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261. The relationship between responsive caregiving and child outcomes: evidence from direct observations of mother-child dyads in Pakistan. Full Text available with Trip Pro

predictors of maternal responsive caregiving and investigate how these interactions are associated with children's development.Data for the current analyses came from a longitudinal study designed to follow mothers from the third trimester through the first three years of the child's life. To assess responsive caregiving, the Observation of Mother-Child Interaction (OMCI) measure was used to examine maternal and child behaviors during a 5-min picture book activity at 24 months. Outcomes included child (...) The relationship between responsive caregiving and child outcomes: evidence from direct observations of mother-child dyads in Pakistan. Responsive caregiving, or interactions in which caregivers give appropriate responses to a child's signals, is linked to improved psychosocial, cognitive and physical outcomes in children. However, much remains unknown about how responsive caregiving affects child development across cultural and socioeconomic contexts. The purpose of this study is to examine

2019 BMC Public Health

262. A cluster randomised controlled trial of an intervention to increase the implementation of school physical activity policies and guidelines: study protocol for the physically active children in education (PACE) study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A cluster randomised controlled trial of an intervention to increase the implementation of school physical activity policies and guidelines: study protocol for the physically active children in education (PACE) study. In an attempt to improve children's physical activity levels governments have introduced policies specifying the minimum time schools are to schedule physical activity each week. Despite this, the majority of schools in many jurisdictions fail to implement these policies (...) of tools and resources, implementation prompts, reminders and feedback; or usual practice. The study will employ an effectiveness-implementation hybrid design, assessing both policy implementation and individual (student) behavioural outcomes. The primary trial outcome of mean minutes of physical activity scheduled by classroom teachers across the school week will be measured via teacher log-book at baseline and approximately 12 and 18 months post baseline. A nested evaluation of the impact of policy

2019 BMC Public Health Controlled trial quality: predicted high

263. Effects of the Informed Health Choices primary school intervention on the ability of children in Uganda to assess the reliability of claims about treatment effects: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. (Abstract)

or improve health).In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we included primary schools in the central region of Uganda that taught year-5 children (aged 10-12 years). We excluded international schools, special needs schools for children with auditory and visual impairments, schools that had participated in user-testing and piloting of the resources, infant and nursery schools, adult education schools, and schools that were difficult for us to access in terms of travel time. We randomly allocated (...) Effects of the Informed Health Choices primary school intervention on the ability of children in Uganda to assess the reliability of claims about treatment effects: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Claims about what improves or harms our health are ubiquitous. People need to be able to assess the reliability of these claims. We aimed to evaluate an intervention designed to teach primary school children to assess claims about the effects of treatments (ie, any action intended to maintain

2017 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

264. Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect

, nutrition, and other activities neces- sary for normal growth and development. 4,60 Some children who first present for dental care have severe early childhood caries (formerly termed infant bottle or nursing caries). Care- givers with adequate knowledge and willful failure to seek care must be differentiated from caregivers without knowledge or awareness of their child’s need for dental care when deter- mining the need to report such cases to child protective services. Several factors are considered (...) Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY RECOMMENDATIONS: BEST PRACTICES 243 Children may be exposed to multiple kinds of maltreatment that manifests in the mouth, so health care professionals (including dental providers) need to be aware of how to evaluate and address these concerns. Maltreatment includes physical and sexual abuse and can include evidence of bite marks and dental neglect. Bullying and the human trafficking of chil- dren also

2017 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

265. Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. Drooling is a common problem for children with cerebral palsy (CP). This can be distressing for these children as well as for their parents and caregivers. The consequences of drooling include risk of social rejection, damp and soiled clothing, unpleasant odour, irritated chapped skin, mouth infections, dehydration, interference with speech, damage to books, communication aids, computers, and the risk of social isolation (Blasco 1992 (...) ; Van der Burg 2006). A range of interventions exist that aim to reduce or eliminate drooling. There is a lack of consensus regarding which interventions are most effective for children with CP.(1) To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interventions aimed at reducing or eliminating drooling in children with cerebral palsy. (2) To provide the best available evidence to inform clinical practice. (3) To assist with future research planning.We searched the following databases from inception

2012 Cochrane

266. Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy. Drooling is a common problem for children with cerebral palsy (CP). This can be distressing for these children as well as for their parents and caregivers. The consequences of drooling include risk of social rejection, damp and soiled clothing, unpleasant odour, irritated chapped skin, mouth infections, dehydration, interference with speech, damage to books, communication aids, computers, and the risk of social isolation (Blasco 1992 (...) ; Van der Burg 2006). A range of interventions exist that aim to reduce or eliminate drooling. There is a lack of consensus regarding which interventions are most effective for children with CP.(1) To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interventions aimed at reducing or eliminating drooling in children with cerebral palsy. (2) To provide the best available evidence to inform clinical practice. (3) To assist with future research planning.We searched the following databases from inception

