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Perception Exam

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61. A qualitative research synthesis examining the effectiveness of interventions used by occupational therapists in mental health Full Text available with Trip Pro

A qualitative research synthesis examining the effectiveness of interventions used by occupational therapists in mental health A qualitative research synthesis examining the effectiveness of interventions used by occupational therapists in mental health A qualitative research synthesis examining the effectiveness of interventions used by occupational therapists in mental health Wimpenny K, Savin-Baden M, Cook C CRD summary Occupational interventions providing space for healing, self-rediscovery (...) , identity formation, and community participation, were valued more than short, psychological interventions, focused on case management and the assessment of mental stability. Occupational therapists should demonstrate an authentic therapeutic relationship built upon care, trust, and respect. The first conclusion was not fully supported by the evidence, but the second conclusion seems reliable. Authors' objectives To examine the effectiveness of occupational therapy in mental health service delivery

2014 DARE.

62. Impaired processing speed in categorical perception: Speech perception of children who stutter. Full Text available with Trip Pro

paradigm to examine their ability to categorize different acoustic variations of speech sounds into the same or different phonemic categories. In this study, 15 CWS and 16 children who do not stutter (CWNS) completed identification and discrimination tasks involving acoustic variations of Cantonese speech sounds in three stimulus contexts: consonants (voice onset times, VOTs), lexical tones, and vowels. The results showed similar categorical perception performance in boundary position and width (...) Impaired processing speed in categorical perception: Speech perception of children who stutter. There have been controversial debates across multiple disciplines regarding the underlying mechanism of developmental stuttering. Stuttering is often related to issues in the speech production system; however, the presence and extent of a speech perception deficit is less clear. This study aimed to investigate the speech perception of children who stutter (CWS) using the categorical perception

2019 PLoS ONE

63. Does exam-targeted training help village doctors pass the certified (assistant) physician exam and improve their practical skills? A cross-sectional analysis of village doctors’ perspectives in Changzhou in Eastern China Full Text available with Trip Pro

-targeted training for rural doctors therefore was launched as a national initiative. This study examined these rural doctors' perceptions of whether that training helps them pass the exam and whether it improves their skills.Three counties were selected from the 4 counties in Changzhou City in eastern China, and 844 village doctors were surveyed by a questionnaire in July 2012. Chi-square test and Fisher exact test were used to identify differences of attitudes about the exam and training between (...) Does exam-targeted training help village doctors pass the certified (assistant) physician exam and improve their practical skills? A cross-sectional analysis of village doctors’ perspectives in Changzhou in Eastern China Quality of health care needs to be improved in rural China. The Chinese government, based on the 1999 Law on Physicians, started implementing the Rural Doctor Practice Regulation in 2004 to increase the percentage of certified physicians among village doctors. Special exam

2018 BMC medical education

64. A Mixed-methods Study Examining Inhaler Carry and Use among Children at School. (Abstract)

A Mixed-methods Study Examining Inhaler Carry and Use among Children at School. Objective: Asthma self-management depends partly on access to inhalers; for children, this includes independent inhaler carry and use at school ("self-carry"). Although laws and policies support self-carry, little is known about practices within schools. This study aimed to identify factors associated with inhaler self-carry among children and examine barriers and facilitators to self-carry. Methods: This mixed (...) %) reported having quick-relief medication at school, primarily inhalers, and 35 (53.8%) reported self-carry. Inhaler self-carry was associated with controller medication use and parent confidence in child's self-carry skills. Children and parents identified several facilitators to self-carry: child's asthma knowledge, inhaler characteristics, and need for easy inhaler access. Barriers included child's limited understanding of asthma and inhalers, perception that inhaler is not needed, and limited inhaler

2019 Journal of Asthma

65. Allodynography: Reliability of a New Procedure for Objective Clinical Examination of Static Mechanical Allodynia. (Abstract)

clinical examination procedure for mapping the area of cutaneous allodynia.Persons with pain in one upper extremity after complex regional pain syndrome, a peripheral nerve injury, or who had recently experienced a hand fracture were recruited for assessment of static mechanical allodynia (based on perception of a 15g force stimulus delivered by Semmes-Weinstein monofilament #5.18 as painful) by two raters at baseline; the assessment was repeated one week later.Single-measures estimates suggested inter (...) Allodynography: Reliability of a New Procedure for Objective Clinical Examination of Static Mechanical Allodynia. There is a need for reliable and valid clinical assessment tools for quantifying allodynia in neuropathic pain. Allodynography has been proposed as a useful standardized procedure for clinical assessment of mechanical allodynia. This study (www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT02070367) undertook preliminary investigation of the measurement properties of allodynography, a new standardized

