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241. Psychological Management of Children and Young People Living with HIV: Standards for Care

for children living with HIV, particularly those with perinatal acquired HIV, which fall outside the brief of the adult standards. This document attempts to draw out issues relevant to the psychological needs of children and young people with HIV which may not be fully addressed within adult settings. This document focusses on psychology care within paediatrics which means that the majority of those being considered here are 18 years and younger and where HIV was acquired from mother to child transmission (...) of a paediatric HIV population and emphasize the responsibility for promoting inclusion and participation by children and young people. Standards 3, 4 and 5 document the importance of psychological skills in supporting improving outcomes in learning, independence and emotional adjustment, in understanding and disclosing the diagnosis and in adhering to medicine and treatments. The final standard documents the importance of psychology provision and support during the transition process from child to adult

2014 The Children's HIV Association

242. Practitioner review: the effectiveness of solution focused brief therapy with children and families: a systematic and critical evaluation of the literature from 1990-2010 Full Text available with Trip Pro

for children and their families, and to identify the types of problem that might best be addressed by this therapy. Searching Forty-four databases, including PsycINFO and MEDLINE, were searched for peer-reviewed articles or book chapters published in English between 1990 and 2010. Search terms were reported. An advisory group was consulted for additional studies, and references of reviews and meta-analyses were checked. Study selection To be eligible for the review, studies needed to evaluate (...) showed potential, for example, in reducing child maltreatment and in supporting children with developmental difficulties. Authors' conclusions The evidence generally supported solution-focussed brief therapy, but most studies had limitations and further studies were needed. CRD commentary This review was underpinned by broad inclusion criteria for participants, interventions, outcomes and study design. Searching was thorough and encompassed a range of sources. Only English-language publications were

2014 DARE.

243. Miriam Fine-Goulden: Adults are just big children—lessons from paediatric medicine

Miriam Fine-Goulden: Adults are just big children—lessons from paediatric medicine Miriam Fine-Goulden: Adults are just big children—lessons from paediatric medicine - The BMJ ---> One of the earliest adages drummed into trainees in paediatrics is the advice and warning: “children are not small adults.” The implication is that we cannot simply scale down what we have learned in adult medicine to apply to children, who are different beings entirely with respect to physiology, pharmacology (...) to find that it is not unremarkable for patients who are immobile and with only fluctuating lucidity to wait in the ED without ensuring that close family are called upon to offer support. Having chosen to pursue a career in paediatrics, I was not sorry to leave behind the environment of adult medicine. When children are in hospital, the entire clinical enterprise is focused on making them feel better in every possible way: walls, corridors, lifts, and waiting areas are decorated with murals, lights

2018 The BMJ Blog

244. Use diverse children’s books to bridge our empathy gap

Use diverse children’s books to bridge our empathy gap Use diverse children's books to bridge our empathy gap Use diverse children’s books to bridge our empathy gap | | December 20, 2016 115 Shares When was the last time your child read a book featuring someone different from them? When did they last read a book about an African American girl celebrating her birthday, a Mexican American girl celebrating her quinceañera, or a Jewish American boy celebrating his bar mitzvah? What about a book (...) featuring Chinese American, Native American, Indian American or Muslim children? Think of the last few books you read to your children. Chances are, they feature white families and white children. Ask yourself: Are you raising tolerant children? This bruising election season uncovered the deep layers of intolerance that exist in our country. How do we heal and become a society where differences breed acceptance and not intolerance? How do we build foundations based on racial and religious understanding

2016 KevinMD blog

245. Pediatric Books

and Sparrow (2006) Touchponts, Addison-Wesley Ferber (2006) Solve your child's sleep problems Leach (2010) Your Baby and Child (to Age 5), Knopf (2009) AAP Birth to age 5, Bantam Wyckoff (2002) without shouting or Bender (1996) Keep your Kids from Driving You Crazy Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Pediatric Books." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (...) Pediatric Books Pediatric Books Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pediatric Books Pediatric Books Aka: Pediatric Books

