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Periodic Limb Movement

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161. Robotic lower limb prosthesis design through simultaneous computer optimizations of human and prosthesis costs (PubMed)

Robotic lower limb prosthesis design through simultaneous computer optimizations of human and prosthesis costs Robotic lower limb prostheses can improve the quality of life for amputees. Development of such devices, currently dominated by long prototyping periods, could be sped up by predictive simulations. In contrast to some amputee simulations which track experimentally determined non-amputee walking kinematics, here, we explicitly model the human-prosthesis interaction to produce (...) a prediction of the user's walking kinematics. We obtain simulations of an amputee using an ankle-foot prosthesis by simultaneously optimizing human movements and prosthesis actuation, minimizing a weighted sum of human metabolic and prosthesis costs. The resulting Pareto optimal solutions predict that increasing prosthesis energy cost, decreasing prosthesis mass, and allowing asymmetric gaits all decrease human metabolic rate for a given speed and alter human kinematics. The metabolic rates increase

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2016 Scientific reports

162. Neuromodulation of Limb Proprioceptive Afferents Decreases Apnea of Prematurity and Accompanying Intermittent Hypoxia and Bradycardia (PubMed)

during vibration periods, relative to baseline (p<0.005). Significantly fewer SpO2 declines occurred with vibration (p<0.05), relative to control periods. Significantly fewer bradycardic events occurred during vibration periods, relative to no vibration periods (p<0.05).In premature neonates, limb proprioceptive stimulation, simulating limb movement, reduces breathing pauses and IH episodes, and lowers the number of bradycardic events that accompany aberrant breathing episodes. This low-cost (...) Neuromodulation of Limb Proprioceptive Afferents Decreases Apnea of Prematurity and Accompanying Intermittent Hypoxia and Bradycardia Apnea of Prematurity (AOP) is common, affecting the majority of infants born at <34 weeks gestational age. Apnea and periodic breathing are accompanied by intermittent hypoxia (IH). Animal and human studies demonstrate that IH exposure contributes to multiple pathologies, including retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), injury to sympathetic ganglia regulating

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2016 PloS one

163. Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Abnormalities in Children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) (PubMed)

had evidence of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep motor disinhibition, as characterized by excessive movement, laughing, hand stereotypies, moaning, or the continuation of periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) into REM sleep.This study shows various forms of REM sleep motor disinhibition present in a population of children with PANS.© 2016 American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (...) Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Abnormalities in Children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) Polysomnographic investigation of sleep architecture in children presenting with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS).Fifteen consecutive subjects meeting criteria for PANS (mean age = 7.2 y; range 3-10 y) underwent single-night full polysomnography (PSG) read by a pediatric neurologist.Thirteen of 15 subjects (87%) had abnormalities detected with PSG. Twelve of 15

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2016 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

164. Mortality and Its Risk Factors in Patients with Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder (PubMed)

was significantly associated with age (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01-1.10), living alone (HR = 2.04; 95% CI, 1.39-2.99), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR = 3.38; 95% CI, 1.21-9.46), cancer (HR = 10.09; 95% CI, 2.65-38.42), periodic limb movements during sleep (HR = 3.06; 95% CI, 1.50-6.24), and development of neurodegenerative diseases (HR = 2.84; 95% CI, 1.47-5.45) and dementia (HR = 2.66; 95% CI, 1.39-5.08).Patients with RBD have a higher mortality rate than the general population only (...) Mortality and Its Risk Factors in Patients with Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder To determine the mortality and its risk factors in patients with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD).A total of 205 consecutive patients with video-polysomnography confirmed RBD (mean age = 66.4 ± 10.0 y, 78.5% males) were recruited. Medical records and death status were systematically reviewed in the computerized records of the health care system. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR

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2016 Sleep

165. Common neural correlates of real and imagined movements contributing to the performance of brain–machine interfaces (PubMed)

Common neural correlates of real and imagined movements contributing to the performance of brain–machine interfaces The relationship between M1 activity representing motor information in real and imagined movements have not been investigated with high spatiotemporal resolution using non-invasive measurements. We examined the similarities and differences in M1 activity during real and imagined movements. Ten subjects performed or imagined three types of right upper limb movements. To infer (...) increased around the hand and arm areas during real and imagined movements and that these are spatially correlated. The temporal correlation of decoding accuracy significantly increased around the hand and arm areas, except for the period immediately after response onset. Our results suggest that cM1 is involved in similar neural activities related to the representation of motor information during real and imagined movements, except for presence or absence of sensory-motor integration induced by sensory

