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Pediatric Auditory Screening

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101. WHO guidelines for the treatment of Treponema pallidum (syphilis)

. Latent (asymptomatic) syphilis infections in pregnancy also cause serious adverse pregnancy outcomes in more than half of cases. Mother-to-child transmission of syphilis is declining globally due to increased efforts to screen and treat pregnant women for syphilis. Syphilis diagnosis is usually based on clinical history, physical examination, laboratory testing and sometimes radiology. In most laboratory settings, the diagnosis is based upon serologic tests. These include treponemal tests (...) modules of guidelines for specific STIs. Other modules will focus on treatments for Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhoea) and genital herpes simplex virus (genital HSV). In addition, future work will provide guidance for syphilis screening and treatment of pregnant women, STI syndromic approach, clinical management, STI prevention, and treatments of other STIs. It is strongly recommended that countries take updated global guidance into account as they establish

2016 World Health Organisation Guidelines

102. Infective Endocarditis in Adults: Diagnosis, Antimicrobial Therapy, and Management of Complications

criteria in the original Duke schema ( and ). In the mid to late 1990s, direct analyses of the Duke criteria were made in 12 major studies including nearly 1700 patients composed of geographically and clinically diverse groups (adult, pediatric, and older adult [≥60 years of age] patients; patients from the community; IDU and non-IDU patients; and those with both native and prosthetic valves). The studies confirmed the high sensitivity and specificity of the Duke criteria and the diagnostic utility (...) who are to undergo cardiac surgery for IE complications. In addition, this methodology may be useful in head-to-toe preoperative screening, including evaluation for central nervous system (CNS) lesions, and in intra-abdominal lesions (eg, silent splenic abscesses). Limitations include the associated exposure to radiation, nephrotoxicity associated with contrast dye, and relative lack of sensitivity in 1 study to demonstrate valve perforations. MRI has had a major impact on IE diagnosis

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2016 Infectious Diseases Society of America

103. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Sustained Neuromuscular Blockade in the Adult Critically Ill Patient

will not be addressed in this document, although, in a few circumstances, we have reviewed the results of clinical trials in which NMBAs were studied in pediatric patients if the results of those trials were applicable to adult patients. | METHODS The Guideline Task Force comprised clinicians from North America who are members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and who have a specific interest in the topic and the guideline process. The Task Force also included a clinician/health-research methodologist (B.R

2016 Society of Critical Care Medicine

104. Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Aspergillosis

aspergillosis (IA); chronic (and saprophytic) forms of aspergillosis; and allergic forms of aspergillosis. Given the clinical importance of IA, emphasis is placed upon the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the different forms of IA, including invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), Aspergillus sinusitis, disseminated aspergillosis, and several types of single-organ IA. Summarized below are the 2016 recommendations for the management of aspergillosis. Due to the guidelines’ relevance to pediatrics (...) , the guideline has been reviewed and endorsed by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS). The panel followed a guideline development process that has been adopted by IDSA, which includes use of the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system, a systematic method of grading both the strength of the recommendation (weak or strong) and the quality of evidence (very low, low, moderate, and high) (Figure ). The guidelines are not intended to replace clinical

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2016 Infectious Diseases Society of America

105. Otitis Media with Effusion (OME)

Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA by this author for this author , , MD, SM 2 2Division of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA by this author for this author , , MD, MPH 3 3Department of Otolaryngology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA by this author for this author , , MFA 4 4Society for Middle Ear Disease, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA by this author for this author , , MSN, CPNP 5 5Connecticut Pediatric Otolaryngology, Madison, Connecticut (...) , USA by this author for this author , , MD 6 6Pomona Pediatrics, Pomona, New York, USA by this author for this author , , MD 7 7American Academy of Family Physicians, Pender, Nebraska, USA by this author for this author , , PhD 8 8Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA by this author for this author , , PhD, CCC-SLP 9 9University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA by this author for this author , , MD 9 9University of Virginia Health System

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2016 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

106. Gynecologic Care for Women and Adolescents With Human Immunodeficiency Virus

to the institution or type of practice. Gynecologic Care for Women and Adolescents With Human Immunodeficiency Virus In the United States in 2013, there were an estimated 226,000 women and adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection ( ). Women with HIV are living longer, healthier lives, so the need for routine and problem-focused gynecologic care has increased. The purpose of this document is to educate clinicians about basic health screening and care, family planning, prepregnancy care (...) , and managing common gynecologic problems for women and adolescents who are infected with HIV. For information on screening guidelines, refer to the ( ). Background Epidemiology In the United States, women account for 24% of the 934,000 individuals living with HIV (1). Heterosexual contact is responsible for 74% of HIV transmission among women in the United States, with injection drug use accounting for 23%, and perinatal infection for 2%. African American and Hispanic women combined account for 78% of HIV