2015 FP Notebook

246. Maternal Voice and Infant Sleep in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. (Abstract)

Maternal Voice and Infant Sleep in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Approximately 10% of US newborns require a NICU. We evaluated whether the NICU acoustic environment affects neonatal sleep and whether exposure to the mother's voice can modulate that impact.In a level IV NICU with single-infant rooms, 47 neonates underwent 12-hour polysomnography. Their mothers were recorded reading children's books. Continuous maternal voice playback was randomized to either the first or second 6 hours (...) in response to their mother's voice. However, exposure to the mother's voice during sleep may also help protect newborns from awakening after bursts of loud hospital noise.Copyright © 2019 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

2019 Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

247. Improving infants' stress-induced cortisol regulation through attachment-based intervention: A randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

controlled trial tested an enhanced model of U.S. Early Head Start (EHS) services that combined home-based EHS with a brief, attachment-based parenting intervention, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC). The trial included 153 low-income mothers and their infants (M age 12.4 months [SD = 4.1]). Control participants received home-based EHS plus 10 weekly books. Intent-to-treat analyses using multilevel models revealed a significant indirect intervention effect on infants' rates of cortisol change (...) Improving infants' stress-induced cortisol regulation through attachment-based intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Attachment-based parenting interventions have shown positive effects on early cortisol regulation, a key biomarker. Evaluations to date have focused on diurnal cortisol production in high-risk infants. It is important to understand whether attachment-based intervention may also improve stress-induced cortisol production in typically developing infants. This randomized

2019 Psychoneuroendocrinology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

248. Home-based records for poor mothers and children in Afghanistan, a cross sectional population based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Home-based records for poor mothers and children in Afghanistan, a cross sectional population based study. No studies have examined distribution, retention and use of maternal and child health (MCH) home-based records (HBRs) in the poorest women in low income countries. Our primary objective was to compare distribution of the new Afghanistan MCH HBR (the MCH handbook) to the poorest women (quintiles 1-2) with the least poor women (quintiles 3-5). Secondary objectives were to assess distribution (...) , retention and use of the handbook across wealth, education, age and parity strata.This was a population based cross sectional study set in Kama and Mirbachakot districts of Afghanistan from August 2017 to April 2018. Women were eligible to be part of the study if they had a child born in the last 6 months. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to adjust for clustering by district and potential confounders decided a priori (maternal education, maternal age, parity, age of child, sex

2019 BMC Public Health

249. The Impacts of a Reading-to-Dog Programme on Attending and Reading of Nine Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Impacts of a Reading-to-Dog Programme on Attending and Reading of Nine Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Poor knowledge is available on the effectiveness of reading to dogs in educational settings, particularly in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In this study, we test the hypothesis that reading to a dog improves propensity towards books and motivation to read after the end of the programme, as well as reading and cognitive skills in children with ASD. The study (...) is a prospective, randomized controlled trial, consisting of testing and re-testing after a 10 sessions reading programme with and without the presence of a dog. Nine Children with ASD (6-11 years old) were randomly assigned to a control (CG, reading without a dog, n. 4) or experimental group (EG, reading to a dog, n. 5). Children's attendance at reading sessions was recorded at each session. Parents' perceptions were evaluated at the end of the programme to detect changes in children's attitudes

2019 Animals : an open access journal from MDPI Controlled trial quality: uncertain

250. A parent-led intervention to promote recovery following pediatric injury: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A parent-led intervention to promote recovery following pediatric injury: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Injury is one of the most prevalent potentially emotionally traumatic events that children experience and can lead to persistent impaired physical and emotional health. There is a need for interventions that promote full physical and emotional recovery and that can be easily accessed by all injured children. Based on research evidence regarding post-injury recovery, we (...) created the Cellie Coping Kit for Children with Injury intervention to target key mechanisms of action and refined the intervention based on feedback from children, families, and experts in the field. The Cellie Coping Kit intervention is parent-guided and includes a toy (for engagement), coping cards for children, and a book for parents with evidence-based strategies to promote injury recovery. This pilot research trial aims to provide an initial evaluation of the impact of the Cellie Coping Kit

2019 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain

251. Effect of disease management education on the quality of life and self-efficacy levels of children with asthma. (Abstract)

