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121. Antiretroviral initiation of pregnant women and antenatal care booking practices in eThekwini District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antiretroviral initiation of pregnant women and antenatal care booking practices in eThekwini District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa The introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa began as part of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme. For significant reduction of vertical transmission, early antenatal care booking and ART initiation are necessary.This study aimed to evaluate ART initiation and booking practices of women attending antenatal care in eThekwini (...) district during financial years (FY) 2010/2011 and 2013/2014.An observational study used a retrospective chart review at four eThekwini district community health centres (CHC). From these CHCs, records of women that initiated ART in FY10/11 and FY13/14 were reviewed and compared for ART initiation delays and booking practices.A total of 2749 pregnant women who attended antenatal care (ANC) at the study sites were found eligible for ART; of these, 49% (n = 1334) attended ANC in FY10/11 while 51% (n

2018 African journal of primary health care & family medicine

122. The relationship between intimate partner violence reported at the first antenatal booking visit and obstetric and perinatal outcomes in an ethnically diverse group of Australian pregnant women: a population-based study over 10 years. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of self-harm (2.4%), childhood abuse (23.6%), and a history of anxiety and depression (34.2%). Women who reported IPV were more likely to be Australian born, smoke and be multiparous and to have been admitted for threatened preterm labour (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) 1.8, 95% CI 1.28 to 2.39).A report of IPV at the first antenatal booking visit is associated with a higher level of reporting on all psychosocial risks, higher antenatal admissions, especially for threatened preterm labour. More research (...) The relationship between intimate partner violence reported at the first antenatal booking visit and obstetric and perinatal outcomes in an ethnically diverse group of Australian pregnant women: a population-based study over 10 years. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global health issue affecting mainly women and is known to escalate during pregnancy and impact negatively on obstetric and perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of IPV in a pregnant

2018 BMJ open

123. Low-income fathers' speech to toddlers during book reading versus toy play. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Low-income fathers' speech to toddlers during book reading versus toy play. Fathers' child-directed speech across two contexts was examined. Father-child dyads from sixty-nine low-income families were videotaped interacting during book reading and toy play when children were 2;0. Fathers used more diverse vocabulary and asked more questions during book reading while their mean length of utterance was longer during toy play. Variation in these specific characteristics of fathers' speech (...) that differed across contexts was also positively associated with child vocabulary skill measured on the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory. Results are discussed in terms of how different contexts elicit specific qualities of child-directed speech that may promote language use and development.

2018 Journal of child language Controlled trial quality: uncertain

124. The effectiveness of shared picture book reading interventions on child language development: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effectiveness of shared picture book reading interventions on child language development: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2017 PROSPERO

125. Dilute apple juice for children rehydration

secs) Mottled skin Other signs of shock (tachycardia, irritable or reduced consciousness level, hypotension) Deep, acidotic breathing Decreased tissue turgor Source: Dilute apple juice or other preferred fluids were tested against ORS in a Canadian trial in 2016. Treatment failure (ie need for IV hydration) occurred in 25% of children given ORS and 17% of those given dilute apple juice. For every 12 children given dilute apple juice instead of ORS, one less child experienced treatment failure (...) apple juice). The Canadian trial excluded moderately or severely dehydrated children. Availability Apple juice is more available than ORS. It can be bought in supermarkets and convenience stores and is therefore available outside chemist hours. Description Dilution Dilute apple juice with water to achieve 50:50 mix. Other preferred fluids can be used at the same dilution. Dosing During the consultation, give the child 5 mL aliquots to drink every 2–5 minutes from a spoon or a 5-mL syringe. Continue

