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Periodontal Bleeding

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281. Prevalence of Periodontitis in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: a Case Control Study (Full text)

Prevalence of Periodontitis in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: a Case Control Study To assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among patients undergoing renal dialysis.Sixty hemodialysis patients (30 males, 30 females) with a mean age of 44.4±9.5 years comprised the study group. Periodontal parameters such as plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured in these patients and 60 age and sex-matched control (...) subjects. The data was tabulated and analyzed.The mean duration of dialysis was 5.50±3.02 years. The plaque index (PI) bleeding on probing (BOP), Periodontal probing depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were significantly higher in patients undergoing hemodialysis than in control subjects. The mean clinical attachment level was significantly higher among the dialysis patients (2.78±0.83 mm) than the control subjects (1.97±0.53 mm). The plaque index and bleeding on probing also showed

2018 Materia socio-medica PubMed abstract

282. Exercise habituation is effective for improvement of periodontal disease status: a prospective intervention study (Full text)

Exercise habituation is effective for improvement of periodontal disease status: a prospective intervention study Periodontal disease is closely related to lifestyle-related diseases and obesity. It is widely known that moderate exercise habits lead to improvement in lifestyle-related diseases and obesity. However, little research has been undertaken into how exercise habits affect periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise habits on periodontal (...) pocket depth (PPD) ≥4 mm significantly decreased from 14.4% to 5.6% (P<0.001), and the number of teeth with bleeding on probing (BOP) significantly decreased from 39.8% to 14.4% (P<0.001). The copy counts of Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola decreased significantly (P=0.001). A positive correlation was found between the change in the copy count of T. denticola and the number of teeth with PPD ≥4 mm (P=0.003) and the number of teeth with BOP (P=0.010). A positive correlation was also found

2018 Therapeutics and clinical risk management Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

283. Knowledge of Medical Practitioners about Periodontal Diseases and Its Impact on Overall Health: A Cross-sectional Study (Full text)

Knowledge of Medical Practitioners about Periodontal Diseases and Its Impact on Overall Health: A Cross-sectional Study Periodontal disease is defined as an inflammation of the gums that may result in loss of the tissues holding the teeth in its place. The signs and symptoms include red and/or swollen gums, bleeding gums, halitosis or in severe cases, loosening of teeth. Periodontal diseases act as a risk factor for several health conditions including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (...) and it can even result in adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, in this study, we aim to assess the knowledge of medical practitioners regarding periodontal diseases and its impact on overall health.We conducted a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study that included 100 medical practitioners working in the Combined Military Hospital Lahore, Pakistan.In our study, 83.0% participants knew the definition of periodontal disease; 7.0% of the participants responded that they take their patient's

2018 Cureus PubMed abstract

284. Clinical effects of photodynamic therapy as an adjunct to full-mouth ultrasonic scaling and root planing in treatment of chronic periodontitis (Full text)

(scaling and root planing) with subgingival piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler compared with full-mouth SRP alone.A split-mouth randomized clinical trial was designed. Twenty patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis were treated with subgingival piezoelectric ultrasonic device alone in control group and adjunct treated with PDT in the test group. Probing pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), plaque index (PI), gingival bleeding index (GBI) and gingival inflammation index (GI (...) Clinical effects of photodynamic therapy as an adjunct to full-mouth ultrasonic scaling and root planing in treatment of chronic periodontitis Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a potential strategy to eliminate infection in the specific tissue. It uses lower-power laser to activate a photosensitizing agent. Studies have shown the benefit of PDT in the periodontal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal changes after applying PDT as an adjunct to one visit full-mouth SRP

2018 Laser therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

285. Correlation of serum cytokines, chemokines, growth factors and enzymes with periodontal disease parameters. (Full text)

in association with periodontal conditions in PD and RA subjects.Periodontal examination was performed in RA (n = 38), PD (n = 38) and healthy subjects (n = 14). Bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing pocket depth (PPD) were measured. Marginal bone loss (MBL) for premolars and molars was measured on digital panoramic radiographs. PD was defined as present if the PPD was ≥5mm in ≥ 3 different sites. Serum samples were collected from all subjects. A multiplex proximity extension assay (PEA) was used to analyze (...) Correlation of serum cytokines, chemokines, growth factors and enzymes with periodontal disease parameters. Periodontal disease (PD) is characterized by inflammatory tissue destruction in tooth supporting apparatus. Many studies indicate that the underlying pathogenesis is in concordance with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) sharing immune-inflammatory events affect both diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate serum cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, enzymes and costimulatory proteins

