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Parietal Lobe

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41. A brief comparative review of primate posterior parietal cortex: a novel hypothesis on the human toolmaker (PubMed)

ways, including the development of a dorsal object vision system mirroring the complexity of the ventral stream, the integration of object information with parietal working memory systems, and the emergence of tool-specific object representations in the anterior intraparietal sulcus and regions of the inferior parietal lobe. We propose that these evolutionary changes have enabled the emergence of human-specific behaviors, such as the sophisticated use of tools.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All (...) A brief comparative review of primate posterior parietal cortex: a novel hypothesis on the human toolmaker The primate visual system contains two major cortical pathways: a ventral-temporal pathway that has been associated with object processing and recognition, and a dorsal-parietal pathway that has been associated with spatial processing and action guidance. Our understanding of the role of the dorsal pathway, in particular, has greatly evolved within the framework of the two-pathway

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2017 Neuropsychologia

42. Mapping Temporo-parietal and Temporo-occipital Cortico-cortical Connections of the Human Middle Longitudinal Fascicle in Subject-Specific, Probabilistic, and Stereotaxic Talairach Spaces (PubMed)

of the superior temporal gyrus and dorsal temporal pole with the parietal and occipital lobes. Despite its location and size, which makes MdLF one of the most prominent cerebral association fiber tracts, its discovery in humans is recent. Given the absence of a gold standard in humans for this fiber tract, its precise and complete connectivity remains to be determined with certainty. In this study using high angular resolution diffusion MRI (HARDI), we delineated for the first time, six major fiber (...) temporal gyrus and temporal pole with the parietal and occipital lobes, MdLF may be involved in several neurological and psychiatric conditions such as primary progressive aphasia and other aphasic syndromes, some forms of behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia, atypical forms of Alzheimer's disease, corticobasal degeneration, schizophrenia as well as attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder and neglect disorders.

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2017 Brain imaging and behavior

43. Language, Paleoneurology, and the Fronto-Parietal System (PubMed)

Language, Paleoneurology, and the Fronto-Parietal System 28713257 2019 01 13 1662-5161 11 2017 Frontiers in human neuroscience Front Hum Neurosci Language, Paleoneurology, and the Fronto-Parietal System. 349 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00349 Bruner Emiliano E Programa de Paleobiología, Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución HumanaBurgos, Spain. eng Journal Article 2017 06 30 Switzerland Front Hum Neurosci 101477954 1662-5161 embodiment frontal lobes functional craniology parietal lobes

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2017 Frontiers in human neuroscience

44. Transfer of cognitive training across magnitude dimensions achieved with concurrent brain stimulation of the parietal lobe. (PubMed)

Transfer of cognitive training across magnitude dimensions achieved with concurrent brain stimulation of the parietal lobe. Improvement in performance following cognitive training is known to be further enhanced when coupled with brain stimulation. Here we ask whether training-induced changes can be maintained long term and, crucially, whether they can extend to other related but untrained skills. We trained overall 40 human participants on a simple and well established paradigm assessing (...) the ability to discriminate numerosity--or the number of items in a set--which is thought to rely on an "approximate number sense" (ANS) associated with parietal lobes. We coupled training with parietal stimulation in the form of transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), a noninvasive technique that modulates neural activity. This yielded significantly better and longer lasting improvement (up to 16 weeks post-training) of the precision of the ANS compared with cognitive training in absence

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2013 The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

45. Dysfunctional role of parietal lobe during self-face recognition in schizophrenia. (PubMed)

Dysfunctional role of parietal lobe during self-face recognition in schizophrenia. Anomalous sense of self is central to schizophrenia yet difficult to demonstrate empirically. The present study examined the effective neural network connectivity underlying self-face recognition in patients with schizophrenia (SZ) using [15O]H2O Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Structural Equation Modeling.Eight SZ and eight age-matched healthy controls (CO) underwent six consecutive [15O]H2O PET scans

2013 Schizophrenia Research

46. Mystery Case: Hemiballism in a patient with parietal lobe infarction. (PubMed)

Mystery Case: Hemiballism in a patient with parietal lobe infarction. A 60-year-old man with a history of atrial fibrillation had an acute onset of ballistic movements of the left limbs with sensory extinction (video on the Neurology® Web site at www.neurology.org). The patient was treated with risperidone and anticoagulant; symptoms subsided 3 days later. Brain MRI showed acute infarction of the right posterior parietal lobe (figure 1) and SPECT revealed hypoperfusion in the right

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2013 Neurology

47. On the impact of interhemispheric white matter: Age, executive functioning, and dedifferentiation in the frontal lobes. (PubMed)

