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Pediatric Auditory Screening

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101. Effect of gentamicin and levels of ambient sound on hearing screening outcomes in the neonatal intensive care unit: A pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of gentamicin and levels of ambient sound on hearing screening outcomes in the neonatal intensive care unit: A pilot study. Hearing loss rates in infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) run at 2-15%, compared to 0.3% in full-term births. The etiology of this difference remains poorly understood. We examined whether the level of ambient sound and/or cumulative gentamicin (an aminoglycoside) exposure affect NICU hearing screening results, as either exposure can cause (...) acquired, permanent hearing loss. We hypothesized that higher levels of ambient sound in the NICU, and/or gentamicin dosing, increase the risk of referral on the distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) assessments and/or automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screens.This was a prospective pilot outcomes study of 82 infants (<37 weeks gestational age) admitted to the NICU at Oregon Health & Science University. An ER-200D sound pressure level dosimeter was used to collect daily sound

2017 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

102. Prevalence and risk factors for Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder in a screened newborn population at risk for hearing loss. (Abstract)

Prevalence and risk factors for Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder in a screened newborn population at risk for hearing loss. To determine the prevalence of Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD) among infants with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and discuss the risk factors.The study group was comprised of children diagnosed with ANSD. Criteria for inclusion in the study group were as follows: permanent sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL); normal transient evoked or distortion product (...) OAEs; absent or elevated middle-ear muscle reflexes (MEMR); severely abnormal or absent ABR waveform. All newborns were screened via a two-stage protocol, involving OAEs and ABR for the repeatedly referred cases and all neonates with one or more risk factors.From 2002 to 2011, 9419 infants whose hearing ability was uncertain or who had risk factors for hearing loss were investigated. From this population, 352 were diagnosed with SNHL. Of these 352 children, 18 (5.1%) were diagnosed with ANSD

2012 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

103. Risk Factors and Prognostic Factors of Hearing Impairment in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit-Treated Infants. (Abstract)

Risk Factors and Prognostic Factors of Hearing Impairment in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit-Treated Infants. Infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have a higher incidence of congenital hearing loss compared with the healthy newborn population.To clarify the relationship between risk factors for hearing impairment in NICU-treated infants and deterioration of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold during childhood.We screened 1,071 high-risk infants admitted (...) contributing to the elevation of ABR threshold were oxygen administration and chromosomal aberrations.Factors related to the elevation of ABR threshold were oxygen administration and the presence of chromosomal aberrations. Awareness of risk factors that are more likely to cause hearing loss in infants may aid in follow-up treatment of these children.© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2019 Audiology & Neuro-Otology

104. Paediatric hearing loss: a community-based survey in peri-urban Kumasi, Ghana. (Abstract)

Paediatric hearing loss: a community-based survey in peri-urban Kumasi, Ghana. Paediatric hearing loss rates in Ghana are currently unknown.A cross-sectional study was conducted in peri-urban Kumasi, Ghana; children (aged 3-15 years) were recruited from randomly selected households. Selected children underwent otoscopic examination prior to in-community pure tone screening using the portable ShoeBox audiometer. The LittlEars auditory questionnaire was also administered to caregivers (...) and parents.Data were collected from 387 children. After conditioning, 362 children were screened using monaural pure tones presented at 25 dB. Twenty-five children could not be conditioned to behavioural audiometric screening. Eight children were referred based on audiometric screening results. Of those, four were identified as having hearing loss. Four children scored less than the maximum mark of 35 on the LittleEars questionnaire. Of those, three had hearing loss as identified through pure tone screening

2019 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

105. Home-based Sensory Interventions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

significantly better on Parent Rated 10-item Likert Scale (PRILS-10), as compared to standard-therapy group (Mean = 2.47, SD = 1.46), t(36) = 8.16, p < 0.001; d = 2.54. Marked improvement was noted especially in reduction of hyperactivity, motor-stereotypies and auditory sensitivity in those who underwent sensory interventions. The mean change in scores in sensory-intervention group on Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) (Mean = -9.19, SD = 2.33, p < 0.011; d = -1.75) and Pediatric Quality of Life (...) Home-based Sensory Interventions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial. To determine the feasibility and efficacy of home-based sensory interventions in children with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with sensory processing abnormalities.This was a 12-wk, parallel group, pilot, randomized controlled trial. During the study-period, 185 children with ASD between 3-12 y of age, with sensory processing abnormalities were screened for eligibility. Twenty-one children

