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Perception Exam

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121. Association of Skin Examination Behaviors and Thinner Nodular vs Superficial Spreading Melanoma at Diagnosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Skin Examination Behaviors and Thinner Nodular vs Superficial Spreading Melanoma at Diagnosis. Early melanoma detection strategies include skin self-examination (SSE), physician skin examination (PSE), and promotion of patient knowledge about skin cancer.To investigate the association of SSE, PSE, and patient attitudes with the detection of thinner superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) and nodular melanoma (NM), the latter of which tends to elude early detection.This cross (...) -sectional, questionnaire-based, multicenter study identified patients with newly diagnosed cutaneous melanoma at 4 referral hospital centers in the United States, Greece, and Hungary. Among 920 patients with a primary invasive melanoma, 685 patients with SSM or NM subtype were included.A standardized questionnaire was used to record sociodemographic information, SSE and PSE practices, and patient perceptions in the year prior to diagnosis.Data were analyzed according to histologic thickness, with a 2-mm

2018 JAMA dermatology (Chicago, Ill.)

122. Safety, trust, and disclosure: A qualitative examination of violence against refugee adolescents in Kiziba Camp, Rwanda. (Abstract)

Safety, trust, and disclosure: A qualitative examination of violence against refugee adolescents in Kiziba Camp, Rwanda. Refugee adolescents face increased vulnerability to child protection risks including abuse, neglect, violence, and exploitation. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the nature of violence against adolescents in Kiziba Camp, Rwanda, using an ecological framework to analyze the factors that influence protection risks and abuse disclosure across multiple system (...) levels. In order to understand these issues more comprehensively, a transgenerational inquiry sought perceptions from both adolescents and their caregivers. In April 2016, as part of a larger, comprehensive study on adolescent protection, 19 focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 70 adolescents and 68 caregivers from the Democratic Republic of Congo. A qualitative content analysis identified three salient themes. First, structural protection risks exist for adolescents in Kiziba Camp

2018 Social Science & Medicine

123. The Incidence of Overconfidence and Underconfidence Effects in Medical Student Examinations. (Abstract)

margin to manifest their confidence perceptions. The most confident students showed higher scores in examinations than the less confident ones. From this point of view, confidence could be considered an essential ingredient of success in examination performance.Copyright © 2018 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) The Incidence of Overconfidence and Underconfidence Effects in Medical Student Examinations. Overconfidence is the tendency to overestimate the knowledge, capacity, or performance one really possesses. This cognitive bias could be potentially dangerous in medical decision-making, considering the impact it could have on patient health care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of overconfidence and underconfidence in medical student knowledge on general surgery by using

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

124. Examining the challenges posed to parents by the contemporary screen environments of children: a qualitative investigation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the challenges posed to parents by the contemporary screen environments of children: a qualitative investigation. The ubiquity of technology in modern society has led to the American Academy of Pediatrics adapting their screen-viewing (SV) recommendations for children. The revised guidelines encourage families to identify an appropriate balance between SV and other activities. The aims of this study were to explore parents' views of their child's SV time and how important (...) it is for families to achieve a 'digital balance'.Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 51 parents of 8-9-year-old children, between July and October 2016. Inductive and deductive content analyses were used to explore parents' perceptions of their child's level of SV (low, medium, high), how parents feel about child SV, and the importance placed on achieving a digital balance. Parent report of child SV behaviours on weekdays and weekend days were assessed via questionnaire.Interview data

2018 BMC Pediatrics

125. Student perspectives on asthma management in schools: a mixed-methods study examining experiences, facilitators, and barriers to care. (Abstract)

Student perspectives on asthma management in schools: a mixed-methods study examining experiences, facilitators, and barriers to care. Children spend nearly a third of their day at school, making it a critical point of intervention for those with asthma. This study aimed to illuminate minority students' experiences with asthma at school and perceptions of facilitators and barriers to care.A mixed-methods study was conducted with elementary students with asthma. Participants completed a 24 (...) exercising. Half (53%) received help with asthma care at school. Drawings depicted cooperative management with adults or peers and the central role of inhalers as part of everyday asthma care in school. Finally, focus groups produced six key themes within the domains of facilitators: 1) support of others, 2) self-efficacy; 3) perception of being normal; and barriers: 4) lack of support from others; 5) difficulty accessing inhaler; 6) perception of being different.This study suggests asthma care plays

