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Pediatric Books

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20701. Early effects of the healthy steps for young children program. (Abstract)

Early effects of the healthy steps for young children program. The Healthy Steps for Young Children Program (HS) incorporates early child development specialists and enhanced developmental services into routine pediatric care. An evaluation of HS is being conducted at 6 randomization and 9 quasi-experimental sites. Services received, satisfaction with services, and parent practices were assessed when infants were aged 2 to 4 months.Telephone interviews with mothers were conducted for 2631 (...) 5 infant development topics. They also were more likely to be satisfied and less likely to be dissatisfied with care from their pediatric provider and were less likely to place babies in the prone sleep position or feed them water. The program did not affect breastfeeding continuation. Differences in the percentage of parents who showed picture books to their infants, fed them cereal, followed routines, and played with them daily were found only at the quasi-experimental sites and may reflect

2001 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20702. Literacy promotion in primary care pediatrics: can we make a difference? (Abstract)

promoting intervention delivered by pediatric providers as part of well-child care on parent attitudes and behaviors and on child language.A multicultural group of 205 low-income families with 5- to 11-month-olds were prospectively enrolled, interviewed, and randomized to intervention (n = 106) or control (n = 99) groups. Families in the intervention group received developmentally appropriate children's books and educational materials and advice about sharing books with children, while those (...) in the control group received no books or materials relevant to literacy. After an average of 3.4 well-child visits in both groups, 153 (75%) were reinterviewed and the children's receptive and expressive vocabulary was tested using a modified version of the MacArthur Communication and Development Inventory (Short Form). Parents were asked if their child understood (receptive vocabulary) or said (expressive vocabulary) each of 100 words, half of which were in the books given. Families were found to have

2000 Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20703. Refractive Error Study in Children: results from Shunyi District, China. (Abstract)

Refractive Error Study in Children: results from Shunyi District, China. To assess the prevalence of refractive errors and vision impairment in school-age children in Shunyi District, northeast of Beijing, the Peoples Republic of China.Random selection of village-based clusters was used to identify a sample of children 5 to 15 years of age. Resident registration books were used to enumerate eligible children in the selected villages and identify their current school. Ophthalmic examinations (...) were conducted in 132 schools on children from 29 clusters during May 1988 to July 1998, including visual acuity measurements, cycloplegic retinoscopy, cycloplegic autorefraction, ocular motility evaluation, and examination of the external eye, anterior segment, media, and fundus. Independent replicate measurements of all children with reduced vision and a sample of those with normal vision were done for quality assurance monitoring in three schools.A total of 6,134 children from 4,338 households

2000 American journal of ophthalmology

20704. Development and evaluation of an interactive CD-ROM for children with leukemia and their families. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and their parents were randomized to receive either the newly developed CD-ROM or the book You and Leukemia by Lynn Baker. Health care providers (HCPs) and other content/technical experts evaluated only the CD-ROM. Data were collected on children's health locus of control, their understanding of leukemia, and the satisfaction of participants with their assigned intervention. Children in the CD-ROM group, compared with those in the book group, showed increased feelings of control over their health. Although (...) Development and evaluation of an interactive CD-ROM for children with leukemia and their families. To meet the need for an interactive software product to educate children with leukemia, ages 4-11 years, and their families about the disease and its treatment, we developed and evaluated an interactive, comprehensive, multimedia CD-ROM product, Kidz with Leukemia: A Space Adventure. The prototype was tested using a randomized controlled experimental design. Children with leukemia

2002 Patient education and counseling Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20705. Methylphenidate selectively improves story retelling in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. (Abstract)

(methylphenidate) is unknown.Fifty children with ADHD (7 to 12 years of age) were stratified for language impairment that might influence performance. In an acute, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial with two single doses (10 and 20 mg) of methylphenidate, the children listened to an audiotaped story while viewing a wordless picture book of the study, then retold the story and answered comprehension questions. The narratives were transcribed and coded for story grammar, length (...) Methylphenidate selectively improves story retelling in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The goal of this study was to determine stimulant effects on story grammar, comprehension, and errors in the narratives of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with and without comorbid language impairment. Previous research has demonstrated impairments in the narrative abilities of children with ADHD, but the effect of the primary treatment modality

