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Pediatric Auditory Screening

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81. Cortical Auditory Evoked Potential (CAEP) Testing

response in infants. Acta Otol (suppl), 206, pp.146–152. Bacon, P. et al., 1990. Optimal filtering of the auditory cortical evoked potential. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement, 11(2), pp.135–42. Bagatto, M.P. et al., 2011. The University of Western Ontario Pediatric Audiological Monitoring Protocol (UWO PedAMP). Trends in Amplification, 15(1), pp.57–76. Barnet, A.B., 1971. EEG audiometry in children under three years of age. Acta Oto- laryngologica, 72(1), pp.1–13. Bess, F. & Humes, L (...) response (ABR) or 80 Hz auditory steady-state response (ASSR) methods can be inaccurate because of muscle activity in awake patients. In awake newborns, infants and young children the immature response is usually recordable for stimuli well above threshold and a resurgence of interest in the last decade has revealed that whilst the response is not a reliable predictor of the hearing threshold, it may nevertheless be capable of providing clinically useful information. Appendix 2 provides more

2016 British Society of Audiology

82. Predicting the type of hearing loss using click auditory brainstem response in babies referred from newborn hearing screening. (Abstract)

Predicting the type of hearing loss using click auditory brainstem response in babies referred from newborn hearing screening. This study examined the ability of click auditory brainstem response (ABR) undertaken below the age of 6 months (from expected date of delivery) to differentiate between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), using the latency of wave V measured 20 dB above threshold.Subjects were recruited if they had an ABR threshold of ≥ 40 dB nHL and ≤ 70 dB nHL in one (...) or both ears measured below the age of 6 months and they had also attended follow-up appointments for behavioral assessment of their hearing in which the type of hearing loss had been confirmed. Forty-five children (84 ears) with SNHL, 82 children (141 ears) with temporary conductive hearing loss (TCHL), and 5 children (10 ears) with permanent conductive hearing loss (PCHL) were recruited. The differences between mean wave V latencies measured 20 dB above ABR threshold were examined using

2014 Ear and hearing

83. Neonatal Hearing Screening at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

at or before 6 months of age allows a child with impaired hearing to develop normal speech and language, alongside his or her hearing peers and can prevent severe psychosocial, educational, and language impairment. One of the most high risk population are neonates who spend time in the newborn intensive care unit , exposed to high frequency ventilation, hyperbilirubinemia, low birth-weight, and exposed to ototoxic medications. Auditory brainstem response , otoacoustic emissions , and automated Auditory (...) brainstem response testing have all been used in newborn hearing-screening programs. otoacoustic emissions are fast objective, efficient, and frequency-specific measurements of peripheral auditory sensitivity are used to assess response of the outer hair cells to acoustic stimuli. To measure otoacoustic emissions, a probe assembly is placed in the ear canal, tonal or click stimuli are delivered, and the otoacoustic emissions generated by the cochlea is measured with a microphone . Condition or disease

2018 Clinical Trials

84. The follow-up results of newborn hearing screening of Gaziosmanpasa Taksim Research and Training Hospital Full Text available with Trip Pro

The follow-up results of newborn hearing screening of Gaziosmanpasa Taksim Research and Training Hospital This study aimed to present the results of newborns who were referred to advanced audiology centers after newborn hearing screening, and to determine concordance of our results with the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines about the ages of hearing loss, aid fitting, and cochlear implantation.A total of 7502 newborns were screened in Gaziosmanpaşa Taksim Research and Training Hospital (...) between March 2014 and June 2016 using the transient otoacustic emissions test as the first two steps and automated auditory brainstem response test for the third step. Newborns who had risk factors were screened using the automated auditory brainstem response only. Newborns who failed the screening tests were referred to advanced audiology centers.Of the 7502 newborns, 6736 (90%) completed the screening. The ratio of hearing loss was 0.08%. Six of 62 newborns who failed auditory brainstem response

2018 Turkish Archives of Pediatrics/Türk Pediatri Arşivi

85. An evidence based protocol for managing neonatal middle ear effusions in babies who fail newborn hearing screening. (Abstract)

An evidence based protocol for managing neonatal middle ear effusions in babies who fail newborn hearing screening. To evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants referred for failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) and to review patient outcomes after intervention in order to propose an evidence-based protocol for management of newborns with otitis media with effusion (OME) who fail NBHS.85 infants with suspected middle ear pathology were retrospectively reviewed after referral (...) for failed NBHS. All subjects underwent a diagnostic microscopic exam with myringotomy with or without placement of a ventilation tube in the presence of a middle ear effusion and had intra-operative auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing or testing at a later date.At the initial office visit, a normal middle ear space bilaterally was documented in 5 babies (6%), 29/85 (34%) had an equivocal exam while 51/85 (60%) had at least a unilateral OME. Myringotomy with or without tube placement due

