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Pediatric Auditory Screening

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41. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents

and that psychostimulants can be effective for children 6–12 years of age. • Atomoxetine had slightly higher gastrointestinal effects than methylphenidate. • Cognitive behavioral therapy may improve ADHD symptoms among children 7–17 years of age. • Child or parent training improved ADHD symptoms among children 7–17 years of age but did not change academic performance. • Omega-3/6 supplementation made no difference in ADHD symptoms. • Future studies are needed to evaluate diagnosis, monitoring, and long-term outcomes (...) Boston Children’s Hospital Boston, MA Coleen Boyle, Ph.D., M.S.Hyg. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA Teka Dempson National Federation of Families for Children’s Mental Health Durham, NC Theodore Ganiats, M.D. University of Miami Miami, FL Laurence Greenhill, M.D. Columbia University Medical Center New York, NY Aaron Lopata, M.D., M.P.P. Health Resources and Services Administration Maternal and Child Health Bureau Rockville, MD Doris Lotz, M.D., M.P.H. Chief Medical Officer New

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

42. Aided Language Stimulation Leading to Functional Communication Gains in Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication

modeling used with children working on verbal expression. The model takes into consideration the interests and abilities of the child, while incorporating both a visual and verbal model to demonstrate the communication of messages. Aided language modeling is easier to implement, increases positive parent perception, and increases the overall quality of parent-child interactions compared to traditional models. Definitions for terms marked with * and Abbreviations may be found in an Abbreviations (...) success, directly correlating to a positive increase in the child’s functional communication (Romski, 2011 [4a]; Sennott, 2016 [1b]). Giving children a modality to communicate other than speech likely reduces the pressure that parents feel in their inability to successfully communicate with their children. Many parents surveyed felt more satisfied with the way their children were communicating post-intervention, that their children had made great strides in expressing themselves

2018 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

43. Evaluation of the localization auditory screening test in children 6-18 months of age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of the localization auditory screening test in children 6-18 months of age. The present paper is a report of a project to develop an automated auditory screening test for infants six to 18 months of age. The first year of the project was devoted to developing equipment and test procedures; the second year was concerned with testing the effectiveness of the equipment and procedures on an actual population of six to 18 month old infants. Two-hundred and fifty infants were screened (...) auditorily as part of a county health department child development clinic. The pass/fail results of the screening test were evaluated in terms of physical and developmental examination following the screening and by means of a case review of the child's previous history. The results indicate that the procedure under investigation can be used to differentiate the normal hearing infant from the infant with possible hearing problems. It is shown by the test environment in which this study was conducted

1978 American Journal of Public Health

44. Auditory noise increases the allocation of attention to the mouth, and the eyes pay the price: An eye-tracking study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Auditory noise increases the allocation of attention to the mouth, and the eyes pay the price: An eye-tracking study. We investigated the effect of auditory noise added to speech on patterns of looking at faces in 40 toddlers. We hypothesised that noise would increase the difficulty of processing speech, making children allocate more attention to the mouth of the speaker to gain visual speech cues from mouth movements. We also hypothesised that this shift would cause a decrease in fixation time (...) to the eyes, potentially decreasing the ability to monitor gaze. We found that adding noise increased the number of fixations to the mouth area, at the price of a decreased number of fixations to the eyes. Thus, to our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating a mouth-eyes trade-off between attention allocated to social cues coming from the eyes and linguistic cues coming from the mouth. We also found that children with higher word recognition proficiency and higher average pupil response had

2018 PLoS ONE

45. Initial Results of a Safety and Feasibility Study of Auditory Brainstem Implantation in Congenitally Deaf Children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Initial Results of a Safety and Feasibility Study of Auditory Brainstem Implantation in Congenitally Deaf Children. To determine the safety and feasibility of the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) in congenitally deaf children with cochlear aplasia and/or cochlear nerve deficiency.Phase I feasibility clinical trial of surgery in 10 children, ages 2 to 5 years, over a 3-year period.Tertiary children's hospital and university-based pediatric speech/language/hearing center.ABI implantation (...) and postsurgical programming.The primary outcome measure is the number and type of adverse events during ABI surgery and postsurgical follow-up, including behavioral mapping of the device. The secondary outcome measure is access to and early integration of sound.To date, nine children are enrolled. Five children have successfully undergone ABI surgery and postoperative behavioral programming. Three children were screen failures, and one child is currently undergoing candidacy evaluation. Expected adverse

