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281. Parent Training Interventions for Attention Deficity Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children Aged 5 to 18 years Full Text available with Trip Pro

a diagnosis of ADHD. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention in the USA conducted a survey of 102,353 parents with children aged four to 17 years and found a lifetime childhood diagnosis of 7.8% (2.5 times as many boys as girls) of whom 4.3% had received medication as treatment (CDC 2005). A review of 50 prevalence studies (including 20 US and 30 non‐US sample populations) suggested that the prevalence is similar in US and non‐US populations ( ). However, the ‘administrative’ prevalence (...) problems appear to precede antisocial behaviour in later life. estimated that it is possible to predict over half of future recidivist delinquents based on their aggressive behaviour and a family's ineffective child rearing practices. The precise relationship between conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder and ADHD, especially the mechanism of development of antisocial behaviour in children with ADHD, is not, however, fully understood. 1.1.2 Aetiology It is thought that genetic

2012 Campbell Collaboration

282. Interventions in Developing Nations for Improving Primary and Secondary School Enrollment of Children: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

critical, as improvements in the infant mortality rate, child nutrition, and school enrollment are closely associated with higher education among mothers ( ; ; World Bank, 2008). Yet, more than 100 million primary school‐aged children are not in school and, of those that are, many—49 percent in Africa, for example—do not complete primary school ( ). These and other data indicate wide variation in enrollment rates across developing country regions and by level of school (primary versus secondary; see (...) on meeting conditions, the economic benefit serves as an incentive that spurs parents to ensure youth in their households are enrolled in and attend school; (2) the economic benefit removes the need for youth to work (at least during school hours) to provide household income, thereby eliminating a major barrier to child attendance; and (3) the benefit can also remove the costs of attending school such as fees or books, leading to parents being more willing to send their children to school. Note that six

2012 Campbell Collaboration

283. The Accuracy of an Ambulatory Level III Sleep Study Compared to a Level I Sleep Study for the Diagnosis of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children With Neuromuscular Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Accuracy of an Ambulatory Level III Sleep Study Compared to a Level I Sleep Study for the Diagnosis of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children With Neuromuscular Disease. Polysomnography (PSG) surveillance recommendations are not being met for children with neuromuscular disease (NMD) because of limited diagnostic facilities. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of an ambulatory level III device as compared to a level I PSG.A cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary pediatric (...) institution. Eligibility criteria included: (1) children with NMD; (2) age 6 to 18 years; (3) booked for a clinically indicated overnight level I PSG. Participants were randomized to an overnight level I PSG followed by an ambulatory level III study with end tidal carbon dioxide (etCO2) or vice versa. Sensitivity and specificity of the ambulatory level III device to diagnose sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) at an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) cutoff of > 1.0 events/h was the primary outcome.Moderate

2018 Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

284. Distraction-Based Interventions for Children Undergoing Venipuncture Procedures: A Randomized Controlled Study. (Abstract)

a picture book ( n = 92), or animated cartoon ( n = 92) compared with routine oral instructions ( n = 92), when being injected with an intravenous cannula. Two trained observers independently scored the responses of each child using the Observational Scale of Behavioral Distress-Revised before, during, and after the procedure. All children experienced distress during needle insertion, but distress was less in the distraction-based intervention groups. Moreover, distraction interventions were more (...) Distraction-Based Interventions for Children Undergoing Venipuncture Procedures: A Randomized Controlled Study. Little is known about the effects of distraction techniques when undertaking medical procedures with hospitalized pediatric patients in Asian countries. This study examined the effects of distraction interventions on behavioral distress related to venipuncture procedures in Taiwanese children aged 3 to 7 years. Using concealed randomization, eligible children were allocated to receive

2018 Clinical nursing research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

285. Stationary cycling exergame use among inactive children in the family home: a randomized trial. (Abstract)

Stationary cycling exergame use among inactive children in the family home: a randomized trial. Exergames may be one way to increase child physical activity, but long term adherence has seen little research attention. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the usage of an exergame bike in comparison to a stationary bike in front of a TV across 3-months within a family home environment among children aged 10-14 years old. Seventy-three inactive children were recruited through (...) advertisements and randomized to either the exergame condition (n = 39) or the standard bike condition (n = 34). Weekly bike use was recorded in a log-book. Both groups declined in bike use over time (t = 3.921, p < .01). Although the exergame group reported higher use (t = 2.0045, p < .05), this was most prominent during the first week. Overall, these results do not support exergames as a standalone physical activity intervention, and suggest that short duration examinations of exergames may be misleading.

