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Pediatric Throat Injury

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1. Pediatric Throat Injury

Throat Injury Aka: Pediatric Throat Injury , Mouth Trauma in Children , Oropharyngeal Trauma in Children From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Oropharyngeal injury accounts for 1% Most commonly occurs in preschool children III. Mechanism Fall on object with open mouth IV. Causes Pen Popsicle stick Straw V. History Retropharyngeal infection or abscess Unable to swallow secretions or or (mediastinitis) injury Focal neurologic symptoms VI. Exam See Mouth Careful exam is critical Have suction available (...) Pediatric Throat Injury Pediatric Throat Injury Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pediatric Throat Injury Pediatric

2018 FP Notebook

2. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Communication and Swallowing Disorders following Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Communication and Swallowing Disorders following Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING DISORDERS FOLLOWING PAEDIATRIC TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY GUIDELINE© Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and the National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence on Psychosocial Rehabilitation in Traumatic Brain Injury 2017 Publisher: Murdoch Childrens Research (...) Institute Publication date: February 2017 ISBN Print: 978-0-9876209-0-3 ISBN Online: 978-0-9876209-1-0 Suggested citation: Morgan A, Mei C, Anderson V, Waugh M-C, Cahill L, & the TBI Guideline Expert Working Committee. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Communication and Swallowing Disorders following Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. Melbourne: Murdoch Childrens Research Institute; 2017. Expert working committee: Jeanette Baker Katie Banerjee Mandy Beatson Candice Brady Kate Brommeyer

2017 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

3. Successful management of suicidal cut throat injury with internal jugular, tracheal and esophageal transection: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Successful management of suicidal cut throat injury with internal jugular, tracheal and esophageal transection: A case report 29644295 2019 02 26 2352-6440 13 2018 Feb Trauma case reports Trauma Case Rep Successful management of suicidal cut throat injury with internal jugular, tracheal and esophageal transection: A case report. 30-34 10.1016/j.tcr.2017.11.005 Naqvi Sayyed E H EH Department of cardiothoracic Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India (...) , Aligarh, India. Eram Ali A Department of cardiothoracic Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. eng Case Reports 2017 11 27 Netherlands Trauma Case Rep 101711730 2352-6440 Airway management Oesophageal transection Suicidal cut throat Tracheal transection Vascular trauma neck 2017 11 24 2018 4 13 6 0 2018 4 13 6 0 2018 4 13 6 1 epublish 29644295 10.1016/j.tcr.2017.11.005 S2352-6440(17)30076-6 PMC5887116 J Clin Anesth. 1991 Mar-Apr;3(2):91-8 2039650 Indian J

2017 Trauma Case Reports

4. Best Practices for Pain Management in Infants, Children, Adolescents, and Individuals with Special Health Care Needs

Best Practices for Pain Management in Infants, Children, Adolescents, and Individuals with Special Health Care Needs AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY RECOMMENDATIONS: BEST PRACTICES 321 Purpose The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ( AAPD) recognizes that infants, children, adolescents, and individuals with special health care needs can and do experience pain due to dental/orofacial injury, infection, and dental procedures, and that inadequate pain management may have significant (...) ://www.webcitation.org/6vDlQh5Vw”) 2. Shaefer J, Barreveld AM, Arnstein P, Kulich RJ. Inter- professional education for the dentist in managing acute and chronic pain. Dent Clin North Am 2016;60(4): 825-42. 3. American Academy of Pediatrics, American Pain Society. The assessment and management of acute pain in infants, children and adolescents. Pediatrics 2001;108(3): 793-7. 4. Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. Good practice in postoperative and proce- dural pain management. 2nd

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

5. COVID-19 - guidance for paediatric services

been raised as a particular concern by ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialists, with viral replication shown to take place in the upper airway as well as the lower airway. This may explain why a number of paediatric and ENT healthcare professionals have developed disease in the absence of exposure to children with currently defined risk factors. Clinical recommendations We recommend that the oropharynx of children should only be examined if essential. If the throat needs to be examined, personal (...) protective equipment should be worn, irrespective of whether the child has symptoms consistent with COVID-19 or not. Suspected tonsillitis in primary care or emergency departments During the COVID-19 pandemic, if a diagnosis of tonsillitis is suspected based on clinical history, the default becomes not examining the throat unless absolutely necessary. If using the to decide if antibiotics are indicated (validated in children 3 years and older), we suggest that a pragmatic approach is adopted

