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Pharyngitis Causes

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21. Primary Laryngeal Blastomycosis: Diagnostic Challenges and Advances in a Rare Cause of Laryngitis. (Abstract)

Primary Laryngeal Blastomycosis: Diagnostic Challenges and Advances in a Rare Cause of Laryngitis. Blastomyces dermatitidis is a fungal organism endemic to the central and southern United States and capable of causing numerous diseases. Primary blastomycosis of the larynx is a rare clinical entity with a limited number of reported cases in the literature. Diagnosis is challenging as a result of nonspecific physical exam findings, difficulty of histopathologic detection and culture, and need (...) for operative laryngeal biopsy for definitive identification. Molecular and serologic testing is not widely available. The authors present a case of laryngeal blastomycosis, the diagnosis of which was facilitated by in-office biopsy, and discuss diagnostic challenges.© 2019 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

2019 Laryngoscope

22. Postoperative Sore Throat in the Pediatric Population.

Collaborator: Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust Information provided by (Responsible Party): Nicola Disma, MD, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Endotracheal tubes (ETT) and laryngeal mask airways (LMA) are devices used to help breathing whilst patients are asleep for surgery. Children may have a more satisfying experience if the rate of of post operative sore throat (POST) and hoarseness (PH (...) Postoperative Sore Throat in the Pediatric Population. Postoperative Sore Throat in the Pediatric Population. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Postoperative Sore Throat in the Pediatric

2017 Clinical Trials

23. Amylmetacresol/2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol, hexylresorcinol, or carrageenan lozenges as active treatments for sore throat Full Text available with Trip Pro

Amylmetacresol/2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol, hexylresorcinol, or carrageenan lozenges as active treatments for sore throat Up to 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses. Several over the counter products are available which provide symptomatic, not causal relief. For such lozenges, containing the antiseptics and local anesthetics amylmetacresol (AMC) and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol (DCBA) or hexylresorcinol (HR), recently an additional virucidal effect was published. Therefore, we tested a set (...) of Strepsils® lozenges, containing either HR (Max [#2]) or AMC/DCBA (Original [#3], Extra Strong [#4], Warm [#5], Orange and Vitamin C [#6], Sugar free Lemon [#7], Children/Strawberry [#8] and Soothing Honey and Lemon [#9]) for their antiviral efficiency against representatives of respiratory viruses known to cause sore throat: human rhinovirus (HRV) 1a, HRV8, influenza virus A H1N1n, Coxsackievirus A10, and human coronavirus (hCoV) OC43. The lozenges were tested head to head with Coldamaris® lozenges (#1

2017 International journal of general medicine

24. Endotracheal tube-induced sore throat pain and inflammation is coupled to the release of mitochondrial DNA Full Text available with Trip Pro

Endotracheal tube-induced sore throat pain and inflammation is coupled to the release of mitochondrial DNA In the absence of infection, the pathophysiology of endotracheal tube-induced sore throat pain is unclear. Activated neutrophils release elastase, reactive oxygen species, and inflammatory cytokines known to contribute to neuropathic pain. Sterile tissue injury can cause the release of damage-associated molecular patterns such as mitochondrial DNA that promote neutrophil activation. We (...) throat patients had high neutrophilia with elevated adhesion molecule and TLR9 expression and constitutive reactive oxygen species generation. Tracheal lavage fluid from sore throat patients accumulated mitochondrial DNA and stimulated neutrophils to release mediators associated with pain in a TLR9- and DNAse-dependent fashion. Endotracheal tube-induced sore throat is linked to the release of mitochondrial DNA and can drive TLR9-mediated inflammatory responses by neutrophils reported to cause pain