2018 Journal of Asthma

126. Examining quit attempts and successful quitting after recent cigarette tax increases. (Abstract)

Examining quit attempts and successful quitting after recent cigarette tax increases. As cigarette smoking rates decline, an important policy question is whether increasing cigarette taxes will continue to encourage smoking cessation. We tested this question following recent tobacco tax increases. Data were from the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey, a serial cross-sectional telephone survey conducted statewide, and was limited to past-year cigarette smokers in 2010 (n = 1029) and 2014 (n = 1382 (...) ). Weighted estimates were calculated of the prevalence of past year smokers, smokers who attempted to quit smoking, and those who successfully quit by demographics, tobacco use, use of evidence-based cessation assistance to quit, and smoker perceptions of the tax increases. Among past year smokers, almost 60% reported a quit attempt in both years, 12.8% successfully quit in 2010 and 15.6% in 2014. Although older age, daily smoking, mean cigarettes per day, and more days of e-cigarette use, were

2018 Preventive Medicine

127. Examining the Efficacy of a Mobile Therapy for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Examining the Efficacy of a Mobile Therapy for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Examining the Efficacy of a Mobile Therapy for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Examining the Efficacy of a Mobile Therapy for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03569176 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : June 26, 2018 Last Update Posted : July 17, 2018 Sponsor: Dennis Paul Wall Information provided

2018 Clinical Trials

128. Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic Treatment on Mental Fatigue

Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic Treatment on Mental Fatigue Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic Treatment on Mental Fatigue - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Examining (...) Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Intervention Model Description: Half the participants will receive the probiotic formulation while the other half will receive placebo. Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor) Masking Description: This will be a double-blind trial, with randomisation being conducted by a disinterested third party. Unblinding will not occur until data analysis is complete. Primary Purpose: Other Official Title: Examining the Effects of One-Month Probiotic

2018 Clinical Trials

129. The Use of Chaperone in Routine Anorectal Examination

Information provided by (Responsible Party): Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Background and aim: The use of chaperone in routine anorectal examination of women attending to Coloproctology clinics has not been studied to this date. The aim of this study is to compare the patients' perception and preference regarding the presence of a chaperone during their first anorectal examination. Patients and methods: adult women will be randomly selected (...) Description: The use of chaperone in routine anorectal examination of women attending to Coloproctology clinics has not been studied to this date. However, there are some guidance saying says that doctors should offer the patient the option of a chaperone wherever possible before conducting an intimate examination. The aim of this study is to compare the female patients' perception and preference regarding the presence of a chaperone during their first anorectal examination conduct by a male physician

2018 Clinical Trials

130. Auricular Point Acupressure: Examining the Scientific Underpinnings of Pain Relief

Auricular Point Acupressure: Examining the Scientific Underpinnings of Pain Relief Auricular Point Acupressure: Examining the Scientific Underpinnings of Pain Relief - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Auricular Point Acupressure: Examining the Scientific Underpinnings of Pain Relief The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03634527 Recruitment Status : Terminated (Funding duration ended.) First Posted : August 16, 2018 Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019 Sponsor: Johns Hopkins

2018 Clinical Trials

131. A student-initiated objective structured clinical examination as a sustainable cost-effective learning experience Full Text available with Trip Pro

students of all 4 years.We conducted a five-station MOSCE for third-year students. This involved fourth-year students as examiners and first-/second-year students as standardized patients (SPs). Each examiner scored examinees using a checklist and global rating scale while providing written and verbal feedback. MOSCE stations and checklists were designed by students and reviewed by a faculty supervisor. Following the MOSCE, participants completed surveys which elucidated their perceptions on the roles (...) A student-initiated objective structured clinical examination as a sustainable cost-effective learning experience The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) has gained widespread use as a form of performance assessment. However, opportunities for students to participate in practice OSCEs are limited by the financial, faculty and administrative investments required.To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a student-run mock OSCE (MOSCE) as a learning experience for medical

