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Parietal Lobe

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161. Structural and functional fractionation of right superior parietal cortex in bistable perception Full Text available with Trip Pro

England Curr Biol 9107782 0960-9822 IM Curr Biol. 2010 Sep 28;20(18):1626-30 20727757 Curr Biol. 2010 Sep 28;20(18):R799-800 20869603 Brain Mapping Humans Parietal Lobe anatomy & histology physiology Photic Stimulation Visual Perception physiology 2011 2 9 6 0 2011 2 9 6 0 2011 7 2 6 0 ppublish 21300270 S0960-9822(10)01595-2 10.1016/j.cub.2010.12.009 PMC3084447 Curr Biol. 2010 Sep 28;20(18):1626-30 20727757 J Neurosci. 2011 Mar 2;31(9):3143-7 21368025 Nat Rev Neurosci. 2002 Apr;3(4):261-70 11967556 (...) Structural and functional fractionation of right superior parietal cortex in bistable perception 21300270 2011 07 01 2018 11 13 1879-0445 21 3 2011 Feb 08 Current biology : CB Curr. Biol. Structural and functional fractionation of right superior parietal cortex in bistable perception. R106-7 10.1016/j.cub.2010.12.009 Kanai Ryota R Carmel David D Bahrami Bahador B Rees Geraint G eng 082334 Wellcome Trust United Kingdom Wellcome Trust United Kingdom Comment Letter Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

2011 Current Biology

162. Lower effective connectivity between amygdala and parietal regions in response to fearful faces in schizophrenia. (Abstract)

of the precuneus and parietal lobe, compared to healthy controls. These regions have been associated with emotion processing and high level social cognition tasks involving self related processing and mental representations about other people. The reduced amygdala connectivity in schizophrenia shown here further illuminates the neural basis for the behavioral abnormalities in emotional and social function found in the disorder.Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (...) Lower effective connectivity between amygdala and parietal regions in response to fearful faces in schizophrenia. Behavioral abnormalities related to processing negative emotions such as fear have been demonstrated in schizophrenia. The amygdala is strongly associated with fear processing, and alterations in amygdala function and structure have been demonstrated in schizophrenia. Further, functional disconnectivity has been attributed as key to the etiology of schizophrenia, with a number

2011 Schizophrenia Research

163. Timing spatial conflict within the parietal cortex: a TMS study. (Abstract)

Timing spatial conflict within the parietal cortex: a TMS study. Orienting and motor attention are known to recruit different regions within right and left parietal lobes. However, the time course and the role played by these modules when visual information competes for different motor response are still unknown. To deal with this issue, single-pulse TMS was applied over the angular (AG) and the supramarginal (SMG) gyri of both hemispheres at several time intervals during the execution (...) are temporally, functionally, and spatially separated in the posterior parietal cortex, and both contribute to prime motor response during spatial conflict.

2011 Journal of cognitive neuroscience

164. Pedunculated parietal pleural lesion: a rare presentation of bronchogenic cyst. (Abstract)

Pedunculated parietal pleural lesion: a rare presentation of bronchogenic cyst. We present a 35-year-old man with a preoperative diagnosis of a right lower lobe cystic mass. Misled by a radiological suggestion of an intraparenchymal lesion, he had a thoracotomy and right lower lobectomy. An intraoperative finding of a pedunculated cyst arising from the parietal pleural with subsequent histopathology confirmation of a benign bronchogenic cyst, however, would have made a less invasive surgical

2011 Annals of Thoracic Surgery

165. Widespread cortical thinning in children with frontal lobe epilepsy. (Abstract)

Widespread cortical thinning in children with frontal lobe epilepsy. Spread of seizure activity outside the frontal lobe due to cortico-cortical connections can result in alteration in the cortex beyond the frontal lobe in children with intractable frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). The aim of this study was to identify regions of reduced cortical thickness in children with intractable FLE.High-resolution volumetric T(1)-weighted imaging was performed on 17 children with FLE, who were being evaluated (...) for epilepsy surgery, and 26 age-matched healthy controls. The cortical thickness of 12 patients with left FLE and 5 patients with right FLE was compared to controls. The clusters of cortical thinning were regressed against age of seizure onset, duration of epilepsy, seizure frequency, and number of medications.In children with left FLE, cortical thinning was present in the left superior frontal, paracentral, precuneus, cingulate, inferior parietal, supramarginal, postcentral, and superior temporal gyri