2012 Cochrane

267. Competencies: an education and training competency framework for peripheral venous cannulation in children and young people

and Education Unit, Lothian University Hospitals, Edinburgh Steve McKenna, Charge Nurse, Paediatric Ambulatory Care/Outpatients, Royal Free Hampstead NHS T rust Fiona Smith, Adviser in Children and Y oung People’s Nursing, Royal College of Nursing W e are also grateful to the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health for its support of the content of this publication. Disclaimer This publication contains information, advice and guidance to help members of the RCN. It is intended for use within the UK (...) Children (1994) Needles: helping to take away the fear, London: AfSC. Arrowsmith J and Campbell C (2000) A comparison of local anaesthetics for venepuncture, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 82, pp.309-310. Bellieri CV , Cordelli DM, Rafaelli M, Ricci B, Morgese G and Buonocore G (2006) Analgesic effect of watching TV during venepuncture, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91, pp.1015-1017. Bindler. R (2012) Clinical skills manual for Principles of Paediatric nursing: caring for children, Pearson: NJ

2013 Royal College of Nursing

268. To parents who have lost children: We never forget your children

To parents who have lost children: We never forget your children To parents who have lost children: We never forget your children To parents who have lost children: We never forget your children | | March 7, 2019 134K Shares Her name was Callie (identifying information changed). She was four years old. She loved glitter and princesses and anything sparkly. She was affectionate and silly, and I fell hard for her. She was a patient, my patient, on the pediatric oncology unit during my very first (...) there, after all. Callie is still with me, many years later. I kept the princess crown she made for me and the pictures we took together sitting on her hospital bed. She would be 18 years old now, off to college. My youngest child is now the age she was when she was diagnosed; soon all three of my children will have outlived her. I cannot look at my children without counting my blessings, without thinking of another mother out there who had to say goodbye. I cannot look at my patients without thinking

2019 KevinMD blog

269. A Galaxy of Old Japanese Medical Books With Miscellaneous Notes on Early Medicine in Japan Part II. Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Bathing, Balneotherapy and Massage. Nursing, Pediatrics and Hygiene. Obstetrics and Gynecology Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Galaxy of Old Japanese Medical Books With Miscellaneous Notes on Early Medicine in Japan Part II. Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Bathing, Balneotherapy and Massage. Nursing, Pediatrics and Hygiene. Obstetrics and Gynecology 13199476 2003 05 01 2018 12 01 0025-7338 42 4 1954 Oct Bulletin of the Medical Library Association Bull Med Libr Assoc A galaxy of old Japanese medical books with miscellaneous notes on early medicine in Japan. II. Acupuncture and moxibustion, bathing, balneotherapy (...) and massage, nursing, pediatrics and hygiene, obstetrics and gynecology. 468-500 MESTLER G E GE eng Historical Article Journal Article United States Bull Med Libr Assoc 0421037 0025-7338 OM Acupuncture Acupuncture Therapy Balneology history Books Galaxies Gynecology history History of Medicine Humans Hygiene Japan Massage Medicine Moxibustion Obstetrics Pediatrics 5527:11121:10:57:81:202:221 ACUPUNCTURE BALNEOLOGY/history BOOKS GYNECOLOGY/history HISTORY, MEDICAL 1954 10 1 1954 10 1 0 1 1954 10 1 0 0

1954 Bulletin of the Medical Library Association

270. Early medical books in the Archibald Church Library: II. Pediatrics. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early medical books in the Archibald Church Library: II. Pediatrics. 21025970 2010 10 28 2018 12 01 20 2 1946 Quarterly bulletin. Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Medical School Q Bull Northwest Univ Med Sch Early medical books in the Archibald Church Library; pediatrics. 231-6 PRICE G G CARR E F EF eng Journal Article United States Q Bull Northwest Univ Med Sch 19220080R OM Books Humans Libraries Libraries, Medical Pediatrics Publications 4610:1135w LIBRARIES, MEDICAL/Archibald Church (...) LITERATURE, MEDICAL PEDIATRICS/libraries 2010 10 29 6 0 1946 1 1 0 0 1946 1 1 0 1 ppublish 21025970 PMC3802655

