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Perception Exam

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1. Are self-perceptions of ageing modifiable? Examination of an exercise programme with vs. without a self-perceptions of ageing-intervention for older adults. (Abstract)

Are self-perceptions of ageing modifiable? Examination of an exercise programme with vs. without a self-perceptions of ageing-intervention for older adults. Longitudinal studies have consistently shown beneficial effects of positive self-perceptions of ageing (SPA) on health. However, SPA are more often negative than positive, particularly in older adults. For this reason, the present study tested the effectiveness of an intervention to promote more positive SPA in the context of an exercise

2019 Psychology & health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2. Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Impact of Aquatic Exercise Training on Functional Capacity, Balance, and Perceptions of Fatigue in Female Patients With Multiple Sclerosis (Abstract)

Randomized Controlled Trial to Examine the Impact of Aquatic Exercise Training on Functional Capacity, Balance, and Perceptions of Fatigue in Female Patients With Multiple Sclerosis To assess the effects of an 8-week aquatic exercise training program on functional capacity, balance, and perceptions of fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis (MS).Randomized controlled design.Referral center of an MS society.Women (N=32; mean age ± SD, 36.4±8.2y) with diagnosed relapsing-remitting MS. After (...) undergoing baseline testing by a neurologist, participants were allocated to either an intervention (aquatic training program, n=17) or a control group (n=15).The intervention consisted of an 8-week aquatic training program (3 supervised training sessions per week; session duration, 45-60min; 50%-75% estimated maximum heart rate).Six-minute walk test (6-MWT), balance (Berg Balance Scale [BBS]), and perceptions of fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale; [MFIS]) at baseline and after the 8-week

2018 EvidenceUpdates

3. Body weight perception, disordered weight control behaviors, and depressive symptoms among Korean adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Body weight perception, disordered weight control behaviors, and depressive symptoms among Korean adults: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. Despite emerging evidence suggesting harmful influences of accurate weight perception on psychological health among individuals with obesity, little is known about the association in Asian populations. The aim of this study was investigate the association between body weight perception and depressive symptoms among Korean (...) adults, and potential differential associations across gender.We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014, comprising 3,318 female (n = 1,876) and male (n = 1,442) participants, aged 19-65 years, with no history of depression and a body-mass index (BMI)> = 18.5kg/m2. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Korean version. Weight perception patterns were categorized by comparing self-perceived and objectively measured

2018 PLoS ONE

4. Examining the Role of Coaching in Health-system Transformations

Examining the Role of Coaching in Health-system Transformations 8 JUNE 2017 Rapid Synthesis Examining the Role of Coaching in Health-system Transformations 8 January 2020 HEALTH FORUMMcMaster Health Forum 1 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Rapid Synthesis: Examining the Role of Coaching in Health-system Transformations 90-day response 08 January 2020 Examining the Role of Coaching in Health-system Transformations 2 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Rapid-Improvement Support and Exchange RISE’s mission (...) Waddell K, Evans C, Sharma K, Bullock H, Grimshaw JM, Lavis JN. Rapid synthesis: Examining the role of coaching in health-system transformations. Hamilton: McMaster Health Forum, 8 January 2020. Product registration numbers ISSN 2292-7999 (online)McMaster Health Forum 3 Evidence >> Insight >> Action KEY MESSAGES Questions • What is the role of coaching in implementing health-system reforms at different levels (i.e., interorganizational, organizional and practice)? • What does coaching look like

2020 McMaster Health Forum

5. Should We Activate Risk Perceptions in the Context of Suicide Prevention? Examining Fear Appeals, Help-Seeking Determinants, and Help-Seeking Sources Among University Employees Who Suffer from Depression. (Abstract)

Should We Activate Risk Perceptions in the Context of Suicide Prevention? Examining Fear Appeals, Help-Seeking Determinants, and Help-Seeking Sources Among University Employees Who Suffer from Depression. Health promotion strategies have largely focused on activating risk perceptions for health conditions in resistant at-risk populations in order to induce behavior change. Yet, doing so remains a questionable approach when promoting help-seeking behaviors among individuals who suffer from (...) in strength of fear appeal (low, moderate, high) when inducing suicide risk perceptions and promoting help-seeking. Consistent with previous research, participants indicated high stigma perceptions and low intentions to seek help. Risk-based messaging strategies such as fear appeals did not have an effect on help-seeking intentions in this sample. Intentions were largely determined by positive outcome expectations and social norms, whereas efficacy perceptions were positive and not a predictor of help