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2016 Scientific reports

166. Sensorimotor Synchronization with Different Metrical Levels of Point-Light Dance Movements (PubMed)

the trunk bounced at every beat and the limbs moved at every second beat, forming two metrical periodicities. Participants tapped synchronously to the bounce of the trunk with or without the limbs moving in the stimuli (Experiment 1), or tapped synchronously to the leg movements with or without the trunk bouncing simultaneously (Experiment 2). Results showed that, while synchronization with the bounce (lower-level pulse) was not influenced by the presence or absence of limb movements (metrical accent (...) Sensorimotor Synchronization with Different Metrical Levels of Point-Light Dance Movements Rhythm perception and synchronization have been extensively investigated in the auditory domain, as they underlie means of human communication such as music and speech. Although recent studies suggest comparable mechanisms for synchronizing with periodically moving visual objects, the extent to which it applies to ecologically relevant information, such as the rhythm of complex biological motion, remains

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2016 Frontiers in human neuroscience

167. Effects of Training Rhythmic and Discrete Aiming Movements on Arm Control and Functionality After Stroke

, unilateral and bilateral motor tasks as well as oriented tasks training upper limb with a focus on functional tasks. The other groups will receive additional intervention consisting of aiming movement practice according two different protocols: discrete movements to targets placed in different directions and distances; and rhythmic movements also to targets placed in different directions and distances. Both additional interventional interventions will be conducted for 30 minutes over a 5 week-period (...) of treatment over a period of five weeks (two sessions/week) Experimental: discrete movement training group Aiming movements training with the affected upper limb (unilateral training) or both limbs (bilateral training) on the surface of a table. The starting point of the movement and its target are predetermined. Targets will be placed in different directions and distances from the starting point and the therapist ask for variations on speed and assistance, if necessary. Other: Discrete movement training

2016 Clinical Trials

168. Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects

Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736747 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : April 13, 2016 Last Update Posted : August 2, 2017 Sponsor: Carolina Carmona de Alcântara

2016 Clinical Trials

169. Constraint-induced Movement Therapy and Self-regulation for Children With Cerebral Palsy

Sydney Collaborator: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Karen Liu, University of Western Sydney Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study examines the effect of combining modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) and self-regulation (SR) in promoting upper limb function of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) studying in a school-based setting. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Cerebral Palsy Other (...) period to measure the carry-over effect. The OT program consists of training on unimanual and bimanual tasks for 1 to 2 hours a week with daily home exercise. The mCIMT + SR program involves restraint of the unaffected upper limb of children using a cotton sling for 6 hours per day for 15 days. A one-hour structured task practice with the use of SR is provided during each 6-hour restraint. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function, the Caregiver

2016 Clinical Trials

170. The cardiovascular response to passive movement is joint dependent (PubMed)

The cardiovascular response to passive movement is joint dependent The cardiovascular responses to passive limb movement (PLM) at the knee are well established, however, responses to PLM at other joints involving smaller muscle volume are unknown. To compare the cardiovascular responses to passive movement at other joints, 10 participants underwent a PLM protocol in which the wrist, elbow, ankle, and knee joints were passively extended and flexed at 1 Hz for 1 min. Heart rate (HR), mean (...) arterial blood pressure (MAP), and arterial blood flow to that limb segment (BF) were measured and vascular conductance (VC) was calculated for a 30-sec baseline period and for 3-sec intervals throughout PLM protocols. PLM of the knee and elbow resulted in significant increases in BF and VC from baseline values with peak values 180% (P < 0.001) greater than baseline. PLM of the elbow resulted in significant increases in BF and VC from baseline values with peak values 109% and 115% (P < 0.001) greater

