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Perception Exam

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101. Examining effects of medical cannabis narratives on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions related to recreational cannabis: A web-based randomized experiment. (Abstract)

such media stories continue to be commonplace, it is important to examine potential spillover effects of this coverage on public perceptions of recreational cannabis. Cannabis prevention programs should address the role of media coverage in shaping public opinion and address the distinction between medical and recreational cannabis use.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (...) Examining effects of medical cannabis narratives on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions related to recreational cannabis: A web-based randomized experiment. This experimental study tests effects of exposure to video narratives about successful symptom relief with Medical Cannabis (MC) on attitudes, beliefs, and intentions related to recreational cannabis use.Patient video testimonials were modeled after those found in extant media coverage. Israeli participants (N = 396) recruited through

2018 Drug and alcohol dependence Controlled trial quality: uncertain

102. Examining the impact of audience response systems on student performance in anatomy education: a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the impact of audience response systems on student performance in anatomy education: a randomised controlled trial. Background and aims Electronic audience response systems offer the potential to enhance learning and improve performance. However, objective research investigating the use of audience response systems in undergraduate education has so far produced mixed, inconclusive results. We investigated the impact of audience response systems on short- and long-term test performance (...) , as well as student perceptions of the educational experience, when integrated into undergraduate anatomy teaching. Methods and results A cohort of 70 undergraduate medical students was randomly allocated to one of the two groups. Both groups received the same anatomy lecture, but one group experienced the addition of audience response systems. Multiple-choice tests were conducted before, immediately after the lecture and again 10 weeks later. Self-perceived post-lecture subject knowledge, confidence

2018 Scottish medical journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

103. Effects of a single preappointment dose of gabapentin on signs of stress in cats during transportation and veterinary examination. (Abstract)

reported. All effects resolved within 8 hours after gabapentin administration. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Owners' perception of stress in their cats is a primary reason for failing to seek veterinary care. Results of this study suggested that gabapentin is a safe and effective treatment for cats to help reduce stress and aggression and increase compliance for transportation and veterinary examination. (...) Effects of a single preappointment dose of gabapentin on signs of stress in cats during transportation and veterinary examination. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of oral gabapentin administration prior to veterinary examination on signs of stress in cats. DESIGN Randomized, blinded, crossover clinical trial. ANIMALS 20 healthy pet cats with a history of fractious behavior or signs of stress during veterinary examination. PROCEDURES Cats were scheduled for 2 veterinary visits 1 week apart

2018 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

104. Cultural validation of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Version III Urdu for the British Urdu-speaking population: a qualitative assessment using cognitive interviewing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cultural validation of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Version III Urdu for the British Urdu-speaking population: a qualitative assessment using cognitive interviewing. Our research determined whether the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Version III (ACE-III) Urdu eliminated cultural bias through a qualitative assessment of its understanding and acceptability within the British Urdu-speaking population, employing cognitive interviews.We aimed to recruit 25 participants fluent (...) in speaking and writing Urdu, over the age of 60 years, able to give informed consent and who did not have a history of cognitive impairment. Participants were administered the ACE-III Urdu, and cognitive interviews were conducted, which involve obtaining verbal data on the individual's perception of the assessment overall, their understanding of the mental processes behind how they interpreted questions within the assessment and how they produced appropriate responses. This allows us to gauge

2018 BMJ open

105. An Examination of Multilevel Factors Influencing Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care Accountable Care Organization Settings: A Mixed-Methods Study. (Abstract)

An Examination of Multilevel Factors Influencing Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care Accountable Care Organization Settings: A Mixed-Methods Study. To identify patient, provider, and delivery system-level factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and validate findings across multiple data sets.A concurrent mixed-methods design using electronic health records, provider survey, and provider interview.Eight primary care accountable care organization clinics (...) in Nebraska.Patients' demographic/social characteristics, health utilization behaviors, and perceptions toward CRC screening; provider demographics and practice patterns; and clinics' delivery systems (eg, reminder system).Quantitative (frequencies, logistic regression, and t tests) and qualitative analyses (thematic coding).At the patient level, being 65 years of age and older (odds ratio [OR] = 1.34, P < .001), being non-Hispanic white (OR = 1.93, P < .001), having insurance (OR = 1.90, P = .01), having