2016 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

107. Management of Concussion-mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI)

to the original CPG. It provides best practice recommendations for the care of patients with a history of mTBI. While screening for and addressing co-occurring mental disorders is considered good clinical practice, specific guidance on management of co-occurring mental health conditions is beyond the scope of this VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Concussion-mild Traumatic Brain Injury February 2016 Page 13 of 133 CPG. Interested readers are referred to related VA/DoD CPGs (e.g (...) present with symptoms or complaints potentially related to brain injury at initial presentation. Strong for Not Reviewed, Amended 3. Excluding patients with indicators for immediate referral, for patients identified by post-deployment screening or who present to care with symptoms or complaints potentially related to brain injury, we suggest against using the following tests to establish the diagnosis of mTBI or direct the care of patients with a history of mTBI: a. Neuroimaging b. Serum biomarkers

2016 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

108. Impact of Hypertension on Cognitive Function: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

the Digits Forward Test, in which the subject is asked to repeat strings of numbers in same order in which they were read, and immediate recall tasks, in which the subject is asked to recite back a list of words immediately after hearing them (eg, first trial of the Rey Auditory Learning Test). , Delayed memory is then assessed, usually after a 30-minute interval, with recall of short verbal stories or lists. Delayed memory can also be evaluated with 5-minute delayed recall, after a brief distraction

2016 American Heart Association

110. Guidelines for the use of local anesthesia in office-based dermatologic surgery

Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio , MD, MPH e , x Bernard Cohen Affiliations Department of Dermatology-Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Children's Center, Baltimore, Maryland , MD f , x C. William Hanke Affiliations Laser and Skin Surgery Center of Indiana PC, Carmel, Indiana , MD g , x Nathaniel Jellinek Affiliations Department of Dermatology, Brown University, East Greenwich, Rhode Island , MD h , x Howard I. Maibach Affiliations Department of Dermatology, UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco (...) at the time the guideline was prepared. The results of future studies may require revisions to the recommendations in this guideline to reflect new data. Scope This guideline addresses the clinical use and safety of local anesthetics (ie, topical, infiltrative, nerve blocks, and infiltrative tumescent) commonly used in office-based dermatologic surgery for adult and pediatric patients. While anxiolytics, sedatives, and other systemic medications may be used for office-based procedures, these methods

2016 American Academy of Dermatology

111. Canadian clinical practice guidelines for the management of anxiety, posttraumatic stress and obsessive-compulsive disorders

. Screen for anxiety and related symptoms Anxiety and related disorders are generally characterized by the features of excessive anxiety, fear, worry, and avoid- ance. While anxiety can be a normal part of everyday life, anxiety disorders are associated with functional impair- ment; as part of the key diagnostic criteria for anxiety dis- orders is the requirement that the symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occu- pational, or other important areas of functioning [26 (...) of the anxiety symptoms, associations with life events or trauma, the nature of the anxiety (i.e., worry, avoidance, or obsession), and the impact they have had on the patient’s current functioning. Table 5 presents suggested screening questions for individual anxiety and related disorders, from various validated screening tools [27-30], some of which are freely available online (e.g., online-anxiety-screening-test). Conduct differential diagnosis The differential diagnosis

2014 CPG Infobase

112. Genetics of Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell Cancer) (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

, with the exception of HPRC, is associated with other benign or malignant tumors in other organs. Clinical Management Regular surveillance is a mainstay in individuals found to have or be at risk of carrying a pathogenic variant in VHL , FH , FLCN , or MET . Surveillance recommendations include regular screening for both renal and nonrenal manifestations of disease. of 3 cm in size are commonly managed with . Nephron-sparing techniques are typically employed as they have been shown to preserve renal function (...) on genetic screening for hereditary renal cell cancers. Can Urol Assoc J 7 (9-10): 319-23, 2013 Sep-Oct. [ ] [ ] McLaughlin JK, Lipworth L: Epidemiologic aspects of renal cell cancer. Semin Oncol 27 (2): 115-23, 2000. [ ] Brauch H, Weirich G, Hornauer MA, et al.: Trichloroethylene exposure and specific somatic mutations in patients with renal cell carcinoma. J Natl Cancer Inst 91 (10): 854-61, 1999. [ ] Chow WH, Devesa SS: Contemporary epidemiology of renal cell cancer. Cancer J 14 (5): 288-301, 2008 Sep

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

113. Newborn Nursing Care Pathway

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Immunization and Communicable Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Safety and Injury Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Screening/Other Newborn Blood Spot Screening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Hearing Screening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Biliary Atresia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Glossary of Abbreviations (...) are captured, they have been organized into five main sections: • Physiological health (organized from head to toe) • Behavioural • Infant feeding • Health follow-up • Screening/other While the newborn assessment criteria are presented as discrete topic entities it is not intended that they be viewed as separate from one another. For example, the newborn physiological changes affect her/his feeding and behaviour. To assist with this, cross referencing will be used throughout the document (will be seen

