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Patient Education

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141. Machine Learning-Augmented Propensity Score-Adjusted Multilevel Mixed Effects Panel Analysis of Hands-On Cooking and Nutrition Education versus Traditional Curriculum for Medical Students as Preventive Cardiology: Multisite Cohort Study of 3,248 Trainees (Full text)

Machine Learning-Augmented Propensity Score-Adjusted Multilevel Mixed Effects Panel Analysis of Hands-On Cooking and Nutrition Education versus Traditional Curriculum for Medical Students as Preventive Cardiology: Multisite Cohort Study of 3,248 Trainees Cardiovascular disease (CVD) annually claims more lives and costs more dollars than any other disease globally amid widening health disparities, despite the known significant reductions in this burden by low cost dietary changes. The world's (...) first medical school-based teaching kitchen therefore launched CHOP-Medical Students as the largest known multisite cohort study of hands-on cooking and nutrition education versus traditional curriculum for medical students.This analysis provides a novel integration of artificial intelligence-based machine learning (ML) with causal inference statistics. 43 ML automated algorithms were tested, with the top performer compared to triply robust propensity score-adjusted multilevel mixed effects

2018 BioMed research international PubMed abstract

142. Using Technology in Pharmacy Education: Pharmacy Student Performance and Perspectives When Visual Aids Are Integrated Into Learning (Full text)

Using Technology in Pharmacy Education: Pharmacy Student Performance and Perspectives When Visual Aids Are Integrated Into Learning Objectives: The role of the pharmacist has evolved and continues to evolve. The traditional role of the dispenser has been replaced with a patient-centered profession. This requires integration and application of pharmaceutical knowledge and skills to solve patient therapeutic problems and advance patient care. Therefore, having evidence-based teaching strategies (...) for learning within pharmaceutical sciences is essential. New and maturing technologies enable traditional principles of pharmaceutical science to be visualized. We aimed to explore pharmacy students' performance before and after visual aids for learning are integrated within pharmaceutical science teaching. Student's opinions and views of the visual aids were determined. Methods: Students were taught about selected pharmaceutical science concepts at two time points; during the second teaching point

2018 Frontiers in pharmacology PubMed abstract

143. Using integrated problem- and lecture-based learning teaching modes for imaging diagnosis education (Full text)

theoretical lessen was used to discuss prior knowledge, the discussion and analysis of patient problems was arranged under class, and the experimental lesson was used to synthesize and test the newly acquired information. The aim of this study is to determine whether or not integration of problem- and lecture-based learning teaching modes in imaging diagnosis education was associated with a good teaching effect. Forty-six of sixty students (76.7%) like integrated problem- and lecture-based learning (...) Using integrated problem- and lecture-based learning teaching modes for imaging diagnosis education There are two parts included in traditional imaging diagnosis teaching: theoretical lessons and experimental lessons. Most of the time, the experimental lesson is a review of the theoretical lesson. The teacher is the centre of the course and students are passive learners. Thus, in this study we included the patient problem of the imaging centre in our imaging diagnosis education. The traditional

2018 BMC medical education PubMed abstract

144. Developing Capability: Transforming Massage Therapy Education through Inquiry-based Learning (Full text)

Developing Capability: Transforming Massage Therapy Education through Inquiry-based Learning Massage therapy education programs are responsible for preparing graduates for complex professional environments, while also ensuring graduates can access the profession by passing the regulatory body's standardized certification or licensing examination. Massage therapists are regulated health care professionals in four Canadian provinces. They are autonomous practitioners and an integral part (...) of the health care regime for patients with complicated health presentations. As such, they must think critically about patients' presentations and determine the most appropriate care. This article describes the process undertaken by the faculty team of Humber College's Massage Therapy Program in an effort to transform the existing teaching and learning strategies by incorporating principles of inquiry-based learning (IBL).