2018 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

106. Internet-based Intervention for Skin Self-Examination in Participants With Increased Risk for Melanoma

Internet-based Intervention for Skin Self-Examination in Participants With Increased Risk for Melanoma Internet-based Intervention for Skin Self-Examination in Participants With Increased Risk for Melanoma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please (...) remove one or more studies before adding more. Internet-based Intervention for Skin Self-Examination in Participants With Increased Risk for Melanoma The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03725449 Recruitment

2018 Clinical Trials

107. Psychiatry as a career choice among medical students: a cross-sectional study examining school-related and non-school factors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Psychiatry as a career choice among medical students: a cross-sectional study examining school-related and non-school factors. Given the low recruitment to psychiatry worldwide, the current study aimed to examine how premedical and intramedical school factors, perception of career aspects, attitudes towards psychiatry, stigma towards mental illness and personality traits may affect the likelihood of psychiatry as a career choice.Cross-sectional online study.502 medical students from two public (...) medical institutions in Singapore.We critically examined existing literature for factors identified to influence psychiatry as a career choice and explored their effects in a group of medical students in Singapore. To avoid overloading the regression model, this analysis only included variables shown to have significant association (p<0.05) with the outcome variable from the initial Χ2 test and independent t-test analyses.A considerable number of non-medical school factors such as preschool influence

2018 BMJ open

108. Examining the Impact of Using the SIMPL Application on Feedback in Surgical Education. (Abstract)

Examining the Impact of Using the SIMPL Application on Feedback in Surgical Education. The System for Improving and Measuring Procedural Learning (SIMPL) smartphone application allows physicians to provide dictated feedback to surgical residents. The impact of this novel feedback medium on the quality of feedback is unknown. Our objective was to compare the delivery and quality of best-case operative performance feedback given via SIMPL to feedback given in-person.We collected operative (...) encounters were evaluated. Feedback via SIMPL was more directive (containing thoughts, perceptions, evaluations of resident behavior, or advice) and contained more presumptuous utterances (in which the physician reflected on and assessed resident performance or offered suggestions for improvement) than in-person feedback (p = 0.01). The resident survey showed no significant difference between the quality of feedback given via SIMPL and in-person (p = 0.07). The mean score was 47.74 (SD = 3.00) for SIMPL

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

109. Study protocol: healthy urban living and ageing in place (HULAP): an international, mixed methods study examining the associations between physical activity, built and social environments for older adults the UK and Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study protocol: healthy urban living and ageing in place (HULAP): an international, mixed methods study examining the associations between physical activity, built and social environments for older adults the UK and Brazil. The ability to 'age in place' is dependent on a range of inter-personal, social and built environment attributes, with the latter being a key area for potential intervention. There is an emerging body of evidence that indicates the type of built environment features that may (...) city to wear GPS and accelerometers, a survey capturing physical functioning and other personal attributes, as well as their perception of their local environment using NEWS-A. The study will also measure the built environments of the cities using GIS and develop a tool for auditing the routes used by participants around their neighbourhoods. The study seeks to comparatively map the policy actors and resources involved in healthy ageing in the two cities through interviews, focus groups

2018 BMC Public Health

110. National Landscape of General Surgery Mock Oral Examination Practices: Survey of Residency Program Directors. (Abstract)

National Landscape of General Surgery Mock Oral Examination Practices: Survey of Residency Program Directors. Mock oral examinations (MOEs) are used within surgery residency programs to prepare trainees for the American Board of Surgery (ABS) Certifying Exam (CE), but little work exists to guide programs in terms of best practices for implementing a general surgery MOE program. This study, endorsed by the Association for Program Directors in Surgery (APDS) Research Committee, aimed to better (...) understand the national scope of current practices for general surgery MOEs.General surgery residency program directors (PDs) were invited via the APDS listserv to complete a 27-item survey about their perceptions of the importance and correlates of MOEs, how their exams are structured, implementation barriers, and recent revisions to their MOE program.Of 98 PDs responding to the survey, 94% (n = 92) responded about the characteristics of their formal MOE programs. The majority required upper level

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

111. Organizational Justice and Readiness for Change: A Concomitant Examination of the Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support and Identification Full Text available with Trip Pro