2019 Pain Medicine

66. What did they do next? A survey of dentists who have passed the Overseas Registration Examination of the General Dental Council. (Abstract)

What did they do next? A survey of dentists who have passed the Overseas Registration Examination of the General Dental Council. Aims To establish what work a sample of Overseas Registration Examination (ORE) registrants were undertaking and understand what had facilitated or impeded them from finding suitable employment as dentists. Method An online questionnaire, consisting of both closed and open questions, was used to capture data from a population of 1,106 former ORE candidates who passed (...) the examination between 2009 and 2014 and were registered by the General Dental Council (GDC). The data were analysed and presented in the form of tables, figures and a presentation of the major themes that emerged from the responses. Results There was a 42% response rate. Seventy-one percent of respondents were employed as dentists in the UK, with the majority providing a mixture of private and NHS patient treatment. Most who were not working as dentists were actively seeking training places. Additional

2019 British Dental Journal

67. A randomized controlled trial to examine the impacts of disclosing personalized depression risk information on the outcomes of individuals who are at high risk of developing major depression: a research protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized controlled trial to examine the impacts of disclosing personalized depression risk information on the outcomes of individuals who are at high risk of developing major depression: a research protocol. Major depressive disorder is one of the most prevalent and disabling forms of mental illness in the general population. One public health strategy that may reduce the disease burden is early identification and prevention - identifying people who are at high risk and intervening (...) the country. Eligible participants are randomized into (1) the control group, and (2) the group receiving personalized depression risk information. The participants are assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months regarding accuracy of risk perception, use of self-help strategies and changes in psychological distress and functioning. Qualitative interviews are conducted in sub-samples of the intervention groups to explore how the personalized information affects risk perception, self-help behaviors and mental

2019 BMC Psychiatry

68. Who is JUULing and Why? An Examination of Young Adult Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Users. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Who is JUULing and Why? An Examination of Young Adult Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Users. The purpose of this study was to compare characteristics of usual JUUL users versus other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) users, examine differences in reasons for use and perceptions across ENDS user groups, and identify significant correlates of usual JUUL use.This study used data from 510 young adult ENDS users (ages 18-29 years) from Wave 7 (Spring 2018) of the Marketing

2019 The Journal of Adolescent Health

69. Examining reactivity patterns in burnout and other indicators of chronic stress. (Abstract)

Examining reactivity patterns in burnout and other indicators of chronic stress. Burnout symptomatology is associated with various negative health consequences; however, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. One potential pathway involves alterations in the acute stress response. The aims of the present study were to examine burnout-associated alterations in stress-reactivity patterns, during a standardized social stressor compared to a control condition, as well (...) as to examine whether effects associated with greater burnout symptomatology were distinct from other, conceptually overlapping indicators of chronic stress (i.e. depressive symptomatology and elevated hair cortisol concentration [HCC]).In a randomized two-factor design a total of 70 employed males with varying burnout symptoms but without evidence of physical or psychiatric disease were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G) or a non-stressful control condition. Acute stress reactivity

2019 Psychoneuroendocrinology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

70. Employees' and line managers' active involvement in participatory organizational interventions: Examining direct, reversed, and reciprocal effects on well-being. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Employees' and line managers' active involvement in participatory organizational interventions: Examining direct, reversed, and reciprocal effects on well-being. This study examined how employee participation and perceptions of line managers' support during a participatory organizational intervention were related to well-being over time. Although previous studies suggest that employees' and managers' active involvement in participatory organizational interventions may be related to well-being (...) , little is known about the temporal aspects, such as at which time during the intervention these factors matter, or possible reciprocal effects. Building on conservation of resources theory, we tested hypotheses concerning direct, reversed, and reciprocal relationships between employee participation and perceptions of line manager support in relation to well-being. We used a four-wave panel design consisting of 159 hospital workers. Cross-lagged analyses showed that perceived line managers' support

