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Periodic Limb Movement

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21. Comparison of EEG measurement of upper limb movement in motor imagery training system (Full text)

Comparison of EEG measurement of upper limb movement in motor imagery training system One of the most promising applications for electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain computer interface is for stroke rehabilitation. Implemented as a standalone motor imagery (MI) training system or as part of a rehabilitation robotic system, many studies have shown benefits of using them to restore motor control in stroke patients. Hand movements have widely been chosen as MI tasks. Although potentially more (...) challenging to analyze, wrist and forearm movement such as wrist flexion/extension and forearm pronation/supination should also be considered for MI tasks, because these movements are part of the main exercises given to patients in conventional stroke rehabilitation. This paper will evaluate the effectiveness of such movements for MI tasks.Three hand and wrist movement tasks which were hand opening/closing, wrist flexion/extension and forearm pronation/supination were chosen as motor imagery tasks

2018 Biomedical engineering online PubMed abstract

22. Therapy to Improve Reaching Movement in Upper Limb

Therapy to Improve Reaching Movement in Upper Limb Therapy to Improve Reaching Movement in Upper Limb - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Therapy to Improve Reaching Movement in Upper Limb (...) tasks such as reaching or grasping. Currently, people with stroke undergo rehabilitation, which is usually done through a physical and occupational (daily living skills) therapies to improve their mobility (movement) with their upper limbs. However, this kind of treatment has limitations and often cannot help patients regain total mobility. There are alternative rehabilitation treatments that use new methods and technologies that may be able to help patients with stroke. Neuromodulaton therapies

2018 Clinical Trials

23. Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and obstructive sleep apnea have increased paroxysmal limb movement. (Abstract)

) and higher age at the time of diagnosis of OSA (p < 0.001). The patients in the CRS+OSA group had higher odds of having asthma and eczema. There was an increase in the periodic limb movement (PLM) index in the CRS+OSA group. Apnea and hypopnea indices were similar in the two groups.Patients with CRS developed OSA at a lower BMI; patients CRS and OSA had similar sleep-related breathing patterns but higher risks for PLMs compared with patients with OSA and without CRS. (...) Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and obstructive sleep apnea have increased paroxysmal limb movement. Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) frequently experience sleep disruption and are at a higher than normal risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of this study was to determine how CRS affects polysomnography findings and sleep-related breathing in OSA.A cohort study was performed that included 107 adult patients with CRS and comorbid OSA (CRS+OSA group) and 137 patients

2018 American journal of rhinology & allergy

24. Novel features for capturing temporal variations of rhythmic limb movement to distinguish convulsive epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. (Full text)

Novel features for capturing temporal variations of rhythmic limb movement to distinguish convulsive epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. To investigate the characteristics of motor manifestation during convulsive epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), captured using a wrist-worn accelerometer (ACM) device. The main goal was to find quantitative ACM features that can differentiate between convulsive epileptic and convulsive PNES.In this study, motor data were (...) , and practical alternative to differential diagnosis of PNES.Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2018 International League Against Epilepsy.

2018 Epilepsia PubMed abstract

25. Effects of constraint-induced movement therapy for lower limbs on measurements of functional mobility and postural balance in subjects with stroke: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Effects of constraint-induced movement therapy for lower limbs on measurements of functional mobility and postural balance in subjects with stroke: a randomized controlled trial. Abstrato Background: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is suggested to reduce functional asymmetry between the upper limbs after stroke. However, there are few studies about CIMT for lower limbs.To examine the effects of CIMT for lower limbs on functional mobility and postural balance in subjects with stroke.A (...) 40-day follow-up, single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed with 38 subacute stroke patients (mean of 4.5 months post-stroke). Participants were randomized into: treadmill training with load to restraint the non-paretic ankle (experimental group) or treadmill training without load (control group). Both groups performing daily training for two consecutive weeks (nine sessions) and performed home-based exercises during this period. As outcome measures, postural balance (Berg Balance

2018 Topics in stroke rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. Effect of Acute Static Stretching on Lower Limb Movement Performance Using STABL Virtual Reality System. (Abstract)

, with resting period of 15 seconds between stretches.The measurements included the RT of the dominant lower-extremity using the dynamic stability program STABL Virtual Reality System (model no. DIZ 2709; Motekforce Link).There was a statistically significant reduction (F = 162, P < .05) in posttest RT between the 2 groups and significant decrease in RT after stretching in the experimental group (7.5%; P < .05).ASS of the lower limb muscles tends to decrease the lower limb RT and improve movement performance. (...) Effect of Acute Static Stretching on Lower Limb Movement Performance Using STABL Virtual Reality System. The effect of acute static stretching (ASS) on the lower limb reaction time (RT) has been recently questioned to decrease the risk of falling and injuries in situations requiring a rapid reaction, as in the cases of balance disturbance.The main purpose of this study was to detect the effect of ASS on the lower limb RT using a virtual reality device.Two-group control group design.Research

2018 Journal of sport rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

27. [OP.8B.01] PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENT DURING SLEEP, SLEEP RELATED BREATHING DISORDERS AND HYPERTENSION IN THE ESADA COHORT. (Abstract)

[OP.8B.01] PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENT DURING SLEEP, SLEEP RELATED BREATHING DISORDERS AND HYPERTENSION IN THE ESADA COHORT.

