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Perception Exam

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21. “They don’t have the history and the stature:” examining perceptions of Caribbean offshore medical schools held by Canadian medical education stakeholders Full Text available with Trip Pro

“They don’t have the history and the stature:” examining perceptions of Caribbean offshore medical schools held by Canadian medical education stakeholders Caribbean offshore medical schools are for-profit, private institutions that provide undergraduate medical education to primarily international students, including from the United States or Canada. Despite the growing role that offshore medical schools play in training Canadian physicians, little is known about how these institutions (...) are perceived by those in professional and decision-making positions where graduates intend to practice.The authors interviewed 13 Canadian medical education stakeholders whose professional positions entail addressing the medical education system or physician workforce. Participants were employed in academic, governmental, and non-governmental organizations in leadership roles.Thematic analysis revealed three cross-cutting perceptions of offshore medical schools: (a) they are at the bottom

2018 Canadian medical education journal

22. Objectively structured verbal examination to assess surgical clerkship education: An evaluation of students’ perception Full Text available with Trip Pro

Objectively structured verbal examination to assess surgical clerkship education: An evaluation of students’ perception The objectivity and reliability of examining methods are controversial. We subjected fourth-year medical students to a specially designed verbal exam which we called objectively structured verbal examination. We aimed to evaluate feedback from students about objectively structured verbal examination as an assessment instrument for gauging their surgical knowledge.Objectively (...) structured verbal examination modules were developed according to the learning goals of the surgical clerkship. Upon finishing surgery rotation, the students were subjected to objectively structured verbal examination as part of their final evaluation. The students' perception of objectively structured verbal examination was assessed by their responses to a questionnaire.Forty-two of 58 students returned filled questionnaires. Objectively structured verbal examination was accepted by 72% of the students

2018 Turkish Journal of Surgery

23. Examining word association networks: A cross-country comparison of women's perceptions of HPV testing and vaccination. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining word association networks: A cross-country comparison of women's perceptions of HPV testing and vaccination. In this study, we examined the perceptual associations women hold with regard to cervical cancer testing and vaccination across two countries, the U.S. and Australia. In a large-scale online survey, we presented participants with 'trigger' words, and asked them to state sequentially other words that came to mind. We used this data to construct detailed term co-occurrence

2017 PLoS ONE

24. Perceptions of Arab men regarding female breast cancer screening examinations-Findings from a Middle East study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perceptions of Arab men regarding female breast cancer screening examinations-Findings from a Middle East study. In the Middle East, Qatar in particular, the incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years, and is expected to double by 2030. This diagnosis also occurs at a later stage in the disease. Early detection along with proper treatment reduces radical mastectomy and mortality rates, yet only one-third of Arab women in Qatar participate in breast cancer screening (...) (BCS) activities of any sort. Many women in the conservative Qatari society rely on male family members for support and protection. This study investigates the attitudes and perceptions of Arab men in regards to breast cancer screening and what they see as both incentives and barriers to women's participation in BCS activities.A qualitative methodology using purposive sampling technique was chosen in order to explore participant's attitudes, beliefs and health-related actions. Individual in-depth

2017 PLoS ONE

25. Examining Women Veteran's Experiences, Perceptions, and Challenges With the Veterans Choice Program (VCP). (Abstract)

Examining Women Veteran's Experiences, Perceptions, and Challenges With the Veterans Choice Program (VCP). The Veterans Choice Program (VCP) was launched in 2014 to address the growing concerns about the timeliness and quality of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. Given that many sex-specific health services, such as mammography and maternity care, are not routinely provided in all VHA facilities, women Veterans may disproportionately rely on VCP care. Understanding the provision (...) and coordination of VCP care is crucial in order to ensure that care is not fragmented across the 2 health care systems.The main objective of this study was to understand women Veterans' experiences, perceptions, and challenges with VCP care.This study was a semistructured interview with 148 women at 13 VHA facilities nationwide.Four major themes emerged: (1) eligibility information for the VCP was limited and confusing; (2) women experienced difficulty scheduling VCP appointments; (3) VCP care results were