2018 International journal of therapeutic massage & bodywork PubMed abstract

145. Education Research: Difficult conversations in neurology: Lessons learned from medical students. (Full text)

Education Research: Difficult conversations in neurology: Lessons learned from medical students. To characterize features of medical student exposure to difficult conversations during a neurology core clerkship.This was a cross-sectional concurrent nested mixed methods study, and all students rotating through a required neurology clerkship between 2014 and 2015 were enrolled. Data collection included an electronic communication tracker, baseline and end-of-clerkship surveys, and 4 facilitated (...) additional bedside training in communication skills. Exposure to one of the predefined conversation types did not improve student perceived preparedness to lead difficult conversations in the future. In focus groups, students noted that the educational value of observation of a difficult conversation could be optimized with preconversation planning and postconversation debriefing.Difficult conversations are common in neurology, and represent a valuable opportunity to provide communication skills training

2018 Neurology PubMed abstract

146. Comprehensive Multicenter Graduate Surgical Education Initiative Incorporating Entrustable Professional Activities, Continuous Quality Improvement Cycles, and a Web-Based Platform to Enhance Teaching and Learning. (Abstract)

Comprehensive Multicenter Graduate Surgical Education Initiative Incorporating Entrustable Professional Activities, Continuous Quality Improvement Cycles, and a Web-Based Platform to Enhance Teaching and Learning. It is increasingly important for faculty to teach deliberately and provide timely, detailed, and formative feedback on surgical trainee performance. We initiated a multicenter study to improve resident evaluative processes and enhance teaching and learning behaviors while engaging (...) residents in their education.Faculty from 7 US postgraduate training programs rated resident operative performances using the perioperative briefing, intraoperative teaching, debriefing model, and rated patient visits/academic performances using the entrustable professional activities model via a web-based platform. Data were centrally analyzed and iterative changes made based on participant feedback, individual preferences, and database refinements, with trends addressed using the Plan, Do, Check, Act

2018 Journal of the American College of Surgeons

147. A New Educational Framework to Improve Lifelong Learning for Cardiologists. (Full text)

A New Educational Framework to Improve Lifelong Learning for Cardiologists. Lifelong learning is essential for the practicing cardiologist. Present lifelong learning mechanisms are stagnant and at risk for not meeting the needs of currently practicing cardiologists. With the increasing burden of cardiovascular disease, growing complexity of patient care, and ongoing pressures of nonclinical responsibilities, educational programming must evolve to meet the demands of the contemporary (...) cardiovascular professional. A paradigm shift, replete with modern and practical educational tools, is needed in the lifelong learning armamentarium. Emerging evidence of novel educational strategies in graduate medical education supports the promise of broader application of these tools to different stages of professional life. In this commentary from the Fellows-in-Training Section Leadership Council, the authors propose 3 novel educational tools-personalized learning, adaptive learning, and the flipped

2018 Journal of the American College of Cardiology PubMed abstract

148. Test-enhanced learning in health professions education: A systematic review: BEME Guide No. 48. (Abstract)

choice questions, simulation, and standardized patients. Five of six immediate learning outcomes (SMD 0.09-0.44), 21 of 23 retention outcomes (SMD 0.12-2.5), and all seven transfer outcomes (SMD 0.33-1.1) favored TEL over studying.TEL demonstrates robust effects across health professions, learners, TEL formats, and learning outcomes. The effectiveness of TEL extends beyond knowledge assessed by examinations to clinical applications. Educators should include TEL in health professions curricula (...) Test-enhanced learning in health professions education: A systematic review: BEME Guide No. 48. Cognitive psychology studies demonstrate that subjects who attempt to recall information show better learning, retention, and transfer than subjects who spend the same time studying the same material (test-enhanced learning, TEL). We systematically reviewed TEL interventions in health professions education.We searched 13 databases, 14 medical education journals, and reference lists. Inclusion

2018 Medical teacher

149. Adaptive Learning in Medical Education: The Final Piece of Technology Enhanced Learning? (Full text)

Adaptive Learning in Medical Education: The Final Piece of Technology Enhanced Learning? Technology enhanced learning (TEL) is now common practice in the field of medical education. One of the primary examples of its use is that of high fidelity simulation and computerised mannequins. Further examples include online learning modules, electronic portfolios, virtual patient interactions, massive open online courses and the flipped classroom movement. The rise of TEL has occurred primarily due (...) to the ease of internet access enabling the retrieval and sharing of information in an instant. Furthermore, the compact nature of internet ready devices such as smartphones and laptops has meant that access to information can occur anytime and anywhere. From an educational perspective however, the current utilisation of TEL has been hindered by its lack of understanding of learners' needs. This is concerning, particularly as evidence highlights that during medical training, each individual learner has