Organizational Justice and Readiness for Change: A Concomitant Examination of the Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support and Identification Survival in today's global economy requires organizations to be flexible and adapt readily to the ever-changing marketplace. However, more than 70% of organizational change initiatives fail, mostly due to employees' resistance to change. The literature has identified readiness for change (RFC) as an important cognitive precursor of resistance (...) . A body of research has accordingly investigated the determinants of employees' RFC. In particular, RFC has been shown to be positively predicted by employees' perceptions of fair treatment. Little is known, however, on the mechanisms underlying this relationship. Relying on social exchange theory and social identity theory, this paper investigates the concomitant mediating role of perceived organizational support (POS) and organizational identification (OID) between overall justice and RFC. One

2018 Frontiers in psychology

112. Examining the impact of accreditation on a primary healthcare organization in Qatar Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the impact of accreditation on a primary healthcare organization in Qatar Although a modest body of literature exists on accreditation, little research was conducted on the impact of accreditation on primary healthcare organizations in the Middle East. This study assessed the changes resulting from the integration of Accreditation Canada International's accreditation program in a primary healthcare organization in the State of Qatar.The study investigated how accreditation helped (...) introduce organizational changes through promoting organizational learning as well as quality improvement initiatives. Applying a quantitative design, a structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 500 staff. The study used Spearman's correlation coefficient to analyze the collected survey data.Overall employees agreed on the positive impact of accreditation. The results showed a significantly positive correlation between staff perception of accreditation and of quality of care. The two

2018 BMC medical education

113. Design of an experimental protocol to examine medication non-adherence among young drivers diagnosed with ADHD: A driving simulator study Full Text available with Trip Pro

adults with ADHD and a control group of non-ADHD. A driving simulator was used to examine driving behaviors and interactions with traffic. The primary outcome was speed management for two comparisons (ADHD vs. non-ADHD and before vs. after medication), and secondary objectives involved understanding differences among the participants utilizing self-reported surveys about ADHD symptoms, drivers' knowledge, and perception about safety. The study protocol was designed to maximize participant safety (...) Design of an experimental protocol to examine medication non-adherence among young drivers diagnosed with ADHD: A driving simulator study The diagnosis of ADHD among teens and young adults has been associated with a higher likelihood of motor vehicle crashes. Some studies suggest a beneficial effect of ADHD medication but the exact efficacy is still being debated. Further, medication adherence, which is low in this age group, can further reduce effectiveness. Our long-term objective

2018 Contemporary clinical trials communications Controlled trial quality: uncertain

114. A preliminary investigation examining patient reported outcome measures for low back pain and utilisation amongst chiropractors in Australia: facilitators and barriers to clinical implementation Full Text available with Trip Pro

A preliminary investigation examining patient reported outcome measures for low back pain and utilisation amongst chiropractors in Australia: facilitators and barriers to clinical implementation The current utilisation of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) for low back pain (LBP) within the Australian Chiropractic profession is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the current utilisation of LBP PROMs amongst Chiropractors in Australia and to identify the potential barriers (...) Questionnaire (HSQ) was the most commonly used health LBP PROM followed by RAND Health Questionnaires.Most of the survey respondents use PROMs in clinical practice. The most common barrier chiropractors identified that prevent LBP PROM utilisation was the lack of operational definition surrounding PROMs, as well as how to use them and the perception that they are time consuming. Facilitatory factors to implement PROMs included using simple administration systems, utilising electronic forms and consistent

2018 Chiropractic & manual therapies

115. Bridge Over an Aging Population: Examining Longitudinal Relations Among Human Resource Management, Social Support, and Employee Outcomes Among Bridge Workers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bridge Over an Aging Population: Examining Longitudinal Relations Among Human Resource Management, Social Support, and Employee Outcomes Among Bridge Workers This two-wave complete panel study aims to examine human resource management (HRM) bundles of practices in relation to social support [i.e., leader-member exchange (LMX), coworker exchange (CWX)] and employee outcomes (i.e., work engagement, employability, and health), within a context of workers aged 65+. Based upon the social exchange (...) theory and the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) framework, it was hypothesized that HRM bundles at Time 1 would increase bridge workers' outcomes at Time 2, and that this relationship would be mediated by perceptions of LMX and CWX at Time 2. Using a longitudinal design, hypotheses were tested in a unique sample of Dutch bridge employees (N = 228). Results of several structural equation modeling analyses revealed no significant associations between HRM bundles, and social support, moreover