2018 Medical Care

26. What Does the Public Think? Examining Plastic Surgery Perceptions through the Twitterverse. (Abstract)

What Does the Public Think? Examining Plastic Surgery Perceptions through the Twitterverse. Twitter is a recognized social media platform for communication of health information. Rime reported that emotion is the main motive for social sharing. This study is a content analysis of Twitter that was performed to identify the public's perceptions and attitudes toward plastic surgery and the emotional triggers that drive social sharing of plastic surgery information.Tweets containing

2018 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

27. Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants’ Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants’ Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare The diversity of the Canadian equine industry makes determining baseline attitudes and beliefs a challenge. Adult members of the Canadian equine industry (n = 901) participated in an online survey to report demographic information and views on the role of horses and their ability to experience affective states. Questions regarding the welfare state of all horses in the industry, potential ways to address (...) welfare issues, and eight short scenarios were presented. Qualitative analysis, descriptive statistics, and a Chi-squared test for independence examined survey results and potential relationships. Participants strongly believed horses were capable of feeling positive and negative emotions, particularly pain and fear, but rarely were these beliefs reflected in their answers regarding aspects of equine welfare, which may be due to the large bias in these beliefs. Lack of knowledge and financial

2018 Animals : an open access journal from MDPI

28. Examining Public Perceptions about Lead in School Drinking Water: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Twitter Response to an Environmental Health Hazard Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Public Perceptions about Lead in School Drinking Water: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Twitter Response to an Environmental Health Hazard Exposure to lead has long been a community health concern in St. Louis, Missouri. The objective of this study was to examine public response to reports of elevated lead levels in school drinking water in St. Louis, Missouri via Twitter, a microblogging platform with over 320 million active users. We used a mixed-methods design to examine Twitter user

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

29. Changing hearts and minds: examining student nurses’ experiences and perceptions of a general practice placement through a ‘community of practice’ lens Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changing hearts and minds: examining student nurses’ experiences and perceptions of a general practice placement through a ‘community of practice’ lens The recent UK Government paper 'Five year forward view' describes the need to move much patient management from secondary to primary care, and this will require a significant increase in the numbers of General Practice Nurses (GPNs). Until recently, there has been no clear recruitment strategy to address this. There have however been (...) a number of proposed solutions to address the impending GPN recruitment crisis and to increase the numbers of new GPNs in post. General Practitioners (GPs) working in the Advanced Training Practice Scheme (ATPS) have been commissioned by Health Education England to provide placements for student nurses. This paper reports upon the findings of a study evaluating the South Yorkshire ATPS network in relation to nursing students' perceptions of general practice as a placement and a potential career option

2018 BMC medical education

30. Perception survey on the introduction of clinical performance examination as part of the national nursing licensing examination in Korea Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perception survey on the introduction of clinical performance examination as part of the national nursing licensing examination in Korea The purpose of this study was to analyze opinions about the action plan for implementation of clinical performance exam as part of the national nursing licensing examination and presents the expected effects of the performance exam and aspects to consider regarding its implementation.This study used a mixed-methods design. Quantitative data were collected (...) exam will yield positive results. Clinical performance exam is necessary to evaluate and improve nurses' work ability, which means that the implementation of a performance exam is advisable if its credibility and validity can be verified. Second, most respondents chose direct performance exams using simulators or standardized patients as the most suitable format of the test.In conclusion, the current national nursing licensing exam is somewhat limited in its ability to identify competent nurses

2017 Journal of educational evaluation for health professions

31. Measurement of the levels anxiety, self-perception of preparation and expectations for success using an objective structured clinical examination, a written examination, and a preclinical preparation test in Kerman dental students Full Text available with Trip Pro