2017 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

286. The effect of methamphetamine abuse on dental caries and periodontal diseases in an Eastern China city. (Full text)

. In evaluating periodontal diseases, community periodontal index (CPI), and the prevalence of gingival bleeding, dental calculus, periodontal pocket and loose teeth, were recorded. Additionally, the non-parametric test was adopted to analyze the potential risk factors via SPSS.All the participants abused meth by inhalation. The mean scores of DT, MT, FT and DMFT in the former meth users were 2.72 ± 2.78, 3.07 ± 3.94, 0.33 ± 1.03 and 6.13 ± 5.20 respectively. The prevalence of gingival bleeding, dental (...) The effect of methamphetamine abuse on dental caries and periodontal diseases in an Eastern China city. Dental diseases are among the most frequently reported health problems in drug abusers. However, few studies have been conducted on oral health of methamphetamine (meth) abusers in China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries and periodontal health profile of former meth abusers in Eastern China.A cross-sectional study was conducted on 162 former meth abusers in the male

2018 BMC Oral Health PubMed abstract

287. Oral hygiene and periodontal conditions in the Chinese patients with aortic aneurysm. (Full text)

information (e.g., height and weight), history of systemic diseases, and oral hygiene habits (e.g., brushing methods and regular oral examinations) were collected in the self-reported survey. Periodontal examinations, such as plaque index and bleeding index, were conducted in all the subjects. The correlation between periodontal indices and AA was further explored using univariate and multivariate analyses.Our analyses revealed that 87.6% of AA patients have chronic periodontitis, which is significantly (...) higher than that of the non-AA patients (55.8%). In addition, AA patients demonstrated more severe periodontal damages with 69.3% moderate and severe periodontitis, compared to only 16.0% in the non-AA group. Using AA as the dependent variable and all the potential risk factors as covariates (e.g., gender, age, smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia), a logistic regression analysis was performed to show clinical attachment loss (CAL) being an independent risk factor for AA

2018 BMC Oral Health PubMed abstract

288. Effects of fixed vs removable orthodontic retainers on stability and periodontal health: 4-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. (Full text)

Effects of fixed vs removable orthodontic retainers on stability and periodontal health: 4-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Our objectives were to compare the stability of treatment and periodontal health with fixed vs removable orthodontic retainers over a 4-year period.A 4-year follow-up of participants randomly assigned to either mandibular fixed retainers from canine to canine or removable vacuum-formed retainers was undertaken. Irregularity of the mandibular anterior (...) segment, mandibular intercanine and intermolar widths, arch length, and extraction space opening were recorded. Gingival inflammation, calculus and plaque levels, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing were assessed. The outcome assessor was blinded when possible.Forty-two participants were included in the analysis, 21 per group. Some relapse occurred in both treatment groups at the 4-year follow-up; however, after adjusting for confounders, the median between-groups difference was 1.64 mm

2018 American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

289. Periodontal health and compliance: A comparison between Essix and Hawley retainers. (Abstract)

Periodontal health and compliance: A comparison between Essix and Hawley retainers. Many studies on removable retainers have focused on retention efficacy and characteristics. However, studies on plaque accumulation, periodontal health, breakages, and patient compliance are still lacking. Thus, in this study, we aimed at evaluating these parameters in 2 groups of young patients wearing Essix or Hawley retainers for a 6-month period.Seventy subjects were included. Periodontal health (...) was investigated by measuring the plaque, gingival, calculus, and bleeding on probing indexes. Evaluations were performed at 1, 3, and 6 months of wearing. Accumulation of plaque on the retainers was also evaluated. Furthermore, compliance on wearing retainers and breakage data were collected by specific questionnaires.Subjects wearing Essix retainers had significantly higher levels of plaque, gingival, and calculus indexes and increased percentages of bleeding sites, compared with subjects wearing Hawley

2018 American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics

290. Periodontal Status among Elderly Inhabitants of Northern Manhattan:The WHICAP Ancillary Study of Oral Health. (Full text)

