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Perception Exam

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161. Paediatric advance care planning survey: a cross-sectional examination of congruence and discordance between adolescents with HIV/AIDS and their families. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Paediatric advance care planning survey: a cross-sectional examination of congruence and discordance between adolescents with HIV/AIDS and their families. To identify patient-reported paediatric advance care planning (pACP) needs of adolescents living with HIV and to examine the congruence with their family's perception of their needs.A cross-sectional survey among six paediatric hospital-based outpatient HIV specialty clinics. Participants included 48 adolescent/family dyads (n=96 participants

2017 BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care

162. Examining the Value of Video Visits to Patients in an Outpatient Urology Clinic. (Abstract)

Examining the Value of Video Visits to Patients in an Outpatient Urology Clinic. To examine the value that urologic patients place on video visits before the implementation of a telemedicine program at our institution's outpatient urology clinic.We conducted an on-site survey at a tertiary medical center's outpatient urology clinic over a 3-month period. Our survey questions assessed patient access to technology needed for video visits, patients' perceptions about video visits, the amount

2017 Urology

163. An Examination of the Perceived Importance and Skills Related to Policies and Policy Making Among State Public Health Injury Prevention Staff. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Examination of the Perceived Importance and Skills Related to Policies and Policy Making Among State Public Health Injury Prevention Staff. The purpose of this research is to use the Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey to assess in greater detail state injury prevention staff perceptions of policy development and related skills and their awareness and perception of "Health in All Policies" (HiAP).The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey gauged public health (...) in this article includes only injury prevention employees with programmatic roles, excluding clerical and custodial staff, providing us with a total of 97 respondents. When weighted, this resulted in a weighted population size of 365 injury prevention workers.The main outcome measures include demographics, responses to understanding of and skill levels related to policy development, and perceptions of HiAP public health trend.State injury prevention workers reported lower policy-making skill but had

2017 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

164. Self reported hearing difficulty, tinnitus, and normal audiometric thresholds, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. (Abstract)

population-based study, the National Health and Nutrition and Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2176 participants (20-69 years of age). Normal audiometric thresholds were defined by pure-tone average (PTA4) of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 kHz ≤ 25 dBHL in each ear. Hearing difficulty (HD) and tinnitus perception was self-reported. Of the 2176 participants with complete data, 2015 had normal audiometric thresholds based on PTA4; the prevalence of individuals with normal PTA4 that self-reported HD was 15 (...) Self reported hearing difficulty, tinnitus, and normal audiometric thresholds, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. Perceived hearing difficulty (HD) and/or tinnitus in the presence of normal audiometric thresholds present a clinical challenge. Yet, there is limited data regarding prevalence and determinant factors contributing to HD. Here we present estimates generalized to the non-institutionalized population of the United States based on the cross-sectional

2017 Hearing Research

165. The interaction effects between race and functional disabilities on the prevalence of self-reported periodontal diseases - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012. (Abstract)

, and to identify whether race has a particular influence on this relationship.Data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012, in a representative sample of adults aged 30 years and older. FDs were defined as experiencing limitations in activities of daily living. The weighted logistic regression models were performed using SAS software.The incidence of FDs was associated with a poor self-rated perception of teeth and gum health, gum disease, bone loss, and loss of teeth (...) The interaction effects between race and functional disabilities on the prevalence of self-reported periodontal diseases - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012. Racial minority groups and adults with functional disabilities (FDs) disproportionally experience periodontal diseases. However, little is known about the interactions of these two characteristics in disease prevalence. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between FDs and periodontal experiences

2017 Community dental health

166. Research: Educational and psychological aspects Pilot feasibility study examining a structured self-management diabetes education programme, DESMOND-ID, targeting HbA<sub>1c</sub> in adults with intellectual disabilities. (Abstract)

Research: Educational and psychological aspects Pilot feasibility study examining a structured self-management diabetes education programme, DESMOND-ID, targeting HbA1c in adults with intellectual disabilities. To report on the outcomes of a pilot feasibility study of a structured self-management diabetes education programme targeting HbA1c .We conducted a two-arm, individually randomized, pilot superiority trial for adults with intellectual disability and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (...) . A total of 66 adults with disabilities across the UK met the eligibility criteria. Of these, 39 agreed to participate and were randomly assigned to either the DESMOND-ID programme (n = 19) or a control group (n = 20). The programme consisted of seven weekly educational sessions. The primary outcome was HbA1c level, and secondary outcomes included BMI, diabetes illness perceptions, severity of diabetes, quality of life, and attendance rates.This study found that the DESMOND-ID programme was feasible

