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Perception Exam

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81. Examining the role of red background in magnocellular contribution to face perception Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining the role of red background in magnocellular contribution to face perception This study examines the role of the magnocellular system in the early stages of face perception, in particular sex categorization. Utilizing the specific property of magnocellular suppression in red light, we investigated visually guided reaching to low and high spatial frequency hybrid faces against red and grey backgrounds. The arm movement curvature measure shows that reduced response of the magnocellular (...) pathway interferes with the low spatial frequency component of face perception. This finding provides behavioral evidence for magnocellular contribution to non-emotional aspect of face perception.

2016 PeerJ

82. Examining perceptions of the usefulness and usability of a mobile-based system for pharmacogenomics clinical decision support: a mixed methods study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining perceptions of the usefulness and usability of a mobile-based system for pharmacogenomics clinical decision support: a mixed methods study Background. Pharmacogenomic testing has the potential to improve the safety and efficacy of pharmacotherapy, but clinical application of pharmacogenetic knowledge has remained uncommon. Clinical Decision Support (CDS) systems could help overcome some of the barriers to clinical implementation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception

2016 PeerJ

83. A Qualitative Study to Examine Perceptions and Barriers to Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain among Participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children Program Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Qualitative Study to Examine Perceptions and Barriers to Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain among Participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children Program Women of reproductive age are particularly at risk of obesity because of excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention, resulting in poor health outcomes for both mothers and infants. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine perceptions and barriers to GWG among

2016 Journal of pregnancy

84. Student Pharmacists’ Perceptions of a Composite Examination in Their First Professional Year Full Text available with Trip Pro

Student Pharmacists’ Perceptions of a Composite Examination in Their First Professional Year To assess first-year (P1) pharmacy students' studying behaviors and perceptions after implementation of a new computerized "composite examination" (CE) testing procedure.Student surveys were conducted to assess studying behavior and perceptions about the CE before and after its implementation.Surveys were completed by 149 P1 students (92% response rate). Significant changes between survey results (...) before and after the CE included an increase in students' concerns about the limited number of questions per course on each examination and decreased concerns about the time allotted and the inability to write on the CEs. Significant changes in study habits included a decrease in cramming (studying shortly before the test) and an increase in priority studying (spending more time on one course than another).The CE positively changed assessment practice at the college. It helped overcome logistic

2016 American journal of pharmaceutical education

85. Examining the short term effects of emotion under an Adaptation Level Theory Model of Tinnitus Perception. (Abstract)

Examining the short term effects of emotion under an Adaptation Level Theory Model of Tinnitus Perception. Existing evidence suggests a strong relationship between tinnitus and emotion. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of short-term emotional changes along valence and arousal dimensions on tinnitus outcomes. Emotional stimuli were presented in two different modalities: auditory and visual. The authors hypothesized that (1) negative valence (unpleasant) stimuli and/or high

2016 Hearing Research

86. Students' perception and experience of intimate area examination and sexual history taking during undergraduate clinical skills training: A study from two Saudi medical colleges. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Students' perception and experience of intimate area examination and sexual history taking during undergraduate clinical skills training: A study from two Saudi medical colleges. This study explores the experiences of Saudi undergraduate medical students about intimate-area examination (IAE) and sexual history taking (SHT) skills and assesses the barriers and their impacts on students' learning. This survey-based study was performed at 2 Saudi university medical colleges and revealed that most

2016 Medicine

87. Students' perceived stress and perception of barriers to effective study: impact on academic performance in examinations. (Abstract)

Students' perceived stress and perception of barriers to effective study: impact on academic performance in examinations. To identify students' perceptions of barriers to effective study and the relationship between these and demographic characteristics, levels of perceived stress and examination performance.A questionnaire was distributed to first (BDS1) and final year (BDS5) King's College London dental undergraduates, during Spring 2013. Data were collected on students' social and working (...) environment using a Likert scale from zero to four. Levels of perceived stress and end-of-year examination results were collected. Statistical analyses were undertaken using SPSS® and Stata® software.A response rate of 83.0% (BDS1) and 82.9% (BDS5) was achieved. Social distractions were perceived to hinder study, with median scores of two and three for females and males respectively. The mean perceived stress score differed significantly (p=0.001) between males and females. Difficulties with journey

2015 British Dental Journal

88. Examining Older Adults’ Perceptions of Usability and Acceptability of Remote Monitoring Systems to Manage Chronic Heart Failure Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Older Adults’ Perceptions of Usability and Acceptability of Remote Monitoring Systems to Manage Chronic Heart Failure Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using remote monitoring systems (RMS) in monitoring health status (e.g., vital signs, symptom distress) in older adults (≥55) with chronic heart failure (HF). Method: Twenty-one patients (52.4% women, mean age 73.1 ± 9.3) were trained to measure and transmit health data

