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Pet-Borne Infection

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1. Management of newborns born to women with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection

Management of newborns born to women with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection Management of newborns born to women with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection Document ID CHQ-GDL-01243 Version no. 3.1 Approval date 28/05/2019 Executive sponsor Executive Director Medical Services Effective date 28/05/2019 Author/custodian Infectious Diseases Physician - Infection Management and Prevention services Review date 28/05/2021 Supercedes 3.0 Applicable to All Children’s Health Queensland (...) staff Authorisation Executive Director Clinical Services (QCH) Purpose This guideline provides best practice recommendations for obstetricians, paediatricians, neonatologists and Human Immunodeficient Virus (HIV) physicians regarding management of infants born to women with HIV infection. Scope This Guideline provides information for all Children’s Health Queensland (CHQ) employees (permanent, temporary and casual) and all organisations and individuals acting as its agents (including Visiting

2019 Queensland Health

2. Long-term sequelae in infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection born to mothers with primary versus non-primary infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Long-term sequelae in infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection born to mothers with primary versus non-primary infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

3. Pet-Borne Infection

Pet-Borne Infection Pet-Borne Infection Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pet-Borne Infection Pet-Borne Infection Aka (...) : Pet-Borne Infection , Pet-Borne Parasitic Zoonoses , Pet Borne Disease , Pet Borne Zoonoses , Zoonoses From Related Chapters II. Transmission: Skin Contact with contaminated soil or water (or skin-to-skin contact) ( from dog or cat feces exposure) (fish tanks) ( , esp. microsporum canis) III. Transmission: Fecal-oral route - ingestion of contaminated soil or feces ( from dogs) (Cat litter) (Cats and dogs) sis (Cats and dogs) (Cats and dogs) (Cats, dogs, chickens and reptiles) (Dogs, rodents

2018 FP Notebook

4. Knowledge of potential risk of blood-borne viral infections and tattooing practice among adults in Mandalay Region, Myanmar. (PubMed)

Knowledge of potential risk of blood-borne viral infections and tattooing practice among adults in Mandalay Region, Myanmar. Tattooing especially gains popularity among both men and women in adulthood from the wide range of socioeconomic groups and is noted as a risk taking behaviour in adults. Especially when tattooing does not perform to the highest standards, it can potentially be the hazardous practice. Myanmar has a paucity of evidence-based information on the estimated prevalence (...) of tattoos and awareness of potential disease transmission from tattooing under insanitary conditions as well as the infection risk. The present research was undertaken to help identify the self-reported prevalence of tattooing among adults (18-35 years) and their knowledge of transmission risk of blood-borne infections and its determinants.A community-based cross-sectional study focused on residents aged 18-35 years was carried out in two urban and two rural areas in Mandalay district, Mandalay Region

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2019 PLoS ONE

5. Rodent-borne infections in rural Ghanaian farming communities. (PubMed)

Rodent-borne infections in rural Ghanaian farming communities. Rodents serve as reservoirs and/or vectors for several human infections of high morbidity and mortality in the tropics. Population growth and demographic shifts over the years have increased contact with these mammals, thereby increasing opportunities for disease transmission. In Africa, the burden of rodent-borne diseases is not well described. To investigate human seroprevalence of selected rodent-borne pathogens, sera from 657 (...) of the rodent-borne pathogens tested, including antibodies to viral hemorrhagic fever viruses. The high seroprevalence found in rural Ghana to rodent-borne pathogens associated with both sporadic cases and larger disease outbreaks will help define disease threats and inform public health policy to reduce disease burden in underserved populations and deter larger outbreaks.

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2019 PLoS ONE

6. Epidemiology, risk factors, and co-infection of vector-borne pathogens in goats from Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran. (PubMed)

Epidemiology, risk factors, and co-infection of vector-borne pathogens in goats from Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran. Several vector-borne pathogens restrict livestock farming and have significant economic impact worldwide. In endemic areas livestock are exposed to different tick species carrying various pathogens which could result in co-infection with several tick-borne pathogens in a single host. Although the co-infection of and the interaction among pathogens are critical factors (...) , respectively. Co-infections of goats with up to 3 pathogens were seen in 22% of the samples. We detected a significant association between T. ovis infection and age, T. ovis infection and location (Zabol), and A. ovis infection and location (Sarbaz) by multivariate logistic regression analysis. In addition, by analyzing the data with respect to Plasmodium caprae infection in these goats, a negative correlation was found between P. caprae and A. ovis infection. This study contributes to understanding

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2019 PLoS ONE

7. FDG-PET/CT(A) Imaging in Large Vessel Vasculitis and Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Joint Procedural Recommendation of the EANM, SNMMI, PET Interest Group, and endorsed by ASNC