2018 Journal of behavioral medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

286. Enhancing Social-Emotional Health and Wellbeing in the Early Years (E-SEE): a study protocol of a community-based randomised controlled trial with process and economic evaluations of the incredible years infant and toddler parenting programmes, delivered (Abstract)

. Parents of children aged 8 weeks or less, identified by health visitors, children's centre staff or self-referral, are eligible for participation in the trial. The randomisation allocation ratio is 5:1 (intervention to control). All intervention parents will receive an Incredible Years Infant book (universal level), and may be offered the Infant and/or Toddler group-based programme/s-based on parent depression scores on the Patient Health Questionnaire or child social emotional well-being scores (...) -being and development, IY Infant and IY Toddler, will be delivered and evaluated in a proportionate universal intervention model called Enhancing Social-Emotional Health and Wellbeing in the Early Years (E-SEE) Steps. The main research question is: Does E-SEE Steps enhance child social emotional well-being at 20 months when compared with services as usual?E-SEE Steps will be delivered in community settings by Early Years Children's Services and/or Public Health staff across local authorities

2018 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: predicted high

287. Factors influencing developmental delay among young children in poor rural China: a latent variable approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

caregivers.Suspected child developmental delay was evaluated using the Ages & Stages Questionnaires-Chinese version. Caregivers' education and age, wealth index, child feeding index, parent-child interaction, number of books and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale were reported by the primary caregivers. Haemoglobin levels were measured using a calibrated, automated analyser. Birth weight was obtained from medical records.Overall, 35.7% of the surveyed children aged 6-35 months demonstrated suspected developmental (...) Factors influencing developmental delay among young children in poor rural China: a latent variable approach. The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of suspected developmental delay in children living in poor areas of rural China and to investigate factors influencing child developmental delay.A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted.Eighty-three villages in Shanxi and Guizhou Provinces, China.A total of 2514 children aged 6-35 months and their primary

2018 BMJ open

288. Sexual and physical abuse and its determinants among street children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2016. Full Text available with Trip Pro

city of Ethiopia.A phenomenological qualitative method was conducted from March to June 2016 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected from street children by focus group discussion (FGD) and in-depth interview. Open code was used to analyze data. The transcribed note was translated. Following this coding was done. Based on a coding book, major themes and main categories were developed and analyzed.The study has explored the life experience of street children in the city. Deaths of parents (...) Sexual and physical abuse and its determinants among street children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2016. The life and health of street children is becoming a global concern. Street children are vulnerable to a variety of problems including physical, psychological and sexual exploitations as well as social isolation. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to point out the experience of sexual and physical exploitation and its determinant factors among street children in Addis Ababa, the capital

2018 BMC Pediatrics

289. Serious Game in the Therapeutic Education of Type 1 Diabetes Paediatric Patients

additionally to the classic therapeutic education Other: Serious game DIVE software will be accessible via internet, children and parents will have to their disposition a room at the hospital specifically to work on the software. The DIVE software is organized in chapters, each matches an item of the therapeutic education process and ends with a knowledge assessment. The child has to end every chapter and succeed every evaluation to pursue on the next chapter. Measures will be taken in order to avoid (...) contamination bias between groups. Children will have to connect to DIVE 2 times per week for a time duration of at last 1 hour. Behavioral: ETP Initial therapeutic education only will be applied in this group, with the help of doctors and nurses, based on theoretical educational lessons, reported on the AJD book. Health education sessions will also be taught by nurses. Active Comparator: ETP patients under classic therapeutic education Behavioral: ETP Initial therapeutic education only will be applied

2018 Clinical Trials

290. Reducing Maternal Depression and Promoting Infant Social-Emotional Health & Development

communication outcomes are needed. In prior programmatic research, two separate web-based, remote coaching interventions for: (a) parent nurturing behaviors that improve infant outcomes (Baby-Net R34; R01) [13], and (b) maternal depression (Mom-Net R34; R01) [14] were developed. Compared to controls, the Baby-Net program demonstrated medium to large effects on observed nurturing parent behavior and on infant social-emotional competencies in the context of play [13] and in the context of book activities [15 (...) -based maternal depression and specific nurturing parenting behavior in infancy, provides a strong empirical basis for the Mom & Baby Net program. Investigators will rigorously test the merged Mom & Baby Net intervention effects with 180 low-income mothers with depression and their infants via a 2-arm, intent-to-treat, randomized controlled trial. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants Allocation