2017 Molecular pain

25. Sore throat in primary care project: a clinical score to diagnose viral sore throat. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sore throat in primary care project: a clinical score to diagnose viral sore throat. Viral agents cause the majority of sore throats. However, there is not currently a score to diagnose viral sore throat. The aims of this study were (i) to find the rate of bacterial and viral causes, (ii) to show the seasonal variations and (iii) to form a new scoring system to diagnose viral sore throat.A throat culture for group A beta haemolytic streptococci (GABHS) and a nasopharyngeal swab to detect 16 (...) respiratory viruses were obtained from each patient. Over a period of 52 weeks, a total of 624 throat cultures and polymerase chain reaction analyses were performed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to find the clinical score.Viral infection was found in 277 patients (44.3%), and GABHS infection was found in 116 patients (18.5%). An infectious cause was found in 356 patients (57.1%). Rhinovirus was the most commonly detected infectious agent overall (highest in November, 34.5%), and the highest

2015 Family Practice

26. Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci

Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Study of 5 and 10 Days Treatment With Penicillin Against Sore Throat Caused by Streptococci The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02712307 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : March 18, 2016 Last Update Posted : November 14, 2018 Sponsor: Ass. Prof

2016 Clinical Trials

27. Classification of laryngeal injury in patients with prolonged intubation and to determine the factors that cause the injury. (Abstract)

Classification of laryngeal injury in patients with prolonged intubation and to determine the factors that cause the injury. This study aims to evaluate injuries occurring in the larynx of patients intubated in intensive care units for a long time.Prospective clinical study.Tertiary hospital.Between April 15, 2019, and November 15, 2019, 40 patients who were hospitalized in intensive care units had a tracheotomy procedure due to prolonged intubation, and laryngeal structures were evaluated (...) by direct laryngoscopy. The laryngeal structures were evaluated in four groups as glottic-supraglottic region, arytenoid vocal process, interaritenoid region and subglottic region. Edema, granulation and ulceration findings in these four regions were recorded. The injuries to the laryngeal structures were classified as stages 0-3. As a result of the data obtained, the relationship between the degree of laryngeal lesions and the factors that may cause these lesions was investigated.According to our

2020 American Journal of Otolaryngology

28. Understanding group A streptococcal pharyngitis and skin infections as causes of rheumatic fever: protocol for a prospective disease incidence study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Understanding group A streptococcal pharyngitis and skin infections as causes of rheumatic fever: protocol for a prospective disease incidence study. Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infections cause the autoimmune disease acute rheumatic fever (ARF), which can progress to chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Treating pharyngitis caused by GAS with antibiotics is important in preventing ARF. However, it is difficult to distinguish these infections from GAS carriers. There is growing evidence (...) for GAS skin infections as a cause of ARF. This study will identify the incidence of true GAS pharyngitis and serological responses to GAS skin infections. The effectiveness of antibiotics for these conditions will be explored, and modifiable risk factors. Serum antibody titres indicating the upper limits of normal (ULN for ASO/ADB antibodies) will be established alongside carriage rates in asymptomatic children.This is a prospective disease incidence study, with an associated case-control study

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

29. Acute pharyngitis

by the rapid onset of sore throat and pharyngeal inflammation (with or without exudate). Absence of cough, nasal congestion, and nasal discharge distinguishes bacterial from viral aetiologies. It can be caused by a variety of viral and bacterial pathogens, including group A Streptococcus (GAS), as well as fungal pathogens ( Candida ). Bacterial pharyngitis is more common in winter (or early spring), while enteroviral infection is more common in the summer and autumn. Generally a self-limited condition (...) Acute pharyngitis Acute pharyngitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Acute pharyngitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Hallmarked by acute onset of sore throat; the absence of cough, nasal congestion and discharge suggests a bacterial aetiology. Rapid antigen detection tests allow immediate point-of-care assessment of group A Streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis. The goal

2018 BMJ Best Practice

30. A Rare Case of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage caused by Ruptured Venous Varix Due to Dural Arteriovenous Fistula at the Foramen Magnum Fed Solely by the Ascending Pharyngeal Artery Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Rare Case of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage caused by Ruptured Venous Varix Due to Dural Arteriovenous Fistula at the Foramen Magnum Fed Solely by the Ascending Pharyngeal Artery Dural arteriovenous fistula (D-AVF) at the foramen magnum is an extremely rare disease entity. It produces venous hypertension, and can lead to progressive cervical myelopathy thereafter. On the other hand, the venous hypertension may lead to formation of a venous varix, and it can rarely result in an abrupt onset (...) of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) when the venous varix is ruptured. The diagnosis of D-AVF at the foramen magnum as a cause of SAH may be difficult due to its low incidence. Furthermore, when the D-AVF is fed solely by the ascending pharyngeal artery (APA), it may be missed if the external carotid angiography is not performed. The outcome could be fatal if the fistula is unrecognized. Herein, we report on a rare case of SAH caused by ruptured venous varix due to D-AVF at the foramen magnum fed solely

