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Pediatric Auditory Screening

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141. Management of Pediatric Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries Full Text available with Trip Pro

> 10° of kyphosis as determined by Cobb angle measurements between C2 and C6. No specific technique or device allowed superior neutral positioning of the cervical spine in patients they studied. None of their patients were immobilized on boards with an occipital recess or thoracic padding. Huerta et al evaluated a variety of immobilization devices on children, infants, and child-sized mannequins. They concluded that no collar provided “acceptable immobilization” when used alone. They found (...) for the relatively larger head with respect to the torso in younger children. While ideal spinal immobilization of pediatric trauma victims appears to be provided by a combination of a spinal board, rigid collar, and tape, these immobilization techniques may negatively influence the child's respiratory function. Imaging Following immobilization and transport to an acute care facility, initial clinical evaluation and medical/hemodynamic support, the need for and type of imaging assessment must be determined

2013 Congress of Neurological Surgeons

142. Preschool Literacy Screening: Validating a 5 Question Survey Using the GRTR-R and the Efficacy of Literacy-promoting Interventions

Recruitment Status : Withdrawn First Posted : July 23, 2013 Last Update Posted : May 4, 2015 Sponsor: Nationwide Children's Hospital Information provided by (Responsible Party): Nicole Caldwell, Nationwide Children's Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study's aim is to validate a parent-completed brief literacy screening tool (Early Literacy Screener) at the 4 year well child check using the Get Ready to Read- Revised screening tool as a gold standard. Four year old (...) Phase Early Childhood Literacy Other: Literacy promoting home based program Other: Literacy Toolkit Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 0 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor) Primary Purpose: Screening Official Title: Preschool Literacy Screening: Validating a 5 Question Survey Using the GRTR-R and Evaluation of the Efficacy

2013 Clinical Trials

143. Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Children With Congenital Heart Disease: Evaluation and Management Full Text available with Trip Pro

statement entitled, “Identifying Infants and Young Children with Developmental Disorders in the Medical Home: An Algorithm for Developmental Surveillance and Screening.” Table 3. Categories of Pediatric CHD Patients at High Risk for Developmental Disorders or Disabilities 1. Neonates or infants requiring open heart surgery (cyanotic and acyanotic types), for example, HLHS, IAA, PA/IVS, TA, TAPVC, TGA, TOF, tricuspid atresia. 2. Children with other cyanotic heart lesions not requiring open heart surgery (...) been constructed to serve as a supplement to the 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics statement on developmental surveillance and screening. The proposed algorithm is designed to be carried out within the context of the medical home. This scientific statement is meant for medical providers within the medical home who care for patients with CHD. Conclusions— Children with CHD are at increased risk of developmental disorder or disabilities or developmental delay. Periodic developmental surveillance

2012 American Heart Association

144. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

. Inherent tissue sensitivities and capacity for normal tissue repair. Hormonal milieu. Function of organs not affected by cancer treatment. Socioeconomic status. Health habits. Resources to Support Survivor Care Risk-based screening The need for long-term follow-up for childhood cancer survivors is supported by the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, the International Society of Pediatric Oncology, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Children’s Oncology Group (COG), and the Institute (...) for Childhood Cancer During the past five decades, dramatic progress has been made in the development of curative therapy for pediatric malignancies. Long-term survival into adulthood is the expectation for more than 80% of children with access to contemporary therapies for pediatric malignancies.[ , ] The therapy responsible for this survival can also produce adverse long-term health-related outcomes, referred to as late effects , which manifest months to years after completion of cancer treatment

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

145. Scoping review: Awareness of neurotoxicity from anesthesia in children in otolaryngology literature. (Abstract)

increased risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in children exposed to a single episode of general anesthesia prior to 3 to 4 years of age, with stronger evidence for multiple exposures in this age range. Otolaryngologists may subject children to general anesthesia via procedures or tests, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and auditory brainstem response.PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science Review.A scoping review using the above databases was performed limited (...) to January 2005 through December 2015. Articles were screened and reviewed based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria.Initial search generated 3,909 articles. After 72 full text articles were reviewed, only seven articles mentioned neurotoxicity as a risk of general anesthesia in pediatric patients.Despite the high volume of pediatric otolaryngologic procedures performed annually, there remains limited awareness in our literature discussing neurotoxicity as an outcome. Prospective data from