2019 Indian journal of pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

106. Effect of age on Gaps-In-Noise test in pediatric population. (Abstract)

Effect of age on Gaps-In-Noise test in pediatric population. The main objective was to examine the effect of central maturation on the auditory temporal resolution in a group of school-age children using Gaps-In-Noise test.The study involved 180 children (6-16 years) with normal hearing, average intelligence and language skills, and adequate scholastic achievement. Subjects were divided into four age subgroups. Investigations involved basic audiological evaluation, screening test battery (...) for central auditory processing, and finally Gaps-In-Noise test.Comparison of the four age subgroups revealed non-significant age effect on the Gaps-In-Noise test. The approximate gap detection threshold of children was comparable to that of adults. Equivalent data were obtained as a function of the ear, gender, list, and retest.Central auditory maturation of the temporal resolution and hence the Gaps-In-Noise test has been established by age 5 years. Consequently, assessment of Gaps-In-Noise test

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

107. A computer-based auditory sequential pattern test for school-aged children. (Abstract)

, such as temporal ordering and frequency discrimination, which might be affected in APD. Here we describe a computer-based version of an auditory pattern perception test, the BirdSong Game, which was designed to be an engaging research tool for use with school-aged children.In this study, 128 children aged 6-10 with normal peripheral hearing were tested. The BirdSong Game application was used to administer auditory sequential pattern tests, via a touch-screen presentation and response interface. A conditioning (...) A computer-based auditory sequential pattern test for school-aged children. One type of test commonly used to assess auditory processing disorders (APD) is the Frequency Pattern Test, in which triads of pure tones of two different frequencies are presented, and participants are required to accurately report the sequence of tones, typically using a verbal response. The test is widely used clinically, but in its current format, is an under-exploited means of addressing some candidate processes

2013 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

108. Auditory maturation in premature infants: A potential pitfall for early cochlear implantation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Auditory maturation in premature infants: A potential pitfall for early cochlear implantation. To describe spontaneous hearing improvement in the first years of life of a number of preterm neonates relative to cochlear implant candidacy.Retrospective case study.Hearing levels of 14 preterm neonates (mean gestational age at birth = 29 weeks) referred after newborn hearing screening were evaluated. Initial hearing thresholds ranged from 40 to 105 dBHL (mean = 85 dBHL).Hearing level improved (...) screening in premature infants. Caution is advised regarding early cochlear implantation in preterm born infants. Audiological follow-ups until at least 80 weeks gestational age are therefore recommended.© 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

2013 Laryngoscope

109. Newborn Hearing Screening

Hearing Screening Aka: Newborn Hearing Screening , Hearing Testing in Newborns , Infant Hearing Testing , Auditory Brainstem-Evoked Response , Auditory Brainstem Response , Otoacoustic Emission , Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emission , Auditory Brainstem Electric Response Audiometry II. Definition Newborn Hearing Screening III. Types: Screening Automated Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) Tests auditory path from ear canal to low Headphones on newborn's ears emit soft clicks Forehead,neck electrodes (...) Newborn Hearing Screening Newborn Hearing Screening Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Newborn Hearing Screening Newborn

2018 FP Notebook

110. Children with sensorineural hearing loss after passing the newborn hearing screen. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Children with sensorineural hearing loss after passing the newborn hearing screen. To identify and describe the findings of children who passed their newborn hearing screen (NHS) and were subsequently found to have childhood hearing loss.Academic tertiary care center.Retrospective medical chart review.With approval of the institutional review board, hospital records were reviewed for children diagnosed as having hearing loss. We identified 923 children with hearing loss from 2001 to 2011 (...) %]), and unilateral (n = 20 [26%]) loss. Thirty-seven patients (47%) had severe or profound hearing loss. The etiology was unknown in 42 patients (54%); the remaining was attributed to genetics (n = 13 [17%]), anatomic abnormality (n = 11 [14%]), acquired perinatal (n = 9 [12%]), and auditory neuropathy (n = 3 [4%]).This is the largest study to characterize children with hearing loss who passed the NHS. In our review, parental concerns and school hearing screens were the most common method to diagnose hearing