2018 American Journal of Otolaryngology

86. Tablet-Based Hearing Screening Test. (Abstract)

Tablet-Based Hearing Screening Test. Hearing loss (HL) affects people worldwide, many of whom are children. Especially in developing countries, epidemiological data on the prevalence of HL are insufficient to implement effective health promotion programs. In this preliminary study with young adults, we describe and validate a tablet-based hearing screening test developed for interactive remote hearing screening and compare the performance of an audiometry screening tablet application (...) with conventional audiometry. In addition, the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the tablet-based method and the concordance between the two methods were analyzed.Thirty volunteers participated in a double-blind study assessing two auditory threshold screening methods: tablet-based hearing screening and sweep audiometry. For both methods, a correct response to a minimum of two tones out of three emitted at 20 dBHL for the frequencies of 1, 2, and 4 kHz and 30 dBHL for 0.5 kHz in both ears

2018 Telemedicine journal and e-health : the official journal of the American Telemedicine Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

87. Deworming and adjuvant interventions for improving the developmental health and well?being of children in low? and middle?income countries: a systematic review and network meta?analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

to be swimming in water bodies, but recent epidemiological monitoring data show that infants and preschool‐aged children are also at risk of the disease (Stothard, Sousa‐Figueiredo et al . 2011). Schistosome infection is hypothesized to cause iron deficiency anaemia, growth stunting and cognitive impairment, which lead to reduced school attendance, and this hypothesized effect may be mediated by the burden of infection as well as other factors( ). 1.2 Pharmacologic interventions To combat the burden (...) the same studies 4. Mortality estimate is driven by one large RCT (DEVTA 2013), which does not report the denominator for mortality, rather the mortality is reported as number of deaths per health worker for approximately one million children aged 1‐6 years in the study at any one time 5. Control group rates for child mortality from study. 6. Long term economic outcomes rated down by two levels for study limitations 7. Long term economic outcomes rated down for indirectness because of different

2016 Campbell Collaboration

88. Auditory Cortical Maturation in a Child with Cochlear Implant: Analysis of Electrophysiological and Behavioral Measures Full Text available with Trip Pro

(LLAEP); speech perception tests of the Glendonald Auditory Screening Procedure (GASP); Infant Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS); and Meaningful Use of Speech Scales (MUSS). The study was conducted prior to activation and after three, nine, and 18 months of cochlear implant activation. The results of the LLAEP were compared with data from a hearing child matched by gender and chronological age. The results of the LLAEP of the child with cochlear implant showed gradual decrease (...) Auditory Cortical Maturation in a Child with Cochlear Implant: Analysis of Electrophysiological and Behavioral Measures The purpose of this study was to longitudinally assess the behavioral and electrophysiological hearing changes of a girl inserted in a CI program, who had bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss and underwent surgery of cochlear implantation with electrode activation at 21 months of age. She was evaluated using the P1 component of Long Latency Auditory Evoked Potential

2015 Case reports in otolaryngology

89. Production of Infant Scale Evaluation (PRISE) in Persian normal hearing children: A validation study. (Abstract)

screening. According to the standard developmental test, all of the children had normal development. The internal consistency of the scale was measured through the Cronbach's alpha. The convergent validity was analyzed through comparing the PRISE scores with the Persian version of the Auditory Behavior in Everyday Life (ABEL-P).The Cronbach's alpha value of the PRISE was 0.88. The PRISE corrected item-total correlations were significantly high ranging from 0.86 to 0.89. A significant correlation (...) Production of Infant Scale Evaluation (PRISE) in Persian normal hearing children: A validation study. Production of Infant Scale Evaluation (PRISE) is a popular parent-report scale used to assess the pre-first word vocalization of children. There is not any tool to assess pre-verbal vocalizations in Persian speaking children. Therefore, considering the two important roles of pre-verbal vocalizations both in the early diagnosis of hearing impairment and in measuring the effectiveness of CIs

2018 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

90. CCS and CPCA Position Statement on the Approach to Syncope in the Pediatric Patient Full Text available with Trip Pro

irritability, confusion, auditory changes, dyspnea, or abdominal symptoms ( Fig. 2 ). The absence of a prodrome should raise suspicion of a possible cardiac cause. x 4 Hurst, D., Hirsh, D.A., Oster, M.E. et al. Syncope in the pediatric emergency department - can we predict cardiac disease based on history alone?. J Emerg Med . 2015 ; 49 : 1–7 | | | | | , x 7 Massin, M.M., Malekzadeh-Milani, S., and Benatar, A. Cardiac syncope in pediatric patients. Clin Cardiol . 2007 ; 30 : 81–85 | | | In 154 children (...) with syncope, 85% of children with VVS had a prodrome, whereas only 40% of those with cardiac conditions had prodromal symptoms. x 8 Chen, L., Zhang, Q., Ingrid, S. et al. Aetiologic and clinical characteristics of syncope in Chinese children. Acta Paediatr . 2007 ; 96 : 1505–1510 | | | Figure 2 History and physical examination. ECG, electrocardiogram; LOC, loss of consciousness; LQTS, long QT syndrome. | | Palpitations and chest pain have been related to pediatric cardiac causes of syncope on the basis