2011 Epilepsia

166. Neocortical thinning in "benign" mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. (Abstract)

Neocortical thinning in "benign" mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. In refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) extrahippocampal and neocortical abnormalities have been described in patients with or without mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). Recently we observed gray matter reductions in regions outside the hippocampus in benign MTLE with or without MTS. Cortical thickness has been proposed as a viable methodologic alternative for assessment of neuropathologic changes in extratemporal regions (...) ). Other areas were localized in the occipital cortex, left supramarginal gyrus, left superior parietal gyrus, left paracentral sulcus, left inferior/middle/superior frontal gyrus, left inferior frontal sulcus, right cingulate cortex, right superior frontal gyrus, right inferior parietal gyrus, right fusiform gyrus, and cuneus/precuneus. In the nMTLE, a similar neurodegenerative pattern was detected, although not surviving correction for multiple comparisons. Direct comparison between pMTLE and nMTLE

2011 Epilepsia

167. Increased anterior cingulate and temporal lobe activity during visuospatial working memory in children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

at all three WkM loads. On functional imaging, EOS patients demonstrated increased activation in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), medial temporal lobe structures, the insula, and bilateral lateral temporal lobes.Patients with EOS demonstrate increased activity in limbic structures and regions involved in processing primary and secondary sensory information. In addition, EOS patients had load dependent decreased activity in the parietal lobe. Unlike studies in adults, we did not find that EOS (...) Increased anterior cingulate and temporal lobe activity during visuospatial working memory in children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Similar to adults, children and adolescents with schizophrenia present with significant working memory (WkM) deficits. However, unlike adults, findings of abnormal activity in the prefrontal cortex in early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) are not consistently reported. Since WkM continues to develop through adolescence and into early adulthood, patterns

2011 Schizophrenia Research

168. Hyperactivation of parahippocampal region and fusiform gyrus associated with successful encoding in medial temporal lobe epilepsy. (Abstract)

Hyperactivation of parahippocampal region and fusiform gyrus associated with successful encoding in medial temporal lobe epilepsy. Performance in recognition memory differs among patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). We aimed to determine if distinct recognition performances (normal vs. impaired) could be related to distinct patterns of brain activation during encoding.Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activation profiles were obtained during successful (...) exhibited normal performance relative to controls. In comparison to healthy subjects and patients with impaired recognition, patients with normal recognition showed weaker activations in left opercular cortex, but stronger activations in bilateral parahippocampal region/fusiform gyrus (PH/FG). By contrast, patients with impaired performance showed weaker activations in bilateral PH/FG, but stronger activations in a frontal/cingulate and parietal network. Recognition performance was correlated positively

2011 Epilepsia

169. Attention, Intention, and Priority in the Parietal Lobe Full Text available with Trip Pro

Attention, Intention, and Priority in the Parietal Lobe For many years there has been a debate about the role of the parietal lobe in the generation of behavior. Does it generate movement plans (intention) or choose objects in the environment for further processing? To answer this, we focus on the lateral intraparietal area (LIP), an area that has been shown to play independent roles in target selection for saccades and the generation of visual attention. Based on results from a variety

2010 Annual review of neuroscience

170. True Memory, False Memory, and Subjective Recollection Deficits after Focal Parietal Lobe Lesions Full Text available with Trip Pro

True Memory, False Memory, and Subjective Recollection Deficits after Focal Parietal Lobe Lesions There is mounting evidence that the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) plays an important role in episodic memory. We previously found that patients with PPC damage exhibit retrieval-related episodic memory deficits. Here we assess whether parietal lobe damage affects episodic memory on a different task: the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false-memory paradigm.Two patients with bilateral PPC damage (...) of recollection, as tested by a Remember/Know procedure.PPC damage causes decreased levels of false memories and an abnormal Remember/Know profile. Their false memory rate is similar to the rate exhibited by patients with medial temporal lobe damage. These results support the view that portions of the PPC play a critical role in objective and subjective aspects of recollection.