2013 JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery

111. Effects of L-theanine and Caffeine on Attention and Attention-related Brain Activity of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Effects of L-theanine and Caffeine on Attention and Attention-related Brain Activity of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Effects of L-theanine and Caffeine on Attention and Attention-related Brain Activity of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save (...) this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effects of L-theanine and Caffeine on Attention and Attention-related Brain Activity of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your

2018 Clinical Trials

112. Arbaclofen in Children and Adolescents With ASD

, lethargy, stereotypy, hyperactivity, and inappropriate speech. Effect of Arbaclofen on measures of problem behaviours [ Time Frame: Week 0 + Week 16 ] CBCL: Child Behaviour Checklist is a caregiver report form identifying problem behaviour in children. Effect of Arbaclofen on other measures of core symptoms [ Time Frame: Week 0 + Week 4 + Week 8 + Week 12 + Week 16 ] AIM: The Autism Impact Measure is designed to measure change in the core symptoms of autism. Safety and tolerability of Arbaclofen (...) Product: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Inge Winter, UMC Utrecht: Arbaclofen Placebo-Controlled Randomized Double-Blind Social Function Efficacy Safety Tolerability Children Adolescents ASD Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Autism Spectrum Disorder Child Development Disorders, Pervasive Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Baclofen Muscle Relaxants, Central Physiological Effects of Drugs Neuromuscular Agents Peripheral Nervous

2018 Clinical Trials

113. Study on Association Between Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis and Cognitive Ability in Children

the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. The data will be analysed by the Multilevel models. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Allergic Rhinitis Other: No intervention Detailed Description: INTRODUCTION Allergic rhinitis is the reportedly second most common reported chronic health condition in Hong Kong children under the age of 14, with the Child Health Survey 2005-2006 indicating a prevalence of 24.5%. Allergic rhinitis is a type I hypersensitivity reaction, which occurs when IgE antibodies (...) been well established, leading to impediment of cognitive processes and poorer ability in attention-requiring activities (e.g. driving). These symptoms can similarly significantly impede a child's education and quality of life. It is estimated that up to 90% of allergic rhinitis patients are untreated, insufficiently treated, or inappropriately treated. With regards to children and teenagers, some studies have suggested that allergic rhinitis can cause significant cognitive difficulties

2018 Clinical Trials

114. An 'Off-the-shelf' Assistive Listening Device: Normal-hearing Children.

the speech level and the noise level (SNR, signal-to-noise ratio) is increased, so that it is easier to understand the spoken message. A previous study carried out by the investigators has shown that this may help children with hearing loss due to otitis media with effusion ('glue ear'). The aim of the current study is to explore the potential of the headset to help children with auditory processing disorder (APD). Typically, children with APD have normal audiograms, but, in spite of this, they struggle (...) on the characteristics of the data. Because the data are discrete, performing Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) will not be possible. Comparisons of thresholds obtained in different conditions will be done using non-parametric tests. Secondary Outcome Measures : Listening Effort [ Time Frame: Outcomes will be measured in a single session. Four runs are required. The total testing time is around 12 minutes. ] A dual task listening effort measure where the children are asked to pay attention to a screen and follow a simple

2018 Clinical Trials

115. A Digital App to Aid Detection, Monitoring, and Management of Dyslexia in Young Children (DIMMAND): Protocol for a Digital Health and Education Solution Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Digital App to Aid Detection, Monitoring, and Management of Dyslexia in Young Children (DIMMAND): Protocol for a Digital Health and Education Solution Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities (...) and professionals, and an overall understanding of the market. We comprehensively defined the ethical, privacy, and data security issues. The detailed design spec of the games, the methodology to be followed to interpret the results, and flow diagrams illustrating how the game screens will be presented was completed. As proof of concept, a few reading, visual, and auditory games were developed and successfully tested by stakeholders on different digital devices. The stakeholders provided regular feedback