2017 Handbook of Non-Drug interventions (HANDI)

126. Dilute apple juice for children rehydration

secs) Mottled skin Other signs of shock (tachycardia, irritable or reduced consciousness level, hypotension) Deep, acidotic breathing Decreased tissue turgor Source: Dilute apple juice or other preferred fluids were tested against ORS in a Canadian trial in 2016. Treatment failure (ie need for IV hydration) occurred in 25% of children given ORS and 17% of those given dilute apple juice. For every 12 children given dilute apple juice instead of ORS, one less child experienced treatment failure (...) apple juice). The Canadian trial excluded moderately or severely dehydrated children. Availability Apple juice is more available than ORS. It can be bought in supermarkets and convenience stores and is therefore available outside chemist hours. Description Dilution Dilute apple juice with water to achieve 50:50 mix. Other preferred fluids can be used at the same dilution. Dosing During the consultation, give the child 5 mL aliquots to drink every 2–5 minutes from a spoon or a 5-mL syringe. Continue

2017 Handbook of Non-Drug interventions (HANDI)

127. My new book is out today. Here is the introduction. Hooray!

not kilobytes. Kind regards said, November 12, 2014 at Thanks for posting the intro Ben, had to check it out after @coyneoftherealm mentioned it – and now I’m sure I want to read it! Looking forward to what I’m sure will be an equally educational and hilarious bunch of insights. said, November 19, 2014 at New book is available on the UK Amazon for Kindle,,, but not the USA Amazon Kindle site. And we can’t buy from the UK site. need,,,boook…. withdrawing….. getting grey, visionnnn failing…… Ok,,, all kidding (...) My new book is out today. Here is the introduction. Hooray! My new book is out today. Here is the introduction. Hooray! – Bad Science Search TED Talk Collected Journalism This Nerdy Book This Great Book T-shirts Categories (3) (4) (6) (45) (28) (6) (16) (190) (5) (20) (52) (88) (2) (1) (2) (1) (677) (4) (14) (2) (37) (4) (9) (3) (11) (6) (3) (16) (13) (1) (6) (8) (6) (6) (3) (13) (2) (2) (27) (1) (2) (6) (1) (7) (8) (3) (1) (4) (12) (1) (3) (20) (2) (13) (1) (20) (15) (4) (1) (20) (1) (1) (1

2014 Bad Science

128. Peripheral venous cannulation of children

into a peripheral vein ( ). While the insertion of a cannula is a routine event for health care professionals (HCP), many children and families associate it with dramatic events and serious illness. Cannulation can be both traumatic and painful for the child and stressful for the family. They will require support and encouragement to deal with the procedure ( ). The implications of cannulation should not be underestimated. The introduction of a foreign body into the vein is an extraordinary intervention (...) products. Every HCP must undertake a yearly update to demonstrate competency and fulfill professional development requirements. This is assessed through an e-learning pack and practical assessment. M edical staff should have their competency assessed and documented during their general paediatric training. If no assessment was undertaken or they feel an update is required the practice educator in their clinical area can arrange this. Planning and preparation – child and family Explain the entire

2017 Publication 1593

129. Guidance on prescribing for children and young people

Guidance on prescribing for children and young people Guidance on prescribing for children and young people June 2018 Up to 40% of necessary medicines prescribed for children are unlicensed or used outside their licence. In February 2000, the Standing Committee on Medicines – a Joint Committee of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health and the Neonatal and Paediatric Pharmacists Group – issued a statement to inform health professionals, parents, carers, and health service managers (...) with parents and children about these issues and to avoid misunderstandings when parents and children read in the PIL that “the medicine is not indicated in children”. The full statement and copies of the generic PIL (which can be given out with all paediatric prescriptions) can be found on the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health website at www.rcpch.ac.uk. The British National Formulary for Children (https://bnfc.nice.org.uk/) includes up to date recommendations for drugs used in paediatric

2018 British Society for Rheumatology

130. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Behavioral Treatment of Obesity and Overweight in Children and Adolescents

but also involves the parents and potentially other family members as active participants, and the level of their involvement varies according to the developmental age of the child. The emphasis is on equipping caregivers with tools (problem solving, providing contingent rewards, etc.) that can be used to manage energy-balance behaviors and have relevance to myriad other childhood issues. Both parents and children are tar- geted for increases in healthy physical activity and eating behav- ior (...) and Overweight in Children and Adolescents Current State of the Evidence and Research Needs Clinical Practice Guideline Development Panel Maria M. Llabre, PhD, Chair University of Miami Jamy D. Ard, MD, Vice-Chair Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center Gary Bennett, PhD Duke University Phillip J. Brantley, PhD Louisiana State University Barbara Fiese, PhD University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Jane Gray, PhD Texas Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Obesity Patty Nece, JD U.S