2016 Otology and Neurotology

46. High frequency of OTOF mutations in Chinese infants with congenital auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

High frequency of OTOF mutations in Chinese infants with congenital auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder. Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is one of the most common diseases leading to hearing and speech communication barriers in infants and young children. The OTOF gene is the first gene identified for autosomal recessive non-syndromic ANSD, and patients with OTOF mutations have shown marked improvement of auditory functions from the cochlear implantation, but the true involvement (...) of OTOF mutations in Chinese ANSD patients is still unknown which precludes the effective management of this disease. Here, we investigated the contribution of OTOF mutations to congenital ANSD patients in China. In all, 37 infants and young Children with ANSD were screened for all the exons of OTOF gene, of them 34 patients had no neonatal risk factors who were considered as congenital ANSD. The clinical manifestation and audiometric features were also investigated and compared in patients

2016 Clinical Genetics

47. Pressurized Wideband Acoustic Stapedial Reflex Thresholds: Normal Development and Relationships to Auditory Function in Infants Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pressurized Wideband Acoustic Stapedial Reflex Thresholds: Normal Development and Relationships to Auditory Function in Infants This study analyzed effects of pressurization on wideband acoustic stapedial-muscle reflex (ASR) tests in infants cared for in normal newborn (NN) and neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Effects of hearing-screening outcomes on ASR threshold measurements were also evaluated, and a subsequent longitudinal study established normative threshold ranges over the first (...) threshold was significantly higher for ears that referred on transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) screening tests and also for ears with conductive and sensorineural hearing loss diagnosed by ABR. Developmental ASR changes were significant over the first year for both normal and NICU infants. Wideband pressurized ASR thresholds are a clinically relevant measure of newborn hearing screening and diagnostic outcomes.

2016 JARO: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology

48. Cortical Auditory Evoked Potentials Reveal Changes in Audibility with Nonlinear Frequency Compression in Hearing Aids for Children: Clinical Implications Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cortical Auditory Evoked Potentials Reveal Changes in Audibility with Nonlinear Frequency Compression in Hearing Aids for Children: Clinical Implications Hearing loss in children is detected soon after birth via newborn hearing screening. Procedures for early hearing assessment and hearing aid fitting are well established, but methods for evaluating the effectiveness of amplification for young children are limited. One promising approach to validating hearing aid fittings is to measure cortical (...) auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs). This article provides first a brief overview of reports on the use of CAEPs for evaluation of hearing aids. Second, a study that measured CAEPs to evaluate nonlinear frequency compression (NLFC) in hearing aids for 27 children (between 6.1 and 16.8 years old) who have mild to severe hearing loss is reported. There was no significant difference in aided sensation level or the detection of CAEPs for /g/ between NLFC on and off conditions. The activation of NLFC

2016 Seminars in hearing

49. Auditory Brainstem Response Improvements in Hyperbillirubinemic Infants Full Text available with Trip Pro

Auditory Brainstem Response Improvements in Hyperbillirubinemic Infants Hyperbillirubinemia in infants have been associated with neuronal damage including in the auditory system. Some researchers have suggested that the bilirubin-induced auditory neuronal damages may be temporary and reversible. This study was aimed at investigating the auditory neuropathy and reversibility of auditory abnormalities in hyperbillirubinemic infants.The study participants included 41 full term hyperbilirubinemic (...) hyperbilirubinemia treatment and before leaving hospital and the second one three months after the first hearing evaluation. Hearing evaluations included transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) screening and auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold tracing.The TEOAE and ABR results of control group and TEOAE results of the hyperbilirubinemic group did not change significantly from the first to the second evaluation. However, the ABR results of the hyperbilirubinemic group improved significantly from

2016 Journal of Audiology & Otology

50. The practices, challenges and recommendations of South African audiologists regarding managing children with auditory processing disorders Full Text available with Trip Pro

The practices, challenges and recommendations of South African audiologists regarding managing children with auditory processing disorders Audiologists managing children with auditory processing disorders (APD) encounter challenges that include conflicting definitions, several classification profiles, problems with differential diagnosis and a lack of standardised guidelines. The heterogeneity of the disorder and its concomitant childhood disorders makes diagnosis difficult. Linguistic (...) and cultural issues are additional challenges faced by South African audiologists. The study aimed to describe the practices, challenges and recommendations of South African audiologists managing children with APD. A quantitative, non-experimental descriptive survey was used to obtain data from 156 audiologists registered with the Health Professions of South Africa. Findings revealed that 67% screened for APD, 42% assessed while 43% provided intervention. A variety of screening and assessment procedures