2017 The Ulster medical journal PubMed abstract

150. [A study on the effectiveness and needs of patient education in patients with rheumatoid arthritis]

. A short-term evaluation within 3 months after conduction of patient education showed that pain, the numbers of swollen joints, the numbers of tender joints and depression were reduced, and resilience and knowledge increased in the patients who had education compared to those who had usual care, with a statistical significance. Demand survey Demand survey of rheumatoid arthritis patient education was conducted with rheumatoid arthritis patients and rheumatologists to understand the current situation (...) [A study on the effectiveness and needs of patient education in patients with rheumatoid arthritis] [A study on the effectiveness and needs of patient education in patients with rheumatoid arthritis] [A study on the effectiveness and needs of patient education in patients with rheumatoid arthritis] Yun JE, Park SH, Kim YJ, Lee LR, Kim JM Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

151. Possible Effect of Video and Written Education on Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography. (Abstract)

Possible Effect of Video and Written Education on Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography. The aim of this study was to investigate possible effects of video and written education on anxiety of patients undergoing coronary angiography.The study design was quasi-experimental.This randomized controlled semitrial model included patients who underwent coronary angiography between October 2015 and May 2016 at the Department of Cardiology of a university hospital. The number of subjects (...) determined by power analysis was 90 patients in three groups. Written education, video education, and control groups were included. Data were collected using personal information forms, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and physiological variables.There was a statistically significant difference in the mean scores of state anxiety, satisfaction, and physiological variables after education, compared with baseline, in both patient and control groups (P < .005).Our study results suggest that education given

2018 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

152. [Patient education for adults with atopic dermatitis according to the ARNE concept]. (Abstract)

[Patient education for adults with atopic dermatitis according to the ARNE concept]. Atopic dermatitis (AD) represents a chronic inflammatory skin disease showing a 1-year prevalence of 2-3% during adulthood. In a national randomized, controlled multicenter study initiated by the "Arbeitsgemeinschaft Neurodermitisschulung im Erwachsenenalter" (ARNE, Working Group on Educational Training for Adults with Atopic Dermatitis) a program for structured patient education conducted (...) by a multiprofessional team was developed and evaluated. At 1‑year follow-up, coping behavior with respect to itch (assessed by the "Juckreiz-Kognitions-Fragebogen", p < 0.001) and in quality of life (Skindex-29, p < 0.001) significantly improved in patients who had participated in this 12 h patient educational program (n = 168) compared to the waiting control group (n = 147). Moreover, the training led to a significantly greater reduction in disease severity (SCORAD Index, p < 0.001). In this first randomized

2018 Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete Controlled trial quality: uncertain

153. The Effect of Education on the Anxiety Level of Patients Before Thyroidectomy. (Abstract)

The Effect of Education on the Anxiety Level of Patients Before Thyroidectomy. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of preoperative education on the level of anxiety provided to patients scheduled for thyroidectomy using education brochures on the level of anxiety.The study design was quasi-experimental.The study data were collected using the Patient Information Form and the Turkish version of the Anxiety Specific to Surgery Questionnaire (ASSQ). Study group patients were informed (...) by brochure before 24 hours. Control group patients were informed verbally during routine preoperative preparation or 1 day before surgery. Test and control group patients were resubjected to the ASSQ before being transported from their unit beds to the operating room.There was no significant difference in the mean scores of the pretest and final test ASSQ scores for the test and control groups (P > .05).Our study results showed that education provided to the patients scheduled for thyroid surgery using

2018 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: uncertain

154. The SCD-Well randomized controlled trial: Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention versus health education on mental health in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). (Full text)

The SCD-Well randomized controlled trial: Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention versus health education on mental health in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Subjectively experienced cognitive decline in older adults is an indicator of increased risk for dementia and is also associated with increased levels of anxiety symptoms. As anxiety is itself emerging as a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia, the primary question of the present study is whether an 8-week (...) mindfulness-based intervention can significantly reduce anxiety symptoms in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). The secondary questions pertain to whether such changes extend to other domains of psychological, social, and biological functioning (including cognition, self-regulation, lifestyle, well-being and quality of life, sleep, and selected blood-based biomarkers) associated with mental health, older age, and risk for dementia.SCD-Well is a multicenter, observer-blinded, randomized