Measurement of the levels anxiety, self-perception of preparation and expectations for success using an objective structured clinical examination, a written examination, and a preclinical preparation test in Kerman dental students Examinations have an important role in evaluating students' learning outcomes and their mastery of a subject. Passing or failing an examination can have far-reaching consequences for the students. Therefore, it is not surprising that international studies consistently (...) show that dental students report examinations and grades among the highest ranking stressors in dental schools.The aim of this research was to measure the levels of anxiety, self-perception of preparation and expectations for success using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), a written examination and a preclinical preparation test, and to examine the effects of the three predictive variables on the outcomes of assessments.The present research is a cross-sectional study

2017 Journal of education and health promotion

32. Evaluation of performance and perceptions of electronic vs. paper multiple-choice exams. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of performance and perceptions of electronic vs. paper multiple-choice exams. In the veterinary professional curriculum, methods of examination in many courses are transitioning from the traditional paper-based exams to electronic-based exams. Therefore, a controlled trial to evaluate the impact of testing methodology on examination performance in a veterinary physiology course was designed and implemented. Formalized surveys and focus group discussions were also used to determine (...) student attitudes toward the examination formats. In total, 134 first-year veterinary students and 11 PhD/MS students were administered a total of 4 exams throughout 1 semester (2 on paper and 2 electronically) using a split-halves design. The paper (P) and electronic (E) exams contained 25 identical multiple-choice questions. Students were randomly assigned to two groups and were given exams in one of two sequences (E-P-E-P or P-E-P-E). Participants consented to and completed two anonymous surveys

2018 Advances in physiology education Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Examining the Impact of Decriminalizing or Legalizing Cannabis for Recreational Use

, methods used, a description of the sample, the jurisdiction(s) studied, key features of the intervention, and key findings. We then used this extracted information to develop a synthesis of the key findings from the included reviews and primary studies. Examining the Impact of Decriminalizing or Legalizing Cannabis for Recreational Use 6 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Perceptions of cannabis and its use One non-systematic literature review and two primary studies found that the decriminalization (...) and legalization of cannabis was associated with a significant decline in the perceptions of harm of cannabis use among adolescents.(3-5) Specifically, one primary study found a higher approval rate of daily cannabis use among Grade 12 high school students in California at the time that cannabis was decriminalized, compared to their peers in other U.S. states.(5) In addition, one primary study examined rates of intent to use cannabis if it were to be legalized.(6) The study found that white, male respondents

2017 McMaster Health Forum

34. Do Appearances Really Matter? Examining the Role of the White Coat in Medicine Today

Do Appearances Really Matter? Examining the Role of the White Coat in Medicine Today Do Appearances Really Matter? Examining the Role of the White Coat in Medicine Today – Clinical Correlations Search Do Appearances Really Matter? Examining the Role of the White Coat in Medicine Today February 16, 2018 5 min read By Sonal Patel Peer Reviewed Prior to the 20th century, physicians’ attire was black, a color associated with formality, since patient-physician interactions were considered serious (...) of the white coat were interference with the .2 One study examining patient opinions toward physician attire in an OB/GYN clinic showed that the majority of patients had no preference for their physician wearing a white coat, reporting no effect on comfort with or confidence in their physician. However, when examining a series of photographs showing a variety of physician clothing styles, patients expressed greater comfort and trust with images of doctors wearing scrubs and a white coat, .3 In contrast

2018 Clinical Correlations

35. Examining relationships between perceptions and objective assessments of neighborhood environment and sedentary time: Data from the Washington, D.C. Cardiovascular Health and Needs Assessment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining relationships between perceptions and objective assessments of neighborhood environment and sedentary time: Data from the Washington, D.C. Cardiovascular Health and Needs Assessment Sedentary time (ST) and neighborhood environment (NE) are predictors of cardiovascular (CV) health. However, little is known about ST's relationship with NE. We examined associations of perceived and objective NE with ST in the predominantly African American faith-based population of the Washington, D.C (...) . CV Health and Needs Assessment. After using community-based research principles, participants reported NE perceptions, including sidewalks, recreational areas, and crime presence. Factor analysis was conducted to explore pertinent constructs; factor sums were created and combined as Total Perception Score (TPS) (higher score = more favorable perception). Objective NE was assessed using Google Maps and the Active Neighborhood Checklist (ANC). ST was self-reported. Linear regression determined