2001 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20706. Medical outcome of pregnancy in women with psychotic disorders and their infants in the first year after birth. (Abstract)

gave birth in 1996-1998, were compared with women matched for age and general practice (199 cases and 787 controls) and their infants.Cases had a higher proportion of stillbirths (OR=4.03, 95% CI 1.14-4.25, P=0.03) and neonatal deaths (P<0.001). There was no difference in gestational age at antenatal booking. Mothers with psychotic disorders were less likely than controls to attend for infant immunisations 90-270 days after birth (RR=0.94, 95% CI 0.88-0.99, P=0.03). There was no significant (...) Medical outcome of pregnancy in women with psychotic disorders and their infants in the first year after birth. There has been little research into the health of infants of women with psychotic disorders.To investigate the antenatal care of mothers with a history of psychotic disorders, obstetric outcomes and the subsequent health of their babies.A matched, controlled cohort study was carried out using the General Practice Research Database. Women with a history of a psychotic disorder, who

2003 British Journal of Psychiatry

20707. Sudden infant death syndrome: bed sharing with mothers who smoke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of this combination of risk factors. Such advice should also include a recommendation not to sleep with their baby if under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs, and never to sleep on a sofa with their baby. All "Child Health Record" books given to parents on the Wirral now include this advice. "Reduce the Risk" advice leaflets given to parents pre- and postnatally also now carry the recommendation, and health visitors and midwives have been educated with respect to these additions. (...) Sudden infant death syndrome: bed sharing with mothers who smoke. To examine the sleeping arrangements of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases on the Wirral. In particular to determine the prevalence of bed sharing with mothers who smoke, a known risk factor for SIDS.Retrospective study of postmortem determined cases of SIDS from 1995 to 2000 on the Wirral peninsula (population 350 000, 3500 annual births). Ambulance crew reports, case notes, health visitor reports, postmortem reports

2003 Archives of Disease in Childhood

20708. Day-case paediatric mastoid surgery. (Abstract)

Day-case paediatric mastoid surgery. Children have traditionally been kept in hospital overnight after mastoid surgery, but evidence from the US in adults suggests that a substantial number of patients may be suitable for discharge on the day of surgery. We sought to ascertain the proportion of our children having mastoid operations between February 1994 and December 2000 who were suitable for same-day discharge. We also evaluated some of the factors that prevented discharge the same day.A (...) standard proforma was used to record relevant data in 35 children (mean age 10 years 6 months) undergoing consecutive mastoid operations at Mayday University Hospital, London, UK. Operative findings, duration of anaesthesia and time back on ward were recorded as well as details regarding admission, follow-up findings and complications. A bed was booked preoperatively but there was intent to discharge the patient if feasible.Nine out of twelve patients (75%) operated between 1998 and 2000 were suitable

2003 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

20709. Backpacks in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Backpacks in children. Back pain and deformity are common in adolescents. There has been extensive discussion in the lay literature as to the potential for back pain and spinal deformity with backpack use. The scientific literature on this subject is sparse but is increasing. Epidemiologic studies have identified risk factors associated with back pain in adolescents and daily use of a heavy backpack may be important. A book bag weighing more than 15% to 20% of a child's weight is associated (...) with back pain, and improper use of the backpack can result in changes of posture and gait. There is no evidence that structural spinal deformity can result from backpack use. Children who experience back pain are at increased risk of having back pain as adults. The economic impact may be significant, because back pain is a major cause of disability in adults. The current authors review the available scientific literature and comments on this public health issue.