2018 Journal of cerebrovascular and endovascular neurosurgery

31. Whole genome shotgun sequences of Streptococcus pyogenes causing acute pharyngitis from India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Whole genome shotgun sequences of Streptococcus pyogenes causing acute pharyngitis from India Streptococcus pyogenes, belonging to group A streptococcus (GAS), causes over 600 million infections annually being a predominant human pathogen. Lack of genomic data on GAS from India is one limitation to understand its virulence and antimicrobial resistance determinants. The genome of GAS isolates from clinical samples collected at Navi Mumbai, India was sequenced and annotated. Sequencing

2018 Data in brief

32. Severe bradycardia caused by the deviation of the laryngeal mask airway Supreme: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Severe bradycardia caused by the deviation of the laryngeal mask airway Supreme: A case report. Classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA) has long been used for airway management. The LMA Supreme is a modified single-use version of the LMA Proseal, but it still remains some deficits such as the instable positioning that lead to easily sliding and the mask bowl full of air might lead to the reduced blood flow of the internal carotid artery. The carotid sinus is a baroreceptor that responds (...) that the dislocated LMA may cause carotid sinus syndrome (CSS).The patient's heart rate (HR) gradually rosed up as soon as the LMA adjusted back to the normal position.The patient was comfortable in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU) and had no adverse sequelae.The position of LMA Supreme should be confirmed throughout the surgery especially for the ones who has changed the position and the head was covered by surgical drapes.

2019 Medicine

33. Chronic laryngitis caused by Mycobacterium Kansasii in a traveler. (Abstract)

Chronic laryngitis caused by Mycobacterium Kansasii in a traveler. Chronic laryngitis commonly presents with dysphonia, and infectious causes include tuberculosis and endemic mycoses. We present a 58-year-old female with laryngitis for 5 years, fevers, chills, fatigue, malaise, myalgias, anterior neck pain, and night sweats after multicontinent exposure. Bronchoscopy cultures were negative. Bilateral microflap excision of vocal fold lesions demonstrated thickened epithelium and a deep vocal

2019 Laryngoscope

34. Hemi-laryngopharyngeal spasm as a novel cause of inducible laryngeal obstruction with a surgical cure: report of 3 cases. (Abstract)

Hemi-laryngopharyngeal spasm as a novel cause of inducible laryngeal obstruction with a surgical cure: report of 3 cases. Inducible laryngeal obstruction has been described under at least 40 different monikers, including vocal cord dysfunction, paroxysmal vocal fold motion, and irritable larynx. The etiology of this condition is believed to be laryngeal hyperactivity in response to psychological issues or acid reflux. Most patients are treated with some combination of proton pump inhibitors (...) are reported here.Each patient presented with a similar pattern of episodic coughing and choking that increased in frequency, severity, and duration over years. The episodes eventually occurred while sleeping and could cause severe stridor with loss of consciousness. All three patients were initially misdiagnosed with a psychiatric illness and subjected to multiple intubations and one tracheostomy. Unilateral botulinum toxin injections in the vocal fold eased the severity of the throat contractions

2018 Journal of Neurosurgery

35. An unusual cause of stridor: congenital laryngeal web Full Text available with Trip Pro

An unusual cause of stridor: congenital laryngeal web Respiratory distress and stridor are some of the common presenting symptoms for children in Pediatric Emergency Department. Most of these children are diagnosed as having common illnesses such as laryngitis, croup or laryngomalacia. However, Pediatric Emergency physicians must keep in mind other rare respiratory diseases other than laryngitis or croup in the differential diagnosis of stridor. Stridor may occur due to congenital and acquired (...) diseases. Laryngeal web is one of the rare congenital causes of stridor, which usually presents in the first weeks of life; however, it is very rarely diagnosed in the later period. Herein, we report a one-year-old boy who was evaluated for croup and was diagnosed as having laryngeal web.