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2016 Physiological reports

171. Visual tuning and metrical perception of realistic point-light dance movements (PubMed)

the trunk bounced vertically at every beat and the limbs moved laterally at every second beat, yielding two possible metrical periodicities. In Experiment 1, participants freely identified a tempo of the movement and tapped along. While some observers only tuned to the bounce and some only to the limbs, the majority tuned to one level or the other depending on the movement tempo, which was also associated with individuals' preferred tempo. In Experiment 2, participants reproduced the tempo of leg (...) Visual tuning and metrical perception of realistic point-light dance movements Humans move to music spontaneously, and this sensorimotor coupling underlies musical rhythm perception. The present research proposed that, based on common action representation, different metrical levels as in auditory rhythms could emerge visually when observing structured dance movements. Participants watched a point-light figure performing basic steps of Swing dance cyclically in different tempi, whereby

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2016 Scientific reports

172. Painful periods

Painful periods Painful periods • Body in Mind Research into the role of the brain and mind in chronic pain Painful periods February 26, 2016 by Period pain Period or menstrual pain is also referred to as dysmenorrhoea, and is usually further classified as primary (no evidence of pathology) or secondary (linked to pathology such as endometriosis). Menstrual pain affects about 60% of women who are menstruating [6], although up to 90% of adolescents can be affected [2]. For a proportion (estimate (...) planned for collection at age 20 and 22 year follow ups. A visual analog scale (VAS; range from 0 (none) to 10 (unbearable)) was used to measure menstrual pain severity at both 20 and 22 years over the 3-year period, with three groups created: 1) no pain/mild pain (VAS 0-3), 2) at least moderate pain at a minimum of one of the two time points (hereafter named ‘mixed’, 3) severe pain (VAS 8-10). We extended the data capture by using standardised quantitative sensory testing (QST) protocols that allowed

2016 Body in Mind blog

173. Constraint-induced movement therapy for the upper paretic limb in acute or sub-acute stroke: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Constraint-induced movement therapy for the upper paretic limb in acute or sub-acute stroke: a systematic review. Constraint-induced movement therapy is a commonly used intervention to improve upper limb function after stroke. However, the effectiveness of constraint-induced movement therapy and its optimal dosage during acute or sub-acute stroke is still under debate. To examine the literature on the effects of constraint-induced movement therapy in acute or sub-acute stroke. A literature (...) therapy. This meta-analysis demonstrates a trend toward positive effects of high-intensity and low-intensity constraint-induced movement therapy in acute or sub-acute stroke, but also suggests that low-intensity constraint-induced movement therapy may be more beneficial during this period than high-intensity constraint-induced movement therapy. However, these results were based on a small number of studies. Therefore, more trials are needed applying different doses of therapy early after stroke

2011 International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society

174. Syndrome of Rapid Irregular Movements of Eyes and Limbs in Childhood (PubMed)

Syndrome of Rapid Irregular Movements of Eyes and Limbs in Childhood Electroencephalographic (E.E.G.), polyelectromyographic (poly-E.M.G.), and electro-oculographic (E.O.G.) studies were made of 16 young children and babies referred because of prolonged episodes of rapid irregular movements of eyes and limbs (R.I.M.E.L.) sometimes involving also the trunk and head. This unusual syndrome of unknown aetiology developed over a period of a few days and persisted for months or years. In the E.E.G (...) . there were only minor changes, without discharges of any kind during the episodes of involuntary movements, and during sleep the spindles were unusually fast. In the poly-E.M.G. single or multiple spikes appeared as electrical concomitants of brief myoclonic phenomena at irregular intervals and independently in the various groups of muscles examined. In the E.O.G. the frequent episodes of irregular jerky movements of the eyeballs occurred at various intervals and without rhythmicity. On clinical

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1972 British medical journal

175. Use of mental practice to improve upper-limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review

Use of mental practice to improve upper-limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review Use of mental practice to improve upper-limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review Use of mental practice to improve upper-limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review Nilsen DM, Gillen G, Gordon AM CRD summary This review assessed whether upper limb recovery following stroke was improved through mental practice of physical movements. The authors concluded that there was evidence of benefit (...) , but general conclusions were difficult to make. Limitations in the review methods and in the studies that were not acknowledged by the review authors limit the reliability of the authors’ conclusions. Authors' objectives To evaluate whether mental practice, whereby a person mentally rehearses a physical skill using motor imagery without using overt physical movements, improves upper limb recovery following stroke. Searching An electronic search of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and CINAHL

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2010 DARE.

