strepsils lozenges on incidence of postextubation cough and sore throat in smokers undergoing anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. Post-operative sore throat (POST) is an undesirable side effect of endotracheal intubation. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures have been utilized for minimizing the morbidity caused by POST. We have tested use of Strepsils lozenges in providing efficacy for decreasing POST in smokers presenting for surgery under general (...) anesthesia with endotracheal intubation.100 patients, 20-65 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, either sex, history of smoking, posted for elective surgical procedure of more than 1 hour, requiring general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation were included and randomly divided into groups (n = 50) to receive Strepsils (Group A) and sugar candy (Group B). The patients were assessed for cough, sore throat, and hoarseness of voice after extubation, 30 min, 12 hrs

2014 Saudi journal of anaesthesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

76. Comparison of Siccoral(®) spray, Stomatovis (®) gargle, and Strefen (®) lozenges on postoperative sore throat. (Abstract)

Comparison of Siccoral(®) spray, Stomatovis (®) gargle, and Strefen (®) lozenges on postoperative sore throat. Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a frequent complication caused by mucosal trauma to the pharyngeal, laryngeal, and tracheal airway after endotracheal intubation. We compared the effectiveness of Siccoral, Strefen, and Stomatovis treatments in alleviating POST.This prospective, randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial compares the incidence of POST with Strefen lozenges

2014 Journal of anesthesia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

77. Comparing the Effect of Dexamethasone before and after Tracheal Intubation on Sore Throat after Tympanoplasty Surgery: A Randomized Controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparing the Effect of Dexamethasone before and after Tracheal Intubation on Sore Throat after Tympanoplasty Surgery: A Randomized Controlled trial. Presence of a sore throat after surgery is a common side effect of general anesthesia with intratracheal intubation and can cause discomfort for the patient and prolong the recovery process. In this study we compared the effect of dexamethasone before and after intubation on the incidence of sore throat after tympanoplasty surgery.In a double (...) -blind, randomized clinical trial, 70 patients aged 30-60 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II who were candidates for tympanoplasty under anesthetic conditions were studied in two separate groups. The first group received intravenous (IV) dexamethasone (8 mg) 30 mins prior to intubation while the second group received the same dose of dexamethasone 30 mins after intubation. The incidence and severity of the sore throat in both groups were

2014 Iranian journal of otorhinolaryngology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

78. Incidence of Sore Throat With Traditional Intubation Blades or Glidescope Blade

, it was noticed that patients who reported sore throat often required intubation with the GlideScope™. Standard of care at the AMC Hospital dictates that the Glidescope is used as a "rescue" device for failed direct laryngoscopy on a difficult airway; if traditional direct laryngoscopy with a Macintosh or Miller blade cannot provide adequate laryngeal views, progression to a different airway device such as the Glidescope or fiberoptic scope is indicated. The initial attempt with direct laryngoscopy (...) on a difficult airway often requires utilization of McGill forceps, which increases the chance of upper airway injury prior to the rescue attempt with the GlideScope. Consequently, it is difficult to determine whether patients' reports of post-operative sore throat are caused by the irritation inflicted by the multiple laryngoscopic attempts required in patients where the Glidescope was needed as a rescue method, or whether it is due to the actual utilization of the Glidescope itself. Previous studies have

2014 Clinical Trials

79. Tobramycin - treating long-term lung infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients aged six years and older who have cystic fibrosis

of the study showed that Tobramycin PARI can be considered comparable to Tobi. What are the risks associated with Tobramycin PARI? Side effects with Tobramycin PARI are not common. However, the following side effects are seen in up to 1 in 100 patients: dyspnoea (difficulty breathing), dysphonia (hoarseness), pharyngitis (sore throat) and cough. For the full list of side effects and restrictions, see the package leaflet. Why is Tobramycin PARI authorised in the EU? The European Medicines Agency decided (...) Tobramycin - treating long-term lung infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients aged six years and older who have cystic fibrosis 30 Churchill Place ? Canary Wharf ? London E14 5EU ? United Kingdom An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44 (0)20 3660 5555 Send a question via our website www.ema.europa.eu/contact © European Medicines Agency, 2019. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. EMA/886328/2018 EMEA/H/C

2019 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

80. Radiotherapy for locally advanced resectable T3–T4 laryngeal cancer—does laryngeal preservation strategy compromise survival? Full Text available with Trip Pro

intensity causes augmentation of adverse events, which might reduce compliance. Thereafter, cetuximab, an effective drug with fewer adverse effects [bioradiotherapy (BRT)], emerged as another option. However, little evidence has confirmed its superiority over RT (or CCRT) in laryngeal cancer subpopulations. In spite of these developments, the OS of patients with laryngeal cancer has not improved for several decades. In fact, several studies indicated a decrease in OS during the 1990s, probably due (...) Radiotherapy for locally advanced resectable T3–T4 laryngeal cancer—does laryngeal preservation strategy compromise survival? With the advancement of chemotherapy, a laryngeal preservation (LP) strategy was explored with the aim of improving maintenance of quality of life. Induction chemotherapy (ICT) following radiotherapy (RT) was considered a viable option because of its high initial response rate without hampering of overall survival (OS). Subsequently, concurrent chemoradiotherapy

2017 Journal of radiation research

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