2018 Clinical Trials

291. PUMA (Paediatric Osseous Marrow Assessment)

Start Date : March 5, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2018 Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2018 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Groups and Cohorts Go to Group/Cohort 5-24 year old paediatric patients with childhood Leukaemia Cooperative paediatric individuals and young adults (5-24-years-old) with proven Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) or Acute Myeloblastic Leukaemia (AML) planned for bone marrow transplantation (...) . Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The change in ADC following bone marrow transplantation at the point of engraftment in paediatric patients with leukaemia. [ Time Frame: 8 months ] Measured as the percentage of children who achieve a change in ADC of their bone marrow with engraftment that is greater than the limits of agreement of repeatability of the measurement, established from previous historical data. Secondary Outcome Measures : Heterogeneity of ADC distribution within lumbar

2018 Clinical Trials

292. The Inclined Position in Case of Respiratory Discomfort in the One Year Less Infant : Study on the Profits and the Risks in the Home

. This recommendation is based on a low level of evidence (grade C). This advice is found in the health book, and in many tips for parents. However, it does not comply with the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics for sleeping on the back, on a firm mattress and without other objects in the bed. 70% of pediatricians advise this position in a specific medical context according to a study of Bellaïche conducted in 2013. 40% of parents use it for no particular reason. Anatomically, the upper airways (...) of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Layout table for eligibility information Ages Eligible for Study: up to 12 Months (Child) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Sampling Method: Probability Sample Study Population Parents of infants from

2018 Clinical Trials

293. FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System Post Approval Study for Pediatric Patients

FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System Post Approval Study for Pediatric Patients FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System Post Approval Study for Pediatric Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System Post Approval Study for Pediatric Patients The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03448367 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted

2018 Clinical Trials

294. Enhancing Reading Skills in 1st Grade Children

read correctly in a 45 second period. Administration requires approximately 10 minutes. Secondary Outcome Measures : Change in Inventory of Reading Occupations (IRO) Score [ Time Frame: Post-intervention (10 weeks) ] The IRO is an 85-item assessment that measures a child's level of reading participation in 17 categories (storybooks, school books, school worksheets, chalk and white boards, posters, comic books, magazines, computers, e-readers, smart phones, television shows, game consoles, board (...) Enhancing Reading Skills in 1st Grade Children Enhancing Reading Skills in 1st Grade Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Enhancing Reading Skills in 1st Grade Children The safety

2018 Clinical Trials

295. Virtual Reality vs. Standard-of-Care for Comfort During Minor Plastic Surgery Procedures in Children

children cope with the pain. This may include interacting with books, TV, toys or videogames. Virtual Reality (VR) is an immersive experience using sight, sound, and position sense. Using VR may enhance distraction during the painful procedure and may reduce attention to pain. This study will randomize children (6 - 16 years old) to receive Virtual Reality or standard of care in addition to local anesthetics during minor painful procedure in the Plastic Surgery clinic. Pain, anxiety and satisfaction (...) of 2. Secondary Outcome Measures : Anxiety using the Venham Situational Anxiety Score [ Time Frame: Anxiety is reported by children immediately following completion of the minor plastic surgery procedure ] Level of Situational Anxiety as reported by children using the Venham Situational Anxiety Score. This scale includes 8 sets of 2 images of children which represent differing levels of anxiety. Children point to the child that best represents them in that instance. In each set of 2 images

2018 Clinical Trials

296. Feasibility Trial of Learning Through Play (LTP) in My Own Way Plus CBT A Parent-Based Intervention for Depressed Mothers With DS Children