2015 Gerontology and geriatric medicine

89. “They should stay at their desk until the work’s done”: a qualitative study examining perceptions of sedentary behaviour in a desk-based occupational setting Full Text available with Trip Pro

“They should stay at their desk until the work’s done”: a qualitative study examining perceptions of sedentary behaviour in a desk-based occupational setting Workplace sedentary behaviour is a priority target for health promotion. However, little is known about how to effect change. We aimed to explore desk-based office workers' perceptions of factors that influenced sedentary behaviour at work and to explore the feasibility of using a novel mobile phone application to track (...) awareness of sedentary behaviour. Individuals expressed a wish for flexibility in its configuration.These findings indicate that employers' and employees' perceptions of the cultural context and physical environment of their work, as well as personal factors, must be considered in attempting to effect changes that reduce workplace sedentary behaviour. Further research should investigate appropriate individually tailored approaches to this challenge, using a framework of behaviour change theory which

2015 BMC research notes

90. Creating and Assessing Student Perception of an Examination Mastery Score Report for a Pharmacotherapy Course Full Text available with Trip Pro

Creating and Assessing Student Perception of an Examination Mastery Score Report for a Pharmacotherapy Course To compare student-perceived utility of two types of score reports.Assessment standards were followed to create a new examination score report for pharmacotherapy coursework. Student examination scores were returned using the traditional score report, the utility of which students rated along 9 dimensions. A mastery score report was also distributed, and students rated it on the same 9

2015 American journal of pharmaceutical education

91. An In-Depth Examination of Perceptions of Physical Activity in Regularly Active and Insufficiently Active Older African American Women: A Participatory Approach Full Text available with Trip Pro

An In-Depth Examination of Perceptions of Physical Activity in Regularly Active and Insufficiently Active Older African American Women: A Participatory Approach Despite considerable research and programmatic efforts to alleviate racial/ethnic disparities in physical activity (PA), disparities in PA among older minorities and major racial ethnic groups persist. This study explored perceptions of PA among regularly active (RA) and insufficiently active (IA) older African American women (AAW

2015 PloS one

92. Do Assessments of HIV Risk Behaviors Change Behaviors and Prevention Intervention Efficacy? An Experimental Examination of the Influence of Type of Assessment and Risk Perceptions. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Do Assessments of HIV Risk Behaviors Change Behaviors and Prevention Intervention Efficacy? An Experimental Examination of the Influence of Type of Assessment and Risk Perceptions. Behavioral assessments may change behaviors and responses to behavioral interventions, depending on assessment type and respondents' motivations.We observed effects on sexual behavior and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention intervention efficacy of interviews assessing recent HIV risk behavior frequency (...) or HIV risk behavior events among respondents with different perceptions of their risk for HIV.Young South African sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic clients (N=1,728) participated in a 3 (event-based vs. frequency-based vs. no interview) by 2 (evidence-based vs. standard of care risk-reduction session) RCT.The interviews increased reported safer sexual behavior among youth with higher but not lower risk perceptions. The intervention session was less effective when combined with interviews

2015 Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

93. Perceptions and the role of group exercise among New York City adults, 2010-2011: An examination of interpersonal factors and leisure-time physical activity. (Abstract)

Perceptions and the role of group exercise among New York City adults, 2010-2011: An examination of interpersonal factors and leisure-time physical activity. To examine associations of descriptive norms (i.e., behaviors of social group members) and exercising 'with a partner' or 'as a part of a group' on weekly leisure-time physical activity.T-tests and adjusted multivariable linear models were used to test the associations between descriptive norms and exercising with a partner or as a part

2015 Preventive Medicine

94. Examining Perceptions about Mandatory Influenza Vaccination of Healthcare Workers through Online Comments on News Stories Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Perceptions about Mandatory Influenza Vaccination of Healthcare Workers through Online Comments on News Stories The aim of this study was to understand online public perceptions of the debate surrounding the choice of annual influenza vaccinations or wearing masks as a condition of employment for healthcare workers, such as the one enacted in British Columbia in August 2012.Four national and 82 local (British Columbia) Canadian online news sites were searched for articles posted (...) the influenza vaccine, 28% were positive, 20% were neutral, and 4% expressed mixed sentiment. Of those who commented on the policy, 75% did not support the condition to work policy, while 25% were in favour. Of the commenters, 11% self-identified as healthcare workers, 13% shared personal stories, and 18% cited a reference or statistic.The perception of the influenza vaccine in the comment sections of online news sites is fairly poor. Public health agencies should consider including online forums, comment