2018 Turkish Archives of Pediatrics/Türk Pediatri Arşivi

36. Laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal tube for percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, or creating a false passage during dilatation or replacement of the tracheostomy tube, can lead to pneumothorax or emphysema. Wound infections may occur which can cause mediastinits, especially after creation of false passage or in early tracheotomized post-sternotomy patients after cardiac surgery. During the procedure, the patient's airway can be secured with an endotracheal tube (ETT) or a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). This is an updated version of the review first published in 2014.To assess the safety (...) Laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal tube for percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill adults. Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is one of the most common bedside surgical procedures performed in critically ill adults, on intensive care units (ICUs), who require long-term ventilation. PDT is associated with relevant life-threatening complications: Cuff rupture or accidental extubation may lead to hypoxia, aspiration or loss of airway. Puncture of the oesophagus

2018 Cochrane

37. Laryngitis

laryngitis, vocal strain and chronic irritant laryngitis. History and exam presence of risk factors hoarseness dysphagia sore throat odynophagia cough hyperaemia of the oropharynx hx of heavy vocal use gastro-oesophageal reflux oropharyngeal white-grey exudates rhinitis fatigue and malaise fever enlarged tonsils enlarged, tender anterior cervical lymph nodes post-nasal drip dyspnoea weight loss tonsillopharyngeal exudate acute respiratory distress toxic appearance drooling stridor recent hx of URI (...) Laryngitis Laryngitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Laryngitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx, which can lead to oedema of the true vocal folds. Causes may be infectious or non-infectious (e.g., vocal strain, reflux laryngitis, chronic irritative laryngitis). Generally clinically diagnosed. Symptoms of acute disease, most

2018 BMJ Best Practice

38. Management of sore throat and indications for tonsillectomy

definitions Acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, or acute exudative tonsillitis may all cause sore throat. for the purpose of non-surgical management, these are considered together under the term ‘sore throat’. No accepted definition of ‘childhood’ exists in Scots law or NHSScotland. Upper cut-off ages used in studies of children included in this guideline vary from 12 to 16. for the purposes of this guideline, recommendations concerning tonsillectomy in childhood apply to ages 4-16. for prescribing (...) throats are more severe than viral ones or that the duration of the illness is significantly different in either case. The precise diagnosis may be of academic interest, or possibly clinically relevant in more severe cases. between 50 to 80% of infective sore throat is of viral cause, including influenza and primary herpes simplex. An additional 1-10% of cases are caused by Epstein-barr virus (glandular fever). The most common bacterial organism identified is group A beta-haemolytic streptococcus

2010 SIGN

39. Subdural empyema caused by Peptostreptococcus sp.: a complication of acute pharyngitis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Subdural empyema caused by Peptostreptococcus sp.: a complication of acute pharyngitis Subdural Empyema (ESD) is the collection of purulent fluid that develops between the exterior "dura mater" layer and the middle "arachnoid mater" layer that covers the brain. ESD can be caused by a primary infection located in the paranasal sinuses. In many aerobic and/or anaerobic bacterial cases, hearing or traumatic processes serve as the causative agent. This report presents pharyngitis in a young girl (...) which later developed into a subdural empyema caused by the bacteria Peptostreptococcus sp. The report emphasizes the correct clinical valuation of pharyngitis as a risk factor for developing subdural empyema in children.

2017 Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

40. Unusual Pharyngeal Pain Caused by Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Report of Three Cases Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unusual Pharyngeal Pain Caused by Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Report of Three Cases Most patients complaining of pharyngeal pain have an upper respiratory tract infection or other local explanation for their pain. Here we show 3 rare cases of patients visiting our Otorhinolaryngology Department who had an initial symptom of pharyngeal pain caused by acute coronary syndrome (ACS). An electrocardiogram and a cardiac biomarker test are recommended to exclude ACS with atypical presentation in cases (...) without pharyngolaryngeal findings comparable to pharyngeal pain.

2017 Clinics and practice

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