2019 Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. Study on the impact of open and closed book formative examinations on pharmacy students' performance, perception, and learning approach. (Abstract)

Study on the impact of open and closed book formative examinations on pharmacy students' performance, perception, and learning approach. To study the impact of open and closed book formative examinations on pharmacy students' learning approach and also to assess their performance and perception about open book (OB) and closed book (CB) systems of examination.A crossover study was conducted among Year 1 and Year 2 pharmacy students. Students were invited to participate voluntarily for one OB (...) and one CB online formative test in a chemistry module in each year. Evaluation of their learning approach and perception of the OB and CB systems of examination was conducted using Deep Information Processing (DIP) questionnaire and Student Perception questionnaire respectively. The mean performance scores of OB and CB examinations were compared.Analysis of DIP scores showed that there was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the learning approach adopted for the two different examination systems

2019 Currents in pharmacy teaching & learning Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. Plastic Surgery and Social Media: Examining Perceptions. (Abstract)

Plastic Surgery and Social Media: Examining Perceptions. Social media play an important role in plastic surgery, yet there are limited studies in the literature to guide plastic surgeons' social networking practices. To address this deficiency and provide further insight, the authors set out to investigate the public's attitude toward plastic surgery using Twitter, a popular social media platform. The authors examined a large body of messages (tweets) related to plastic surgery using novel

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

8. Examining community perceptions of malaria to inform elimination efforts in Southern Mozambique: a qualitative study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examining community perceptions of malaria to inform elimination efforts in Southern Mozambique: a qualitative study. In a background of renewed calls for malaria eradication, several endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa are contemplating malaria elimination nationally or sub-nationally. In Mozambique, a strategy to eliminate malaria in the south is underway in the context of low endemicity levels and cross-border initiatives to eliminate malaria in South Africa and Eswatini. In this context (...) , a demonstration project aiming to interrupt malaria transmission through mass antimalarial drug administrations and intensified vector control programmes accompanied by community engagement and standard case management was implemented in the Magude District. To ensure the necessary uptake of these interventions, formative qualitative research explored the perceptions, beliefs, attitudes, and practices related to malaria, its prevention and control. The current article describes the results

2019 Malaria journal

9. "She Had a Smile on Her Face as Wide as the Great Australian Bite": A Qualitative Examination of Family Perceptions of a Therapeutic Robot and a Plush Toy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

"She Had a Smile on Her Face as Wide as the Great Australian Bite": A Qualitative Examination of Family Perceptions of a Therapeutic Robot and a Plush Toy. Recent years have seen social robotic pets introduced as a means of treating behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, and many show promising potential. In this study, we sought to explore family members' perceptions of the Japanese-developed baby harp seal, Paro (version 9), and a look-alike, nonrobotic Plush Toy, when used (...) with the assistance of the qualitative management software, ATLAS.ti®.Family members of long-term care residents with dementia expressed positive perceptions of the Paro, perceiving that it improved mood, reduced agitation, and provided opportunity for communication for their relative. Negative perceptions of the Plush Toy were given by family members, primarily because of its lack of movement and engagement.Family members were keen for their older relative with dementia to use a social robot that moved

2019 The Gerontologist

10. Phantom odor perception and vascular conditions among adults in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014. (Abstract)

Phantom odor perception and vascular conditions among adults in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014. Phantom odor perception has been correlated with burden of vascular risk among older adults. We evaluated associations between vascular conditions and phantom odor perception among adults in the United States.Cross-sectional analysis.Cross-sectional data were collected as part of the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, yielding (...) a nationally representative sample of 7,417 adults aged 40 years and older. Phantom odor perception was defined as report of an unpleasant, bad, or burning odor when nothing is there. Participants reported on vascular conditions including history of stroke. Total cholesterol and glycated hemoglobinwere measured. High blood pressure was ascertained during an examination.Stroke was associated with a 76% greater likelihood of phantom odor perception. Congestive heart failure and angina were associated