2017 Laryngoscope

146. Impact of Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: Results From a National Cohort Study. (Abstract)

increase in the odds of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary hypertension. Mechanical ventilation exposure for longer than 2 weeks, compared with 7 days or less, was associated with retinopathy of prematurity requiring laser coagulation and periventricular leukomalacia. The odds of abnormal auditory screening test results were significantly increased in infants who needed mechanical ventilation for more than 4 weeks. A longer cumulative duration of mechanical ventilation was associated (...) Impact of Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: Results From a National Cohort Study. To evaluate the in-hospital consequences of prolonged respiratory support with invasive mechanical ventilation in very low birth weight infants.A cohort study was performed using prospectively collected data from 69 neonatal intensive care units participating in the Korean national registry. In total, 3508 very low birth weight infants born between January 1, 2013 and December 31

2017 Journal of Pediatrics

147. Closed-Set Speech Discrimination Tests for Assessing Young Children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

) the consonant-discrimination subtest of the closed-set Chear Auditory Perception Test (CAPT). Both were word-identification tests using stimuli presented at a low fixed level, chosen to avoid ceiling effects while avoiding the use of background noise. Each test was administered twice.All children in the age range 3 years 2 months to 8 years 11 months gave meaningful scores and were able to respond reliably using a computer mouse or a touch screen to select one of four response options displayed on a screen (...) Closed-Set Speech Discrimination Tests for Assessing Young Children. The main objective of this study is to obtain data assessing normative scores, test-retest reliability, critical differences, and the effect of age for two closed-set consonant-discrimination tests.The two tests are intended for use with children aged 2 to 8 years. The tests were evaluated using normal-hearing children within the appropriate age range. The tests were (1) the closed-set consonant confusion test (CCT) and (2

2017 Ear and hearing

148. Evaluation of a Novel Intervention for Infants At Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders

engagement (supported + coordinated) will serve as the most proximal intervention outcome (i.e., changes expected at Posttest-1). Recent studies with children with NDs have shown that the coding system is sensitive to change in joint engagement after relatively short interventions. Change in Parent Child Engagement Coding from pretest to posttest 2 [ Time Frame: Baseline, posttest 2 (13-16 weeks after pretest) ] This system entails continuous coding of infants' attention engagement into one of 6 mutually (...) : January 2, 2018 Last Update Posted : March 15, 2018 See Sponsor: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Collaborators: University of Southern California Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Information provided by (Responsible Party): University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study entails a "proof of concept" evaluation of a novel intervention, Parents and Infants Engaged (PIE

2017 Clinical Trials

149. Safety Study of Crushed Deferasirox Film Coated Tablets in Pediatric Patients With Transfusional Hemosiderosis

auditory assessments up to 24 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 24 weeks ] Auditory assessments will be performed at screening, EOT and as needed basis: comprehensive audiometry threshold examination, speech recognition. The data will be summarized using the Safety set. Clinically significant abnormalities will be reported as adverse events. Absolute change for ALT(alanine aminotransferase) up to 24 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 24 weeks ] To assess the overall safety (...) Safety Study of Crushed Deferasirox Film Coated Tablets in Pediatric Patients With Transfusional Hemosiderosis Safety Study of Crushed Deferasirox Film Coated Tablets in Pediatric Patients With Transfusional Hemosiderosis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2017 Clinical Trials

150. Update: Interim Guidance for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Management of Infants with Possible Congenital Zika Virus Infection — United States, October 2017 Full Text available with Trip Pro

diagnostic tests for congenital Zika virus infection, and recognition of additional clinical findings associated with congenital Zika virus infection. All infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus exposure* during pregnancy should receive a standard evaluation at birth and at each subsequent well-child visit including a comprehensive physical examination, age-appropriate vision screening and developmental monitoring and screening using validated tools (3-5), and newborn hearing screen at birth (...) , preferably using auditory brainstem response (ABR) methodology (6). Specific guidance for laboratory testing and clinical evaluation are provided for three clinical scenarios in the setting of possible maternal Zika virus exposure: 1) infants with clinical findings consistent with congenital Zika syndrome regardless of maternal testing results, 2) infants without clinical findings consistent with congenital Zika syndrome who were born to mothers with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection

2017 MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

151. Neurocognitive correlates of ADHD symptoms in children born at extremely low gestational age Full Text available with Trip Pro

).We obtained Child Symptom Inventory-4 reports from parents (n = 871) and teachers (n = 634) of 10-year-old children born before the 28th week of gestation. Participants completed standardized assessments of neurocognitive and academic functioning.In the total sample, children who screened positive for ADHD symptoms were at increased risk for neurocognitive limitations. These associations were weaker when the sample was limited to those with intelligence quotient (IQ) ≥70 or ≥85. Even those (...) with IQ ≥85 who screened positive for ADHD symptoms were more likely than their peers to have deficits on the DAS-II Working Memory Cluster and the NEPSY-II Auditory Response subtest. The risks for impaired academic performance (Z ≤ -1) on components of the WIAT-III were 2-to-3 times higher in this group than among ELGANs not classified as having ADHD symptoms.Among children born EP, those with ADHD symptoms are more likely to have global neurocognitive impairment. When IQ is within normal limits

2017 Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP

152. Recovery of Abnormal ABR in Neonates and Infants at Risk of Hearing Loss Full Text available with Trip Pro

 dBnHL. From this subgroup, a significant percentage showed complete or partial recovery on reexamination (32.7% and 9.3%, resp.), performed 4-6 months later. The presence of normal otoacoustic emissions was associated with the ABR restoration on reexamination. Moreover, the very young age at the initial hearing screening seems to be related to higher probabilities of false positive ABR. The potential recovery of hearing in HR infants raises concerns about the very early cochlear implantation in HR (...) infants less than one year. Such a treatment modality should be decided cautiously and only after obtaining valid and stable objective and subjective hearing thresholds. This holds especially true for infants showing an auditory neuropathy profile, as they presented a much greater probability of ABR recovery.

2017 International journal of otolaryngology

153. A Deficit in Movement-Derived Sentences in German-Speaking Hearing-Impaired Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

of sentence-picture matching and sentence repetition tasks. For the comprehension tasks, we included HI children who passed an auditory discrimination task; for the sentence repetition tasks, we selected children who passed a screening task of simple sentence repetition without lip-reading; this made sure that they could perceive the words in the tests, so that we could test their grammatical abilities. The results clearly showed that most of the participants with HI had considerable difficulties (...) A Deficit in Movement-Derived Sentences in German-Speaking Hearing-Impaired Children Children with hearing impairment (HI) show disorders in syntax and morphology. The question is whether and how these disorders are connected to problems in the auditory domain. The aim of this paper is to examine whether moderate to severe hearing loss at a young age affects the ability of German-speaking orally trained children to understand and produce sentences. We focused on sentence structures

2017 Frontiers in psychology

154. Development of Eye-tracking Based Markers for Autism in Young Children

-tracking markers a group of children with disorders of delayed development other than ASD will be included. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Autism Spectrum Disorder Other: Administration of five eye-tracking paradigms Detailed Description: During an initial screening session all participants will undergo the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). ASD-related symptomatology and levels of impairments will be further characterized using the Social Responsibilities Scale 2 (SRS 2 (...) for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes Sampling Method: Probability Sample Study Population Children with ASD according to DSM-5 criteria will be compared with typically developing children and a group of children with unspecific delayed development disorders. Criteria Exclusion criteria for all participants: visual, auditory or motor impairments use of medication Inclusion criteria for all participants: written informed consent from parents / caregiver age: 1-10 years Additional inclusion

2017 Clinical Trials

155. A Safety, Pharmacokinetic, Single Ascending Dose Study of Tesevatinib in Pediatric Subjects With Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD)

A Safety, Pharmacokinetic, Single Ascending Dose Study of Tesevatinib in Pediatric Subjects With Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD) A Safety, Pharmacokinetic, Single Ascending Dose Study of Tesevatinib in Pediatric Subjects With Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved (...) Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Safety, Pharmacokinetic, Single Ascending Dose Study of Tesevatinib in Pediatric Subjects With Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical

2017 Clinical Trials

156. Evidence-Based Neurorehabilitation in Children With CP

Program: baseline, 1 months, 2 months, 6 months ] The ABILHAND-Kids questionnaire is a Rasch-based assessment that measures children's perceived difficulty in performing ADL that require the use of the bilateral upper limbs. It contains 21 items measuring manual ability and is rated on a 3-point response scale. The parent is asked to fill in the questionnaire by estimating their child's ease or difficulty in performing each activity, irrespective of the limb(s) the child actually use and whatever (...) Information provided by (Responsible Party): National Taiwan University Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This 3-year research project aims to investigate and compare the treatment effectiveness (in terms of motor and psychosocial outcomes) and potential predictors (in terms of demographical, biological and psychosocial domains) of the intensive and distributed Child- and Family-Friendly CIT protocols with an equivalent intervention period in children with CP by cross-over

2017 Clinical Trials

157. Randomized Controlled Trial of Valganciclovir for Cytomegalovirus Infected Hearing Impaired Infants

to mandate this approach whereby infants under three weeks of age who fail their newborn hearing screening undergo CMV testing. In this trial, the hearing screen targeted approach will be used to identify patients eligible for participation in a double blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trial of antiviral valganciclovir therapy. The results of this trial will inform public policy, potentially shift our current clinical practice regarding pediatric hearing loss evaluation, and potentially offer (...) (symptomatic CMV) infants. These promising findings have given rise to a debate regarding the best method for identifying and treating the more numerous asymptomatic CMV-infected infants. One approach is to conduct universal newborn hearing screens, and then do CMV diagnostic testing only on the infants who fail the hearing screen. This targeted approach should identify those infants at greatest risk of developing progressive hearing loss and consequent communicative difficulties. Utah is the first state

2017 Clinical Trials

158. Iowa Cochlear Implant Clinical Research Center Hybrid L24 and Standard Cochlear Implants in Profoundly Deaf Infants

skills. The Preschool Language Scale-3 (PLS-3) [ Time Frame: Post-operatively through study completion at which time the child is 5 years of age. ] A standardized language test that is used to measure the language development of children with normal hearing aged 0 months to 83 months. The test evaluates "Expressive Communication" and "Auditory Comprehension" and is designed to evaluate skills in a variety of areas: vocal development, social communication, attention, semantics (content), structure (...) will receive one Nucleus L24 array and a FDA approved standard-length array on contralateral ears. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS) [ Time Frame: PreOperative ] Parent questionnaire that consists of ten questions regarding a young infant or toddler's auditory behavior, e.g. "Does the child spontaneously respond to his/her name in quiet with auditory cues?" Each question is scored on a five point scale: 0=never, 1=rarely, 2

2017 Clinical Trials

159. Hearing Loss in Children With Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hearing Loss in Children With Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. To assess the prevalence, characteristics, and risk of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection identified through hospital-based newborn screening who were asymptomatic at birth compared with uninfected children.We included 92 case-patients and 51 controls assessed by using auditory brainstem response and behavioral audiometry. We used Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (...) of developing SNHL after age 5 years among case-patients was not different than in uninfected children. Overall, 2% of case-patients developed SNHL that was severe enough for them to be candidates for cochlear implantation.Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

2017 Pediatrics

160. Prevalence and independent risk factors for hearing impairment among very low birth weight infants. (Abstract)

of Chang Gung Children's Hospital over 2 years period from Jan. 2010 to 2011. Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) hearing screening was performed at 3 months postnatal corrective age and repeated if failed the 1st time, then refer to ENT doctor if BAEP confirmed abnormal. All VLBW infants examined for hearing impairment were included and data were retrieved retrospectively and analyzed for neonatal risk factors using logistic regression.Over the period, 309 VLBW infants were screened (...) Prevalence and independent risk factors for hearing impairment among very low birth weight infants. Although we've made big strides in perinatal and neonatal care, auditory handicap remains a serious complication in those who were born very premature.The aim was to determine the prevalence and analyze possible risk factors of hearing impairment in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants.This was a retrospective study by reviewing medical records of all VLBW infants (BW ≤ 1500 g) admitted to NICU

2017 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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