2016 Journal of Hypertension

28. Restless Legs Syndrome and Depression: Effect Mediation by Disturbed Sleep and Periodic Limb Movements. (Full text)

Restless Legs Syndrome and Depression: Effect Mediation by Disturbed Sleep and Periodic Limb Movements. To investigate an association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and depression and to what extent sleep disturbance, periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS), and antidepressant medication mediate this relationship.A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of the Osteoporotic Fractures in Older Men Study data in 982 men assessed for RLS (International RLS Study Group scale [IRLSS

2016 The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry PubMed abstract

29. Derived Arterial Stiffness is Increased in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep (Full text)

Derived Arterial Stiffness is Increased in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep Both periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). OSA has also been linked to increased large arterial stiffness, which is considered an independent risk factor for CVD. We utilized a previously validated index of large artery stiffness (SIDVP) derived from the digital (...) volume pulse (DVP) to seek comparison in patients with PLMS and OSA.Forty-nine adult male subjects, without known comorbidities that could affect arterial stiffness or on vasoactive medication, were retrospectively identified and categorized into controls (n = 8), PLMS (n = 13), OSA (n = 17), and OSA/PLMS (n = 11). The cutoff for PLMS was a periodic limb movement index (PLMI) > 15 events/h, and for OSA an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 10 events/h. SIDVP was derived from the raw data

2016 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine PubMed abstract

30. PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENTS AND RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME IN CHILDREN WITH A HISTORY OF PREMATURITY (Full text)

PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENTS AND RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME IN CHILDREN WITH A HISTORY OF PREMATURITY Little is known about the pediatric population at an increased risk of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD). Polysomnographic data from the Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity-Sleep (CAPS) study showed a high prevalence of elevated periodic limb movement index (PLMI) in a cohort of ex-preterm children, but the clinical importance of this finding, such as association (...) participants underwent polysomnography and completed all questionnaires. The overall prevalence of RLS was 14/167 (8.4%). An additional 13 subjects (7.8%) were found to have PLMD. Of the 26 participants who had PLMI > 5/h, seven (26.9%) had RLS and 13 (50%) had PLMD. The serum ferritin levels were <50 mcg/L (range -38.4) for all eight participants referred for testing.Children with a history of prematurity have a high prevalence of RLS, particularly those with elevated periodic limb movements. Iron

2016 Sleep medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

31. A Relationship between Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep and High Nocturnal Blood Pressure Values in Patients with Insomnia (Full text)

A Relationship between Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep and High Nocturnal Blood Pressure Values in Patients with Insomnia Insomnia, which is the most common sleep disorder, is a significant public health burden. Growing evidence suggests the existence of a relationship between insomnia and hypertension. The aim of this study was to verify the hypothesis that periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) are related to increased nocturnal blood pressure (BP) values in patients with insomnia.We

2016 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine PubMed abstract

32. Significant association between systolic and diastolic blood pressure elevations and periodic limb movements in patients with idiopathic restless legs syndrome. (Abstract)

Significant association between systolic and diastolic blood pressure elevations and periodic limb movements in patients with idiopathic restless legs syndrome. A new and unique methodology was developed to evaluate the association between periodic limb movements (PLMs) and nocturnal blood pressure (BP) excursions in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS).All data were collected at baseline of the ENCORE (Effects of Neupro on Cardiovascular Observations in Patients with Restless Legs

2016 Sleep medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Sleep architecture alterations in patients with periodic limb movements disorder during sleep and sleep breathing disorders (Full text)

Sleep architecture alterations in patients with periodic limb movements disorder during sleep and sleep breathing disorders Sleep movement disorders includes mainly periodic limb movement and others. The more frequent breathing disorders are: obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and primary snoring.To compare sleep architecture in periodic limb movements and breathing disorders of different severity, and weight their interactions.We compared sleep architecture in 160 patients, divided (...) in six groups: periodic limb movements (n=25), obstructive apnea only (n=30), periodic limb movements/snoring (n=30), periodic limb movements/mild apnea (n=25), periodic limb movements/moderate apnea (n=25), periodic limb movements/severe apnea (n=26). Polysomnographic variables were compared by analysis of variance and Tukey test.We observed an increase of percentage of awakenings in the group with periodic limb movements/severe apnea. We found an increase of percentage of light sleep in the group

2016 Sleep science PubMed abstract

34. Prevalence and Characteristics of Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep in Korean Adult Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome (Full text)

Prevalence and Characteristics of Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep in Korean Adult Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) in Korean patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS).Unmedicated adult patients with idiopathic RLS (n = 354) who underwent polysomnography at three major sleep centers in tertiary hospitals were included. Characteristics of PLMS in RLS were analyzed (...) events/h). The PLMS index was positively correlated with age (r = 0.228; p < 0.001), the periodic limb movements in wakefulness index (r = 0.455, p < 0.001) and arousal index (r = 0.174, p = 0.014), but not with RLS severity and parameters of sleep quality. In multivariate analysis, age and male gender were independently associated with PLMS > 15 events/h.The prevalence of PLMS in Korean patients with RLS was lower than that observed in Western countries, but the characteristics of PLMS were