2003 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

20710. Component dependent risk factors for ocular parameters in Singapore Chinese children. (Abstract)

Component dependent risk factors for ocular parameters in Singapore Chinese children. To examine the risk factors for variations in ocular biometry parameters in Singapore Chinese children, a population with a known high prevalence rate of myopia at an early age.Cross-sectional study.Children aged 7 to 9 years (n = 1453) from three schools in Singapore.The children underwent A scan biometry and cycloplegic autorefraction measurements. Questions were asked regarding number of books read per week (...) , night lighting, and parental myopia.Axial length, vitreous chamber depth, lens thickness, anterior chamber depth, refraction, and corneal curvature radius measurements were made.After controlling for several factors, the axial lengths were found to be longer and vitreous chambers deeper in children who were older, male, read more than two books per week, or taller, and those who had at least one parent who was myopic. In these models, children who read more than two books per week had axial lengths

2002 Ophthalmology

20711. Acute backpack injuries in children. (Abstract)

Acute backpack injuries in children. To identify the most common mechanisms and sites of injury associated with book backpacks in school-aged children, who present to the emergency department. This should help with the development of backpack injury prevention strategies.A descriptive analysis of The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) of the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) National Injury Information Clearinghouse data on backpacks.One hundred emergency (...) department departments throughout the United States that participate in NEISS data collection served as the setting.All children between 6 and 18 years old who were recorded in the NEISS database with a backpack-related injury were studied.Patients were identified by review of the NEISS data from 1999-2000. We separated patient data by age, sex, location of injury, and mechanism of injury.There were 247 children with backpack injuries. The mean age was 11.8 years, and 50% were male. The most common

2003 Pediatrics

20712. Research publication in pediatric surgery: a cross-sectional study of papers presented at the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgery Association. (Abstract)

to publication, and factors that could predict publication in pediatric surgery.The abstract books of the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgery Association meetings for 2001 to 2002 were reviewed. Data were gathered regarding the methodology and characteristics of each study. Case reports and editorials were excluded. A Medline search was then conducted to determine the publication status. Analysis using univariate and multivariate techniques was undertaken, comparing (...) Research publication in pediatric surgery: a cross-sectional study of papers presented at the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgery Association. Several studies have examined predictors of publication of research presented in scientific meetings in different disciplines. A tendency toward publishing studies with positive results has been described as "publication bias." Our objective was to determine the proportion of the studies that were published, time

2006 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

20713. Preschool children's acceptance of a novel vegetable following exposure to messages in a storybook. (Abstract)

Preschool children's acceptance of a novel vegetable following exposure to messages in a storybook. To investigate whether children's books affect attitudes and behaviors pertaining to an unfamiliar vegetable.Nine Head Start classes were randomly assigned to a positive, negative, or control group. Data were collected through individual interviews on a pretest day and two book-reading (posttest) days.118 children, ages 3 to 5.Children's book with prominent positive or negative messages about (...) again (P =.0026).Further study is needed to verify these findings and to determine whether the results generalize to other foods and/or other children.

2002 Journal of nutrition education and behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20714. Early intervention in adoptive families: supporting maternal sensitive responsiveness, infant-mother attachment, and infant competence. (Abstract)

Early intervention in adoptive families: supporting maternal sensitive responsiveness, infant-mother attachment, and infant competence. Results from adoption studies suggest that adoptive families may experience special impediments with respect to the developmental progress and outcome of their children. Based on attachment theory, two early intervention programs were designed to support families in the Netherlands with an internationally adopted child. The intervention aimed at promoting (...) maternal sensitive responsiveness, secure infant-mother attachment relationships, and infant exploratory competence. Ninety families with an interracially adopted infant (71 from Sri Lanka and 19 from Korea) were assigned to either a control group or one of two intervention groups. All of the children, 44 boys and 46 girls, were placed for adoption under the age of 5 months (M = 8 weeks). The first intervention group (N = 30) received a personal book, which focused on sensitive parenting. The second

1997 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20715. Electronic Referral and Booking of Outpatient Day Case Surgery Compared With Traditional Referral Routines.

