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181. Parental, Community, and Familial Support Interventions to Improve Children's Literacy in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

) and nonhuman (e.g., print). There have been studies of human influences, such as parent and child shared book reading, peer‐to‐peer learning, and community volunteers ( ; ). Nonhuman influences include access to print, learning resources, and mobile libraries; and access to print and learning support through digital means, such as educational radio or television and other technologies ( ). Although nonhuman influences require some human involvement (such as turning on an educational television program (...) literacy skills are acquired progressively, this study used a developmental lens that frames literacy from emergent pre‐literacy skills to reading and writing. Therefore, this review includes interventions that are intended to improve children's literacy development at any point from the preprimary period through middle childhood (i.e., 3 to 12 years old). The conceptual framework for this study drew on the contextual pathways that are linked with literacy from this developmental perspective. Four

2016 Campbell Collaboration

182. Deworming and adjuvant interventions for improving the developmental health and well?being of children in low? and middle?income countries: a systematic review and network meta?analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

to be swimming in water bodies, but recent epidemiological monitoring data show that infants and preschool‐aged children are also at risk of the disease (Stothard, Sousa‐Figueiredo et al . 2011). Schistosome infection is hypothesized to cause iron deficiency anaemia, growth stunting and cognitive impairment, which lead to reduced school attendance, and this hypothesized effect may be mediated by the burden of infection as well as other factors( ). 1.2 Pharmacologic interventions To combat the burden (...) the same studies 4. Mortality estimate is driven by one large RCT (DEVTA 2013), which does not report the denominator for mortality, rather the mortality is reported as number of deaths per health worker for approximately one million children aged 1‐6 years in the study at any one time 5. Control group rates for child mortality from study. 6. Long term economic outcomes rated down by two levels for study limitations 7. Long term economic outcomes rated down for indirectness because of different

2016 Campbell Collaboration

183. Quality Standards for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition

, for example uncomplicated constipation and functional abdominal pain. The standards will reduce variation in care; ensuring equitable services are available for all infants, children and young people. Ultimately, they will promote the best health outcomes and quality of life for children and their families. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health together with the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition play key roles in promoting standards of clinical practice (...) of acute paediatric service standards in the UK. 2013. Available from http://www.rcpch.ac.uk/sites/default/files/page/Back%20to%20Facing%20the%20Future%2 0FINAL.pdf 4. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. & Us® RCPCH Children and Young People’s Roadshow. Key Themes from the Long Term Conditions Consultation. 2016. 5. Yassaee A., Hale D., Armitage A., et al. Optimising healthcare transitions for young people: A systematic review of reviews. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2016; 101(Suppl 1

2017 British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition

184. What helps to support people affected by Adverse Childhood Experiences? A Review of Evidence

a child or affect the environment in which they live. They represent a variety of negative experiences in the home during childhood; for example, physical and sexual abuse, and emotional and physical neglect; or growing up in a house with a poor family environment as a result of domestic violence, imprisonment, substance abuse or family breakdown (Bellis et al., 2015a). 1.2 The impact of ACEs Exposure to childhood maltreatment and adverse environments can cause toxic stress that may affect children’s (...) a single domain) or between primary studies in a review (as used in overview of interventions) Psychoeducation Interventions which aim to empower people by providing information and coping strategies to help them better understand and face their problems Psychosocial Psychological development in, and in interaction with, the social environment 1 Executive Summary Background Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are defined as stressful experiences during childhood which may harm a child or negatively

2019 EPPI Centre

185. Home?based Child Development Interventions for Preschool Children from Socially Disadvantaged Families Full Text available with Trip Pro

Home?based Child Development Interventions for Preschool Children from Socially Disadvantaged Families Home‐based Child Development Interventions for Preschool Children from Socially Disadvantaged Families - Miller - 2012 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Home‐based Child Development Interventions for Preschool Children (...) the negative effects of social disadvantage. As such, there is a need to examine the specific effects and benefits of interventions targeted at preschool disadvantaged children that are delivered in the home and seek to provide parents with the requisite skills to achieve a nurturing and stimulating home environment that promotes child development, specifically cognitive and socioemotional development. 2 Objectives To ascertain the effects of home‐based programmes aimed specifically at improving