2019 Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress Controlled trial quality: uncertain

71. Achieving consensus on clinical examination and record keeping in NHS dentistry: a Delphi approach. (Abstract)

Achieving consensus on clinical examination and record keeping in NHS dentistry: a Delphi approach. Introduction Members of the dental profession in the UK are legally required to create and maintain patient records. In 2016, the Faculty of General Dental Practice (UK) published the third edition of its good practice guidelines on clinical examination and record keeping.Aim To identify a core set of items which should be recorded in three clinical situations (new patient appointment; recall (...) appointment; emergency appointment) in primary dental care.Design Four-stage Delphi methodology.Methods Stage one: a comprehensive list of items taken from the FGDP guidance were reviewed by an expert group for relevance and clarity in relation to three scenarios (new patient appointment, recall appointment; emergency appointment). The panel was also asked to identify their perceptions of any omissions or redundancies. Stage two: following feedback of the results, the expert group again reviewed the full

2019 British Dental Journal

72. What do patients really want? An in-depth examination of patient experience in four Australian hospitals. Full Text available with Trip Pro

on surveys to explore patient views and what they mean in greater depth. This study set out to examine perceptions of hospital care, through in-depth, qualitative data capture and as a result, to gather rich, patient-driven information on user experience and satisfaction in the Australian healthcare setting; and identify influencing factors.Focus groups were undertaken in four St Vincent's Health Australia (SVHA) hospitals in 2017 where participants discussed responses to eight questions from the Press (...) What do patients really want? An in-depth examination of patient experience in four Australian hospitals. Patient satisfaction is an important outcome measure guiding quality improvement in the healthcare setting while the patient-centred care movement places increasing importance on patient engagement in clinical decision-making. However, the concept of patient satisfaction is not clearly defined, and beliefs of patients are not always evident in health surveys. Researchers rarely follow up

2019 BMC health services research

73. Joint observation in NICU (JOIN): study protocol of a clinical randomised controlled trial examining an early intervention during preterm care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Joint observation in NICU (JOIN): study protocol of a clinical randomised controlled trial examining an early intervention during preterm care. Preterm birth may generate significant distress among the parents, who often present with difficulties in appropriating their parental role. Parental stress and low perceived parental self-efficacy may interfere with the infant's socioemotional and cognitive development, particularly through disrupted parent-infant interactions. Perceived parental self (...) -efficacy represents the belief of efficacy in caring for one's own infant and successful incarnation of the parental role, as well as the perception of one's own abilities to complete a specified task. Interventions to support parental role, as well as infant development, are needed, and parental self-efficacy represents a useful indicator to measure the effects of such early interventions.This study protocol describes a randomised controlled trial that will test an early intervention in the neonatal

2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

74. The American Board of Emergency Medicine ConCert<sup>™</sup> Examination: Emergency physicians' perceptions of learning and career benefits. (Abstract)

The American Board of Emergency Medicine ConCert Examination: Emergency physicians' perceptions of learning and career benefits. As part of the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program, ABEM-certified physicians are required to pass the Continuous Certification (ConCert) examination at least every 10 years. With the 2015 ConCert examination, ABEM sought to better understand emergency physicians' perceptions of the benefits of preparing (...) for and taking the examination and the career benefits of staying ABEM-certified.This was a prospective survey study. A voluntary postexamination survey was administered at the end of the 2015 ABEM ConCert examination (September 21-26, 2015). Physicians were asked about the benefits of preparing for the examination and maintaining ABEM certification. Examination performance was compared to perceptions of learning and career benefits.Of the 2,601 on-time test takers, 2,511 respondents participated (96.5

