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Periodic Limb Movement

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141. Modified constraint-induced movement therapy improved upper limb function in subacute poststroke patients: a small-scale clinical trial. (Abstract)

Modified constraint-induced movement therapy improved upper limb function in subacute poststroke patients: a small-scale clinical trial. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) has been advocated as a means of facilitating motor function in poststroke patients; however, the evidence for its efficacy is controversial.To evaluate the effect of modified CIMT on improving paretic arm function in poststroke patients during a subacute rehabilitation period.A single-blinded randomized controlled (...) received similar intensive regular rehabilitation. Three upper limb function tests, developed for this study, were used as outcome measures. The subjects were asked to perform the following tasks, with the affected hand for 30 seconds: (1) transfer pegs from a saucer to a pegboard; (2) grasp, carry, and release a hard rubber ball; and (3) "eating," using a spoon to remove the jelly from the plate, bring it towards the mouth, and then place it on another plate. The number of repetitions in each test

2012 Topics in stroke rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

142. Dissociation of periodic leg movements from arousals in restless legs syndrome. (Abstract)

in sleep disruption and can be important for the discussion on the existence of a distinct entity called periodic limb movements disorder. Moreover, the study opens the doors to the possibility of a joint treatment for RLS targeting sensory and motor symptoms, as well as sleep instability.Copyright © 2012 American Neurological Association. (...) Dissociation of periodic leg movements from arousals in restless legs syndrome. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of the relation between periodic leg movements during sleep (PLMS) and cortical arousals to contribute to the debate on the clinical significance and treatment of PLMS.A prospective, placebo-controlled, single-blind, parallel group study was carried out including 46 drug-naive patients with idiopathic restless legs syndrome (RLS). Each patient underwent 2

2012 Annals of neurology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

143. Periodic Leg Movements in Sleep in Elderly Patients with Parkinsonism and Alzheimer’s Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Periodic Leg Movements in Sleep in Elderly Patients with Parkinsonism and Alzheimer’s Disease   Periodic leg movements in sleep (PLMS) are non-epileptiform, repetitive movements of the lower limbs that have been associated with apparent dopamine deficiency. We hypothesized that elderly patients with a disease characterized primarily by dopamine depletion (Parkinsonism) would have higher rates of PLMS than age-matched controls or a different neurodegenerative condition not primarily involving

2012 European Journal of Neurology

144. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) and Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) and Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) and Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) - Neurologic Disorders - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES (...) cardiovascular health in women, according to a study presented at the... 3D Model Herniated Nucleus Pulposus Video How to do the Motor Examination SOCIAL MEDIA Add to Any Platform Loading , MD, University of Pennsylvania, Division of Sleep Medicine Click here for Patient Education NOTE: This is the Professional Version. CONSUMERS: Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) and restless legs syndrome (RLS) are characterized by abnormal motions of and sometimes sensations in the lower or upper extremities, which

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

145. Syndrome of Rapid Irregular Movements of Eyes and Limbs in Childhood Full Text available with Trip Pro

Syndrome of Rapid Irregular Movements of Eyes and Limbs in Childhood Electroencephalographic (E.E.G.), polyelectromyographic (poly-E.M.G.), and electro-oculographic (E.O.G.) studies were made of 16 young children and babies referred because of prolonged episodes of rapid irregular movements of eyes and limbs (R.I.M.E.L.) sometimes involving also the trunk and head. This unusual syndrome of unknown aetiology developed over a period of a few days and persisted for months or years. In the E.E.G (...) . there were only minor changes, without discharges of any kind during the episodes of involuntary movements, and during sleep the spindles were unusually fast. In the poly-E.M.G. single or multiple spikes appeared as electrical concomitants of brief myoclonic phenomena at irregular intervals and independently in the various groups of muscles examined. In the E.O.G. the frequent episodes of irregular jerky movements of the eyeballs occurred at various intervals and without rhythmicity. On clinical