2012 Campbell Collaboration

186. Assessment of the Newborn Infant

minutes after birth. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2010;95:F177-F81. 11. Perlman JM, Wyllie J, Kattwinkel J, et al. Part 11: neonatal resuscitation: 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation 2010;122:S516-38. 12. O'Donnell CP, Kamlin CO, Davis PG, Carlin JB, Morley CJ. Clinical assessment of infant colour at delivery. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2007;92:F465-7 (...) Medical Publishers, Inc; 1968. 2. Dawson JA, Morley CJ. Monitoring oxygen saturation and heart rate in the early neonatal period. Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine 2010;15:203-7. 3. Ersdal HL, Linde J, Mduma E, Auestad B, Perlman J. Neonatal outcome following cord clamping after onset of spontaneous respiration. Pediatrics 2014;134:265-72. 4. Whitelaw CC, Goldsmith LJ. Comparison of two techniques for determining the presence of a pulse in an infant. Acad Emerg Med 1997;4:153-4. 5. Kamlin CO

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

187. Impact of maternal smoking on early childhood health: a retrospective cohort linked dataset analysis of 697 003 children born in Scotland 1997-2009. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of maternal smoking on early childhood health: a retrospective cohort linked dataset analysis of 697 003 children born in Scotland 1997-2009. Smoking during pregnancy is associated with adverse health impacts on mother and child. We used a large linked Scottish dataset to produce contemporary estimates of the impact on child health, particularly hospitalisation.Retrospective cohort study linking birth, death, maternity, infant health, child health surveillance and admission records. We (...) examined the association between smoking status at maternity booking and pregnancy outcomes, hospital admission and death during the first 5 years of life. Models were adjusted for maternal age, socioeconomic status, infant feeding, country of birth, sex, parity and delivery mode. We calculated population attributable fraction (PAF) for each outcome.Scotland, UK.Singleton births between 1997 and 2009 (n=697 003) followed to March 2012.332 386 children had at least one admission by 31 March 2012

2019 BMJ open

188. Thymic size is increased by infancy, but not pregnancy, nutritional supplementation in rural Gambian children: a randomized clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Thymic size is increased by infancy, but not pregnancy, nutritional supplementation in rural Gambian children: a randomized clinical trial. Thymic size in early infancy predicts subsequent survival in low-income settings. The human thymus develops from early gestation, is most active in early life and is highly sensitive to malnutrition. Our objective was to test whether thymic size in infancy could be increased by maternal and/or infant nutritional supplementation.The Early Nutrition (...) , feeding status and morbidity were collected.A total of 724 (82.7%) mother-infant pairs completed the trial to infant age 52 weeks. Thymic size in infancy was not significantly associated with maternal supplement group at any post-natal time point. Infants who received the daily LNS with additional micronutrients had a significantly larger thymic index at 52 weeks of age (equivalent to an 8.0% increase in thymic index [95% CI 2.89, 13.4], P = 0.002). No interaction was observed between maternal

2019 BMC Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

189. Effects of Paediatric Tuina (Massage) on Constipation and Related Symptoms Among the Pre-school Aged Children

book provided. In the 1st 4 weeks, the children in the waitlist control group will not receive any pediatrictuina (massage). After the dyad completed the assessment sessions at baseline and week 4 ,(served as Treatment-as-Usual Control), children in the control group will receive the same 4 weeks of pediatric massage as the treatment group. The data collected before the treatment begins at week 4 will serve as the 2nd baseline for the waitlist control group. The treatment protocol involve 8 (...) per week, and overall treatment success after 4 weeks intervention, 8 weeks intervention and 12 weeks (4 weeks after intervention stopped) Secondary outcome measures included abdominal pain and painful defecation based on bowel diary, the children's subjective level of pain during bowel movement, score of child behavior questionnaire and score of caregiver impact and burden Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Effects of Paediatric Tuina (Massage) on Constipation and Related Symptoms

2018 Clinical Trials

190. Dr. Kelly Brogan’s e-book “Vaccines and Brain Health”: A cornucopia of antivaccine misinformation and pseudoscience

article on a scientific topic is judged largely by the quality of the science cited and how that science is woven together to suggest hypotheses. Dr. Brogan fails on both counts. Continuing her lack of scientific critical thinking skills, Dr. Brogan writes in her e-book: Perhaps even more compelling is an scientific article, the first of its kind, that compared age-matched vaccinated and unvaccinated children to determine if there were significant differences in the diagnoses of acute and chronic (...) vaccines on their recommended childhood vaccination schedule suffer higher rates of infant mortality, an argument that . Then there’s this: Many will argue that vaccines have been helpful to eradicate diseases like smallpox. However, it’s important to contextualize the onset of vaccines with the decline in disease mortality rates; for example, several vaccines were introduced when infectious diseases, like measles, were already declining for other reasons. No again. This is what I like to refer