2016 The South African Journal of Communication Disorders

51. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem response in infants with perinatal asphyxia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem response in infants with perinatal asphyxia. The objective of this study was to verify the effects of perinatal asphyxia on different parts of the auditory system.This was a non-concurrent cohort study conducted on a fixed population in a tertiary public hospital. Participants included 181 infants born at term who underwent the transient evoked otoacoustic emission test as a part of a neonatal hearing screening program, with a "pass (...) " result in both ears, and by auditory brainstem response testing. The infants were divided into 3 groups: G1, 20 infants who had perinatal asphyxia; G2, 111 infants with an Apgar score lower than 4 in the first minute and/or lower than 6 in the fifth minute (called "low Apgar" at birth); and G3, 50 infants with first- and fifth-minute Apgar scores ≥7.The signal-to-noise ratio of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions were greater in G3 compared with G1 and G2 at 4 kHz frequency for males. An increased

2016 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

52. Screening of inherited metabolic abnormalities in 56 children with intractable epilepsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

as the experimental group and 56 cases of children with IE, who were successfully treated served as the control group, and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry for the metabolic screening of amino, organic, and fatty acids. Urine routine, hepatic function, blood biochemistry, imageology of encephalon and brain stem-evoked potential (auditory and optical) were also examined. Of the 27 IE children confirmed as abnormal in urine and blood screening, there were 19 cases (70.3 (...) Screening of inherited metabolic abnormalities in 56 children with intractable epilepsy Epilepsy is a common children's neural disease that is largely controlled by anti-epileptic drugs. Nevertheless, children experience repeated attacks that develop into intractable epilepsy (IE). The aim of the present study was to examine the inherited metabolic abnormalities in children with IE to provide early etiological and symptomatic treatment. Urine and blood samples of 56 children with IE served

2016 Experimental and therapeutic medicine

53. Auditory perception of non-sense and familiar Bengali rhyming words in children with and without SLD. (Abstract)

Auditory perception of non-sense and familiar Bengali rhyming words in children with and without SLD. Rhyming ability is among the earliest metaphonological skills to be acquired during the process of speech and language acquisition. Metalinguistic skills, particularly metaphonological skills, greatly influence language learning during early, school grades and reportedly children with learning disorders are poor at these skills.To develop and validate a Bengali rhyming checklist and study (...) the auditory perception of non-sense and familiar Bengali rhyming words in children with and without specific learning disability (SLD).60 children, age range 8-11years, participated in two groups; group-A included children with SLD and group-B, typically developing children (TDC). All participants were native Bengali speakers, attending regular school, with hearing sensitivity less than 25dBHL, no history of ear discharge and middle socioeconomic background. A rhyming checklist was developed in Bengali

2015 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

54. Speech Recognition and Parent Ratings From Auditory Development Questionnaires in Children Who Are Hard of Hearing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

was also a positive predictor for word recognition abilities in noise.Children who are hard of hearing continue to experience delays in auditory skill development and speech-recognition abilities compared with peers with normal hearing. However, significant improvements in these domains have occurred in comparison to similar data reported before the adoption of universal newborn hearing screening and early intervention programs for children who are hard of hearing. Increasing the audibility of speech (...) Speech Recognition and Parent Ratings From Auditory Development Questionnaires in Children Who Are Hard of Hearing. Progress has been made in recent years in the provision of amplification and early intervention for children who are hard of hearing. However, children who use hearing aids (HAs) may have inconsistent access to their auditory environment due to limitations in speech audibility through their HAs or limited HA use. The effects of variability in children's auditory experience

2015 Ear and hearing

55. FM Systems on Children With Auditory Processing Disorders

FM Systems on Children With Auditory Processing Disorders FM Systems on Children With Auditory Processing Disorders - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. FM Systems on Children With Auditory (...) and transmit it to a receiver in the listener's ear. In this way, the negative effects of ambient noise, distance from speaker and reverberation are reduced (Keith & Purdy, 2014). The principal research question is whether FM systems improve auditory attention, listening in noise performance and listening in spatialised noise in children with Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) in relation to just auditory training alone. We hypothesize that the FM system will lead to improved attention scores, improved