, Alexandre E. Voskuyl d , Martin A. Walter d , Dario Camellino d , Elisabeth Brouwer d , Marco A. Cimmino d Reviewer group*: Aiden Abidove e , Denis Agostini a , Rob S. Beanlands e , Roberto C. Delgado-Bolton f , Andrew J.Einstein e , Alessia Gimelli a , Edward J. Miller e , Roberto Sciagrà a , Alberto Signore b *Members of EANM Cardiovascular a , EANM Infection & Inflammation b Committees, SNMMI Cardiovascular c Council, PET Interest Group d , and ASNC e , EANM Committee Coordinator f . Address (...) regarding PET imaging acquisition for LVV and PMR, even though standardization is of utmost importance to facilitate clinical studies and for daily clinical practice. This is a joint procedural recommendation on FDG-PET/CT(A) imaging in large vessel vasculitis and polymyalgia rheumatica from the Cardiovascular and Inflammation & Infection Committees of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM), the Cardiovascular Council of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI), the PET

2018 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

8. Neurodevelopment in Young Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers: A Meta-analysis

Neurodevelopment in Young Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers: A Meta-analysis HIV-infected (HIV+) children have worse neurodevelopmental outcomes compared with HIV-uninfected children. However, little is known regarding the differences in neurodevelopment between young HIV+ children, HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children, and HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children.To systematically review and meta-analyze data on neurodevelopmental performance between young HIV+, HEU, and HUU

2018 EvidenceUpdates

9. Risk factors of hospitalization for human respiratory syncytial virus infection in prematurely born infants, the HRSV-PREBIN systematic review and meta-analysis

Risk factors of hospitalization for human respiratory syncytial virus infection in prematurely born infants, the HRSV-PREBIN systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

10. Burden of HRSV acute respiratory infections among prematurely born infants: the HRSV-prebin systematic review and meta-analysis

Burden of HRSV acute respiratory infections among prematurely born infants: the HRSV-prebin systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

11. Long-term sequelae of lower respiratory tract infections among prematurely born infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Long-term sequelae of lower respiratory tract infections among prematurely born infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

12. Cross-neutralisation of viruses of the tick-borne encephalitis complex following tick-borne encephalitis vaccination and/or infection (PubMed)

Cross-neutralisation of viruses of the tick-borne encephalitis complex following tick-borne encephalitis vaccination and/or infection The tick-borne encephalitis complex contains a number of flaviviruses that share close genetic homology, and are responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality with widespread geographical range. Although many members of this complex have been recognised for decades, licenced human vaccines with broad availability are only available for tick-borne (...) encephalitis virus. While tick-borne encephalitis virus vaccines have been demonstrated to induce significant protective immunity, as determined by virus-neutralisation titres, vaccine breakthrough (clinical infection following complete vaccination), has been described. The aim of this study was to confirm the cross-neutralisation of tick-borne flaviviruses using mouse immune ascitic fluids, and to determine the magnitude of cross-neutralising antibody titres in sera from donors following tick-borne

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2017 NPJ Vaccines

13. Canine tick-borne diseases in pet dogs from Romania (PubMed)

Canine tick-borne diseases in pet dogs from Romania Tick-borne diseases are of substantial concern worldwide for animals as well as humans. Dogs have been a human companion for millennia, and their significant impact on human life renders disease in dogs to be of great concern. Tick-borne diseases in dogs represent a substantial diagnostic challenge for veterinarians in that clinical signs are often diffuse and overlapping. In addition, co-infections with two or more pathogens enhance (...) this problem further. Molecular methods are useful to disentangle co-infections and to accurately describe prevalence and geographical distribution of tick-borne diseases. At this point, this information is lacking in many areas worldwide. Romania is one such area, where prevalence and distribution of several important pathogens need to be further investigated. To address this, we screened blood samples from 96 sick dogs with molecular methods for eight different pathogens including Babesia spp., Theileria

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2017 Parasites & vectors

14. Antibacterial activity of essential oil from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) against pet turtle-borne pathogenic bacteria (PubMed)

Antibacterial activity of essential oil from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) against pet turtle-borne pathogenic bacteria Pet turtles are well-known to harbor an array of bacterial pathogens which can cause zoonotic infections in humans as well as opportunistic infections in the turtles itself. Essential oils are the natural plant extracts which have been traditionally used for disease treatment. In the present study, the essential oil of lavender (EOL) was examined for its antibacterial (...) activity against thirty-eight strains of turtle-borne pathogenic bacteria belonging to seven species; Aeromonas hydrophila, A. caviae, A. dhakensis, Citrobacter freundii, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella enterica and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Antibacterial activity of EOL was tested by means of disk diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) tests. In addition, the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of 11 commonly used antimicrobials was examined

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2017 Laboratory animal research

15. Epidemiological survey of ticks and tick-borne pathogens in pet dogs in south-eastern China (PubMed)

-borne pathogens. The use of an in vitro ELISA diagnostic kit for antibody detection (SNAP®4Dx® Plus) on dog sera found the infection rates with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Ehrlichia canis, and Anaplasma spp. to be 0.4%, 1.3% and 2.7%, respectively. By using a specific ELISA method, the infection rate with Babesia gibsoni was 3.9%. Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato, Haemaphysalis longicornis and Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides were the major tick species identified on pet dogs. PCR tests were (...) conducted to detect five tick-borne pathogens in 617 ticks. The infection rate was 10.2% for E. canis, 3.4% for Anaplasma platys, 2.3% for B. gibsoni, 0.3% for B. burgdorferi s.l. and 0% for Babesia canis. Some ticks were co-infected with two (1.46%) or three pathogens (0.16%). These results indicate the infestation of pet dogs by ticks infected with tick-borne pathogens in south-eastern China, and the need for effective treatment and routine prevention of tick infestations in dogs.© J. Zhang et al