2018 American Psychological Association

131. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children AACAP OFFICIAL ACTION Practice Parameter for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy With Children This Practice Parameter describes the principles of psychodynamic psychotherapy with children and is based on clinical consensus and available research evidence. It presents guidelines for the practice of child psychodynamic psychotherapy, including indications and contraindications, the setting, verbal and interactive (play) techniques, work with the parents (...) . The recommendations in this parameter are limited to children ages 3 to 12. Unless otherwise noted, the term ‘parents’ refers to the child’s primary caregivers, irrespective of their biologi- cal relationship to the child. METHODOLOGY The literature search was conducted in October 2011 using MEDLINE, EBM Reviews (evidence- based medicine), PubMed, PsycINFO, ERIC (ed- ucation), Social Work Abstracts, and PEP-WEB (psychoanalytic electronic publications). The search in MEDLINE combined the search terms: “child

2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

132. Aided Language Stimulation Leading to Functional Communication Gains in Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication

modeling used with children working on verbal expression. The model takes into consideration the interests and abilities of the child, while incorporating both a visual and verbal model to demonstrate the communication of messages. Aided language modeling is easier to implement, increases positive parent perception, and increases the overall quality of parent-child interactions compared to traditional models. Definitions for terms marked with * and Abbreviations may be found in an Abbreviations (...) success, directly correlating to a positive increase in the child’s functional communication (Romski, 2011 [4a]; Sennott, 2016 [1b]). Giving children a modality to communicate other than speech likely reduces the pressure that parents feel in their inability to successfully communicate with their children. Many parents surveyed felt more satisfied with the way their children were communicating post-intervention, that their children had made great strides in expressing themselves

2018 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

133. Parent?infant Psychotherapy for Improving Parental and Infant Mental Health: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Copy URL Share a link Share on ). The Copenhagen Child Cohort Study (6090 infants) found a population prevalence of such regulatory problems (including emotional and behavioural, eating and sleeping disorders) in children aged 1.5 years in the region of 18% ( ; ). Some regulatory disturbances are stable over time with as many as 49.9% of infants and toddlers (aged 12 to 40 months) showing a continuity (...) of emotional and behavioural problems one year after initial presentation ( ). Problems of this nature are also significant predictors of longer‐term difficulties. For example, infant regulatory problems have a strong association with delays in motor, language and cognitive development, and continuing parent‐child relational problems ( ; ). Difficult temperament, non‐compliance and aggression in infancy and toddlerhood (aged one to three years) are associated with internalising and externalising

2015 Campbell Collaboration

134. A Novel tool for Health Literacy: Using Comic Books to Combat Childhood Obesity Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Novel tool for Health Literacy: Using Comic Books to Combat Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity remains a serious problem that requires health literacy projects to engage both parents and children in making healthy choices. This paper describes an award-funded project designed by LSU Health Shreveport (LSUHS) faculty from the Health Sciences Library and the Department of Pediatrics who created a comic book to help children and their parents learn practical ways children can make healthier (...) lifestyle choices. LSUHS also collaborated with LSU-Shreveport to recruit a student artist, who illustrated the comic and designed promotional items used to promote the print and online versions of the book throughout the community.