2020 Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health

6. The acute management of paediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

are based largely on the disease experience in China, Europe, and the United States, the paediatric literature on COVID-19 is still in its infancy and will undoubtedly evolve. Canadian guidelines have been developed, notably by [ ] . This statement provides acute care guidance for community paediatricians working in both outpatient and inpatient settings. Clinical presentation Most children presenting with fever and cough do not require hospital care. However, as with adults, infected children may (...) not present with typical viral upper respiratory tract symptoms and can easily spread infection while remaining asymptomatic themselves [ ] . As of mid-April, 2020, 11 published studies have described clinical features in 643 paediatric cases [ ] [ ] [ ] - [ ] . While 51 children (8%) were asymptomatic, the remaining 592 (92%) children presented with: Fever (n=335, 57%) Cough (n=322, 54%) Sore throat (n=169, 29%) Rhinorrhea (n=47, 8%) Diarrhea (n=68, 11%) Vomiting (n=56, 9%) It is worth noting

2020 Canadian Paediatric Society

7. Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020

milder cases and a better prognosis than adults. Acta Paediatr 2020; online ahead of print: DOI: 10.1111/apa.15270. Cui Y, Tian M, Huang D, et al. A 55-day-old female infant infected with COVID 2019: Presenting with pneumonia, liver injury, and heart damage. J Infect Dis 2020; online ahead of print: DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa113. Hong H, Wang Y, Chung H-T, Chen CJ. Clinical characteristics of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in newborns, infants and children. Pediatr Neonatol 2020;61(2):131-2 (...) Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020 Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020 | Canadian Paediatric Society A home for paediatricians. A voice for children and youth. Current: Update on COVID-19… Practice Point Update on COVID-19 epidemiology and impact on medical care in children: April 2020 Posted: Apr 29, 2020 The Canadian

2020 Canadian Paediatric Society

8. Treatment of Depression in Children and Adolescents

for childhood depression, clinicians contend with sparse evidence and are concerned about harms associated with treatment. Methods. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy, comparative effectiveness, and moderators of benefits and harms of available nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatments for children and adolescents with a confirmed diagnosis of a depressive disorder (DD)—major depressive disorder (MDD), persistent depressive disorder (previously termed dysthymia) or DD (...) to harm for interventions for childhood depression 137 Table 68. Evidence map for interventions for childhood depression Error! Bookmark not defined. Figures Figure A. Analytic framework for depression in children and adolescents ES-3 Figure B. Article flow diagram ES-6 Figure 1. Analytic framework for depression in children and adolescents 6 Figure 2. Article flow diagram 15 Appendixes Appendix A. Search Strategy Appendix B. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Appendix C. Excluded Studies Appendix D. Study

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

9. Evidence summary for natural history of COVID-19 in children

that while a recovering infant’s pharyngeal swabs tested negative 10 days after admission, anal swabs were still positive, but were found to be negative when tested on day 26. (1) Xing et al. (6) found that clearance of viral RNA in respiratory tract occurred within two weeks after abatement of fever; however, it remained positive in stools of paediatric patients for longer than four weeks. In two children faecal swabs turned negative 20 days after throat swabs had tested negative, while that of another (...) unilateral pneumonia and 30 myocardial damage. Of the four case reports, two describe infants, (1, 4) one a seven year old child, (2) , while the age of the fourth child is unclear. (3) The children’s presenting symptoms were largely consistent with the case series reported above. Of note is a ‘critically ill’ Evidence summary for natural history of COVID-19 in children Health Information and Quality Authority Page 3 of 13 child who rapidly progressed to acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis

2020 Health Information and Quality Authority

10. Pediatric Throat Injury

Throat Injury Aka: Pediatric Throat Injury , Mouth Trauma in Children , Oropharyngeal Trauma in Children From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Oropharyngeal injury accounts for 1% Most commonly occurs in preschool children III. Mechanism Fall on object with open mouth IV. Causes Pen Popsicle stick Straw V. History Retropharyngeal infection or abscess Unable to swallow secretions or or (mediastinitis) injury Focal neurologic symptoms VI. Exam See Mouth Careful exam is critical Have suction available (...) Pediatric Throat Injury Pediatric Throat Injury Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pediatric Throat Injury Pediatric