Electronic Referral and Booking of Outpatient Day Case Surgery Compared With Traditional Referral Routines. Electronic Referral and Booking of Outpatient Day Case Surgery Compared With Traditional Referral Routines. - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Electronic Referral and Booking of Outpatient Day Case Surgery Compared With Traditional Referral Routines. (one-stop) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00692497 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : June 6, 2008 Last

2008 Clinical Trials

20716. Music Therapy or Book Discussion in Improving Quality of Life in Young Patients Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant

Update Posted : February 23, 2016 Sponsor: Children's Oncology Group Collaborators: National Cancer Institute (NCI) National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) Information provided by (Responsible Party): Children's Oncology Group Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: RATIONALE: Music therapy or book discussion may improve quality of life in patients undergoing stem cell transplant. It is not yet known whether music therapy is more effective than book discussion in improving quality (...) Music Therapy or Book Discussion in Improving Quality of Life in Young Patients Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant Music Therapy or Book Discussion in Improving Quality of Life in Young Patients Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2006 Clinical Trials

20717. Throwing out the "grade" book: management of isolated spleen and liver injury based on hemodynamic status. (Abstract)

Throwing out the "grade" book: management of isolated spleen and liver injury based on hemodynamic status. Current organizational guidelines for the management of isolated spleen and liver injuries are based on injury grade. We propose that management based on hemodynamic status is safe in children and results in decreased length of stay (LOS) and resource use compared to current grade-based guidelines.Patients with spleen or liver injuries for a 5-year period were identified using our (...) patients (50 spleen, 51 liver) meeting inclusion criteria were identified. Average actual LOS for all patients was 1.9 days vs 3.2 projected days based on American Pediatric Surgical Association guidelines (P < .0001). Actual vs projected LOS for grades III to V was 2.5 vs 4.3 days (P < .0001). All patients returned to full activity without complication.Isolated blunt spleen and liver injuries, regardless of grade, can be safely managed using a pathway based on hemodynamic status, resulting

2008 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

20718. An estimation of intrapartum-related perinatal mortality rates for booked home births in England and Wales between 1994 and 2003. (Abstract)

into Maternal and Child Health. Denominators were derived by using unintended home births and transfer rates from home to hospital, from previous studies, with sensitivity analyses. IPPM rates were calculated for the three following subgroups: (a) the completed home birth group, (b) the transferred group and (c) the unintended home birth group.IPPM rate.The overall IPPM rate for England and Wales improved between 1994 and 2003. However, data to obtain a precise estimate of IPPM rate for booked home birth (...) An estimation of intrapartum-related perinatal mortality rates for booked home births in England and Wales between 1994 and 2003. The objective of this study was to obtain the best estimate of intrapartum-related perinatal mortality (IPPM) rates for booked home births.A population-based cross-sectional study.England and Wales.All births in England and Wales, including home births (intended or unintended) occurring between 1994 and 2003.All IPPM data were derived from the Confidential Enquiry

2008 BJOG

20719. Changes in booking body mass index over a decade: retrospective analysis from a Glasgow Maternity Hospital. (Abstract)

Changes in booking body mass index over a decade: retrospective analysis from a Glasgow Maternity Hospital. Whether booking body mass index (BMI) in the UK is increasing is unknown but is of clinical interest since overweight or obese pregnant women face far greater risks of pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. We examined booking BMI in 1990 and 2002/2004, of women with singleton pregnancies. Our analyses indicate an increase of 1 U in mean BMI over (...) this period despite lower parity in recent years. When the model was adjusted for maternal age, parity, smoking status and deprivation category the mean BMI was 1.37 U higher in 2002/2004 than in 1990. More striking was the significant increase in the proportion of women who were obese (BMI > or = 30 kg/m2) at booking--more than twofold higher in unadjusted analysis (18.9% vs 9.4%) rising to greater than threefold higher in multivariate analysis. These findings suggest that obesity-related pregnancy

2005 BJOG

20720. Injury prevention advice in top-selling parenting books. (Abstract)

-selling parenting books for 2 major booksellers were reviewed to determine the presence and the accuracy of injury prevention messages as compared with those recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) through The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP) for younger children, aged 0 to 12 years, and the American Medical Association (AMA) through its Parent Package for the safety of adolescents.Forty-six parenting books were reviewed, including 41 with messages related to younger children and 19 (...) Injury prevention advice in top-selling parenting books. Parenting books are a commonly used source of information on how to keep children and adolescents safe from injuries, the leading cause of death and disability for children aged 1 to 18 years. The content and the quality of the messages contained in these books have not been evaluated formally. The objective of this study was to determine the quantity and the quality of injury prevention messages contained in popular parenting books.Top

2005 Pediatrics

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