2016 Journal of hospital librarianship

135. Curling Up With a Good E-Book: Mother-Child Shared Story Reading on Screen or Paper Affects Embodied Interaction and Warmth Full Text available with Trip Pro

is an engaging, affective and embodied experience across time, as well as a cognitive task, so it is important to understand how paper vs. screen affects broader aspects of these shared experiences. Mid-childhood sees a steep rise in screen use alongside a shift from shared to independent reading. We assessed how the medium of paper or screen might alter children's shared reading experiences at this transitional age. Twenty-four 7- to 9-year-old children and their mothers were videotaped sharing a story book (...) Curling Up With a Good E-Book: Mother-Child Shared Story Reading on Screen or Paper Affects Embodied Interaction and Warmth This study compared changes in cognitive, affective, and postural aspects of interaction during shared mother and child book reading on screen and on paper. Readers commonly express strong preferences for reading on paper, but several studies have shown marginal, if any, effects of text medium on cognitive outcomes such as recall. Shared reading with a parent

2016 Frontiers in psychology

136. Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management

is a long-term condition that can have a major impact on the life of a child or young person, as well as their family or carers. In addition to insulin therapy, diabetes management should include education, support and access to psychological services, as detailed in this guideline. Preparations should also be made for the transition from paediatric to adult services, which have a somewhat different model of care and evidence base. Type 1 diabetes is becoming more common in the UK, and since 2004 type 2 (...) ) in children and young people: diagnosis and management (NG18) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 6 of 85Safeguarding children Remember that child maltreatment: is common can present anywhere may co-exist with other health problems, including diabetes. See the NICE guideline on child maltreatment for clinical features that may be associated with maltreatment. Medicines The guideline will assume

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

137. Book Review: The Feather Thief Full Text available with Trip Pro

Book Review: The Feather Thief Book Review: The Feather Thief | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post navigation (...) in the approximate size of an Indian Crow, and used her leggings to fashion Respendent Quetzal tails. We started packing. Marie-Josée, consulting the Tring’s spreadsheet, counted off each species. When the suitcase was halfway full, we were already at eighty birds. Of course, our experiment was hardly scientific—my washcloth Flame Bowerbirds might have been a bit large—but it seemed as though it would’ve been difficult to fit all of them in a single suitcase. By this point in the book, the reader (in my case

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

138. New Book, “Run to the Light,” Chronicles a Journey with Batten Disease

math skills alerted an astute physician, who sent Taylor for genetic testing. And so began the diagnostic odyssey. Taylor had inherited the infantile form of Batten disease, aka neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis or CLN1. “Infantile” is a dated and meaningless term – Taylor was hardly an infant when symptoms began. Most children with that form don’t live to see their sixth birthday because their cells don’t make an enzyme, palmitoyl-protein thioesterase-1, or PPT1. Taylor’s cells make about 2 percent (...) New Book, “Run to the Light,” Chronicles a Journey with Batten Disease New Book, "Run to the Light," Chronicles a Journey with Batten Disease | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

139. Richard Smith: Why We Sleep—one of those rare books that changes your worldview and should change society and medicine

Richard Smith: Why We Sleep—one of those rare books that changes your worldview and should change society and medicine Richard Smith: Why We Sleep—one of those rare books that changes your worldview and should change society and medicine - The BMJ ---> One of the professors at Edinburgh Medical School, where I was taught from 1970-76, was a world expert on sleep, but I remember hearing little about sleep at medical school. We were taught about sleeping pills, and I remember routinely (...) prescribing them for patients undergoing surgery the next day—with no understanding of the damage I was doing. In my 25 years at The BMJ I remember publishing little on sleep, although we did publish an ABC of Sleep Disorders , with the emphasis on the disorders. Generally, like most doctors, I thought little about sleep. Now I read in Matthew Walker’s book Why We Sleep: The New Science of Sleep and Dreams that: “ [The] silent sleep loss epidemic is the greatest public health challenge we face

2018 The BMJ Blog

140. BOOK REVIEW: The Lives of Community Health Workers

BOOK REVIEW: The Lives of Community Health Workers BOOK REVIEW: The Lives of Community Health Workers | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis (...) with epidemiological, political, and economic problems, and the benefit of hearing it told with such compassion and respect “drives home the complexity and dignity of CHWs’ lives.” “Dr. Maes takes the reader deep into the humanity behind these often faceless workers.” This is not, however, a misty eyed book. Behind Dr. Maes’ high academic tone is his real horror and anger at a world that, he argues, is taking advantage of the poor under the pretense of alleviating poverty. For example, in one instance we learn

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

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