176. Efficacy of wearing compression garments during post-exercise period after two repeated bouts of strenuous exercise: a randomized crossover design in healthy, active males (PubMed)

for hamstring (P = 0.047).Wearing a whole-body CG during the post-exercise period after two bouts of strenuous exercise sessions separated with 4 h of rest did not promote recovery of muscle function for lower limb muscles nor did it attenuate exercise-induced muscle damage in physically active males. (...) Efficacy of wearing compression garments during post-exercise period after two repeated bouts of strenuous exercise: a randomized crossover design in healthy, active males The efficacy of wearing [a] compression garment (CG) between repeated bouts of exercise within a same day has not been fully understood. The present study determined the effect of wearing a CG after strenuous exercise sessions (consisting of sprint exercise, resistance exercise, drop jump) twice a day on exercise performance

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2017 Sports medicine - open

177. Do lycra garments improve function and movement in children with cerebral palsy?

quadriplegia). 2 were new to wearing splints and 2 had worn splint for more than 12 months. Lycra splints for upper limb worn for up to 6.5 h/day Case series (level 4) Melbourne Assessment (upper limb). Assessed at baseline and intervention phase twice weekly. Data collection period ranged from 14 to 17 weeks No change in quality of unilateral upper limb movement. 1 Patient had a decrease in movement with long-term use Within-patient trends were analysed. Study lacked large homogeneous group of subjects (...) ). References Blair E, Ballantyne J, Horsman S, et al. A study of a dynamic proximal stability splint in the management of children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 1995;37:544–54. Edmondson J, Fisher K, Hanson C. How effective are lycra suits in the management of children with cerebral palsy? J Assoc Paediatr Chart Physiotherapists 1999;90:49–57. Nicholson JH, Morton RE, Attfield S, et al. Assessment of upper-limb function and movement in children with cerebral palsy wearing lycra garments. Dev

2010 BestBETS

178. Nocturnal Hypoxemia and Periodic Limb Movement Predict Mortality in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis. (PubMed)

Nocturnal Hypoxemia and Periodic Limb Movement Predict Mortality in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis. Sleep disorders, including sleep-disordered breathing and periodic limb movements during sleep, are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases, which are the leading causes of death in patients with ESRD. This study investigated the association between sleep disorders and mortality in patients with ESRD.Thirty patients on maintenance hemodialysis, who were clinically (...) stable for >2 months, underwent overnight polysomnography to evaluate sleep parameters.All patients were followed for a median of 48 months (range: 14 to 62 months), and 14 of them died during the follow-up period. Among the sleep parameters, the percent of sleep time with arterial oxygen saturation <90% (T <90%), mean arterial oxygen saturation, and periodic limb movement index score were associated with significant increases in the risk of death. However, associations of the apnea-hypopnea index

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2010 Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

179. A Low Cost Virtual Reality System for Home Based Rehabilitation of the Upper Limb Following Stroke

Purpose: Treatment Official Title: A Low Cost Virtual Reality System for Home Based Rehabilitation of the Upper Limb Following Stroke Study Start Date : November 2009 Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012 Actual Study Completion Date : September 2013 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Intervention The virtual glove in their homes for a period of 8 weeks and advised to try to build up (...) discharge) still experiencing residual upper limb dysfunction. Exclusion Criteria: no detectable movement in the upper limb; premorbid disability in upper limb function; severe symptomatic arm or shoulder pain; severe visual impairments; other neurological illnesses such as head injury or multiple sclerosis; unstable medical condition; psychiatric illness; epilepsy triggered by screen images; cardiac pacemaker; unable to tolerate sitting in a chair for 30 minutes or follow a two stage command or living

2015 Clinical Trials

180. Effects of Upper Limb Motor and Robotic Training Over Neuroplasticity and Function Capacity

Effects of Upper Limb Motor and Robotic Training Over Neuroplasticity and Function Capacity Effects of Upper Limb Motor and Robotic Training Over Neuroplasticity and Function Capacity - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Effects of Upper Limb Motor and Robotic Training Over Neuroplasticity and Function Capacity (NARLE1) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02700061 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified August 2015 by University of Sao Paulo General Hospital. Recruitment status

2015 Clinical Trials

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