2019 Laryngoscope

11. Examining the Effects of Nurse Practitioners on the Quadruple Aim

Examining the Effects of Nurse Practitioners on the Quadruple Aim EVIDENCE INSIGHT ACTION >> >> 8 JUNE 2017 HEALTH FORUM Rapid Synthesis Examining the Effects of Nurse Practitioners on the Quadruple Aim 1 November 2019McMaster Health Forum 1 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Rapid Synthesis: Examining the Effects of Nurse Practitioners on the Quadruple Aim 30-day response 1 November 2019 Examining the Effects of Nurse Practitioners on the Quadruple Aim 2 Evidence >> Insight >> Action McMaster (...) findings from literature included in the rapid synthesis. We are especially grateful to Ruth Martin-Misener for her insightful comments and suggestions. Citation Wilson MG, Mansilla C., Filbey L. Rapid synthesis: Examining the effects of nurse practitioners on the quadruple aim. Hamilton, Canada: McMaster Health Forum, 1 November 2019. Product registration numbers ISSN 2292-7999 (online)McMaster Health Forum 3 Evidence >> Insight >> Action KEY MESSAGES Questions • What are the effects of nurse

2019 McMaster Health Forum

12. An exploratory experimental study examining the short-term effects of a public service announcement on parents' perceptions of the descriptive norm for children's outdoor play: A cautionary tale. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An exploratory experimental study examining the short-term effects of a public service announcement on parents' perceptions of the descriptive norm for children's outdoor play: A cautionary tale. Public service announcements (PSA) targeting physical activity are not always effective at enacting behaviour change. One factor that may impact message effectiveness is whether the message matches its intent (ie, what norm is being portrayed and received). The current study explored the effects of two (...) PSAs on parents' perceptions of outdoor play.Parents (N = 333) completed a pre/postexperimental online survey to examine the acute impact of a PSA on their perception of how often children play outdoors (ie, descriptive norms). Participants provided their descriptive norm perceptions and then were randomised to view one of two PSAs: (a) the Mr. Lonely PSA, which portrayed outdoor activity as not normative, and (b) a control message, which portrayed outdoor activity as the norm (VERB PSA). After

2018 Health promotion journal of Australia : official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. An examination of perceptions of individuals with an intellectual disability, with and without co-morbid schizophrenia: effects of labels on stigma. (Abstract)

An examination of perceptions of individuals with an intellectual disability, with and without co-morbid schizophrenia: effects of labels on stigma. Research demonstrates negative perceptions of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and individuals with schizophrenia, but no study has examined ID with a co-morbid psychiatric disorder. The present study examined the social distance desired from and perceptions of dangerousness of ID, schizophrenia and co-morbid schizophrenia and ID (...) and examined the impact of providing a label for the behaviours presented in a vignette.A total of 160 participants, all university students, were randomly assigned to one of six vignettes detailing a person with schizophrenia, ID, or a person with both presenting problems. Half of the participants were randomly assigned to read vignettes that had a label provided for the behaviours of the target.Participants desired more social distance from the unlabelled than labelled targets. Presence of schizophrenia

2018 Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

14. The use of self-report measures to examine changes in perception in response to fittings using different signal processing parameters. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The use of self-report measures to examine changes in perception in response to fittings using different signal processing parameters. Clinicians have long used self-report methods to assess hearing aid benefit. However, there are fewer data as to whether self-report instruments can be used to compare differences between signal processing settings. This study examined how self-perceived performance varied as a function of modifications in signal processing using two self-report measures. Data

2018 International journal of audiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Examination of Prosody and Timbre Perception in Adults With Cochlear Implants Comparing Different Fine Structure Coding Strategies. (Abstract)

Examination of Prosody and Timbre Perception in Adults With Cochlear Implants Comparing Different Fine Structure Coding Strategies. This study aimed to investigate whether adults with cochlear implants benefit from a change of fine structure (FS) coding strategies regarding the discrimination of prosodic speech cues, timbre cues, and the identification of natural instruments. The FS processing (FSP) coding strategy was compared to 2 settings of the FS4 strategy.A longitudinal crossover, double (...) ; and an instrument identification test.A significant effect was seen in the discrimination of spectral irregularity with 1 of the 2 FS4 settings. The improvement was seen in the FS4 setting in which the upper envelope channels had a low stimulation rate. This improvement was not seen with the FS4 setting that had a higher stimulation rate on the envelope channels.In general, the FSP strategy and the 2 settings of the FS4 strategy provided similar levels in the perception of prosody and timbre cues, as well