2018 Medical education online

132. Resilience, Life Events, and Well-Being During Midlife: Examining Resilience Subgroups Full Text available with Trip Pro

Resilience, Life Events, and Well-Being During Midlife: Examining Resilience Subgroups Developmental midlife processes involve resilience, changing challenges, and perceptions of getting older. In Study I and II, the Managing Life Survey resulted in growth, managing uncertainty, objectivity, adversity, and strategy use subscales. In Study II, resilience subgroups were identified. High and non-religious resilience groups had significantly higher averages for MLS subscales, time orientations

2018 Journal of adult development

133. Medical assistance in dying: Examining Canadian pharmacy perspectives using a mixed-methods approach Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical assistance in dying: Examining Canadian pharmacy perspectives using a mixed-methods approach Canada legalized assisted dying with the passing of Bill C-14, Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD), in June 2016. This legislation has implications for health care professionals participating in MAiD. This research aims to understand the effect that MAiD has on pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in Canada.We conducted a thematic document analysis of pharmacy guidelines, position statements (...) and standards of practice from pharmacy regulatory authorities across Canada. In addition, the Ontario Pharmacists Association surveyed its members (including pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and pharmacy students) about their perceptions of MAiD.Our thematic analysis of the reviewed documents resulted in 3 major themes: pharmacists' role in quality assurance, practice considerations when implementing MAiD and resources for pharmacy staff involved in MAiD. Survey responses illustrated that most (68

2018 Canadian Pharmacists Journal : CPJ

134. EquiMoves: A Wireless Networked Inertial Measurement System for Objective Examination of Horse Gait Full Text available with Trip Pro

EquiMoves: A Wireless Networked Inertial Measurement System for Objective Examination of Horse Gait In this paper, we describe and validate the EquiMoves system, which aims to support equine veterinarians in assessing lameness and gait performance in horses. The system works by capturing horse motion from up to eight synchronized wireless inertial measurement units. It can be used in various equine gait modes, and analyzes both upper-body and limb movements. The validation against an optical (...) kinematic results are most likely caused by the optical system setup (depth perception difficulty and suboptimal marker placement). The upper-body symmetry results show no significant bias in the agreement between the two systems; in most cases, the agreement is within ±5 mm. On a trial-level basis, the limits of agreement for withers and sacrum are within ±2 mm, meaning that the system can properly quantify motion asymmetry. Overall, the bias for all symmetry-related results is less than 1 mm, which

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

135. Datasets from a research project examining the role of politics in social psychological research Full Text available with Trip Pro

Datasets from a research project examining the role of politics in social psychological research We present four datasets from a project examining the role of politics in social psychological research. These include thousands of independent raters who coded scientific abstracts for political relevance and for whether conservatives or liberals were treated as targets of explanation and characterized in a negative light. Further included are predictions about the empirical results by scientists (...) participating in a forecasting survey, and coded publication outcomes for unpublished research projects varying in political overtones. Future researchers can leverage this corpus to test further hypotheses regarding political values and scientific research, perceptions of political bias, publication histories, and forecasting accuracy.

2018 Scientific data

136. What prevents youth at clinical high risk for psychosis from engaging in physical activity? An examination of the barriers to physical activity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

What prevents youth at clinical high risk for psychosis from engaging in physical activity? An examination of the barriers to physical activity. Exercise has increasingly been proposed as a healthful intervention prior to and after the onset of psychosis. There is some evidence to suggest that youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis are less physically active and report more barriers to engaging in exercise; however, there has been relatively limited empirical work documenting (...) this phenomenon, and to date, relationships between physical activity, barriers, and clinical phenomenology have been unclear.CHR (N = 51) and healthy control (N = 37) participants completed a structured clinical interview assessing attenuated psychotic symptoms and substance use, and an exercise survey that assessed current exercise practices, perceived physical fitness, and barriers related to engaging in exercise.CHR youth engaged in less physical activity, exhibited lower perception of fitness