2015 British Columbia Perinatal Health Program

114. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

–specific toxicity has motivated investigations evaluating the pathophysiology and prognostic factors for cancer treatment–related effects. The results of these studies have played an important role in the following areas:[ , ] Changing pediatric cancer therapeutic approaches to reduce treatment-related mortality among survivors treated in more recent eras. The development of risk counseling and health screening recommendations for long-term survivors by identifying the clinical and treatment (...) to Support Survivor Care Risk-based screening The need for long-term follow-up for childhood cancer survivors is supported by the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, the International Society of Pediatric Oncology, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Children’s Oncology Group (COG), and the Institute of Medicine. A risk-based medical follow-up is recommended, which includes a systematic plan for lifelong screening, surveillance, and prevention that incorporates risk estimates based

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

116. Screening Study to Identify Pediatric Patients With Hunter Syndrome Who Demonstrate Evidence of Central Nervous System (CNS) Involvement and Who Are Currently Receiving Treatment With Elaprase®

Screening Study to Identify Pediatric Patients With Hunter Syndrome Who Demonstrate Evidence of Central Nervous System (CNS) Involvement and Who Are Currently Receiving Treatment With Elaprase® Screening Study to Identify Pediatric Patients With Hunter Syndrome Who Demonstrate Evidence of Central Nervous System (CNS) Involvement and Who Are Currently Receiving Treatment With Elaprase® - Full Text View - Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting (...) registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Screening Study to Identify Pediatric Patients With Hunter Syndrome Who Demonstrate Evidence of Central Nervous System (CNS) Involvement and Who Are Currently Receiving Treatment With Elaprase® The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study

2009 Clinical Trials

117. Impact of newborn hearing screening: comparing outcomes in pediatric cochlear implant users. (PubMed)

Impact of newborn hearing screening: comparing outcomes in pediatric cochlear implant users. To evaluate the impact of a newborn hearing screening program on the management and outcome of deaf children and to identify underlying factors that may be responsible for the differences between high and low performing implanted children.Retrospective cohort study of 391 implanted children in Flanders (Belgium).First, implanted children were sorted into two groups on account of screening age (early (...) at cochlear implantation. Furthermore, early screening and implantation is associated with better auditory receptive skills and speech intelligibility. Additional impairments negatively influence both receptive and productive skills. In addition, children who communicate orally and wear bilateral cochlear implants perform better on speech production, whereas a better speech perception was found in children who became progressively deaf as opposed to congenitally deaf children.The results of this extensive

2009 Laryngoscope

118. Home-based Sensory Interventions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

significantly better on Parent Rated 10-item Likert Scale (PRILS-10), as compared to standard-therapy group (Mean = 2.47, SD = 1.46), t(36) = 8.16, p < 0.001; d = 2.54. Marked improvement was noted especially in reduction of hyperactivity, motor-stereotypies and auditory sensitivity in those who underwent sensory interventions. The mean change in scores in sensory-intervention group on Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) (Mean = -9.19, SD = 2.33, p < 0.011; d = -1.75) and Pediatric Quality of Life (...) Home-based Sensory Interventions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial. To determine the feasibility and efficacy of home-based sensory interventions in children with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with sensory processing abnormalities.This was a 12-wk, parallel group, pilot, randomized controlled trial. During the study-period, 185 children with ASD between 3-12 y of age, with sensory processing abnormalities were screened for eligibility. Twenty-one children

2019 Indian journal of pediatrics

119. Ocrelizumab (Ocrevus) - multiple sclerosis

with polyangiitis HAHA human anti-human antibody HBV hepatitis B virus HR hazard ratio ICH International Conference on Harmonisation iDMC independent Data Monitoring Committee IFN interferon beta-1a Ig immunoglobulin Assessment report EMA/790835/2017 Page 9/180 IM intramuscular iPSP initial Pediatric Study Plan IV intravenous IRR infusion-related reaction ISS Integrated Summary of Safety ITT intent-to-treat KM Kaplan-Meier LLN lower limit of normal LN lupus nephritis LOCF last observation carried forward MAA (...) Marketing Authorization Application mAb monoclonal antibody MQC minimum quantifiable concentration MMRM mixed-effects model repeated measures MPA microscopic polyangiitis MRI magnetic resonance imaging MS multiple sclerosis MSFC Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite NAb neutralizing antibody NCA non-compartmental analysis NCI National Cancer Institute NEDA no evidence of disease activity NHL non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma NK natural killer OCR OCR OLE open-label extension PASAT Paced Auditory Serial Addition

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

120. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)

and grinding during sleep or when awake [bruxism], nail biting, or excessive mouth opening during yawning). Consider using a such as that developed by the International Association for Dental Research — a score of 3 or more is a positive screening result indicative of a TMD. Any associated features, such as locking or clicking of the jaw, altered skin sensation, or any nasal or ear symptoms. The impact of symptoms on the person's quality of life, for example on sleep, mood, concentration, energy levels (...) opinion in review articles on TMDs [ ; ; ] and a review article on the differential diagnosis of facial pain [ ]. Assessment of clinical features The RDC/TMD Consortium Network provide a validated set of criteria to physically assess the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and associated structures, and to screen for psychosocial co-morbidity [ ]. A six-item self-completed questionnaire has been developed in conjunction with the RDC/TMD to assess the nature of TMJ pain [ ], which is well validated and has

2017 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

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