1946 Quarterly Bulletin of the Northwestern University Medical School

271. The Year Book of Pediatrics Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Year Book of Pediatrics 21032561 2012 10 02 2011 04 04 1468-2044 53 8 1978 Aug Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. The year book of pediatrics. 696 eng Journal Article England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 2010 10 30 6 0 1978 8 1 0 0 1978 8 1 0 1 ppublish 21032561 PMC1545073

1978 Archives of Disease in Childhood

272. Pediatrics in an eighteenth century remedy book. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pediatrics in an eighteenth century remedy book. A manuscript home remedy book of several hundred pages in German, with entries from 1631 to 1861, was found in the Washington University School of Medicine Library some years ago. Two sections on diseases of children, from the early seventeenth to the mid-eighteenth centuries, have been translated and compared with both printed and manuscript pediatric works. People cited and geographicl places mentioned are discussed. The final conclusion (...) reached is that the text is closer in tone and philosophy to the stream of manuscripts going back to classical times than it is to the printed book of its time. An appendix lists treatment of the wet-nurse in place of the child, and treatments for debility or wasting and pain in the abdomen, and traces these through classical and later manuscript sources.

1978 Bulletin of the Medical Library Association

273. The Subacute Rehabilitation of Childhood Stroke, Clinical Guideline

and rehabilitation services. Contrary to commonly held views, children do not recover better than adults 1 . While relatively rare (estimated incidence: 1.2–7.9 per 100 000 2–4 ), the economic cost of childhood stroke is substantial 5 . The lifelong individual, family and societal burden of early stroke is likely to be greater than in adults because children surviving stroke face many more years living with disability. A U.S. case control study estimated an average five year medical cost of $110,921 per child (...) , representing a 15 fold cost increase compared to controls 5 . Of note, this figure does not capture costs of families including loss of income, reduced employment, rehabilitation expenses, and psychosocial consequences for child and family. Costs are higher for childhood than for neonatal stroke, and higher for haemorrhagic than ischaemic stroke 5 . Higher costs correlate with worse impairment, emphasising the importance of rehabilitation to maximise recovery 6 . The key difference between children

2017 Stroke Foundation - Australia

274. Use of Antibiotic Therapy for Pediatric Dental Patients

into the dentin, and defective restorations. If a child presents with acute symptoms of pulpitis, treatment (i.e., pulpotomy, pulpectomy, or extrac- tion) should be rendered. Antibiotic therapy usually is not indicated if the dental infection is contained within the pulpal tissue or the immediate surrounding tissue. In this case, the Review Council Council on Clinical Affairs Latest Revision 2014 Use of Antibiotic Therapy for Pediatric Dental Patients ABBREVIATION AAPD: American Academy Pediatric Dentistry (...) 2003;74:1696-704. 25. Schmidt JC, Wlater C, Rischewski JR, Weiger R. Treat- ment of periodontitis as a manifestation of neutropenia with or without systemic antibiotics: A systematic review. Pediatr Dent 2013;35(2):E54-E63. 26. American Academy of Pediatrics. Herpes simplex. In: Red Book: 2003 Report of the Committee on Infectious Dis- eases. 26th ed. Elk Grove Village, Ill.: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2003:344-53. 27. Carlson ER. Diagnosis and management of salivary gland infections. Oral

2014 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

275. Cough - acute with chest signs in children

: Statement 2: Infants and children under 5 years who are seen in person by a healthcare professional have their temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and capillary refill time measured and recorded if fever is suspected. Statement 4: Parents and carers who are advised that they can care for an infant or child under 5 years with unexplained fever at home are given safety net advice, including information on when to seek further help. [ ] NICE have published quality standards on Bronchiolitis (...) be difficult to distinguish from viral-induced wheeze in a child of less than 5 years of age. In an infective exacerbation of asthma, wheezing occurs due to bronchoconstriction in response to a respiratory tract infection (most commonly viral), but may also have been observed in response to typical asthma triggers, such as exercise and exposure to allergens. Asthma is more common in children with atopy or a family history of atopy [ ; ]. Bronchiolitis is a condition which predominately affects infants

2017 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

276. Ensuring the Provision of General Paediatric Surgery in the District General Hospital

Ensuring the Provision of General Paediatric Surgery in the District General Hospital We can't find that page... — Royal College of Surgeons Menu Search Close Site Search Site Search Go Account login Welcome to the RCS website. If you do not know your login details, please reset your password using the link below. Username Password Show password Nav Please enter both an email address and a password. Welcome to the RCS website. If you do not know your login details, please reset your password (...) folder and add no-reply@rcseng.ac.uk to your address book. Site Search Search , or check your link again. If you still can't find it, please contact us using the details below. Website feedback Please remember to tell us the page address ('URL') where this is relevant to your enquiry or feedback. Email us You can email us at We always aim to respond as soon as possible during our working hours of 9am - 5pm, Monday - Friday. Connect with RCS © 2018 The Royal College of Surgeons of England 35-43

