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Periodic Limb Movement

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41. Reply to: “Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and White Matter MRI Hyperintensity in Minor Stroke or TIA” (PubMed)

Reply to: “Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and White Matter MRI Hyperintensity in Minor Stroke or TIA” 28510763 2018 01 01 2018 12 02 1550-9109 40 5 2017 05 01 Sleep Sleep Reply to: "Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and White Matter MRI Hyperintensity in Minor Stroke or TIA". 10.1093/sleep/zsx060 Boulos Mark I MI L.C. Campbell Cognitive Neurology Research Unit, Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Brain Sciences Research Program, Sunnybrook Health

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2017 Sleep

42. Electromyographic activity in the immobilized shoulder girdle musculature during contralateral upper limb movements. (PubMed)

Electromyographic activity in the immobilized shoulder girdle musculature during contralateral upper limb movements. The purpose of this study was to quantify electromyographic (EMG) activity in the immobilized shoulder girdle musculature at rest and during a battery of contralateral upper limb activities. Six asymptomatic men, aged 22 to 33 years, volunteered to participate. Fine-wire (supraspinatus, infraspinatus) and surface (deltoids, trapezii, biceps, serratus anterior) electrodes recorded (...) produced high trapezius activity (>45% MVC) with low supraspinatus, biceps, and anterior deltoid activities (<10% MVC). Our findings suggest that (1) immobilized shoulder girdle muscle EMG activity during quiet standing is negligible in asymptomatic individuals; (2) contralateral upper limb motions at self-selected speeds are not likely to be harmful to healing tissues; (3) during early healing periods, patients with biceps-labral injury should minimize bimanual activities, those with supraspinatus

2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

43. Associations of Incident Cardiovascular Events With Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Leg Movements of Sleep in Older Men, for the Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men Study (MrOS Sleep Study) (PubMed)

) participated in a comprehensive sleep assessment from 2000 to 2002. RLS was identified by self-report of a physician diagnosis of RLS. A periodic limb movement of sleep index (PLMI) was derived from unattended in-home polysomnography. Incident cardiovascular events were centrally adjudicated during 8.7 ± 2.6 years of follow-up. The primary outcome was all-cause CVD; secondary outcomes included incident myocardial infarction (MI) and cerebrovascular disease. Cox proportional hazards regression models were (...) Associations of Incident Cardiovascular Events With Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Leg Movements of Sleep in Older Men, for the Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men Study (MrOS Sleep Study) Both restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic leg movements in sleep (PLMS) may be associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the individual contributions of these factors to adverse CVD outcomes are unknown.During the MrOS Sleep Study, 2823 men (mean age = 76.3 years

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2017 Sleep

44. Prevalence and Determinants of Periodic Limb Movements in the General Population. (PubMed)

Prevalence and Determinants of Periodic Limb Movements in the General Population. Periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) are sleep phenomena characterized by periodic episodes of repetitive stereotyped limb movements. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and determinants of PLMS in a middle to older aged general population.Data from 2,162 subjects (51.2% women, mean age = 58.4 ± 11.1 years) participating in a population-based study (HypnoLaus, Lausanne, Switzerland) were

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2015 Annals of Neurology

45. The efficacy of Wii-based Movement Therapy for upper limb rehabilitation in the chronic poststroke period: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

The efficacy of Wii-based Movement Therapy for upper limb rehabilitation in the chronic poststroke period: a randomized controlled trial. More effective and efficient rehabilitation is urgently needed to address the prevalence of unmet rehabilitation needs after stroke. This study compared the efficacy of two poststroke upper limb therapy protocols.We tested the hypothesis that Wii-based movement therapy would be as effective as modified constraint-induced movement therapy for post-stroke upper (...) -limb motor rehabilitation.Forty-one patients, 2-46 months poststroke, completed a 14-day program of Wii-based Movement Therapy or modified Constraint-induced Movement Therapy in a dose-matched, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial, conducted in a research institute or patient's homes. Primary outcome measures were the Wolf Motor Function Test timed-tasks and Motor Activity Log Quality of Movement scale. Patients were assessed at prebaseline (14 days pretherapy), baseline, post-therapy

2015 International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society

46. Spontaneous Low-Frequency Cerebral Hemodynamics Oscillations in Restless Legs Syndrome with Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study (PubMed)

