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Pediatric Books

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16421. Pediatric health screening and referral in the ED. (Abstract)

Pediatric health screening and referral in the ED. Many studies have demonstrated the importance of performing preventive care in the ED. The primary objective of this study was to identify unmet health needs in the ED of the pediatric patient population. The secondary objective was to determine if the patient's parent or guardian would accept health referrals and bring the child to follow up with a doctor.Age- and sex-specific algorithms concerning preventive care were developed from the US (...) Department of Public Health Clinicians' Book of Preventative Health. A convenience sample of patients and their families who presented to the ED were asked to participate in the study. The exclusion criteria consisted of patients who were institutionalized, unstable, and had parents who were unable to communicate or declined to participate. After 1 week, the parents were followed up by telephone to find out if they had made an appointment with a doctor as recommended. One month after the ED visit

2005 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

16422. Reasons for new referral non-attendance at a pediatric dermatology center: a telephone survey. (Abstract)

condition already improved' (46%) and 'forgot appointment' (25%). 'Long waiting time' did not appear to be a common reason for non-attendance. There was no significant association between age of patient, urgency of booking and non-attendance.We confirm that there is a significant non-attendance rate in pediatric dermatology new referrals. Many of the skin conditions reportedly resolve spontaneously. As there is no identifiable predictor for non-attendance apart from a longer waiting time, any maneuvers (...) Reasons for new referral non-attendance at a pediatric dermatology center: a telephone survey. Non-attendance at pediatric dermatology outpatient clinics is a significant problem.To determine the reasons and predictors for non-attendance.New referral non-attenders to the pediatric dermatology clinic of a university teaching hospital were contacted by telephone and reasons for non-attendance enquired about.Sixty-three patients (20%) did not attend the first appointment over a 15-month study

2005 Journal of Dermatological Treatment

16423. Integration of complementary and alternative medicine in a major pediatric teaching hospital: an initial overview. (Abstract)

. Acupuncture and massage therapies were incorporated into a Clinical Practice Guideline. Formal education was delivered through didactic sessions, workshops, self-learning modules, clinical observation, and clinical practice. CHPER faculty published 1 book and 64 articles on CAM-related topics.An interdisciplinary team of CAM clinicians and educators can be integrated into an urban pediatric teaching hospital to provide CAM medical education and clinical services. (...) Integration of complementary and alternative medicine in a major pediatric teaching hospital: an initial overview. To describe the establishment of a multidisciplinary team of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers and educators in an urban pediatric hospital and affiliated medical school.Pediatric CAM use is increasing. Physicians are interested in CAM-related education but few programs had been developed in pediatrics. In 1998, Children's Hospital Boston established the Center

2005 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

16424. Literacy promotion in primary care pediatrics: can we make a difference? (Abstract)

promoting intervention delivered by pediatric providers as part of well-child care on parent attitudes and behaviors and on child language.A multicultural group of 205 low-income families with 5- to 11-month-olds were prospectively enrolled, interviewed, and randomized to intervention (n = 106) or control (n = 99) groups. Families in the intervention group received developmentally appropriate children's books and educational materials and advice about sharing books with children, while those (...) Literacy promotion in primary care pediatrics: can we make a difference? Reading skills are critical to children's success in school and the increasingly technologic workforce. Children from low-income families are at risk for home environments that fail to promote emergent literacy and for reading failure. A home environment that encourages learning and parents who are involved in their children's education are important factors in school achievement.To evaluate the effects of a literacy

2000 Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16425. Reducing distress in pediatric cardiac catheterization. (Abstract)

Reducing distress in pediatric cardiac catheterization. To examine the efficacy of rehearsal in reducing distress in 3- to 6-year-old children undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization, 40 children were assigned randomly to the rehearsal preparation procedure or to usual preparation. The rehearsal program involved the use of behavioral rehearsal in the catheterization laboratory, manuals to explain the procedure to the parents, and coloring books to provide parents and children

1984 American journal of diseases of children (1960) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16426. Completeness of pediatric TB reporting in New York City. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Completeness of pediatric TB reporting in New York City. Accurate surveillance of tuberculosis (TB) in children is critical because such cases represent recent transmission, but surveillance is difficult as only 10% to 50% of cases are culture-confirmed. Hospital-based sources were used to develop alternative surveillance to assess completeness of reporting for pediatric TB in northern Manhattan and Harlem from 1993 through 1995.Alternative surveillance sources included ICD-9-CM hospital (...) discharge codes for active TB and gastric aspirate reports. Cases identified by alternative surveillance were compared with cases previously reported to the New York City Department of Health (NYC DOH).Alternative surveillance detected 25 cases of possible pediatric TB, of which four (16%) had never been reported to the NYC DOH and three (12%) had been reported as suspect cases, but had not fulfilled the criteria for a reportable case of pediatric TB. Of these seven newly counted cases, three were