Plus with depressed mothers of DS children. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Down Syndrome Depression Behavioral: LTP in My Own Way Plus Not Applicable Detailed Description: Having a child with a chronic medical problem or an intellectual disability increases anxiety and depression in parents. There is some growing evidence that families of DS children are able to meet the challenges. The purpose of the present study is to adapt LTP in my own way plus to test its acceptability (...) and determine if it improves mothers knowledge about their child development and reduce their level of distress. The study has two phases: quantitative phase and qualitative phase. Quantitative phase: A single blind randomised controlled trial in school settings in Karachi Pakistan. Objectives: Help mothers cope better with their depression. Teach mothers play activities that will stimulate their children's development and improve mother-child interaction. Qualitative Phase: This will help to determine

2018 Clinical Trials

297. Environmental Risk Factors Can Reduce Axial Length Elongation and Myopia Incidence in 6- to 9-Year-Old Children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

differed for baseline AL-to-CR ratio, interaction terms were calculated with baseline AL-to-CR ratio and environmental factors.Axial length elongation and incident myopia.From 6 to 9 years of age, average AL elongation was 0.21±0.009 mm/year and myopia developed in 223 of 2136 children (10.4%), leading to a myopia prevalence at 9 years of age of 12.0%. Seven parameters were associated independently (P < 0.05) with faster AL elongation: parental myopia, 1 or more books read per week, time spent reading (...) Environmental Risk Factors Can Reduce Axial Length Elongation and Myopia Incidence in 6- to 9-Year-Old Children. To identify risk factors for axial length (AL) elongation and incident school myopia.Population-based prospective birth-cohort study.Four thousand seven hundred thirty-four children examined at 6 and 9 years of age from the Generation R Study in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.Axial length and corneal radius (CR) were measured with an IOLMaster 500 and daily life activities

2018 Ophthalmology

298. Antibiotic use on paediatric inpatients in a teaching hospital in the Gambia, a retrospective study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic use on paediatric inpatients in a teaching hospital in the Gambia, a retrospective study Antibiotics are useful but increasing resistance is a major problem. Our objectives were to assess antibiotic use and microbiology testing in hospitalized children in the Gambia.We conducted a retrospective analysis of paediatric inpatient data at The Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital in Banjul, The Gambia. We extracted relevant data from the admission folders of all patients (aged > 28 days (...) to 15 years) admitted in 2015 (January-December), who received at least one antibiotic for 24 h. We also reviewed the microbiology laboratory record book to obtain separate data for the bacterial isolates and resistance test results of all the paediatric inpatients during the study period.Over half of the admitted patients received at least one antibiotic during admission (496/917) with a total consumption of 670.7 Days of Antibiotic Therapy/1000 Patient-Days. The clinical diagnoses included

2018 Antimicrobial resistance and infection control

299. Reading Independently and Reading With a Narrator: Eye Movement Patterns of Children With Different Receptive Vocabularies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reading Independently and Reading With a Narrator: Eye Movement Patterns of Children With Different Receptive Vocabularies This study examined the effects of two reading styles (i.e., reading with a narrator and reading independently), receptive vocabulary and literacy on children's eye movement patterns. The sample included 46 Chinese children (aged 4-6 years) who were randomly assigned to two reading styles and read the same picture book on a screen. The results indicated that the higher (...) the children's receptive vocabulary was, the sooner they fixated on the text. Overall, the children's fixation probability (i.e., the time spent viewing the text zones as a proportion of full-page viewing time during each period) decreased with time when reading independently but increased with time when reading with a narrator. For children in senior kindergarten, reading with a narrator is thought to help establish and consolidate the links between speech and text and thus promote reading acquisition.

2018 Frontiers in psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

300. Wrist-Based Accelerometer Cut-Points to Identify Sedentary Time in 5–11-Year-Old Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Wrist-Based Accelerometer Cut-Points to Identify Sedentary Time in 5–11-Year-Old Children The objective of this paper is to derive a wrist-placed cut-point threshold for distinguishing sedentary behaviors from light-intensity walking using the ActiGraph GT3X+ in children.This study employed a cross-sectional study design, typically used in measurement-related studies. A sample of 167 children, ages 5⁻11 years (mean ± SD: 8.0 ± 1.8 years), performed up to eight seated sedentary activities (...) while wearing accelerometers on both wrists. Activities included: reading books, sorting cards, cutting and pasting, playing board games, eating snacks, playing with tablets, watching TV, and writing. Direct observation verified sedentary behavior from light activity. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to determine optimal cut-point thresholds. Quantile regression models estimated differences between dominant and non-dominant placement.The optimal cut-point threshold

2018 Children

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