1972 British medical journal

146. Robot-assisted therapy for long-term upper limb impairment after stroke

; the Robotic Rehabilitation System for upper limb motion therapy; the Neuro-Rehabilitation-Robot (NeRoBot); the Bi-Manu-Track; the robot-mediated therapy system GENTLE/S; and the Arm robot, ARMin (Mehrholz et al 2009). All of these systems aim to provide treatment for the recovery of movement and strength of limbs, specifically the upper limbs. The technology would be made available through specialised rehabilitation 2 Robot-assisted therapy for upper limb impairment after stroke: November 2010 centres (...) the assistance or increasing the resistance given by the device Robot-assisted therapy for upper limb impairment after stroke: November 2010 3 and by altering the movement amplitude. In addition, some devices such as the Bi- Manu-Track move the affected limb passively, steered by the non-paretic limb in a therapy called “mirroring” (Figure 1). Most robotic systems would incorporate more than one modality (Mehrholz et al 2009). Figure 1 A patient using the Bi-Manu-Track device (Reha-Stim 2009) The National

2011 Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network

147. Evaluation of periodic limb movements in a putative animal model of restless leg syndrome. (Abstract)

Evaluation of periodic limb movements in a putative animal model of restless leg syndrome. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a major healthcare burden with increasing prevalence. It has been demonstrated that periodic limb movements (PLM) can occur as an isolated phenomenon, but they are often associated with this syndrome and are the only symptom of this disorder that can be measured electrophysiologically. The aim of this study was to examine the sleep-wake behavior and the presence of limb (...) for 4-hour segments of the dark period, yielding the following 3 bins: 7 PM to 11 PM, 11 PM to 3 AM, and 3 PM to 7 PM. Additionally, slow wave sleep, paradoxical sleep, wakefulness, and limb movements were evaluated over the entire 12 hours of the light/dark cycle. All A11-lesioned rats exhibited an increased percentage of wakefulness during the last block of the dark period, as would be expected for an animal model of this syndrome. In addition, at all time points after lesioning, these animals

2011 Movement Disorders

148. Association of Incident Cardiovascular Disease With Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep in Older Men: Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men (MrOS) Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Incident Cardiovascular Disease With Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep in Older Men: Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men (MrOS) Study. Periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) cause repetitive sympathetic activation and may be associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized that PLMS frequency (periodic limb movement index [PLMI]) and PLMS arousal frequency (periodic limb movement arousal index [PLMAI]) are predictive of incident cardiovascular disease

2011 Circulation

149. Dopamine Transporter Density Profiles in Patients With Periodic Limb Movements

Dopamine Transporter Density Profiles in Patients With Periodic Limb Movements Dopamine Transporter Density Profiles in Patients With Periodic Limb Movements - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Dopamine Transporter Density Profiles in Patients With Periodic Limb Movements (DOPATRANSPLM) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01365364 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : June 3, 2011 Last Update Posted : June 3, 2011 Sponsor: Federal University of São Paulo Collaborators

2011 Clinical Trials

150. L-Dopa improves Restless Legs Syndrome and periodic limb movements in sleep but not Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder in a double-blind trial in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

L-Dopa improves Restless Legs Syndrome and periodic limb movements in sleep but not Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder in a double-blind trial in children. In a previous open-label study, dopaminergic agents improved Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep (PLMS), as well as Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with both disorders. We therefore conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of L-DOPA in ADHD children with and without RLS