Periodontal Status among Elderly Inhabitants of Northern Manhattan:The WHICAP Ancillary Study of Oral Health. We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP).1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical (...) attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth.Participants had a mean age of 75.4 years (SD 6.7), were predominantly female (66.6%) and Hispanic (44.7%), and of middle/low educational attainment (~82%). The prevalence of edentulism was 14.7%, and an average of 17.1 teeth (SD 8.0) was present among the dentate. The prevalence of moderate/severe periodontitis according to the CDC/AAP definition was 77.5%. Pockets ≥6 mm were found in 50.2% of the sample, affecting an average of 5.7% of teeth/person

2018 Journal of Clinical Periodontology PubMed abstract

291. A Chinese family with periodontal Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome associated with missense mutation in the C1R gene. (Abstract)

A Chinese family with periodontal Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome associated with missense mutation in the C1R gene. We report a rare case of the periodontal Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (pEDS) associated with severe periodontitis and tooth loss in a Chinese family.The proband complained of gingival bleeding and mobility, which were also reported in his mother, and maternal uncle and his maternal grandmother and great-grandfather in the past. All family members underwent oral, physical, dermatological (...) , and genetic examinations.Oral manifestation of family members affected with pEDS presented severe periodontitis with multiple or total tooth loss. The proband displayed unique clinical manifestations including a characteristic facial appearance and thin, translucent skin with easily visible venous patterns on feet. Whole-exome sequencing identified missense mutation c.265T>C in C1R in all affected family members tested and frameshift mutation c.1322delG in COL3A1 in the proband alone. None

2018 Journal of Clinical Periodontology

292. Complex patterns of response to oral hygiene instructions: longitudinal evaluation of periodontal patients. (Full text)

Complex patterns of response to oral hygiene instructions: longitudinal evaluation of periodontal patients. Oral hygiene instruction is an intervention widely practiced but increased knowledge about oral health does not necessarily dramatically impact oral disease prevalence in populations. We aimed to measure plaque and bleeding in periodontal patients over time to determine patterns of patient response to oral hygiene instructions.Longitudinal plaque and bleeding index data were evaluated (...) in 227 periodontal patients to determine the impact of oral hygiene instructions. Over multiple visits, we determined relative plaque accumulation and gingival bleeding for each patient. Subsequently, we grouped them in three types of oral hygiene status in response to initial instructions, using the longitudinal data over the period they were treated and followed for their periodontal needs. These patterns of oral hygiene based on the plaque and gingival bleeding indexes were evaluated based on age

2018 BMC Oral Health PubMed abstract

293. Periodontitis in patients with cirrhosis: a cross-sectional study. (Full text)

attachment level, and bleeding on probing was performed. Patients were categorized as having no-or-mild, moderate, or severe periodontitis. Predictors of severe periodontitis and the association with nutritional and systemic inflammation status were analyzed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses.The large majority of patients had periodontitis, 46% of them severely and 39% moderately. Predictors of severe periodontitis included smoking (odds ratio (OR) 2.93, 95% confidence (...) Periodontitis in patients with cirrhosis: a cross-sectional study. Many patients with cirrhosis have poor oral health but little is known on periodontitis, and its clinical significance is largely unknown. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and predictors of periodontitis, and evaluate the association of periodontitis with nutritional and systemic inflammation status.145 patients with cirrhosis were consecutively enrolled. Clinical, oral examination of plaque, pocket depth, clinical

2018 BMC Oral Health PubMed abstract

294. Periodontal condition in relation to the adherence to nutrient recommendations in daily smokers. (Full text)

Periodontal condition in relation to the adherence to nutrient recommendations in daily smokers. To examine whether a healthy diet based on nutrient recommendations is associated with periodontal condition in smokers.Daily smokers from the cross-sectional Health 2000 Survey (BRIF 8901) in Finland were analysed in two age groups (30-49 and 50-79 years, n = 704 and 267) and according to the level of oral hygiene. Periodontal condition was measured as the number of sextants with gingival bleeding (...) and teeth with ≥4 mm deepened periodontal pockets. Information on nutrition was collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire and measured using the Baltic Sea Diet Score (BSDS) and the Recommended Finnish Diet Score (RFDS).In the total study population, no association between the scores and periodontal condition was observed. Among 30- to 49-year-old participants with good oral hygiene, diet scores associated inversely with the number of teeth with deepened periodontal pockets (p = .078 (BSDS