2016 Canadian Cardiovascular Society

91. Predicting the degree of hearing loss using click auditory brainstem response in babies referred from newborn hearing screening. (Abstract)

found to be present in children with a congenital permanent childhood hearing impairment.Children with permanent childhood hearing impairment were ascertained from neonatal screening programs that have been subject to longitudinal evaluation. Ninety-two children who had ck-ABR recorded when below 6 months of age and repeatable ear specific pure-tone audiometry were recruited. Those with recognized temporary middle ear effusions at either test were excluded. The relationship between ABR and pure-tone (...) Predicting the degree of hearing loss using click auditory brainstem response in babies referred from newborn hearing screening. The predictive ability of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) is an important factor governing the program sensitivity of neonatal hearing screens. The study examined the accuracy of the click-evoked auditory brainstem response (ck-ABR) when undertaken below the age of 6 months (from expected date of delivery) in predicting the pure-tone thresholds subsequently

2013 Ear and hearing

92. Long-Term Variability of Distortion-Product Otoacoustic Emissions in Infants and Children and Its Relation to Pediatric Ototoxicity Monitoring. Full Text available with Trip Pro

(indicating poorer reliability) at 1.5, 8, and 10 kHz.DPOAE level decreases with childhood age, with the greatest changes observed in the first year of life. Maturational effects during infancy and greater measurement error at very low and high f2's affect test-retest variability in children. An f2 of 6 kHz shows minimal maturation and measurement error, suggesting it may be an optimal sentinel frequency for ototoxicity monitoring in pediatric patients. Once validated with locally developed normative data (...) Long-Term Variability of Distortion-Product Otoacoustic Emissions in Infants and Children and Its Relation to Pediatric Ototoxicity Monitoring. Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) provide a rapid, noninvasive measure of outer hair cell damage associated with chemotherapy and are a key component of pediatric ototoxicity monitoring. Serial monitoring of DPOAE levels in reference to baseline measures is one method for detecting ototoxic damage. Interpreting DPOAE findings

2017 Ear and hearing

93. Exposure Therapy for Auditory Sensitivity in Autism

Healthy Volunteers: Yes Criteria Inclusion Criteria of children: autism spectrum disorders (ASD) diagnosis with symptoms of auditory hyper-sensitivity/reactivity. verbal communication skills for utilizing the Subjective Units of Distress (SUD) scale (no cut-off for IQ). Exclusion Criteria of children behavioral diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder or Conduct Disorder history of child abuse that is related to sound sensitivity Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library (...) Party): University of Florida Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Auditory hyper-reactivity affects up to 66% of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and has been linked to greater stress and anxiety for children and their families. Exposure and Response Prevention (E/RP) is highly effective for reducing obsessive/compulsive behaviors in children with both OCD and ASD. This study is the first to assess the feasibility and efficacy of E/RP for auditory sensory hyper

2017 Clinical Trials

94. Targeting Auditory Hallucinations With Alternating Current Stimulation

. not requiring any hospitalization or a change in level of care On current antipsychotic doses for at least 4 weeks Experience at least 3 auditory hallucinations per week Stable auditory hallucinations as demonstrated by having less than or equal to 20% change in AHRS scores across a 2 week interval during the screening period Capacity to understand all relevant risks and potential benefits of the study and to provide written informed consent, OR has a legal guardian who can provide the informed consent (...) : No Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill: tACS Sham Auditory Hallucinations Schizophrenia Schizo Affective Disorder EEG Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Schizophrenia Mood Disorders Hallucinations Psychotic Disorders Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders Mental Disorders Perceptual Disorders Neurobehavioral Manifestations Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs

2017 Clinical Trials

95. What can we expect of normally-developing children implanted at a young age with respect to their auditory, linguistic and cognitive skills? (Abstract)

What can we expect of normally-developing children implanted at a young age with respect to their auditory, linguistic and cognitive skills? As a result of neonatal hearing screening and subsequent early cochlear implantation (CI) profoundly deaf children have access to important information to process auditory signals and master spoken language skills at a young age. Nevertheless, auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcome measures still reveal great variability in individual achievements (...) : some children with CI(s) perform within normal limits, while others lag behind. Understanding the causes of this variation would allow clinicians to offer better prognoses to CI candidates and efficient follow-up and rehabilitation. This paper summarizes what we can expect of normally developing children with CI(s) with regard to spoken language, bilateral and binaural auditory perception, speech perception and cognitive skills. Predictive factors of performance and factors influencing variability