2017 Respectful Insolence

191. Hepatitis Victoria’s “Little Hep B” Hero Book

Hepatitis Victoria’s “Little Hep B” Hero Book Hepatitis Victoria’s "Little Hep B" Hero Book - Hepatitis B Foundation , , Hepatitis Victoria’s “Little Hep B” Hero Book in Melbourne, Australia recently released their “bright, colorful, positive and silly” children’s book, ! In addition to creating a book, Hepatitis Victoria also created an . Little Hep B Hero, which is available in English, Simplified Chinese and Vietnamese, gives children and their families a delightful glimpse into a young (...) this information. The book does an excellent job of explaining liver functions and what the hepatitis B virus does to the liver! The analogy of using a sieve to demonstrate how the liver filters toxins in the body was creative. The book also does a great job of indirectly tackling some myths associated with hepatitis B. For example, people are often hesitant to share meals with those living with chronic hepatitis B. Little Hep B Hero lets its audience know that you cannot get hepatitis B through food

2018 hepbblog

192. Time of recovery and associated factors of children with severe acute malnutrition treated at outpatient therapeutic feeding program in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

professionals. Data was collected from the nutrition registration log book by using structured check lists. The collected data were entered into EPI-data version 3.1 software and exported to SPSS version 23 for analysis using Kaplan Meir and Cox proportional hazard regression.The overall recovery rate was 569 (79.8%). Eighty (11.2%) defaulted, 27 (3.8%) were non-responders, 4 (0.6%) died and 15 (2.1%) were transferred-out. The median recovery time was 8.7 weeks (IQR: 5.0-14 weeks). Children (...) Time of recovery and associated factors of children with severe acute malnutrition treated at outpatient therapeutic feeding program in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. The outpatient therapeutic feeding program is one dimension of the Community Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) that provides screening, diagnostic and treatment services for children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM). However, little is known about the program outcomes and factors affecting time to recovery.To

2019 PLoS ONE

193. A mixed-method systematic review of the effectiveness and acceptability of preoperative psychological preparation programmes to reduce paediatric preoperative anxiety in elective surgery Full Text available with Trip Pro

of therapeutic play and books remains uncertain. Qualitative studies showed parent-child dyads seek different levels of information.Providing matched information provision to each parent and child, actively involving children and their parents and teaching them coping skills, may be the essential hallmarks of a successful preoperative psychological preparation. Further research is necessary to confirm the effectiveness of therapeutic play and books.© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (...) A mixed-method systematic review of the effectiveness and acceptability of preoperative psychological preparation programmes to reduce paediatric preoperative anxiety in elective surgery To explore the effectiveness of preoperative psychological preparation programmes aimed to reduce paediatric preoperative anxiety and the potential factors that could have an impact on parent and children's acceptance of such interventions.Various preoperative psychological preparation programmes are available

2018 EvidenceUpdates

194. Patterns of Internet and smartphone use by parents of children with chronic kidney disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patterns of Internet and smartphone use by parents of children with chronic kidney disease. Smartphones have become a part of universal technology by combining mobile and handheld functions, enabling expanded access to health information sources available on the Internet. The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of smartphones and Internet use to search for health information by parents of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD).In a cross-sectional study, a questionnaire (...) was applied to 111 parents of patients in a Brazilian pediatric nephrology center. Descriptive assessments were performed on Internet use patterns, and associative analyses were made of the influence of the smartphone use pattern on the search for health information.Of the 111 participants, 91% (101/111) accessed the Internet, 88% (89/101) searched for health information, and 90% (80/89) searched for CKD information. Smartphones were the most commonly used devices to access the Internet

2019 PLoS ONE

195. Clinical Practice Guideline on the Detection and Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants up to Six Months of Age

Clinical Practice Guideline on the Detection and Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants up to Six Months of Age i DETECTION AND NONOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF PEDIATRIC DEVELOPMENTAL DYSPLASIA OF THE HIP IN INFANTS UP TO SIX MONTHS OF AGE EVIDENCE-BASED CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE Adopted by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors September 5, 2014 This guideline has been endorsed by the following organizations: ii Disclaimer (...) 2014 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons iii I. SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS The following is a summary of the recommendations of the AAOS’ clinical practice guideline on Detection and Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants up to Six Months of Age. All readers of this summary are strongly urged to consult the full guideline and evidence report for this information. We are confident that those who read the full guideline and evidence report