2016 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine PubMed abstract

35. Periodic limb movements of sleep: empirical and theoretical evidence supporting objective at-home monitoring (Full text)

Periodic limb movements of sleep: empirical and theoretical evidence supporting objective at-home monitoring Periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) may increase cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity. However, most people with PLMS are either asymptomatic or have nonspecific symptoms. Therefore, predicting elevated PLMS in the absence of restless legs syndrome remains an important clinical challenge.We undertook a retrospective analysis of demographic data, subjective symptoms (...) , and objective polysomnography (PSG) findings in a clinical cohort with or without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) from our laboratory (n=443 with OSA, n=209 without OSA). Correlation analysis and regression modeling were performed to determine predictors of periodic limb movement index (PLMI). Markov decision analysis with TreeAge software compared strategies to detect PLMS: in-laboratory PSG, at-home testing, and a clinical prediction tool based on the regression analysis.Elevated PLMI values (>15 per hour

2016 Nature and science of sleep PubMed abstract

36. Longitudinal Relationships of Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and Incident Atrial Fibrillation (Full text)

Longitudinal Relationships of Periodic Limb Movements During Sleep and Incident Atrial Fibrillation This study aimed to examine relationship between periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and incident atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF).Prospective multicenter cohort (n = 2273: adjudicated AF group; n = 843: self-reported AF group) of community-dwelling men without prevalent AF were followed for an average of 8.3 years (adjudicated) and 6.5 years (self-reported). PLMS index (PLMI, <5 (ref

2016 Sleep medicine PubMed abstract

37. The Comparisons of Cerebral Hemodynamics Induced by Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Arousal and Periodic Limb Movement with Arousal: A Pilot NIRS Study (Full text)

The Comparisons of Cerebral Hemodynamics Induced by Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Arousal and Periodic Limb Movement with Arousal: A Pilot NIRS Study Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and restless legs syndrome (RLS) with periodic limb movement during sleep (PLMS) are two sleep disorders characterized by repetitive respiratory or movement events associated with cortical arousals. We compared the cerebral hemodynamic changes linked to periodic apneas/hypopneas with arousals (AHA) in four OSA (...) -patients with periodic limb movements (PLMA) with arousals in four patients with RLS-PLMS using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). AHA induced homogenous pattern of periodic fluctuations in oxygenated (HbO2) and deoxygenated (HHb) hemoglobin, i.e., the decrease of HbO2 was accompanied by an increase of HHb during the respiratory event and resolved to reverse pattern when cortical arousal started. Blood volume (BV) showed the same pattern as HHb but with relative smaller amplitude in most of the AHA

2016 Frontiers in neuroscience PubMed abstract

38. Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep are Associated with Greater Cognitive Decline in Older Men without Dementia (Full text)

Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep are Associated with Greater Cognitive Decline in Older Men without Dementia To examine the association between periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) and change in selected aspects of cognition in community-dwelling older men.We studied 2,636 older men without dementia who underwent in-home polysomnography with measurement of the periodic limb movement index (PLMI) and periodic limb movement arousal index (PLMAI) using piezoelectric sensors. Random-effects

2016 Sleep PubMed abstract

39. Periodic Limb Movements and White Matter Hyperintensities in First-Ever Minor Stroke or High-Risk Transient Ischemic Attack (Full text)

Periodic Limb Movements and White Matter Hyperintensities in First-Ever Minor Stroke or High-Risk Transient Ischemic Attack Emerging evidence suggests that periodic limb movements (PLMs) may contribute to the development of cerebrovascular disease. White matter hyperintensities (WMHs), a widely accepted biomarker for cerebral small vessel disease, are associated with incident stroke and death. We evaluated the association between increased PLM indices and WMH burden in patients presenting

2016 Sleep PubMed abstract

40. The efficacy of Wii-based Movement Therapy for upper limb rehabilitation in the chronic poststroke period: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

The efficacy of Wii-based Movement Therapy for upper limb rehabilitation in the chronic poststroke period: a randomized controlled trial. More effective and efficient rehabilitation is urgently needed to address the prevalence of unmet rehabilitation needs after stroke. This study compared the efficacy of two poststroke upper limb therapy protocols.We tested the hypothesis that Wii-based movement therapy would be as effective as modified constraint-induced movement therapy for post-stroke upper (...) -limb motor rehabilitation.Forty-one patients, 2-46 months poststroke, completed a 14-day program of Wii-based Movement Therapy or modified Constraint-induced Movement Therapy in a dose-matched, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial, conducted in a research institute or patient's homes. Primary outcome measures were the Wolf Motor Function Test timed-tasks and Motor Activity Log Quality of Movement scale. Patients were assessed at prebaseline (14 days pretherapy), baseline, post-therapy

2015 International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society Controlled trial quality: predicted high

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