2016 Academic Emergency Medicine

75. A randomized controlled trial of the computer-based cognitive rehabilitation program for children (CoTras-C) to examine cognitive function and visual perception in children with developmental disabilities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized controlled trial of the computer-based cognitive rehabilitation program for children (CoTras-C) to examine cognitive function and visual perception in children with developmental disabilities. [Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effects of a computer-based cognitive rehabilitation program for children with developmental disabilities. [Subjects] Subjects included 29 children with developmental disabilities. [Methods] The subjects were randomly allocated to either (...) the experimental group or control group. Experimental group subjects received computer-based cognitive rehabilitation using the CoTras-C while control group subjects received conventional cognitive rehabilitation. All subjects received 20 sessions (2 days a week for 10 weeks) of the experimental or control intervention for 30 minutes. To compare the two groups, the Korean-Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2 and Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children were performed before and after the intervention

2016 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

76. (Re)examining the Relationship Between Children’s Subjective Wellbeing and Their Perceptions of Participation Rights Full Text available with Trip Pro

(Re)examining the Relationship Between Children’s Subjective Wellbeing and Their Perceptions of Participation Rights In recent years wellbeing has been linked increasingly with children's rights, often characterised as central to their realisation. Indeed it has been suggested that the two concepts are so intertwined that their pairing has become something of a mantra in the literature on childhood. This paper seeks to explore the nature of the relationship between wellbeing and participation (...) a statistically significant positive correlation between children's overall scores on the KIDSCREEN-10 subjective wellbeing measure and their perceptions that their participation rights are respected in school and community settings. Further, the results indicated that it is the social relations/autonomy questions on KIDSCREEN-10 which are most strongly related to children's perceptions that their participation rights are respected. Exploration of the findings by gender showed that there were no significant

2016 Child indicators research

77. Examination of Physicians' Perception of the Indications of Colorectal Stents in the Management of Malignant Large Bowel Obstruction: A Provincial Survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examination of Physicians' Perception of the Indications of Colorectal Stents in the Management of Malignant Large Bowel Obstruction: A Provincial Survey Introduction. Data are conflicting when assessing indications for colorectal self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) in managing acute malignant large bowel obstruction (MLO). In November 2014, European and American Societies published guidelines to aid in understanding which patients might benefit from colorectal stenting. Yet, there remain

2016 Canadian journal of gastroenterology & hepatology

78. Perception of peer physical examination in two Australian osteopathy programs Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perception of peer physical examination in two Australian osteopathy programs Peer physical examination (PPE) is an efficient and practical educational approach whereby students can practise their examination skills on each other before commencing clinical practice with actual patients. Little is known about the use of PPE in osteopathy education.Students in Year 1 of the osteopathy programs at Victoria University (Melbourne, Australia) and Southern Cross University (Lismore, Australia (...) to examine non-sensitive areas both before and after the 12-week teaching session. Students' were less apprehensive about PPE at the end of the teaching session, and this was reinforced by results for previous exposure to PPE in other courses. Consistent with previous studies, unwillingness to participate in PPE was associated with being female, being born outside Australia, holding religious beliefs, and being older.This is the first study to explore students' perceptions of PPE in this cohort

2016 Chiropractic & manual therapies

79. Medical students’ perception of the proposal for theme-based integrated multi-disciplinary objective structured practical examination in Saudi Arabia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical students’ perception of the proposal for theme-based integrated multi-disciplinary objective structured practical examination in Saudi Arabia This study aimed to find the opinion of preclinical medical students concerning a new suggested approach for practical assessment. Fifty-three female students agreed to participate in this study, out of 87 registered students in years 2 and 3 of the basic science phase of the College of Medicine, Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Full (...) explanation was made to the students of theme-based integrated objective structured practical examination (TBI-OSPE), followed by distribution of a questionnaire to collect the students' opinions. The study was conducted in January 2015. Results showed that 78% of respondents were accepting of this new approach, and that only 5.7% rejected it. This difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). This study suggested a new model for assessment of preclinical students' competencies using the proposed

2016 Journal of educational evaluation for health professions

80. Developing doctors: what are the attitudes and perceptions of year 1 and 2 medical students towards a new integrated formative objective structured clinical examination? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developing doctors: what are the attitudes and perceptions of year 1 and 2 medical students towards a new integrated formative objective structured clinical examination? Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a core component of undergraduate medical student assessment. With increased emphasis on integrated programmes, more courses include OSCEs in the traditionally 'preclinical' years. The acceptability and impact of such assessment methods at this stage of training is unknown.In

2016 BMC medical education

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