2015 PloS one

95. Combined effect of body mass index and body size perception on metabolic syndrome in South Korea: results of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2010-2012). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Combined effect of body mass index and body size perception on metabolic syndrome in South Korea: results of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2010-2012). Body mass index (BMI) has been used as an indirect predictor for the risk of metabolic syndrome. However, there are challenges in evaluating the risk of metabolic syndrome using BMI in certain parts of the world. Therefore, it is worth exploring additional factors that could supplement BMI to predict the risk (...) of metabolic syndrome. In this study, we assessed the combined effect of BMI and perception for predicting metabolic syndrome.We used the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES V, 2010-12, N = 16,537) in this study. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association while controlling for potential confounding variables. We also performed an analysis for the combined effect of BMI and perception of body size, and subgroup analysis by age group

2015 BMC Public Health

96. Perceptions of postgraduate trainees on the impact of objective structured clinical examinations on their study behavior and clinical practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perceptions of postgraduate trainees on the impact of objective structured clinical examinations on their study behavior and clinical practice The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a commonly used method of assessing clinical competence at various levels, including at the postgraduate level. How the OSCE impacts on learning in higher education is poorly described. In this study, we evaluated the perceptions of postgraduate trainees regarding the impact of the OSCE

2015 Advances in medical education and practice

97. The combination of perception of other individuals and exogenous manipulation of arousal enhances social facilitation as an aftereffect: re-examination of Zajonc’s drive theory Full Text available with Trip Pro

The combination of perception of other individuals and exogenous manipulation of arousal enhances social facilitation as an aftereffect: re-examination of Zajonc’s drive theory Zajonc's drive theory postulates that arousal enhanced through the perception of the presence of other individuals plays a crucial role in social facilitation (Zajonc, 1965). Here, we conducted two experiments to examine whether the elevation of arousal through a stepping exercise performed in front of others (...) as an exogenous factor causes social facilitation of a cognitive task in a condition where the presence of others does not elevate the arousal level. In the main experiment, as an "aftereffect of social stimulus," we manipulated the presence or absence of others and arousal enhancement before participants conducted the primary cognitive task. The results showed that the strongest social facilitation was induced by the combination of the perception of others and arousal enhancement. In a supplementary

2015 Frontiers in psychology

98. Examining and comparing social perception abilities across childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorders. (Abstract)

Examining and comparing social perception abilities across childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorders. Several neurodevelopmental disorders are associated with social processing deficits. The objective of this study was to compare patterns of social perception abilities across obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and control participants.A total of 265 children completed the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (...) scores on the RMET, irrespective of diagnosis.Social perception abilities in neurodevelopmental disorders exist along a continuum. Children with ASD have the greatest deficits, whereas children with OCD may be hypersensitive to social information. Social communication deficits and hyperactive/impulsive traits are associated with impaired social perception abilities; these findings highlight overlapping cognitive and behavioral manifestations across disorders.Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Child

2015 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

99. A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effects of Tai Chi and Electronic Tablet Use on Older Adults' Cognition and Health. (Abstract)

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effects of Tai Chi and Electronic Tablet Use on Older Adults' Cognition and Health. To evaluate the feasibility of Tai Chi (TC) and electronic tablet (ET) interventions on older adults' cognition and health and to explore participants' perceptions of intervention activities.An emergent embedded experimental mixed methods design was used in which the qualitative strand helped explain intervention results.Older adults who participate in TC classes (...) will have improved cognition and health compared with older adults who participate in ET classes. Twenty-six participants from two assisted living residences were recruited and randomized to receive nine TC or ET classes. The Modified Mini Mental State Exam was used to measure cognition and the SF-12v2 assessed perceived health before and after the intervention. Participants were invited to share perceptions of the two interventions. Institutional review board approval was obtained and participants

2018 Journal of holistic nursing : official journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

100. A pilot study examining the effect of integrative tinnitus management (ITM) on tinnitus distress and depression symptoms in veterans. (Abstract)

A pilot study examining the effect of integrative tinnitus management (ITM) on tinnitus distress and depression symptoms in veterans. Tinnitus, or the perception of sound in the absence of an acoustic stimulus, is a highly prevalent and distressing symptom that currently lacks an effective medical treatment. Tinnitus is highly comorbid with insomnia, depression, and anxiety and is the most common service-connected disability among veterans of the U.S. military. This article evaluates

2018 Psychological services Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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