2018 Schizophrenia Research

137. Effect of Nonpharmacologic Pain Control During Examination for Retinopathy of Prematurity. (Abstract)

Effect of Nonpharmacologic Pain Control During Examination for Retinopathy of Prematurity. To examine the effects of infant swaddling with oral administration of sucrose, swaddling with oral administration of breast milk, and swaddling with oral administration of distilled water (control) on pain perception in premature infants during a screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).A prospective, randomized controlled design was used.The research was conducted in the NICU (...) of a Level III university hospital in Istanbul.Data were obtained from 87 premature infants (54% female) who were less than 32 weeks gestation and 1500 g body weight.The nonpharmacologic methods of swaddling with orally administered 0.2 ml of 24% sucrose, swaddling with orally administered breast milk, and swaddling with orally administered distilled water were implemented immediately before the ROP examination. The Premature Infant Pain Profile was used to evaluate pain. Means, standard deviations

2018 Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN Controlled trial quality: uncertain

138. Immediate and delayed loading of two-piece reduced-diameter implants with locator-analog attachments in edentulous mandibles: One-year results from a randomized clinical trial examining clinical outcome and patient expectation. (Abstract)

Immediate and delayed loading of two-piece reduced-diameter implants with locator-analog attachments in edentulous mandibles: One-year results from a randomized clinical trial examining clinical outcome and patient expectation. Prosthetic management of thin alveolar ridges in the edentulous mandibles of elderly patients, especially the time of loading, the number of implants needed, and patient expectations and perception, is a challenge in implant dentistry.Survival of conventionally (...) loading of reduced-diameter implants supporting locator-analog attachments resulted in high implant survival, few prosthetic complications, good oral hygiene, and improvement of subjective denture perception in the short-term. It might be a promising treatment option, especially for elderly patients with a narrow mandibular ridge.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

2018 Clinical implant dentistry and related research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

139. Examining Youth Dual and Polytobacco Use with E-Cigarettes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Youth Dual and Polytobacco Use with E-Cigarettes E-cigarettes and other non-cigarette tobacco products are increasingly popular among youth. Little is known to inform public health efforts to reduce youth use. We examined psychosocial correlates of single and multiple tobacco product use among youth e-cigarette users. Data were from the 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (N = 69,923), a representative sample of Florida middle and high school students. Associations between combinations (...) of e-cigarette, cigarette and other tobacco product (OTP) use and psychosocial variables were examined using multinomial logistic regression with an analytic sample of N = 2756. Most e-cigarette-using youth used at least one other product (81%). Perceiving cigarettes as easy to quit was significantly associated with greater likelihood of combined e-cigarette/OTP use (relative risk ratio (RRR) = 2.51, p < 0.001) and combined e-cigarette/cigarette/OTP use (RRR = 3.20, p < 0.0001). Thinking you

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

140. Examining the Deviation From Balanced Time Perspective in the Dark Triad Throughout Adulthood Full Text available with Trip Pro

-oriented time perspective. In the current study, we aimed to examine whether the temporal attitude of individuals high in DT is deviant from a balanced time perspective (BTP) to a significant extent. To achieve this aim, we applied two operationalizations published in earlier studies to quantify BTP: the Deviation from Balanced Time Perspective coefficient (DBTP), calculated as the difference between individuals' time perception and the optimal time perspective, as well as the person-oriented approach (...) of identifying groups of individuals with similar time perception. Importantly, the age of participants (N = 346) covered a long and continuous period of adulthood-from the young adulthood to the elderly-in order to examine the moderating effect of age on the association of DT and BTP. Machiavellianism and psychopathy were both found to be clearly deviant from a BTP. In contrast, higher scores on narcissism were positively associated with a BTP profile. The DBTP analysis, however, suggested

2018 Frontiers in psychology

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