Spontaneous Low-Frequency Cerebral Hemodynamics Oscillations in Restless Legs Syndrome with Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep: A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study Periodic limb movements (PLM) during sleep (PLMS) are associated with cortical and cardiovascular activation. Changes in cerebral hemodynamics caused by cortical activity can be measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We investigated oscillatory components of cerebral hemodynamics during PLM and different sleep stages (...) -wave sleep (stage N3), and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep]. In RLS patients with PLMS, the cerebral hemodynamics during LS was divided into LS with and without PLM.The cerebral hemodynamics activity varied among the different sleep stages. There were changes in phase differences between [HbO] and [Hb] LFOs during the different sleep stages in the normal controls but not in the RLS patients with PLMS. The [HbO] and [Hb] LFO amplitudes were higher in the patient group than in controls during both LS

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2015 Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)

47. Periodic limb movements and insomnia, a common but under-recognized association (PubMed)

Periodic limb movements and insomnia, a common but under-recognized association Periodic limb movements unlike restless leg syndrome is under diagnosed and unrecognized in medical arena. While robust Western trials have elucidated the association between periodic limb movements and sleep disturbances, it is not well received and recognized in India even in well sophisticated tertiary care hospital. We report a chronic insomnia patient who had sleep disturbances for past 30 years due to periodic (...) limb movements alone. This was diagnosed through polysomnography. This case emphasizes monitoring leg movements during sleep study. This report may open new horizons in improving monitoring in sleep study in clinical setting.

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2015 Indian journal of psychiatry

48. Sleep fragmentation and periodic limb movements in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and polyuria. (PubMed)

Sleep fragmentation and periodic limb movements in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and polyuria. Children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) have been found to have sleep fragmentation and a high incidence of periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). This study explored the association of monosymptomatic NE and polyuria in relation to fluid intake, bladder volume, number of wet nights, and number of nights with polyuria to the frequency of PLMS and cortical arousals during

2015 Pediatric Nephrology

49. Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and Prevalent Hypertension in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. (PubMed)

Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and Prevalent Hypertension in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) are associated with immediate increases in blood pressure. Both PLMS and hypertension have different distributions across racial/ethnic groups. We sought to determine whether PLMS is associated with hypertension among various racial/ethnic groups. A total of 1740 men and women underwent measurement of blood pressure and polysomnography

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2014 Hypertension

50. Increased nocturnal periodic limb movements in rheumatoid arthritis patients meeting questionnaire diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome. (PubMed)

Increased nocturnal periodic limb movements in rheumatoid arthritis patients meeting questionnaire diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome. Based on questionnaire criteria, the sensorimotor disorder restless legs syndrome (RLS) has been reported to have a higher prevalence in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients than in the general population. There has been some speculation that peripheral arthritic symptoms may allow false positive responses to questionnaire criteria. This study (...) evaluates whether RA patients meeting RLS questionnaire criteria also have objective evidence of increased periodic limb movements (PLMs) characteristic of RLS.Participants were recruited from RA clinic. Questionnaire data collected at study entry included: pain scores, rheumatoid arthritis disease activity index, Epworth sleepiness scale, Pittsburgh sleep quality index and RLS diagnostic criteria. Each participant was provided a PAM-RL actigraphic monitor, which attached to the ankle. This device

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2014 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

51. The additive impact of periodic limb movements during sleep on inflammation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. (PubMed)

The additive impact of periodic limb movements during sleep on inflammation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Both periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are major causes of sleep disorders and have been associated with systemic inflammation and cardiovascular events. However, it is uncertain whether in combination they promote a higher inflammatory response and greater risk of cardiovascular events than each condition alone.To investigate whether

2014 Annals of the American Thoracic Society

52. Leg actigraphy to quantify periodic limb movements of sleep: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Leg actigraphy to quantify periodic limb movements of sleep: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) are repetitive, stereotyped movements that can disrupt sleep and result in insomnia, non-restorative sleep, and/or daytime sleepiness. Currently, polysomnography is the gold standard and only clinically acceptable means of quantifying PLMS. Leg-worn actigraphy is an alternative method of measuring PLMS, which may circumvent many of the economic (...) and technical limitations of polysomnography to quantify nocturnal leg movements. However, the use of leg actigraphy as a diagnostic means of assessing PLMS has not been systematically evaluated. In this review, the use of leg-worn actigraphy to measure PLMS is systematically evaluated, using both qualitative and quantitative assessment. Findings demonstrate significant heterogeneity among a limited number of studies in terms of type of actigraph utilized, position of the device on the lower extremity

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2014 Sleep medicine reviews

53. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Treatment)

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Treatment) Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pharmacologic Therapy, Nonpharmacologic Therapy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4ODU1OC10cmVhdG1lbnQ= processing > Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 10, 2017 Author: Wayne E Anderson, DO, FAHS, FAAN; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Treatment Approach Considerations A 2012 update of treatment guidelines from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine indicate that although there are no studies of dopaminergic medication effects on periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), many