", "Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire", and "Self-Efficacy Scale for Children and Adolescents with Asthma". Children's quality of life and self-efficacy levels were assessed before receiving an individual asthma education intervention and then children were informed with an asthma management education book individually. Two months after the education intervention, the quality of life and self-efficacy levels of the children were re-evaluated.The children's quality of life and self-efficacy (...) levels increased significantly after education (p = 0.014). Maternal age, number of siblings, number of family members living in the same house, activity status, the frequency of experiencing symptoms, and the ability to use the inhalers on their own affected children quality of life. Child's age, knowledge about factors causing asthma, and ability to use medication on their own affected their self-efficacy ( p < 0.05).According to these results, planned asthma education program and provided

2019 Journal for specialists in pediatric nursing : JSPN Controlled trial quality: uncertain

252. Can children be affected by bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw? A systematic review. (Abstract)

Can children be affected by bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw? A systematic review. Knowledge of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is mostly based on adult cases, however bisphosphonates are also currently recommended for different paediatric diseases resulting in osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to review the literature on the risk of developing BRONJ in children and adolescents. The PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were (...) searched using the key words "bisphosphonates", "osteonecrosis", "jaw", and "children". Literature reviews, case reports, abstracts, theses, textbooks, and book chapters were excluded. Studies involving children and young adults (younger than 24 years of age) were included. A total of 56 publications were identified. After applying the eligibility criteria, only seven articles remained. Although no cases of osteonecrosis were identified, all studies had weaknesses such as a limited sample size

2019 International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

253. Maladaptive Aggression: With a Focus on Impulsive Aggression in Children and Adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Maladaptive Aggression: With a Focus on Impulsive Aggression in Children and Adolescents. Objective: Aggressive behavior is among the most common reasons for referral to psychiatric clinics and confers significant burden on individuals. Aggression remains poorly defined; there is currently no consensus on the best ways to recognize, diagnose, and treat aggression in clinical settings. In this review, we synthesize the available literature on aggression in children and adolescents and propose (...) the concept of impulsive aggression (IA) as an important construct associated with diverse and enduring psychopathology. Methods: Articles were identified and screened from online repositories, including PubMed, PsychInfo, the Cochrane Database, EMBase, and relevant book chapters, using combinations of search terms such as "aggression," "aggressive behavio(u)r," "maladaptive aggression," "juvenile," and "developmental trajectory." These were evaluated for quality of research before being incorporated

2019 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

254. The effect of storytelling on anxiety and behavioral disorders in children undergoing surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. In the intervention group, animated illustrated books were read for the children by the researcher, for 30 mins, on the night before surgery. Child's anxiety was measured using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) and Behavioral Disorder questionnaire (a researcher-made tool) before and 10 days after the book reading. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test.The results showed that mean scores of physiological anxiety (...) book reading (P-value=0.001), but significantly increased in the control group (P-value<0.001).The results showed that reading animated illustrated books could be effective in reducing anxiety and behavioral disorders in children after surgery. It seems that these books could be a new and creative way to distract children and can be used as supportive care.

2019 Pediatric health, medicine and therapeutics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

255. Factors associated with children's health facility visits for primaquine treatment in rural Papua New Guinea. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sepik Province, PNG. Data collection lasted from February to March, 2015. Information on the diagnoses of potential non-falciparum malaria and prescription of PQ in preceding year (January to December 2014) were obtained from child health-record books. Then, multilevel logistic regression model was used to determine the factors associated with formal health facility visits for PQ treatment among children with potential non-falciparum malaria.Of 420 episodes diagnosed as potential non-falciparum (...) Factors associated with children's health facility visits for primaquine treatment in rural Papua New Guinea. To control and eventually eliminate vivax malaria, radical treatment with primaquine (PQ) is essential after completion of blood-stage treatment. Although in many malaria-endemic countries, village health volunteers (VHVs) are engaged in diagnostic treatment of malaria in remote communities, they principally provide blood-stage treatment. In such a situation, access to PQ following

2019 Malaria journal

256. Determinants of delayed or incomplete diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccination in parallel urban and rural birth cohorts of 30,956 infants in Tanzania. Full Text available with Trip Pro

or incomplete DTP3 vaccination as compared to those with primary school education, respectively. In Dar es Salaam, mothers who attended their first antenatal care (ANC) visit in the 3rd trimester had 1.55 (95% CI: 1.36-1.78) times the risk of delayed or not received vaccination as compared to those with a 2nd trimester booking, while there was no relationship in Morogoro. In rural Morogoro, infants born at home had 17% (95% CI: 8-27%) increased risk for delayed or no receipt of DTP3 vaccination. In both (...) Determinants of delayed or incomplete diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccination in parallel urban and rural birth cohorts of 30,956 infants in Tanzania. Delayed vaccination increases the time infants are at risk for acquiring vaccine-preventable diseases. Factors associated with incomplete vaccination are relatively well characterized in resource-limited settings; however, few studies have assessed immunization timeliness.We conducted a prospective cohort study examining Diphtheria-Tetanus