2018 Frontiers in psychology

116. Statistical exploration of dataset examining key indicators influencing housing and urban infrastructure investments in megacities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Statistical exploration of dataset examining key indicators influencing housing and urban infrastructure investments in megacities Lagos, by the UN standards, has attained the megacity status, with the attendant challenges of living up to that titanic position; regrettably it struggles with its present stock of housing and infrastructural facilities to match its new status. Based on a survey of construction professionals' perception residing within the state, a questionnaire instrument was used

2018 Data in brief

117. Examination of Previously Published Data to Identify Patterns in the Social Representation of ‘Hearing Aids’ Across Countries Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examination of Previously Published Data to Identify Patterns in the Social Representation of ‘Hearing Aids’ Across Countries Societal factors seem to exercise a strong influence on hearing aid uptake, use, and satisfaction. In particular, knowledge, perception, and attitude of people will have bearing towards their and others health behavior and decisions. The current study aimed at understanding the perception of hearing aids by adults belonging to the general population in different (...) to be associated with most clusters.The study provides us with unique insights into the perception of hearing aids by the general public, and additionally, the way demographic variables may influence these perceptions.

2018 Journal of Audiology & Otology

118. A Mokken scale analysis of the peer physical examination questionnaire Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Mokken scale analysis of the peer physical examination questionnaire Peer physical examination (PPE) is a teaching and learning strategy utilised in most health profession education programs. Perceptions of participating in PPE have been described in the literature, focusing on areas of the body students are willing, or unwilling, to examine. A small number of questionnaires exist to evaluate these perceptions, however none have described the measurement properties that may allow them (...) to be used longitudinally. The present study undertook a Mokken scale analysis of the Peer Physical Examination Questionnaire (PPEQ) to evaluate its dimensionality and structure when used with Australian osteopathy students.Students enrolled in Year 1 of the osteopathy programs at Victoria University (Melbourne, Australia) and Southern Cross University (Lismore, Australia) were invited to complete the PPEQ prior to their first practical skills examination class. R, an open-source statistics program

2018 Chiropractic & manual therapies

119. Examining the Obesogenic Attributes of the Family Child Care Home Environment: A Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the Obesogenic Attributes of the Family Child Care Home Environment: A Literature Review Childhood obesity is a major public health concern in the US. More than a third of young children 2-5 years old are placed in nonrelative child care for the majority of the day, making the child care setting an important venue to spearhead obesity prevention. Much of the obesity research in child care has focused on center-based facilities, with emerging research on Family Child Care Homes (FCCHs (...) activity best practices, lack of adequate equipment and space for indoor and outdoor playtime activities in FCCHs, inaccurate nutrition-related beliefs and perceptions among FCCH providers, poor nutrition-related communication with families, and poor feeding practices. Future research focusing on interventions aimed at addressing these problem areas can contribute to obesity prevention.

2018 Journal of obesity

120. Promoting sunscreen use and skin self-examination to improve early detection and prevent skin cancer: quasi-experimental trial of an adolescent psycho-educational intervention. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Promoting sunscreen use and skin self-examination to improve early detection and prevent skin cancer: quasi-experimental trial of an adolescent psycho-educational intervention. Skin cancer rates are increasing. Interventions to increase adolescent sunscreen use and skin self-examination (SSE) are required.Quasi-experimental design; 1 control and 4 intervention group schools in Scotland, UK. Participants were 15-16 year old students on the school register. The intervention was a theoretically (...) -informed (Common-Sense Model and Health Action Process Approach) 50-min presentation, delivered by a skin cancer specialist nurse and young adult skin cancer survivor, to students in a classroom, supplemented by a home-based assignment. Outcome variables were sunscreen use intention, SSE intention/behaviour, planning, illness perceptions and skin cancer communication behaviour, measured 2 weeks pre- and 4 weeks post- intervention using self-completed pen and paper survey. School attendance records were

2018 BMC Public Health

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