2015 FP Notebook

11. Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury

Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury | Innovation Observatory toggle menu Menu Search View All Filter by Speciality Filter by Year Filter by Category This search function provides links to outputs produced by NIHR Innovation Observatory. These are briefing notes or reports on new or repurposed technologies. This search will not return all technologies currently in development as these outputs are produced (...) as required for our stakeholders. > > > Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury March 2017 The Portable Neuromodulation Stimulator or PoNS™, developed by Helius Medical Technologies, is a non-invasive device that is designed to deliver neurostimulation through the tongue to treat balance disorders caused by mild to moderate Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). The device is intended to be used as part of targeted functional

2017 NIHR Innovation Observatory

12. Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2019–2020

Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2019–2020 Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2019–2020 | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else { OAS_NORMAL(pos); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact (...) on clinical care. Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2019–2020 COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES Abstract This statement updates the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics for the routine use of influenza vaccines and antiviral medications in the prevention and treatment of influenza in children during the 2019–2020 season. The American Academy of Pediatrics continues to recommend routine influenza immunization of all children without medical

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

13. Acute Treatment of Migraine in Children and Adolescents

received research support from NINDS; and receives 20 research support from Impax Pharmaceuticals. 21 7 M. C. Victorio is the site primary investigator for a childhood and adolescent migraine 1 prevention study funded by the National Institutes of Health and site investigator for a pediatric 2 migraine treatment study funded by Impax Laboratories, both studies were contracted through 3 Akron Children’s Hospital; has received funding for travel to meetings of the Registry 4 Committee and Quality (...) of Louisville Comprehensive Headache Program and University of Louisville 4 Child Neurology Residency Program, KY 5 10. Division of Neurology, NeuroDevelopmental Science Center, Akron Children's Hospital, 6 OH 7 11. Rochester, NY 8 12. St. Paul, MN 9 13. O’Fallon, MO 10 14. Division Neurology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora 11 15. Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 12 13 Address correspondence to 14 American Academy of Neurology: 15 guidelines@aan.com 16 17 18 Approved by the American

2019 American Academy of Neurology

14. Pediatric Endoscopy and High-risk Patients: A Clinical Report From the NASPGHAN Endoscopy Committee

and guidance regarding periprocedural antibiotics are also discussed. Key Words: adverse events, bleeding, endoscopy, pediatric (JPGN 2019;68: 595–606) P ediatric gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a well-established and integral approach to the diagnosis and management of digestive disorders in children. Published data from the Pediatric Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative (PEDS-CORI) suggest the overall rate of complications during upper GI procedures is 2.3%, including a specific risk of respiratory (...) ,perforation,andinfection.Forexample, 1 recent large pediatric-referral center study reported 249 of 9577 (2.6%) endoscopic procedures to involve reports of postprocedure AEs(4). The most commonevents inthis study presented concerns for procedurally related infection and/or perforation, and included fever, abdominal pain, chest, and throat pain. Most AEs occurring during or after pediatric endoscopy can be broadly classified as involving cardiopulmonary compromise, bleeding,perforation,andinfection(3

2019 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

15. Paediatric Urology

in Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Eur Radiol, 2001. 11: 2267. 130. Diamond, D.A., et al. Neonatal scrotal haematoma: mimicker of neonatal testicular torsion. BJU Int, 2003. 91: 675. 131. Ha, T.S., et al. Scrotal involvement in childhood Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Acta Paediatr, 2007. 96: 552. 132. Hara, Y., et al. Acute scrotum caused by Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Int J Urol, 2004. 11: 578. 133. Klin, B., et al. Acute idiopathic scrotal edema in children--revisited. J Pediatr Surg, 2002. 37: 1200. 134. Krause (...) . Eur Urol, 2018. 315. Hoberman, A., et al. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in febrile infants. J Pediatr, 1993. 123: 17. 316. Marild, S., et al. Incidence rate of first-time symptomatic urinary tract infection in children under 6 years of age. Acta Paediatr, 1998. 87: 549. 317. O’Brien, K., et al. Prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in sequential acutely unwell children presenting in primary care: exploratory study. Scand J Prim Health Care, 2011. 29: 19. 318. Shaikh, N., et al

2019 European Association of Urology

16. BSPED Interim Guideline for the Management of Children and Young People under the age of 18 years with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

paediatrician. B. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT IN A & E: 1. General Resuscitation: A, B, C. Airway Ensure that the airway is patent and if the child is comatose, insert an airway. If consciousness reduced or child has recurrent vomiting, consider inserting N/G tube, aspirate and leave on open drainage. Seek urgent anaesthetic review and discuss with a paediatric critical care specialist if the child or young person has a reduced level of consciousness and is unable to protect their airway. Breathing Give 100 (...) Examination - looking particularly for evidence of - ? cerebral oedema headache, irritability, slowing pulse, rising blood pressure, reducing conscious level N.B. papilloedema is a late sign. ? ? infection ? ? ? ileus (which is common in DKA) ? ? ? 3. WEIGH THE CHILD. If this is not possible because of the clinical condition, use the most recent clinic weight as a guideline, or an estimated weight from centile charts. Consider where the child or young person should be nursed – Children and young people