2014 eMedicine.com

54. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Overview)

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Overview) Periodic Limb Movement Disorder: Background, Etiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4ODU1OC1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Periodic Limb (...) Movement Disorder Updated: Nov 10, 2017 Author: Wayne E Anderson, DO, FAHS, FAAN; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Overview Background Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is unique in that the movements occur during sleep. Most other movement disorders manifest during wakefulness. The condition is remarkably periodic, and the movements may cause poor sleep and subsequent daytime somnolence. PLMD may occur with other

2014 eMedicine.com

55. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Follow-up)

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Follow-up) Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Pharmacologic Therapy, Nonpharmacologic Therapy Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4ODU1OC10cmVhdG1lbnQ= processing > Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 10, 2017 Author: Wayne E Anderson, DO, FAHS, FAAN; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Treatment Approach Considerations A 2012 update of treatment guidelines from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine indicate that although there are no studies of dopaminergic medication effects on periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), many

2014 eMedicine.com

56. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Diagnosis)

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (Diagnosis) Periodic Limb Movement Disorder: Background, Etiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4ODU1OC1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Periodic Limb (...) Movement Disorder Updated: Nov 10, 2017 Author: Wayne E Anderson, DO, FAHS, FAAN; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Overview Background Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is unique in that the movements occur during sleep. Most other movement disorders manifest during wakefulness. The condition is remarkably periodic, and the movements may cause poor sleep and subsequent daytime somnolence. PLMD may occur with other

2014 eMedicine.com

57. Difference in Activity in the Supplementary Motor Area Depending on Limb Combination of Hand–Foot Coordinated Movements (PubMed)

Difference in Activity in the Supplementary Motor Area Depending on Limb Combination of Hand–Foot Coordinated Movements Periodic interlimb coordination shows lower performance when the ipsilateral hand and foot (e.g., right hand and right foot) are simultaneously moved than when the contralateral hand and foot (e.g., right hand and left foot) are simultaneously moved. The present study aimed to investigate how brain activity that is related to the dependence of hand-foot coordination on limb (...) combination, using functional magnetic imaging. Twenty-one right-handed subjects performed periodic coordinated movements of the ipsilateral or contralateral hand and foot in the same or opposite direction in the sagittal plane. Kinematic data showed that performance was lower for the ipsilateral hand-foot coordination than for the contralateral one. A comparison of brain activity between the same and opposite directions showed that there was a greater activation of supplementary motor area

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2016 Frontiers in human neuroscience

58. Daily Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Poststroke Upper Limb Paresis in the Subacute Period. (PubMed)

Daily Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Poststroke Upper Limb Paresis in the Subacute Period. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study to assess the efficacy in motor recovery and safety of daily repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in subacute stroke patients.Forty-one patients were randomly assigned to a real or sham stimulation group. Each patient underwent regular rehabilitation accompanied by a series of 10 daily 5-Hz rTMS (...) of the ipsilesional primary motor cortex (M1) or sham stimulation. The primary outcome was motor recovery evaluated by the Brunnstrom stages (BS). The secondary outcomes were improvement in the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), grip power, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), a quantitative measurement of finger tapping movement, and the incidence of adverse events.Thirty-nine patients completed the study and were included in the analyses. The real rTMS group

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2016 Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association

59. Neuromodulation and Synaptic Plasticity for the Control of Fast Periodic Movement: Energy Efficiency in Coupled Compliant Joints via PCA (PubMed)

Neuromodulation and Synaptic Plasticity for the Control of Fast Periodic Movement: Energy Efficiency in Coupled Compliant Joints via PCA There are multiple indications that the nervous system of animals tunes muscle output to exploit natural dynamics of the elastic locomotor system and the environment. This is an advantageous strategy especially in fast periodic movements, since the elastic elements store energy and increase energy efficiency and movement speed. Experimental evidence suggests (...) that coordination among joints involves proprioceptive input and neuromodulatory influence originating in the brain stem. However, the neural strategies underlying the coordination of fast periodic movements remain poorly understood. Based on robotics control theory, we suggest that the nervous system implements a mechanism to accomplish coordination between joints by a linear coordinate transformation from the multi-dimensional space representing proprioceptive input at the joint level into a one-dimensional

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2016 Frontiers in neurorobotics

60. Risk of incident cardiovascular events and death in individuals with restless legs syndrome or periodic limb movements in sleep: a systematic review

Risk of incident cardiovascular events and death in individuals with restless legs syndrome or periodic limb movements in sleep: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2017 PROSPERO

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