2012 Royal College of Surgeons of England

277. Managing the Eating Habits of Autistic Children who are Resistant Eaters: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

. Available from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/aurt/2011/541926/ Case Studies 6. Kozlowski AM, Matson JL, Fodstad JC, Moree BN. Feeding therapy in a child with autistic disorder: Sequential food presentation. Clinical Case Studies. 2011;10(3):236- 46. 7. Tang B, Piazza CC, Dolezal D, Stein MT. Severe feeding disorder and malnutrition in 2 children with autism. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011 Apr;32(3):264-7. PubMed: PM21358413 8. Tarbox J, Schiff A, Najdowski AC. Parent-implemented procedural modification (...) a routine to mealtimes Consider whether the child is more comfortable eating with others or unwatched Use seating that encourages staying at the table Consider the shape, colour, and material of the eating utensils Consider the addition of condiments and sauces to improve food intake The guideline 4 also describes the implementation of specific treatment methods to improve feeding in autistic children and emphasizes the importance of clear communication with the child and the setting of small attainable

2012 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

278. Quadrivalent Meningococcal Vaccination Programs for Children and Adolescents: Clinical Evidence, Risks, and Cost-Effectiveness

from: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6003a3.htm PubMed: PM21270745 7. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Meningococcal conjugate vaccines policy update: booster dose recommendations. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2011 Dec [cited 2012 Mar 29];128(6):1213-8. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/6/1213.full.pdf+html PubMed: PM22123893 8. Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Freed GL, Gall SA, Grogg SE, Poland GA, et al. Immunization programs for infants, children, adolescents (...) administration in infants 9. Klein NP, Reisinger KS, Johnston W, Odrljin T, Gill CJ, Bedell L, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a novel quadrivalent meningococcal CRM-conjugate vaccine given concomitantly with routine vaccinations in infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Jan;31(1):64- 71. PubMed: PM22094635 10. Snape MD, Perrett KP, Ford KJ, John TM, Pace D, Yu LM, et al. Immunogenicity of a tetravalent meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccine in infants: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2008 Jan 9;299(2

2012 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

279. Smoking Cessation Interventions for Pregnant Women and Mothers of Infants: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness, Safety, and Guidelines

ISSUES Smoking during pregnancy, despite being preventable, is among the leading causes of adverse effects on maternal and fetal health, such as infertility, complications during pregnancy, stillbirth, newborn death, preterm birth, infant low birth weight, infant small for gestational age, sudden infant death syndrome, and other child behavioral and cognitive function impairments. 1 A Canadian survey in 2006 on over 76,000 Canadian women = 15 years old found 22.0% of Canadian women smoked before (...) . Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2012 Feb 6];(3). Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD001055.pub3/pdf Subscription required. 10. Rosen LJ, Noach MB, Winickoff JP, Hovell MF. Parental smoking cessation to protect young children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2012 Jan [cited 2012 Feb 6];129(1):141-52. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/1/141.full.pdf+html 11. Volpp KG, Troxel AB, Pauly MV

2012 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

280. Antifungal agents for common paediatric infections

The Canadian Paediatric Society gives permission to print single copies of this document from our website. For permission to reprint or reproduce multiple copies, please see our . Principal author(s) Robert Bortolussi, Susanna Martin; Canadian Paediatric Society, Paediatr Child Health 2007;12(10):875-878 The most common fungal infections in infants and children are mucocutaneous candidiasis, pityriasis versicolor, tinea corporis, tinea pedis and tinea capitis . The objective of the present update (...) . Butler KM, Baker CJ. Candida: An increasingly important pathogen in the nursery. Pediatr Clin North Am 1988;35:543-63. Baley JE, Kliegman RM, Boxerbaum B, Fanaroff AA. Fungal colonization in the very low birth weight infant. Pediatrics 1986;78:225-32. Sio JO, Minwalla FK, George RH, Booth IW. Oral candida: Is dummy carriage the culprit? Arch Dis Child 1987;62:406-8. Faber HK, Dickey LB. The treatment of thrush with gentian violet. JAMA 1925;85:900-1. Huang NN, Sarria A, High RH. Therapeutic

2012 Canadian Paediatric Society

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