2011 Sleep medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

151. The cardiovascular response to passive movement is joint dependent Full Text available with Trip Pro

The cardiovascular response to passive movement is joint dependent The cardiovascular responses to passive limb movement (PLM) at the knee are well established, however, responses to PLM at other joints involving smaller muscle volume are unknown. To compare the cardiovascular responses to passive movement at other joints, 10 participants underwent a PLM protocol in which the wrist, elbow, ankle, and knee joints were passively extended and flexed at 1 Hz for 1 min. Heart rate (HR), mean (...) arterial blood pressure (MAP), and arterial blood flow to that limb segment (BF) were measured and vascular conductance (VC) was calculated for a 30-sec baseline period and for 3-sec intervals throughout PLM protocols. PLM of the knee and elbow resulted in significant increases in BF and VC from baseline values with peak values 180% (P < 0.001) greater than baseline. PLM of the elbow resulted in significant increases in BF and VC from baseline values with peak values 109% and 115% (P < 0.001) greater

2016 Physiological reports

152. Sensorimotor Synchronization with Different Metrical Levels of Point-Light Dance Movements Full Text available with Trip Pro

the trunk bounced at every beat and the limbs moved at every second beat, forming two metrical periodicities. Participants tapped synchronously to the bounce of the trunk with or without the limbs moving in the stimuli (Experiment 1), or tapped synchronously to the leg movements with or without the trunk bouncing simultaneously (Experiment 2). Results showed that, while synchronization with the bounce (lower-level pulse) was not influenced by the presence or absence of limb movements (metrical accent (...) Sensorimotor Synchronization with Different Metrical Levels of Point-Light Dance Movements Rhythm perception and synchronization have been extensively investigated in the auditory domain, as they underlie means of human communication such as music and speech. Although recent studies suggest comparable mechanisms for synchronizing with periodically moving visual objects, the extent to which it applies to ecologically relevant information, such as the rhythm of complex biological motion, remains

2016 Frontiers in human neuroscience

153. Common neural correlates of real and imagined movements contributing to the performance of brain–machine interfaces Full Text available with Trip Pro

Common neural correlates of real and imagined movements contributing to the performance of brain–machine interfaces The relationship between M1 activity representing motor information in real and imagined movements have not been investigated with high spatiotemporal resolution using non-invasive measurements. We examined the similarities and differences in M1 activity during real and imagined movements. Ten subjects performed or imagined three types of right upper limb movements. To infer (...) increased around the hand and arm areas during real and imagined movements and that these are spatially correlated. The temporal correlation of decoding accuracy significantly increased around the hand and arm areas, except for the period immediately after response onset. Our results suggest that cM1 is involved in similar neural activities related to the representation of motor information during real and imagined movements, except for presence or absence of sensory-motor integration induced by sensory

2016 Scientific reports

154. Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Abnormalities in Children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) Full Text available with Trip Pro

had evidence of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep motor disinhibition, as characterized by excessive movement, laughing, hand stereotypies, moaning, or the continuation of periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) into REM sleep.This study shows various forms of REM sleep motor disinhibition present in a population of children with PANS.© 2016 American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (...) Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Abnormalities in Children with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) Polysomnographic investigation of sleep architecture in children presenting with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS).Fifteen consecutive subjects meeting criteria for PANS (mean age = 7.2 y; range 3-10 y) underwent single-night full polysomnography (PSG) read by a pediatric neurologist.Thirteen of 15 subjects (87%) had abnormalities detected with PSG. Twelve of 15

2016 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

155. Mortality and Its Risk Factors in Patients with Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

was significantly associated with age (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01-1.10), living alone (HR = 2.04; 95% CI, 1.39-2.99), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR = 3.38; 95% CI, 1.21-9.46), cancer (HR = 10.09; 95% CI, 2.65-38.42), periodic limb movements during sleep (HR = 3.06; 95% CI, 1.50-6.24), and development of neurodegenerative diseases (HR = 2.84; 95% CI, 1.47-5.45) and dementia (HR = 2.66; 95% CI, 1.39-5.08).Patients with RBD have a higher mortality rate than the general population only (...) Mortality and Its Risk Factors in Patients with Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder To determine the mortality and its risk factors in patients with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD).A total of 205 consecutive patients with video-polysomnography confirmed RBD (mean age = 66.4 ± 10.0 y, 78.5% males) were recruited. Medical records and death status were systematically reviewed in the computerized records of the health care system. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR

2016 Sleep

156. Visual tuning and metrical perception of realistic point-light dance movements Full Text available with Trip Pro

the trunk bounced vertically at every beat and the limbs moved laterally at every second beat, yielding two possible metrical periodicities. In Experiment 1, participants freely identified a tempo of the movement and tapped along. While some observers only tuned to the bounce and some only to the limbs, the majority tuned to one level or the other depending on the movement tempo, which was also associated with individuals' preferred tempo. In Experiment 2, participants reproduced the tempo of leg (...) Visual tuning and metrical perception of realistic point-light dance movements Humans move to music spontaneously, and this sensorimotor coupling underlies musical rhythm perception. The present research proposed that, based on common action representation, different metrical levels as in auditory rhythms could emerge visually when observing structured dance movements. Participants watched a point-light figure performing basic steps of Swing dance cyclically in different tempi, whereby

2016 Scientific reports

157. Constraint-induced Movement Therapy and Self-regulation for Children With Cerebral Palsy

Sydney Collaborator: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Karen Liu, University of Western Sydney Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study examines the effect of combining modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) and self-regulation (SR) in promoting upper limb function of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) studying in a school-based setting. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Cerebral Palsy Other (...) period to measure the carry-over effect. The OT program consists of training on unimanual and bimanual tasks for 1 to 2 hours a week with daily home exercise. The mCIMT + SR program involves restraint of the unaffected upper limb of children using a cotton sling for 6 hours per day for 15 days. A one-hour structured task practice with the use of SR is provided during each 6-hour restraint. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function, the Caregiver

2016 Clinical Trials

158. Effects of Training Rhythmic and Discrete Aiming Movements on Arm Control and Functionality After Stroke

, unilateral and bilateral motor tasks as well as oriented tasks training upper limb with a focus on functional tasks. The other groups will receive additional intervention consisting of aiming movement practice according two different protocols: discrete movements to targets placed in different directions and distances; and rhythmic movements also to targets placed in different directions and distances. Both additional interventional interventions will be conducted for 30 minutes over a 5 week-period (...) of treatment over a period of five weeks (two sessions/week) Experimental: discrete movement training group Aiming movements training with the affected upper limb (unilateral training) or both limbs (bilateral training) on the surface of a table. The starting point of the movement and its target are predetermined. Targets will be placed in different directions and distances from the starting point and the therapist ask for variations on speed and assistance, if necessary. Other: Discrete movement training

2016 Clinical Trials

159. Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects

Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Effects of Cryotherapy on Ankle Movements and Gait of Spastic Hemiparetic Subjects The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736747 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : April 13, 2016 Last Update Posted : August 2, 2017 Sponsor: Carolina Carmona de Alcântara

2016 Clinical Trials

160. Sensorimotor dysfunction after limb fracture - An exploratory study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

ongoing pain.Limb fracture is associated with changes in pain perceptions, motor planning, and disruption to body perception. Signs and symptoms of CRPS, ongoing pain and delayed recovery post-fracture are common. WHAT DOES THIS STUDY ADD?: In the immediate post-fracture period: Body perception disturbance is reported in the fractured limb. Imagined movements of the fractured limb are less vivid and associated with pain This study contributes to the incidence literature on CRPS.© 2016 European Pain (...) hyperalgesia in the fractured limb compared to the non-fractured side (p < 0.05). Imagined movements were reported as significantly more difficult to perform on the fractured side (p < 0.001). There was evidence of BPD in the fractured limb, similar to that found in CRPS. The incidence of CRPS was 9.4%; however, individual signs and symptoms of the condition were commonly present (70% reported ≥ one symptom). Only 33% of patients reported to being 'back to normal' 6 months after fracture with 34% reporting

2016 European Journal of Pain

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