2017 Diabetic Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

167. News for assimilation or integration? Examining the functions of news in shaping acculturation experiences of immigrants in the Netherlands and Spain Full Text available with Trip Pro

News for assimilation or integration? Examining the functions of news in shaping acculturation experiences of immigrants in the Netherlands and Spain This study investigates the functions of news media in shaping acculturation experiences of new economic and refugee immigrants in the Netherlands and Spain. Focus group data revealed that consumption of host country news media was mainly connected to immigrants' deliberate strategies to assimilate the culture, politics and language of the host (...) society, while exposure to transnational news was viewed in terms of strategies of integration in both countries. We also observed that participants' educational background and language skills combined with their perceptions of the host country's news have an impact on the use they make of news for assimilating and/or integrating into the host society. Finally, important sociopolitical conditions of the context influenced the ways participants use the news media in their process of acculturation.

2017 European Journal of Communication

168. “Is the doctor God to punish me?!” An intersectional examination of disrespectful and abusive care during childbirth against single mothers in Tunisia Full Text available with Trip Pro

exploring single mothers' encounters at the maternal healthcare facilities, especially in Tunisia. In Tunisia, single mothers are particularly vulnerable due to their social stigmatization and socio-economic marginalization. This study examines the self-perceptions and childbirth experiences of single mothers at the public healthcare facilities in Tunisia.This study follows a qualitative design. Eleven single mothers were interviewed in regard to their experiences with maternal healthcare services (...) “Is the doctor God to punish me?!” An intersectional examination of disrespectful and abusive care during childbirth against single mothers in Tunisia Disrespectful and abusive treatment during childbirth is a violation of women's right to dignified, respectful healthcare throughout pregnancy and childbirth. Although reports point out that marginalized groups in society such as single mothers are particularly vulnerable to abusive and disrespectful care, there is a lack of in-depth research

2017 Reproductive health

169. The Longitudinal Associations between Perceived Descriptive Peer Norms and Eating and Drinking Behavior: An Initial Examination in Young Adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Longitudinal Associations between Perceived Descriptive Peer Norms and Eating and Drinking Behavior: An Initial Examination in Young Adults Experimental and cross-sectional studies indicate that perceptions of the eating and drinking behavior of one's peers (perceived descriptive peer norms) are associated with the types, frequency and quantity of food, and beverages a person chooses to consume. At present, we know very little about the longitudinal association between perceived descriptive (...) peer norms and future eating or drinking behavior. In this study, we examined whether perceived descriptive peer norms for different food/beverage types predicted frequency of consumption of food/beverages in university students. Three hundred and forty participants completed measures at baseline and follow-up for frequency of consumption of cakes/pastries, sugar containing beverages, and alcoholic beverages, as well as measures of perceived descriptive peer norms at both time points. Perceived

2017 Frontiers in psychology

170. Improving Mental Health Treatment Utilization in Military Veterans: Examining the Effects of Perceived Need for Care and Social Support Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improving Mental Health Treatment Utilization in Military Veterans: Examining the Effects of Perceived Need for Care and Social Support Many veterans with mental health problems do not adequately utilize needed care. Research has focused on identifying barriers to mental health care in veterans.The current study adds to existing literature by examining whether perceived need for treatment and social support affect treatment utilization in a national longitudinal survey of Iraq and Afghanistan (...) , indirectly equating to higher odds of treatment use. Simultaneously, findings indicated that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) had a direct effect on more mental health visits but was also associated with higher endorsement that one needed to handle one's own problems and thus had an indirect effect of reducing mental health visits.Both social support and PTSD affected veterans' perceptions of needing to solve one's own problems, significantly predicted follow-up with mental health care. As a result

2017 Military psychology : the official journal of the Division of Military Psychology, American Psychological Association

171. Understanding where and why Senegalese adolescents and young adults access health information: A mixed methods study examining contextual and personal influences on health information seeking Full Text available with Trip Pro