2018 American Journal of Audiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Examining perceptions from in situ simulation-based training on interprofessional collaboration during crisis event management in post-anesthesia care. (Abstract)

Examining perceptions from in situ simulation-based training on interprofessional collaboration during crisis event management in post-anesthesia care. Due to the potentially life-threatening conditions and risk of severe complications, post-anesthesia care units (PACU) require prompt team interventions. Miscommunication among professionals during crisis event management may directly affect patient safety. Therefore, developing strategies to enhance interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among

2018 Journal of interprofessional care

17. Factors Associated With Phantom Odor Perception Among US Adults: Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors Associated With Phantom Odor Perception Among US Adults: Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Phantom odor perception can be a debilitating condition. Factors associated with phantom odor perception have not been reported using population-based epidemiologic data.To estimate the prevalence of phantom odor perception among US adults 40 years and older and identify factors associated with this condition.In this cross-sectional study with complex sampling (...) design, 7417 adults 40 years and older made up a nationally representative sample from data collected in 2011 through 2014 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.Sociodemographic characteristics, cigarette and alcohol use, head injury, persistent dry mouth, smell function, and general health status.Phantom odor perception ascertained as report of unpleasant, bad, or burning odor when no actual odor exists.Of the 7417 participants in the study, 52.8% (3862) were women

2018 JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery

18. Team-Based Learning in the Surgery Clerkship: Impact on Student Examination Scores, Evaluations, and Perceptions. (Abstract)

Team-Based Learning in the Surgery Clerkship: Impact on Student Examination Scores, Evaluations, and Perceptions. There is little evidence for effectiveness of team-based learning (TBL) in specialties such as Surgery. We developed and instituted TBLs in surgery clerkship and compared National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Surgery Subject Exam scores before and after implementation. We also analyzed students' feedback for their perception of TBLs.The TBLs were transitioned (...) of American Medical Colleges Graduate Questionnaire after TBL implementation (84.6% vs. 73.7%). In qualitative assessment, learners stated that TBLs were informative, helpful in studying for the shelf exam, and viewed them as an opportunity for interactive learning, and thus requested more TBLs. Areas for improvement included reading materials, directions, and organization of sessions.Student perception of TBL into our surgery clerkship has been both positive and provided feedback for improvement

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

19. The Association between Adolescent's Weight Perception and Health Behaviors: Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, 2011–2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Association between Adolescent's Weight Perception and Health Behaviors: Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, 2011–2014 The association between adolescents' weight perception and their physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors remains unclear. Therefore, these associations were explored using data from 2438 adolescents aged 12-19 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination 2011-2014 Survey. Respondents reported weight (...) perception, and their weight perception accuracy was determined by examining whether the measured weight and perceived weight were concordant. Respondents also reported sedentary time (sitting time and screen time), PA, and intention to lose weight. Linear and logistic regression models were conducted to determine whether adolescents' PA, sedentary behaviors, and weight loss intention differed by weight perception and weight perception accuracy adjusted for demographic variables accounting for complex

2018 Journal of obesity

20. Priorities for vocabulary intervention design using texting — Data to examine the critical role of language learners׳ behaviors and perceptions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Priorities for vocabulary intervention design using texting — Data to examine the critical role of language learners׳ behaviors and perceptions We examined the role of university English language learners' (ELLs) behavior and perception of a texting-based instruction intervention on their academic vocabulary acquisition. This article reports on the data pertaining to 1081 ELLs from six undergraduate classes taking two comparable undergraduate courses on content-based English for Academic (...) Purpose (EAP). The data include (1) the performance of the control and intervention groups on pre- and post-intervention tests on target vocabulary and academic vocabulary, (2) a pre-intervention survey of participants' technology use, and (3) a post-intervention survey of participants on learning behavior during the intervention and their perception of the intervention. Data presented here are related to the article [4].

2018 Data in brief

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