2018 Journal of Clinical Periodontology PubMed abstract

295. A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes associate with periodontal and coronary artery disease status. (Abstract)

serotype frequencies were as follows: serotype "c" 35.7%, "b" 28.6%, "a" 26.2%, "e" 7.1%, "d" 2.4% and "f" 0%. The subjects with a detectable serotype had less teeth and higher bleeding on probing than those with no serotype. Serotypes "b" and "c" associated with periodontal probing depths and periodontal inflammatory burden. The saliva and subgingival bacterium quantities and serum antibody levels against A. actinomycetemcomitans were highest in patients harbouring serotype "c." Serotypes "b" and "c (...) A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes associate with periodontal and coronary artery disease status. We investigated the association between the Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans serotypes, periodontal status and coronary artery disease (CAD).The study population included 497 patients who underwent coronary angiography, and clinical oral examination. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays were designed to identify the serotypes from saliva samples.Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans

2018 Journal of Clinical Periodontology

296. Serum and salivary ferritin and Hepcidin levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus. (Full text)

categorized into 4 groups based on the presence or absence of CP or T2DM. Demographics and general health parameters were recorded. Full-mouth clinical periodontal parameters including probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss, bleeding index, and plaque index were recorded. Chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect ferritin and hepcidin concentrations, respectively, in serum and saliva.Serum ferritin and hepcidin levels in the CP and CP (...) Serum and salivary ferritin and Hepcidin levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Iron disorder and abnormal expression of hepcidin play important roles in many diseases, but it is still unclear in chronic periodontitis (CP) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to assess ferritin and hepcidin levels in serum and saliva of CP patients with or without T2DM.Serum and unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected from 88 participants, who were

2018 BMC Oral Health PubMed abstract

297. Effects of Probiotic Therapy in the Treatment of Periodontitis.

Effects of Probiotic Therapy in the Treatment of Periodontitis. Effects of Probiotic Therapy in the Treatment of Periodontitis. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effects of Probiotic Therapy (...) in the Treatment of Periodontitis. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03408548 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : January 24, 2018 Last Update Posted : January 25, 2018 Sponsor: University of Sao Paulo Collaborator: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

2018 Clinical Trials

298. New Periodontitis Treatment Based on Hyaluronic Acid and Melatonin

and biocompatibility tests have been performed. A randomized clinical trial will be perform on 50 patients with moderate chronic periodontitis recruited based on eligibility criteria and informed consent signed. Mechanical debridement of the pockets by scaling and root planning will be performed prior to the adjunctive therapy. Extensive clinical examination including charting the remaining teeth, clinical attachment level (CAL), presence of dental plaque (PI), gingival index (GI), calculus (CI), bleeding (...) New Periodontitis Treatment Based on Hyaluronic Acid and Melatonin New Periodontitis Treatment Based on Hyaluronic Acid and Melatonin - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. New Periodontitis

2018 Clinical Trials

299. Regenerative Potential of Cultured Gingival Fibroblast- Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Treatment of Periodontitis

Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Presence of interproximal osseous defects estimated from radiographic evaluation (Cone Beam CT) and transgingival bone sounding ≥3mm of two or three osseous walls. Probing Depth ≥5mm after initial therapy. Attachment loss ≥4mm. full mouth plaque score and bleeding on probing score ≤ 20% after phase I therapy. non vital teeth only involved. no furcation involvement of the teeth presenting the intraosseous defects. Thick gingival biotype more than 1 mm with enough width (...) Regenerative Potential of Cultured Gingival Fibroblast- Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Treatment of Periodontitis Regenerative Potential of Cultured Gingival Fibroblast- Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Treatment of Periodontitis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies

2018 Clinical Trials

300. The Effect of Periodontal Disease Treatment in Patients With Kidney Disease

periodontal treatment. All clinical measurements were taken from the mid-buccal and mid-lingual sites and the buccal aspects of the interproximal contact area for the mesial and distal sites of each tooth to the nearest 0.5 mm using a 15 mm periodontal probe at baseline and the 6th months after treatment. All periodontal clinical examinations were performed by one calibrated examiner (FOT). At baseline and 6 months after treatment, fasting venous blood samples were collected from the antecubital fossa (...) by an experienced nurse. Blood samples for TNF- α, IL-6 and PTX-3 were centrifuged, and separated serum and plasma samples were stored at -80◦C until analysis. TNF-α , IL-6 , and PTX-3 serum levels were determined using a commercial solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit according to the manufacturer's instructions. Periodontal treatments were performed 2 hours after the patients had their breakfast following the blood sampling. Standard oral hygiene instructions were given to all groups

2018 Clinical Trials

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