Understanding where and why Senegalese adolescents and young adults access health information: A mixed methods study examining contextual and personal influences on health information seeking Adolescent and young adult years are critical to the development of behaviors that influence health across the life course. To reveal which health communication channels should be used to effectively reach and influence younger populations in Senegal, we used a mixed methods approach to identify (...) and interpret the multifaceted influences surrounding where and why this population accesses health information.We conducted 16 focus group discussions among adolescents and young adults in Senegal in September 2012. We then collected survey data from a larger, more diverse sample of Senegalese youth in October-November 2014.Our results demonstrate that information sources vary by health topic, differential access, age, and other demographics. While there is a greater perception of credibility

2017 Journal of communication in healthcare

172. An Autoethnographic Examination of Postpartum Depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Autoethnographic Examination of Postpartum Depression This article examines postpartum depression (PPD) using autoethnography to explore the stigmatization of depression and cultural expectations of motherhood. Because the personal experiences of living with PPD are often absent from primary care literature, this article uses first-person narrative and analysis of intensive mothering to explore the barriers to seeking PPD treatment, the need for increasing physician confidence and comfort (...) on the stigmatization of PPD.Four themes emerged from the analysis revealing the pressures surrounding the cultural ideologies of intensive mothering and the stigma of mental illness: essentialism, failure, shame, and avoidance.There is a need to reframe cultural perceptions of motherhood and PPD to positively impact familial interactions and health care encounters for those who live with the illness. The article calls for providing broader diagnostic efforts, more comprehensive care, and engagement with patients

2017 Annals of family medicine

173. Examining E-Loyalty in a Sexual Health Website: Cross-Sectional Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining E-Loyalty in a Sexual Health Website: Cross-Sectional Study Web-based sexual health resources are typically evaluated in terms of their efficacy. Information is lacking about how sexual health promotion websites are perceived and used. It is essential to understand website use to address challenges with adherence and attrition to Web-based health interventions. An existing theoretical framework for examining loyalty to electronic health (eHealth) interventions has been not yet been (...) applied in the context of sexual health promotion nor has the association between e-loyalty and intended intervention efficacy outcomes been investigated.The objectives of this study were to investigate users' loyalty toward a sexual health website (ie, e-loyalty), measure user perceptions of the website, and measure the association between e-loyalty and perceived knowledge increase and intent to change behavior.Over 4 months, website users (clients and health care providers) participated in an open

2017 JMIR public health and surveillance

174. Examining Neighborhood Social Cohesion in the Context of Community-based Participatory Research: Descriptive Findings from an Academic-Community Partnership Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Neighborhood Social Cohesion in the Context of Community-based Participatory Research: Descriptive Findings from an Academic-Community Partnership The purpose of this article is to describe the process of conducting an assessment of neighborhood perceptions and cohesion by a community coalition-academic team created in the context of community-based participatory research (CBPR), to guide the design of locally relevant health initiatives.Guided by CBPR principles, a collaborative (...) partnership was established between an academic center and a local, urban, underserved neighborhood in Birmingham, Alabama to identify and address community concerns and priorities. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in September 2016 among community residents (N=90) to examine perceptions of neighborhood characteristics, including social cohesion and neighborhood problems.The major concerns voiced by the coalition were violence and lack of neighborhood cohesion and safety. The community survey

2017 Ethnicity & disease

175. Trust in Police Motivations During Involuntary Encounters: An Examination of Young Gang Members of Colour Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trust in Police Motivations During Involuntary Encounters: An Examination of Young Gang Members of Colour Problems related to distrust of police, including aggressive and prejudicial police behavior, continue to raise concerns. Using a procedural justice model, the present study examines perceptions of trust or the lack thereof among a subpopulation of young disadvantaged minority youth that routinely come in contact with the police: drug-dealing gang members. In this article, we examine 253 (...) qualitative in-depth interviews comprised primarily of African American and Latino male and female drug-involved gang members, utilizing a comparative analysis, to examine how participants discuss interactions with law enforcement and describe situations where they trust the police or situations where they do not. The findings suggest that the context in which they were stopped operates as a primary differentiating component that shapes their perceptions of trust in the motivations behind police