2014 Hearing Research

96. Auditory Brainstem Response in Term and Preterm Infants with Neonatal Complications: The Importance of the Sequential Evaluation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Auditory Brainstem Response in Term and Preterm Infants with Neonatal Complications: The Importance of the Sequential Evaluation Introduction Literature data are not conclusive as to the influence of neonatal complications in the maturational process of the auditory system observed by auditory brainstem response (ABR) in infants at term and preterm. Objectives Check the real influence of the neonatal complications in infants by the sequential auditory evaluation. Methods Historical cohort study (...) in a tertiary referral center. A total of 114 neonates met inclusion criteria: treatment at the Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program of the local hospital; at least one risk indicator for hearing loss; presence in both evaluations (the first one after hospital discharge from the neonatal unit and the second one at 6 months old); all latencies in ABR and transient otoacoustic emissions present in both ears. Results The complications that most influenced the ABR findings were Apgar scores less than 6

2014 International archives of otorhinolaryngology

97. Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

, SES, language, country) explain any observed differences between the studies included? To answer our research questions, we have summarized available research on the topic by conducting a meta‐analysis. Methods Criteria for considering studies for this review Types of studies The studies included in this review are longitudinal observational non‐experimental studies that follow a group of children from preschool age into school age. In addition, business‐as‐usual controls in experimental studies (...) to include a study of mainly monolingual typical children (i.e., not simply included because of a special group affiliation)? Response options: Yes/No/Can't tell 3) Does the reference appear to have data from both preschool and school? Response options: Yes/No/Can't tell 4) Does the reference appear to include data on at least one of the predictors and on later reading comprehension? Response options: Yes/No/Can't tell 5) Should this reference be included at this stage? Response options: Yes/No If any

2017 Campbell Collaboration

98. Self-Management in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Clinical Report of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

to get the prescription filled on time have been reported as adherence barriers in pediatric IBD (14,16). Patient psychological functioning may also serve as a barrier to adherence. Depressive symptoms have been associated with nonadherence in youth with IBD (21). In addition, child opposi- tional behavior has been reported as a barrier to adherence in teens with IBD (14,16). Finally, Mackner and Crandall documented a relation between avoidant coping strategies and nonadherence in children with IBD (...) (22). Family Factors Family factors influence adherence among children and adolescents with IBD. Mackner and Crandall documented a relation between higher levels of family dysfunction and nonadherence in pediatric IBD (22). Similarly, Hommel and Baldassano (14) noted that family or parent–child conflict about taking medications is an adherence barrier. In addition, data suggest that both high adoles- cent and parent involvement in disease management are associated with better adherence (23,24

2013 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

99. Hearing loss screening tool (COBRA score) for newborns in primary care setting Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hearing loss screening tool (COBRA score) for newborns in primary care setting To develop and evaluate a simple screening tool to assess hearing loss in newborns. A derived score was compared with the standard clinical practice tool.This cohort study was designed to screen the hearing of newborns using transiently evoked otoacoustic emission and auditory brain stem response, and to determine the risk factors associated with hearing loss of newborns in 3 tertiary hospitals in Northern Thailand (...) sensorineural hearing loss, and Apgar score) were included in our COBRA score. The screening tool detected, by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, more than 80% of existing hearing loss. The positive-likelihood ratio of hearing loss in patients with scores of 4, 6, and 8 were 25.21 (95% confidence interval [CI], 14.69-43.26), 58.52 (95% CI, 36.26-94.44), and 51.56 (95% CI, 33.74-78.82), respectively. This result was similar to the standard tool (The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing

2017 Korean journal of pediatrics

100. Newborn hearing screening failure and maternal factors during pregnancy. (Abstract)

from 70 newborns that failed the OAE test, but passed a subsequent auditory brainstem response (ABR) test, and 75 randomly selected newborns that passed initial otoacoustic emission testing. Maternal (including the amniotic fluid index in the third trimester) and newborn clinical data were extracted from medical records. Statistical association models were built to determine variables that influenced hearing screen passage or failure.The two arms of the cohort had no significant differences (...) in maternal or child clinical indices, including in amniotic fluid index. Calculated as individual odds ratios, maternal tobacco [95% CI of odds ratio: 0.04, 0.59, p = 0.0078], and drug use [95% CI of odds ratio: 0.0065, 0.72, p = 0.058] [borderline significance] were associated with failing the otoacoustic emission testing.Amniotic fluid index was not found to be associated with failure of otoacoustic emission screening in newborns. However, our study unveiled an interesting unexpected association of OAE

2017 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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