2018 JMIR Research Protocols

116. Clinical Assessment and Brain Findings in a Cohort of Mothers, Fetuses and Infants Infected with Zika Virus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of apparent diffusion coefficient values showed microstructural changes. Microcephaly was present in 33.3-58.3% of the cases at referral and was present at delivery in 55.6-77.8% of cases. At birth, most of the affected neonates (55.6-77.8%) had head circumference measurements >3 standard deviations below the mean. Postnatal imaging studies confirmed brain malformations that were detected prenatally. Auditory screening results were normal in 2 cases that were assessed. Visual screening showed different (...) Clinical Assessment and Brain Findings in a Cohort of Mothers, Fetuses and Infants Infected with Zika Virus. Congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) infection can be detected in both the presence and absence of microcephaly and manifests as a number of signs and symptoms that are detected clinically and by neuroimaging. However, to date, qualitative and quantitative measures for the purpose of diagnosis and prognosis are limited.Main objectives of this study conducted on fetuses and infants with confirmed

2018 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

117. Extremely common radiographic finding of cochlear nerve deficiency among infants with prelingual single-sided deafness and its clinical implications. (Abstract)

undergoing newborn hearing screening program were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-four consecutive well infants without risk factors who had a confirmed diagnosis of prelingual SSD under the age of 1 year and who underwent internal auditory canal (IAC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included. The sizes of cochlear nerve (CN), IAC, and cochlear nerve canal (CNC) were measured on MRI. The presence of CND was visually determined by comparing the CN size to the ipsilateral facial nerve (FN (...) Extremely common radiographic finding of cochlear nerve deficiency among infants with prelingual single-sided deafness and its clinical implications. To clarify the common radiographic findings of audiologically documented prelingual single-sided deafness (SSD) and identify the prevalence of cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) in SSD infants referred from the newborn hearing screening program.Between March 2012 and March 2017, the records of all infants referred to our otology clinic after

2018 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

118. Role of Targeted Next Generation Sequencing in the Etiological Work-Up of Congenitally Deaf Children. (Abstract)

 = 1), and auditory neuropathy (n = 1).A definite genetic cause was found in 25 (50%) of congenital, bilaterally deaf children. Our data show that implementation of a gene panel improves the diagnostic yield for etiological work-up of congenital profound HL to 86%. Identification of the etiology of congenital HL may contribute to predicting outcomes of cochlear implantation. (...) Role of Targeted Next Generation Sequencing in the Etiological Work-Up of Congenitally Deaf Children. The purpose of this study is to report the results of a comprehensive etiological work-up for congenitally deaf children including targeted next generation sequencing.Retrospective case review.Tertiary referral center.Fifty children with congenital, bilateral profound hearing loss (HL) (>90 dBnHL).Etiological work-up included testing for pathogenic variants in GJB2, a phenotype driven genetic

2018 Otology and Neurotology

119. An audiological evaluation of syndromic and non-syndromic craniosynostosis in pre-school going children. (Abstract)

An audiological evaluation of syndromic and non-syndromic craniosynostosis in pre-school going children. To study the audiological outcome and early screening of pre-school going children with craniosynostosis under follow-up at the University of Malaya Medical Center(UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia over a 10 year period.A retrospective descriptive cohort study on the audiological findings detected during the first hearing assessment done on a child with craniosynostosis using otoacoustic (...) hearing loss is more likely to be present in a child with syndromic craniosynostosis (p < 0.05).Our study suggested that children who are born with syndromic craniosynostosis were more likely to suffer from a hearing loss, including that of a severe to profound degree compared to children with non-syndromic craniosynostosis. In addition to that, hearing loss is more likely to be detected when the first hearing test is done at a later age, and this can be an irreversible sensorineural hearing loss. We

2018 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

120. Longitudinal Development of Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions in Infants With Normal Hearing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Longitudinal Development of Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions in Infants With Normal Hearing. The purpose of this study was to describe normal characteristics of distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) signal and noise level in a group of newborns and infants with normal hearing followed longitudinally from birth to 15 months of age.This is a prospective, longitudinal study of 231 infants who passed newborn hearing screening and were verified to have normal hearing. Infants were (...) frequencies. DPOAE noise level increased only slightly with age over the first year with the highest noise levels in the 12-month-old age range. Minor, nonsystematic effects for NICU history, race, and gestational age at birth were found, thus these results were generalizable to commonly seen clinical populations.DPOAE levels were related to wideband middle ear absorbance changes in this large sample of infants confirmed to have normal hearing at auditory brainstem response and visual reinforcement

2018 Ear and hearing

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