2017 Preventive medicine reports

36. Examining Perceptions of Computerized Physician Order Entry in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining Perceptions of Computerized Physician Order Entry in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) is a technology with potential to transform care delivery. While CPOE systems have been studied in adult populations, less is known about the implementation of CPOE in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and perceptions of nurses and physicians using the system.To examine perceptions of clinicians before and after CPOE implementation in the NICU (...) of a pediatric hospital.A cross-sectional survey of clinicians working in a Level III NICU was conducted. The survey was distributed before and after CPOE implementation. Participants were asked about their perception of CPOE on patient care delivery, implementation of the system, and effect on job satisfaction. A qualitative section inquired about additional concerns surrounding implementation. Responses were tabulated and analyzed using the Chi-square test.The survey was distributed to 158 clinicians

2017 Applied clinical informatics

37. Emergency Nurses' Perceptions of Efficiency and Design: Examining ED Structure, Process, and Outcomes. (Abstract)

Emergency Nurses' Perceptions of Efficiency and Design: Examining ED Structure, Process, and Outcomes. Due to increasing demands, it is imperative for emergency departments to improve efficiency, while providing safe and effective care. Efficient and quality healthcare delivery are impacted by interactions among the emergency department's physical structure, processes, and outcomes. Examining the interrelationship between these three components is essential for assessing quality of care (...) in the ED setting. Studies simultaneously investigating all three aspects of this model are rare.To study examined emergency nurses' perceptions of efficiency and satisfaction with the design of a newly constructed academic emergency department through analysis of these three assessment factors.Data were collected using observational techniques, physical measurements of walking, and staff questionnaires. Correlation analysis was employed to investigate the relationships among specific structure, process

2017 Journal of Emergency Nursing

38. What's the Purpose of Rounds? A Qualitative Study Examining the Perceptions of Faculty and Students. Full Text available with Trip Pro

What's the Purpose of Rounds? A Qualitative Study Examining the Perceptions of Faculty and Students. Rounds are a critical activity on any inpatient service, but there is little literature describing the purpose of rounds from the perspective of faculty and trainees in teaching hospitals.To evaluate and compare the perceptions of pediatric and internal medicine attendings and medical students regarding the purpose of inpatient attending rounds.The authors conducted 10 semistructured focus

2017 Journal of Hospital Medicine

39. Family medicine residents’ training in, knowledge about, and perceptions of digital rectal examination Full Text available with Trip Pro

Family medicine residents’ training in, knowledge about, and perceptions of digital rectal examination To evaluate family medicine residents' training in, knowledge about, and perceptions of digital rectal examination (DRE).Descriptive study, using an online survey that was available in French and English.Quebec.A total of 217 residents enrolled in a family medicine program.Residents' demographic characteristics; the DRE teaching they received throughout their medical training; their reasons (...) for omitting DRE; their recognition of DRE indications (strong vs weak) and application of DRE for 10 anorectal complaints; and their perceptions of the overall quality of the DRE training they received.Of the 879 residents contacted, 217 (25%) responded to the survey. Throughout their training, one-third of respondents did not receive any supervision for or feedback on DRE technique. Seventy-one percent of respondents expressed their inability to identify the nature of abnormal examination findings

2017 Canadian Family Physician

40. A Re-Examination of “Bias” in Human Randomness Perception Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Re-Examination of “Bias” in Human Randomness Perception Human randomness perception is commonly described as biased. This is because when generating random sequences humans tend to systematically under- and overrepresent certain subsequences relative to the number expected from an unbiased random process. In a purely theoretical analysis we have previously suggested that common misperceptions of randomness may actually reflect genuine aspects of the statistical environment, once cognitive (...) to perceive randomness. Finally, we propose a simple generative model of human random sequence generation inspired by the Hahn and Warren account. Taken together our results question the notion of bias in human randomness perception. (PsycINFO Database Record(c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

2017 Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance

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