2020 British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes

17. Dental Management of Pediatric Patients Receiving Chemotherapy, Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, and/or Radiation Therapy

in pediatric and young patients. Eur J Pediatr 2018;177 (1):7-17. 25. Amadori F, Bardellini E, Conti G, et al. Low-level laser therapy for treatment of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis in childhood: A randomized double-blind controlled study. Lasers Med Sci 2016;31(6):1231-6. 26. Kuhn A, Porto FA, Miraglia P, Brunetto AL. Low-level infrared laser therapy in chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis: A randomized placebo-controlled trial in children. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2009;31(1):33-7. 27. Peterson DE (...) Dental Management of Pediatric Patients Receiving Chemotherapy, Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, and/or Radiation Therapy 392 RECOMMENDATIONS: BEST PRACTICES REFERENCE MANUAL V 40 / NO 6 18 / 19 Purpose The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recognizes that the pediatric dental professional plays an im- portant role in the diagnosis, prevention, stabilization, and treatment of oral and dental problems that can compromise the child’s quality of life before, during, and after

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

18. Multidisciplinary guidelines for the management of paediatric tracheostomy emergencies Full Text available with Trip Pro

via the stoma. Figure 6 Paediatric facemask (left) and supraglottic airway device (right) applied to an infant's stoma can provide effective oxygenation and ventilation. If non‐invasive primary measures fail to oxygenate the child, more invasive secondary techniques may be required. Intubation may be achieved via the upper airway using standard techniques, recognising that the incidence of difficult airways in children with tracheostomies is high . Difficult SAD ventilation and facemask (...) guidelines for the management of paediatric tracheostomy emergencies Corresponding Author Consultant E-mail address: Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK Correspondence to: C. Doherty Email: Consultant Paediatric Intensive Care Medicine, Paediatrics, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, UK Tracheostomy Specialist Nurse Department of Paediatric ENT, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK Tracheostomy Specialist Nurse

2018 Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland

19. Paediatric Urology

in Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Eur Radiol, 2001. 11: 2267. 130. Diamond, D.A., et al. Neonatal scrotal haematoma: mimicker of neonatal testicular torsion. BJU Int, 2003. 91: 675. 131. Ha, T.S., et al. Scrotal involvement in childhood Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Acta Paediatr, 2007. 96: 552. 132. Hara, Y., et al. Acute scrotum caused by Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Int J Urol, 2004. 11: 578. 133. Klin, B., et al. Acute idiopathic scrotal edema in children--revisited. J Pediatr Surg, 2002. 37: 1200. 134. Krause (...) . Eur Urol, 2018. 315. Hoberman, A., et al. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in febrile infants. J Pediatr, 1993. 123: 17. 316. Marild, S., et al. Incidence rate of first-time symptomatic urinary tract infection in children under 6 years of age. Acta Paediatr, 1998. 87: 549. 317. O’Brien, K., et al. Prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in sequential acutely unwell children presenting in primary care: exploratory study. Scand J Prim Health Care, 2011. 29: 19. 318. Shaikh, N., et al

2018 European Association of Urology

20. Pneumococcal and Hib vaccines for children - Harms may outweigh benefits: not recommended

of age in the Philippines: a randomized, double-blind, placebo- controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Jun;28(6):455-62. 18) Eskola J, et al. Efficacy of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against acute otitis media. New Engl J Med 2001; 344(6):403–9. 19) Kilpi T, et al. Protective efficacy of a second pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against pneumococcal acute otitis media in infants and children: randomized, controlled trial of a 7-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide- meningococcal outer membrane (...) pneumonia (Table 1). Total 4 children and 2 children died from pneumonia due to streptococcus pneumoniae over 14 years between 1996 and 2009, and over 6 years between 2010 and 2015 respectively. Launching of PC vaccine did not have any impact. Strong association between sudden death and vaccination According to the Japanese vital statistics [10], the number of deaths among infants aged 2 months to 4 years old was 1,790 in 2015. Of these, when deaths from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and deaths

2017 Med Check - The Informed Prescriber

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