2010 Neuropsychology

171. Relationship between volume of services and quality of treatment outcome for lung cancer - rapid report

]. The standard surgical treatment of lung carcinoma is anatomic resection in the form of lobectomy (removal of a pulmonary lobe) or pneumonectomy (removal of one lung) with systematic lymphadenectomy. In central tumours, lobectomies can also be performed in the form of sleeve resection at the bronchus and/or pulmonary artery to avoid pneumonectomy in many cases. Smaller tumours can also be anatomically resected at the segment level, but due to a lack of study data, it is currently unclear whether segmental (...) involving the resection of the visceral and parietal pleura. Extrapleural pleuropneumectomy, in contrast, involves the radical resection of all contents of one side of the thorax, including the pleura, lung, diaphragm, and pericardium [16, 32]. Even in case of metastases within the lung, surgical procedures can be used with curative intent, provided that the metastases are limited to the lung. Likewise, in case of recurrent metastatic development isolated in the lung, repeat surgery can be performed [15

2019 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG)

172. Neurosonography in Neonates and Infants

horns. Include parietal and occipital lobes and the posterior interhemispheric ?ssure. ? Extra-axial ?uid spaces: use high-frequency linear transducers to obtain a coronal magni?cation view AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of Neurosonography in Neonates and Infants 2 J Ultrasound Med 2020; 9999:1–5of the extra-axial ?uid space, including peripheral brain structures (superior sagittal sinus at the level of frontal horns; measure the sinocortical distance, craniocortical distance, and width (...) , by convention, should have the patient’s right side on the left side of the image. Representative coronal views should be obtained by sweeping through the entire brain, from anterior to posterior, using the anterior fontanelle as a sonic window. Coronal views should include the following, sequentially: ? Frontal lobes anterior to the frontal horns of the lateral ventricles with orbits visualized deep to the skull base. ? Frontal horns or bodies of lateral ventricles and interhemispheric ?ssure. ? Include

2020 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

173. Transbronchial Cryobiopsy for the Diagnosis of Interstitial Lung Diseases: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report

suggest biopsy of at least two different sites (either different segments in the same lobe or different lobes) (Weak Recommendation, Low-Quality Evidence). Remarks: TBC of two sites is associated with a substantiallyhigherriskofpneumothoraxcomparedwith TBC of one site (24.6% vs 15.2%). The risk of increased pneumothorax must be weighed against the bene?tof improved diagnostic yield, particularly in patients with advanced structural damage in the lung parenchyma. 3. In patients with suspected ILD (...) and retrospective cohort studies Case series/reports KQ 4: Comparative Safety of Transbronchial Cryobiopsy Procedural Characteristics Population Patients with suspected interstitialpneumoniaundergoing transbronchial lung cryobiopsy None Interventions Transbronchial cryobiopsy: a) of one lobe; b) of one segment; c) with a 1.9 mm probe; d) with a freeze time of#5seconds;e)ofadistance#1cmfromthepleura; f) using an endobronchial blocker; g) using ?uoroscopy None Comparators Transbronchialcryobiopsy:a