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2017 Parasite

16. The Effect of Co-infection of Food-Borne Pathogenic Bacteria on the Progression of Campylobacter jejuni Infection in Mice (PubMed)

The Effect of Co-infection of Food-Borne Pathogenic Bacteria on the Progression of Campylobacter jejuni Infection in Mice Campylobacter is a well-known food-borne pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis. Food products that contain Campylobacter may also be contaminated by other pathogens, however, whether this multiple contamination leads to more severe infection remains unclear. In this study, mice were gavaged with Campylobacter jejuni and other food-borne pathogenic bacteria to mimic (...) -invasive E. coli, co-infection by Listeria monocytogenes showed little effect on C. jejuni infection and even hindered its progress. In addition, the intestinal microecology was also affected by co-infection of C. jejuni with other pathogens, with an increased relative abundance of unclassified Enterobacteriaceae, decreased levels of butyric acid and changes in the abundance of several genera of gut microbe, which suggests that some food-borne pathogenic bacteria might affect the progression of C

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2018 Frontiers in microbiology

17. Investigations by the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection of food and food-borne infections in the Mediterranean Basin and in sub-Saharan Africa (PubMed)

Investigations by the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection of food and food-borne infections in the Mediterranean Basin and in sub-Saharan Africa Food-borne infections are major causes of public health concern in developing and developed countries. During the past decade, the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection has conducted or been involved in multiple investigations that aimed at identifying the sources and strains responsible for food-borne diseases (...) and therefore at improving the understanding, diagnosis, prevention and control of these infections. Investigations were conducted in the Mediterranean area and in sub-Saharan Africa on more than 15 food-borne agents, 17 food products and 14 antibiotic resistance-associated genes. Multiple sources, including unexpected ones, and pathogens, including emerging ones, were involved. Travelling in developing countries and zoonoses are major contributors to food-borne infections, while food-borne transmission

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2018 New Microbes and New Infections

18. Babesia conradae infection in coyote hunting dogs infected with multiple blood‐borne pathogens (PubMed)

Babesia conradae infection in coyote hunting dogs infected with multiple blood‐borne pathogens Babesia conradae is an intraerythrocytic piroplasm infecting dogs in the southern United States. Ticks have been suspected, but unproven, as vectors. We identified B. conradae and other blood-borne pathogens in 2 kennels of sighthounds with a history of coyote fighting.To examine clinicopathologic abnormalities associated with B. conradae infection, risk factors for infection, and the prevalence (...) of coinfections with other blood-borne pathogens.Fifty-five Greyhounds and Greyhound mixes METHODS: Blood samples were collected from each dog for CBC, serum biochemistry panel, conventional and real-time PCR assays (Babesia spp., hemoplasmas, Ehrlichia canis, Bartonella spp., Anaplasma spp., and Rickettsia spp.), vector-borne pathogen ELISA, and immunofluorescent serology and culture for Bartonella spp and Francisella tularensis sero-agglutination test. Associations between B. conradae infection and coyote

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2018 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

19. Developmental follow-up of children and young people born preterm

that they are likely to be anxious about caring for their baby after discharge. This may relate to: interaction with the baby managing feeding patterns of sleeping physical positioning of the baby, including safe sleeping impact on day-to-day living, such as social isolation because of fear of infection. 1.1.10 Involve the social support networks (which may include partners, grandparents Developmental follow-up of children and young people born preterm (NG72) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice (...) Developmental follow-up of children and young people born preterm De Dev velopmental follow-up of children and elopmental follow-up of children and y young people born preterm oung people born preterm NICE guideline Published: 9 August 2017 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng72 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

20. The Impact of HIV Infection on TB Disparities Among US-Born Black and White Tuberculosis Patients in the United States. (PubMed)

The Impact of HIV Infection on TB Disparities Among US-Born Black and White Tuberculosis Patients in the United States. US-born non-Hispanic black persons (blacks) (12% of the US population) accounted for 41% of HIV diagnoses during 2008-2014. HIV infection significantly increases TB and TB-related mortality. TB rate ratios were 6 to 7 times as high in blacks versus US-born non-Hispanic whites (whites) during 2013-2016. We analyzed a sample of black and white TB patients to assess the impact (...) of HIV infection on TB racial disparities.In total, 552 black and white TB patients with known HIV/AIDS status were recruited from 10 US sites in 2009-2010. We abstracted data from the National TB Surveillance System, medical records, and death certificates and interviewed 477 patients. We estimated adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations of TB with HIV infection, late HIV diagnosis (≤3 months before or any time after TB diagnosis), and mortality during TB

2019 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

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