2018 Alzheimer's & dementia (New York, N. Y.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

155. The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients (Full text)

The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a fall prevention educational session on fall risk knowledge, use of fall prevention interventions and the number of falls in community-dwelling older persons attending physical therapy.This pilot study used a mixed method design consisting of a quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design followed by a qualitative (...) interview.An educational intervention was given with pre- and posttest questionnaires to determine the outcome measures of: (a) fall risk knowledge; (b) number of participants implementing fall prevention techniques; and (c) the number of falls sustained for 60 days post the educational sessions. The Health Belief Model served as the theoretical underpinnings for development and presentation of two educational sessions.Eight of 20 participants completed the fall prevention educational sessions

2018 Nursing open PubMed abstract

156. Narrative medicine educational project to improve the care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Full text)

Narrative medicine educational project to improve the care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by a progressive loss of pulmonary function. Often patients do not adhere to inhaled therapies and this leads clinicians to switch treatments in order to improve control of the symptoms. Narrative medicine is a useful approach that helps healthcare professionals to think over the doctor-patient relationship and how (...) patients live with their disease. The aim of this training project was to teach pulmonologists the basics of narrative medicine: to carefully listen to patients and to practice reflective writing in their relationship with them. Training on narrative medicine and parallel charts was provided through a webinar and a weekly newsletter. Across 362 narratives, written by 74 Italian pulmonologists, 92% of patients had activity limitations at their first visit. The main factor influencing the effectiveness

2018 ERJ open research PubMed abstract

157. Radiation therapy patient education using VERT: combination of technology with human care (Full text)

Radiation therapy patient education using VERT: combination of technology with human care The Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) system is a recently available tool for radiation therapy education. The majority of research regarding VERT-based education is focused on students, with a growing area of research being VERT's role in patient education. Because large differences in educational requirements exist between students and patients, focused resources and subsequent (...) evaluations are necessary to provide solid justification for the unique benefits and challenges posed by VERT in a patient education context. This commentary article examines VERT's role in patient education, with a focus on salient visual features, VERT's ability to address some of the spatial challenges associated with RT patient education and how to combine technology with human care.© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf

2018 Journal of medical radiation sciences PubMed abstract

158. Effects of spinal manipulation and pain education on pain in patients with chronic low back pain: a protocol of randomized sham-controlled trial (Full text)

Effects of spinal manipulation and pain education on pain in patients with chronic low back pain: a protocol of randomized sham-controlled trial Low back pain (LBP) has more than doubled in the last 20 years, probably influenced by biopsychosocial factors. Noninvasive treatments have been applied in individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP as spinal manipulation and pain education. However, the neurophysiological effects of these treatments are not clear. The aim of this research is to verify (...) the pain control, functional and neurophysiological effects of spinal manipulation, and pain education in individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP.This research is an assessor and subject blinded, 2-arm, randomized sham-controlled trial and will be conducted at Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Florianópolis, Brazil. One hundred and twenty-eight individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP will be recruited for this study. Individuals will be randomly allocated into one of the two groups: (1) spinal

2018 Integrative medicine research Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

159. An educational initiative to improve the team-based care of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (Full text)

An educational initiative to improve the team-based care of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis A successful initiative to improve best care practice in IPF supported by electronic medical record changes http://ow.ly/ORxi30hBEmy.

2018 ERJ open research PubMed abstract

160. The effects of health promotion model-based educational program on self-care behaviors in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in Iran (Full text)

, Chi-Square tests, Mann-Whitney and ANCOVA at the significance level of p<0.05.The average score of total self-care behaviors in cardiac surgery patients was not significant between the two groups before education (p=0.065), but after training, a significant difference was observed between the two groups (p<0.001). The analysis of ANOVA with repeated measure indicated that following the intervention, significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of improvement of self-care (...) The effects of health promotion model-based educational program on self-care behaviors in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in Iran Post-operative self-care behaviors, have positive effects on increase in adaptability, and reduce cardiac surgery patients' disability. The present study is carried out aimed at determining the effect of education based on a health promotion model on the patients' self-care behaviors after coronary artery bypass surgery.This is a semi-experimental

2018 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

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