2020 American College of Chest Physicians

174. Diagnosis and Treatment of Clinical Alzheimer’s-Type Dementia

Techniques 64 Key Messages 64 Eligible Studies 65 Overall Study Characteristics 65 Harms 66 Amyloid PET 66 FDG-PET 69 SPECT: Cerebral Perfusion 72 MRI Medial Temporal Lobe Atrophy (MTA) 74 Brain Imaging Combinations 77 CSF Biomarkers 77 Key Messages 77 Eligible Studies 78 Overall Study Characteristics 78 Harms 79 CSF Aß42 Levels 79 CSF t-tau Levels 82 CSF p-tau Levels 84 CSF Aß42/t-tau or t-tau/Aß42 Ratio 86 CSF Aß42/p-tau Ratio 88 Combinations of CSF Tests 88 Comparative Accuracy of CSF Biomarkers 89

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

176. Assessment of pruritus

-92. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24041961?tool=bestpractice.com Papoiu AD, Coghill RC, Kraft RA, et al. A tale of two itches. Common features and notable differences in brain activation evoked by cowhage and histamine induced itch. Neuroimage. 2012;59:3611-3623. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3288667/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22100770?tool=bestpractice.com Induced itch stimuli co-activate the anterior cingulate cortex, supplementary motor area, and inferior parietal (...) lobe predominantly in the left hemisphere. Following itch induction, the multiple activated sites in the brain argue against the existence of a single itch centre and reflect the multidimensionality of pruritus. Steinhoff M, Bienenstock J, Schmelz M, et al. Neurophysiological, neuroimmunological, and neuroendocrine basis of pruritus. J Invest Dermatol. 2006;126:1705-1718. http://www.jidonline.org/article/S0022-202X(15)33013-X/fulltext http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16845410?tool

2018 BMJ Best Practice

177. Assessment of pruritus

-92. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24041961?tool=bestpractice.com Papoiu AD, Coghill RC, Kraft RA, et al. A tale of two itches. Common features and notable differences in brain activation evoked by cowhage and histamine induced itch. Neuroimage. 2012;59:3611-3623. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3288667/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22100770?tool=bestpractice.com Induced itch stimuli co-activate the anterior cingulate cortex, supplementary motor area, and inferior parietal (...) lobe predominantly in the left hemisphere. Following itch induction, the multiple activated sites in the brain argue against the existence of a single itch centre and reflect the multidimensionality of pruritus. Steinhoff M, Bienenstock J, Schmelz M, et al. Neurophysiological, neuroimmunological, and neuroendocrine basis of pruritus. J Invest Dermatol. 2006;126:1705-1718. http://www.jidonline.org/article/S0022-202X(15)33013-X/fulltext http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16845410?tool

2018 BMJ Best Practice

178. Assessment of coma

of impaired awareness most commonly seen with lesions of the non-dominant parietal lobe or prefrontal cortex. Alerting/wakefulness is preserved to a large degree. Encephalopathy Diffuse disturbance of cerebral function in the absence of overt parenchymal inflammation or structural abnormality. There are numerous encephalopathies due to electrolyte disturbances, disturbances in thyroid function, inborn errors of metabolism (e.g., porphyria, mitochondrial disorders), organ failure (e.g., hepatic (...) discharges in the brain, either as absence/petit mal seizures (bifrontal or diffuse cortical and thalamic involvement), complex partial seizures (usually of temporal lobe origin, associated with diffuse limbic involvement and cerebral cortical inhibition), or generalised convulsive seizures (with seizure discharges involving both cerebral hemispheres and brainstem structures). Coma can be prolonged in status epilepticus (e.g., non-convulsive status epilepticus as diagnosed by EEG). Convulsive movements

2018 BMJ Best Practice

180. ACR–ASNR Practice Parameter for Brain PET/CT Imaging Dementia Res. 17 – 2015 - 2019

degeneration or injury: elevated CSF tau protein (both total and phosphorylated tau); decreased F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on PET in a specific topographic pattern involving posterior cingulate/precuneus and temporoparietal cortex; and atrophy on structural magnetic resonance, again in a specific topographic pattern involving medial, basal, and lateral temporal lobes and medial and lateral parietal cortices [9]. Biomarkers of Aß amyloid are indicative of initiating upstream events that may

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

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