2003 Public Health Reports

16427. Evaluating the Collaborative Management in Pediatrics (CMP) Training Program Among Pediatric Resident Doctors and Their Patients With Asthma or Obesity

Evaluating the Collaborative Management in Pediatrics (CMP) Training Program Among Pediatric Resident Doctors and Their Patients With Asthma or Obesity Evaluating the Collaborative Management in Pediatrics (CMP) Training Program Among Pediatric Resident Doctors and Their Patients With Asthma or Obesity - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved (...) Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Evaluating the Collaborative Management in Pediatrics (CMP) Training Program Among Pediatric Resident Doctors and Their Patients With Asthma or Obesity (CMP) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read

2007 Clinical Trials

16428. Research publication in pediatric surgery: a cross-sectional study of papers presented at the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgery Association. (Abstract)

to publication, and factors that could predict publication in pediatric surgery.The abstract books of the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgery Association meetings for 2001 to 2002 were reviewed. Data were gathered regarding the methodology and characteristics of each study. Case reports and editorials were excluded. A Medline search was then conducted to determine the publication status. Analysis using univariate and multivariate techniques was undertaken, comparing (...) Research publication in pediatric surgery: a cross-sectional study of papers presented at the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgery Association. Several studies have examined predictors of publication of research presented in scientific meetings in different disciplines. A tendency toward publishing studies with positive results has been described as "publication bias." Our objective was to determine the proportion of the studies that were published, time

2006 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

16429. Throwing out the "grade" book: management of isolated spleen and liver injury based on hemodynamic status. (Abstract)

Throwing out the "grade" book: management of isolated spleen and liver injury based on hemodynamic status. Current organizational guidelines for the management of isolated spleen and liver injuries are based on injury grade. We propose that management based on hemodynamic status is safe in children and results in decreased length of stay (LOS) and resource use compared to current grade-based guidelines.Patients with spleen or liver injuries for a 5-year period were identified using our (...) patients (50 spleen, 51 liver) meeting inclusion criteria were identified. Average actual LOS for all patients was 1.9 days vs 3.2 projected days based on American Pediatric Surgical Association guidelines (P < .0001). Actual vs projected LOS for grades III to V was 2.5 vs 4.3 days (P < .0001). All patients returned to full activity without complication.Isolated blunt spleen and liver injuries, regardless of grade, can be safely managed using a pathway based on hemodynamic status, resulting

2008 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

16430. Injury prevention advice in top-selling parenting books. (Abstract)

-selling parenting books for 2 major booksellers were reviewed to determine the presence and the accuracy of injury prevention messages as compared with those recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) through The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP) for younger children, aged 0 to 12 years, and the American Medical Association (AMA) through its Parent Package for the safety of adolescents.Forty-six parenting books were reviewed, including 41 with messages related to younger children and 19 (...) Injury prevention advice in top-selling parenting books. Parenting books are a commonly used source of information on how to keep children and adolescents safe from injuries, the leading cause of death and disability for children aged 1 to 18 years. The content and the quality of the messages contained in these books have not been evaluated formally. The objective of this study was to determine the quantity and the quality of injury prevention messages contained in popular parenting books.Top

2005 Pediatrics

16431. Sensitivity of a rapid antigen detection test for group A streptococci in a private pediatric office setting: answering the Red Book's request for validation. (Abstract)

Sensitivity of a rapid antigen detection test for group A streptococci in a private pediatric office setting: answering the Red Book's request for validation. In the office laboratory of our private practice, the sensitivity of a single rapid antigen detection (RAD) test for group A streptococci (compared with backup throat culture) was examined over 3 winter periods. When cultures were held only 24 hours, the sensitivity was 92%; in the second period, when cultures were held to 48 hours (...) , the sensitivity declined significantly to 86%; when the cultures were read without knowledge of the RAD test result, the sensitivity was 85%. As the Red Book Committee has suggested, physician office laboratories should validate the sensitivity of their RAD test against culture onto blood agar before abandoning the backup throat culture.

2004 Pediatrics

16432. A randomized single-blind evaluation of a discharge teaching book for pediatric patients with burns. (Abstract)

A randomized single-blind evaluation of a discharge teaching book for pediatric patients with burns. To evaluate the influence of a modular, multidisciplinary, pediatric burn discharge book on burn-care-related knowledge and satisfaction of caregivers, we studied children less than 17 years of age admitted with an acute thermal injury to the pediatric burn unit of a large, tertiary care hospital in Winnipeg, Canada over a 32 month period. Demographic characteristics of the population (...) are similar to published profiles of other pediatric burn units with the exception that North American Indian (NAI) families were disproportionately admitted, with 59 out of the 123 (48%) admissions from a geographic area that has less than 15% NAIs. We randomly assigned the families to receive discharge instructions with the book (intervention group) or routine discharge teaching without the book (comparison group). Knowledge levels of burn care and satisfaction with discharge teaching of caregivers were

1996 Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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