2014 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

196. Infants and children. Acute management of bacterial meningitis (third edition)

responsible for ensuring that all staff treating paediatric patients are educated in the use of the locally developed paediatric guidelines and protocols. In the interests of patient care it is critical that contemporaneous, accurate and complete documentation is maintained during the course of patient management from arrival to discharge. Parental anxiety should not be discounted: it is often of significance even if the child does not appear especially unwell.NSW HEALTH Infants and children: Acute (...) . Seizures associated with meningitis. Pediatr Emerg Care 1992;8:67-9.PAGE 30 NSW HEALTH Infants and children: Acute management of bacterial meningitis 21. Kilpi T, Anttila M, Kallio MJ, Peltola H. Severity of childhood bacterial meningitis and duration of illness before diagnosis. Lancet 1991;338:406-9. 22. Maconochie I, Baumer H, Stewart ME, Stewart MER. Fluid therapy for acute bacterial meningitis.[update of Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;(3):CD004786; PMID: 16034949]. Cochrane Database Syst Rev

2014 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

197. Evaluation and Management of the Child and Adult With Fontan Circulation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation and Management of the Child and Adult With Fontan Circulation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Evaluation and Management of the Child and Adult With Fontan Circulation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search December 2019 November 2019 October 2019 September 2019 August 2019 July 2019 June 2019 May 2019 April 2019 March 2019 February 2019 (...) January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Evaluation and Management of the Child and Adult With Fontan Circulation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , MD, Chair , MD, FAHA , MBBS, PhD , MD , MD, PhD , MD, PhD , MD , MD, FAHA , PhD , MD, MPH, FAHA , MD, MPH, FAHA , PhD, FAHA , MD , MD , MD, MS , MD, MPP, MSCE, FAHA , MD , MBChB, FRCP , MD , MD, PhD, Co

2019 American Heart Association

198. Health and early years, children and young people

and the early years, childhood and young adulthood. Figure 1: Influences on health.4 5 The evidence is compelling regarding the importance of early years’ and childhood experiences for healthy development and for health and wellbeing throughout the life course 4 . An infant or child can be considered to be ‘nested’ within several spheres of influence which are impacting on their health and wellbeing (see Figure 2). This report brings together GCPH evidence about these different ‘spheres’ of influence (...) cessation services (the offer of £400 of shopping vouchers increased quitting from 9% to 23%) 18 . This type of approach has the potential to impact significantly on inequalities in tobacco- associated harm 13 . Children’s passive smoke exposure has been linked to asthma, lower respiratory tract infections, middle ear infections and sudden infant death syndrome 16 . Research with mothers who smoked found that they were concerned about the adverse health effects for their child and reported attempting

2016 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

199. Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During, and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

of the prescription or a note describing the content of the prescription should be in the patient’s chart along with a description of the instructions that were given to the responsible person. Prescription medications intended to accomplish procedural sedation must not be admin- istered without the safety net of direct supervision by trained medical/dental personnel. The administration of sedating medications at home poses an unacceptable risk, particularly for infants and preschool-aged children tra- veling (...) and reaffirmed in 2011. Abstract The safe sedation of children for procedures requires a systematic approach that includes the following: no administration of sedating medication without the safety net of medical/dental supervision, careful presedation evaluation for underlying medical or surgical conditions that would place the child at increased risk from sedating medications, appropriate fasting for elective procedures and a balance between the depth of sedation and risk for those who are unable to fast

2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

200. Evaluation of a Primary Prevention Program for Anxiety Disorders Using Story Books with Children Aged 9-12 Years. (Abstract)

Evaluation of a Primary Prevention Program for Anxiety Disorders Using Story Books with Children Aged 9-12 Years. This article reports the results of a study evaluating a book-supported primary prevention program "Dominique's Handy Tricks" for anxiety disorders in children aged 9-12 years. This cognitive-behavioural program is delivered using a combination of storybooks and workshop sessions. The originality of the program comes from the use of storybooks that were not developed specifically (...) for anxiety management. Every session is based on a story describing characters facing common stressors and how they manage to cope with their daily problems. In our randomized control trial with 46 children, participation in the program led to a significant improvement in coping skills, perceived self-efficacy, anxiety sensitivity, as well as in symptoms of anxiety and fear. The theoretical and practical elements underlying the delivery of this primary prevention program are described.It is suggested

2013 The journal of primary prevention

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