2015 Clinical Trials

56. BioMARK as electrophysiological tool for assessing children at risk for (central) auditory processing disorders without reading deficits. (Abstract)

that has ruled out the existence of comorbidity of such conditions and carefully delineated the efficacy of speech-evoked ABR in children with children with auditory processing disorders sans reading deficits. Hence, the present study aimed at investigating Speech-evoked ABR in children with auditory processing disorders without reading problems. A total of 336 school going children in the age range of 8-12 years were screened for presence of central auditory processing deficits. Among the 51 children (...) BioMARK as electrophysiological tool for assessing children at risk for (central) auditory processing disorders without reading deficits. Biological Marker of auditory processing (BioMARK) is an electrophysiological test tool widely known as Speech-evoked ABR. Several previous investigations have shown the utility of speech-evoked ABR in the diagnosis of language based processing deficits like learning disability and specific language impairment; however missing from literature is a study

2015 Hearing Research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

57. Auditory steady-state responses in school-aged children: a pilot study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Auditory steady-state responses in school-aged children: a pilot study The use of Auditory Steady-State Responses (ASSRs) for auditory screening in school-aged children, particularly in children who are difficult to test and children with disabilities, has not been explored yet. This pilot study investigated the use of ASSR for auditory screening in school-aged children.A cross-sectional pilot study of 23 children aged 9 to 11 with normal-hearing thresholds and seven age-matched children (...) and specificity data suggested that the use of ASSRs was feasible as an auditory screening tool. In order to determine a protocol for screening, future studies should include a larger sample and children with mild hearing loss.

2015 Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation

58. Air and Bone Conduction Click and Tone-Burst Auditory Brainstem Thresholds Using Kalman Adaptive Processing in Nonsedated Normal-Hearing Infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Air and Bone Conduction Click and Tone-Burst Auditory Brainstem Thresholds Using Kalman Adaptive Processing in Nonsedated Normal-Hearing Infants. To study normative thresholds and latencies for click and tone-burst auditory brainstem response (TB-ABR) for air and bone conduction in normal infants and those discharged from neonatal intensive care units, who passed newborn hearing screening and follow-up distortion product otoacoustic emission. An evoked potential system (Vivosonic Integrity (...) ) that incorporates Bluetooth electrical isolation and Kalman-weighted adaptive processing to improve signal to noise ratios was employed for this study. Results were compared with other published data.One hundred forty-five infants who passed two-stage hearing screening with transient-evoked otoacoustic emission or automated auditory brainstem response were assessed with clicks at 70 dB nHL and threshold TB-ABR. Tone bursts at frequencies between 500 and 4000 Hz were used for air and bone conduction auditory

2015 Ear and hearing

59. Relationship research between auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder and exchange transfusion in neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia. (Abstract)

department of Childrens' Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between January 2010 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. In addition, the SH neonates were further divided into the exchange transfusion group and photography group. Hearing screening was conducted on all neonates using transiently evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and auto auditory brainstem response (AABR), and neonates who failed the above screening were performed diagnostic hearing test. And then neonates diagnosed (...) Relationship research between auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder and exchange transfusion in neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia. To explore the effects of exchange transfusion on auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) in neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia (SH).The clinical data of 2216 SH neonates who met the standard of exchange transfusion and 732 non severe-hyperbilirubinemia (NSH) neonates in the same period who did not require exchange transfusion in the neonatology

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

60. Auditory processing disorders in incarcerated youth: A call for early detection and treatment. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of normal hearing. The nexus between APD, low academic achievement and offending behavior in teens has prompted recommendation for early screening of school children for abnormalities in auditory processing. Using a variety of diagnostic tools, investigators have found an increase in the frequency of APD in cohorts of confined youthful offenders. The present investigation evaluates the prevalence of APD in a group of incarcerated youth residing in a detention center.A total of 52 incarcerated (...) of APD, with abnormal results on both tests. Previous studies have estimated the prevalence of auditory processing disorder in the general adolescent population as being between 2% and 7%.This study found a higher prevalence of auditory processing disorder in a cohort of incarcerated youth compared with age-matched controls. Diagnostic screening protocols that identify at-risk children have been developed, as have effective therapies to improve auditory processing function. Teachers, pediatricians

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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