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases Controlled trial quality: uncertain

257. Improving child weight management uptake through enhanced National Child Measurement Programme parental feedback letters: A randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

) children aged 10-11 years received an intervention or control letter informing them of their child's weight status. Intervention letters included (i) a visual tool to help weight status recognition, (ii) a social norms statement, and for very overweight children, (iii) a prepopulated booking form for weight management services. The primary outcome was weight management service enrolment. Additional outcome measures included attendance at and contact made with weight management services, and a number (...) Improving child weight management uptake through enhanced National Child Measurement Programme parental feedback letters: A randomised controlled trial. This single-blind, pragmatic, cluster randomised controlled trial aims to investigate uptake of children's weight management services in response to enhanced National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) letters providing weight status feedback to parents in three English counties in 2015. Parents of 2642 overweight or very overweight (obese

2019 Preventive Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

258. Quality of care and suspected developmental delay among children aged 1-59 months: a cross-sectional study in 8 counties of rural China. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. A total 1927 children were assessed on development status using Ages and Stages Questionnaires-Chinese (ASQ-C) based on Chinese normative data. Nutritional status was derived from the anthropometric method following WHO guidelines. Caregivers were interviewed through household questionnaires from UNICEF's 5th Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey to understand the quality of care, including the status of availability of children's books, availability of playthings, support for learning, fathers' support (...) for learning and inadequate care. Moreover, quality of care was explored to be categorized into three levels (poor, medium and good) for overall assessment. Multivariable logistic regression model was applied to estimate the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals between quality of care and suspected developmental delay (SDD) after adjustment for potential confounding variables.The proportions of availability of children's books, playthings, support for learning, fathers' support for learning

2019 BMC Pediatrics

259. Randomized Controlled Trial of Acute Illness Educational Intervention in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Written Versus Application-Based Education. (Abstract)

Randomized Controlled Trial of Acute Illness Educational Intervention in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Written Versus Application-Based Education. The aim of this study was to determine the (1) feasibility, (2) demand, (3) acceptability, and (4) usefulness of a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) compared with a written intervention distributed in a pediatric emergency department (ED).This was a randomized controlled trial with parents of children 12 years or younger presenting (...) to the ED for nonurgent complaints. Parents were randomized to receive a (1) low literacy pediatric health book with video, (2) pediatric mHealth app, (3) both 1 and 2, or (4) car-seat safety video and handout (control). Demand, acceptability, and usefulness were assessed at 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-ups. Modified intention-to-treat analysis was completed for proportional data.Ninety-eight parents completed randomization (83% approached). One or more follow-up was completed for 80.6% of parents. Only

2019 Pediatric Emergency Care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

260. Population pharmacokinetic meta-analysis of individual data to design the first randomized efficacy trial of vancomycin in neonates and young infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Population pharmacokinetic meta-analysis of individual data to design the first randomized efficacy trial of vancomycin in neonates and young infants. In the absence of consensus, the present meta-analysis was performed to determine an optimal dosing regimen of vancomycin for neonates.A 'meta-model' with 4894 concentrations from 1631 neonates was built using NONMEM, and Monte Carlo simulations were performed to design an optimal intermittent infusion, aiming to reach a target AUC0-24 of 400 (...)  mg·h/L at steady-state in at least 80% of neonates.A two-compartment model best fitted the data. Current weight, postmenstrual age (PMA) and serum creatinine were the significant covariates for CL. After model validation, simulations showed that a loading dose (25 mg/kg) and a maintenance dose (15 mg/kg q12h if <35 weeks PMA and 15 mg/kg q8h if ≥35 weeks PMA) achieved the AUC0-24 target earlier than a standard 'Blue Book' dosage regimen in >89% of the treated patients.The results of a population

2019 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

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