2017 Race and justice

176. A Team, Case-based Examination and Its Impact on Student Performance in a Patient Safety and Informatics Course Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Team, Case-based Examination and Its Impact on Student Performance in a Patient Safety and Informatics Course Objective. To describe the redesigned assessment plan for a patient safety and informatics course and assess student pharmacist performance and perceptions. Methods. The final examination of a patient safety course was redesigned from traditional multiple choice and short answer to team-based, open-ended, and case-based. Faculty for each class session developed higher level activities (...) , focused on developing key skills or attitudes deemed essential for practice, for a progressive patient case consisting of nine activities. Student performance and perceptions were analyzed with pre- and post-surveys using 5-point scales. Results. Mean performance on the examination was 93.6%; median scores for each assessed course outcome ranged from 90% to 100%. Eighty-five percent of students completed both surveys. Confidence performing skills and demonstrating attitudes improved for each item

2017 American journal of pharmaceutical education

177. First-year medical students use of ultrasound or physical examination to diagnose hepatomegaly and ascites: a randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

First-year medical students use of ultrasound or physical examination to diagnose hepatomegaly and ascites: a randomized controlled trial To compare point-of-care ultrasound and physical examination (PEx), each performed by first-year medical students after brief teaching, for assessing ascites and hepatomegaly. Ultrasound and PEx were compared on: (1) reliability, validity and performance, (2) diagnostic confidence, ease of use, utility, and applicability.A single-center, randomized controlled (...) trainee diagnostic confidence and perceptions of utility.There were no significant differences in interobserver reliability, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV, or NPV between the ultrasound and PEx groups. However, students in the ultrasound group provided higher scores for perceived utility (ascites 8.38 ± 1.35 vs 7.08 ± 1.86, p = 0.008; hepatomegaly 7.68 ± 1.52 vs 5.36 ± 2.48, p < 0.001) and likelihood of adoption (ascites 8.67 ± 1.61 vs 7.46 ± 1.79, p = 0.02; hepatomegaly 8.12 ± 1.90 vs 5.92

2017 Journal of ultrasound Controlled trial quality: uncertain

178. Examining the Benefits and Barriers of Instructional Gardening Programs to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Preschool-Age Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the Benefits and Barriers of Instructional Gardening Programs to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Preschool-Age Children Research exists on using instructional gardening programs with school age children as a means of improving dietary quality and for obesity prevention. This article examines the potential use of instructional gardens in childcare settings to improving fruit and vegetable intake in young children. A qualitative study was conducted with childcare providers (...) . Participants (n = 20) were recruited via e-mails, letters, and follow-up phone calls. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded to identify themes within two areas (1) childcare providers perceptions of children's fruit and vegetable consumption and (2) components necessary to initiate or improve instructional gardening programs. Themes associated with provider's perceptions of child fruit and vegetable consumption included benefits of consumption, willingness to try fruits and vegetables, meeting

2017 Journal of environmental and public health

179. A Qualitative Examination of Yoga for Middle School Adolescents Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Qualitative Examination of Yoga for Middle School Adolescents The present study was part of a group randomized controlled trial in which 7th grade students were assigned to a yoga intervention or physical-education-as-usual. Sixteen students were randomly selected from the yoga condition to participate in one-on-one interviews. Qualitative analyses revealed 13 themes that were organized into two categories: Usability (student perceptions of the usefulness, learnability, and convenience (...) of the yoga intervention) and Effect (student perceptions of the direct results of the yoga intervention). Students reported both positive and negative opinions of yoga, especially when making direct comparisons between yoga and physical education. Students had particularly positive opinions regarding the beneficial effects of yoga on stress, sleep, and relaxation. Student opinions regarding the effects of yoga on self-regulation, social interaction, substance use, and academic performance were also

2017 Advances in school mental health promotion Controlled trial quality: uncertain

180. Practices of Breast Self-Examination and Associated Factors among Female Debre Berhan University Students Full Text available with Trip Pro

Practices of Breast Self-Examination and Associated Factors among Female Debre Berhan University Students Breast cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer in Ethiopia of all female cancers. It is considered to be a progressive disease with a poor prognosis if detected late. Breast self-examination is an important prevention method of breast cancer. This study was aimed at assessing practice and associated factors of breast self-examination (BSE) among female Debre Berhan University students (...) about BSE. Mass media were the most common source of information about breast cancer. Few of the participants (28.3%) had performed BSE. Lack of knowledge on how to perform BSE was cited as the main reason for not practicing BSE. Knowing how to perform, when to perform, and position to perform BSE and having a perception that BSE is important and useful to detect breast cancer were significant predictors of practices of BSE.This study revealed that most of the participants had low knowledge

2017 International journal of breast cancer

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