On the impact of interhemispheric white matter: Age, executive functioning, and dedifferentiation in the frontal lobes. In middle age, declines in executive functioning (EF) are associated with decrements in the quality and/or quantity of white and grey matter. Recruitment of homologous regions has been identified as a compensatory mechanism for cognitive decline in later middle age; however, research into neural substrates of EF has yet to be guided by dedifferentiation models. We hypothesized (...) that frontal-parietal grey matter volume, interhemispheric white matter, and intrahemispheric white matter fractional anisotropy will be predictive of EF. Further, we hypothesized that the comparative association between interhemispheric white matter and EF will increase with age, because of compensatory recruitment.Neurocognitive test data, DTI, and T1 MPRAGE scans (n = 444) were obtained from the NKI-Rockland Sample. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship between age, EF

2018 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

48. Decreased functional connectivity and structural deficit in alertness network with right-sided temporal lobe epilepsy. (PubMed)

, no differences were noted in the alertness effect between the 2 groups. The patient group had lower FC compared with the control group in the right inferior parietal lobe (IPL), amygdala, and insula. Structural deficits were found in the right parahippocampal gyrus, superior temporal pole, insula, and amygdala in the patient group compared with the control group. Also significantly negative correlations were observed between abnormal fractional anisotropy (between the right insula and the superior temporal (...) Decreased functional connectivity and structural deficit in alertness network with right-sided temporal lobe epilepsy. Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often suffer from alertness alterations. However, specific regions connected with alertness remain controversial, and whether these regions have structural impairment is also elusive. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and neural mechanisms underlying the functions and structures of alertness network in patients

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2018 Medicine

49. Correlation of neuropsychological and metabolic changes after epilepsy surgery in patients with left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (PubMed)

in the left mesial temporal regions and occipital lobe. Increased metabolism was observed in the bi-frontal and right parietal lobes, temporal lobes, occipital lobes, thalamus, cerebellum, and vermis. In these regions, we did not find a correlation between changes in metabolism and neuropsychological test scores. A significant negative correlation, however, was found between metabolic changes in the precuneus and Boston Naming Test (BNT) scores.There are significant metabolic decreases in the left mesial (...) temporal regions and increases in the bi-frontal lobes; right parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes; right thalamus; cerebellum; and vermis in patients with left MTLE-HS who were rendered seizure-free after epilepsy surgery. We could not confirm that these changes translate into significant cognitive changes. A significant negative correlation was found between changes in confrontation naming and changes in metabolism in the precuneus. We speculate that the precuneus may play a compensatory role

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2018 EJNMMI research

50. Early bilateral and massive compromise of the frontal lobes (PubMed)

Early bilateral and massive compromise of the frontal lobes The frontal lobes are one of the most complex brain structures involved in both domain-general and specific functions. The goal of this work was to assess the anatomical and cognitive affectations from a unique case with massive bilateral frontal affectation. We report the case of GC, an eight-year old child with nearly complete affectation of bilateral frontal structures and spared temporal, parietal, occipital, and cerebellar regions (...) . We performed behavioral, neuropsychological, and imaging (MRI, DTI, fMRI) evaluations. Neurological and neuropsychological examinations revealed a mixed pattern of affected (executive control/abstraction capacity) and considerably preserved (consciousness, language, memory, spatial orientation, and socio-emotional) functions. Both structural (DTI) and functional (fMRI) connectivity evidenced abnormal anterior connections of the amygdala and parietal networks. In addition, brain structural

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2018 NeuroImage : Clinical

51. Global Visual Motion Sensitivity: Associations with Parietal Area and Children’s Mathematical Cognition (PubMed)

with individual differences in children's brain development, in a group of typically developing 5- to 12-year-olds. Good performance was associated with a relative increase in parietal lobe surface area, most strongly around the intraparietal sulcus and decrease in occipital area. In line with the involvement of intraparietal sulcus, areas in visuospatial and numerical cognition, we also found that global motion performance was correlated with tests of visuomotor integration and numerical skills. Individual (...) Global Visual Motion Sensitivity: Associations with Parietal Area and Children’s Mathematical Cognition Sensitivity to global visual motion has been proposed as a signature of brain development, related to the dorsal rather than ventral cortical stream. Thresholds for global motion have been found to be elevated more than for global static form in many developmental disorders, leading to the idea of "dorsal stream vulnerability." Here we explore the association of global motion thresholds

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2016 Journal of cognitive neuroscience

52. How Do Visual and Parietal Cortex Contribute to Visual Short-Term Memory? (PubMed)

, California 92093. Sprague Thomas C TC 0000-0001-9530-2463 Neurosciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093; Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York 10003. eng Journal Article Comment 2016 05 03 United States eNeuro 101647362 2373-2822 IM Nat Neurosci. 2016 Jan;19(1):150-7 26595654 Attention physiology Brain Mapping methods Female Humans Male Memory, Short-Term physiology Occipital Lobe physiology Parietal Lobe physiology Psychomotor (...) How Do Visual and Parietal Cortex Contribute to Visual Short-Term Memory? 27294194 2016 07 20 2018 12 02 2373-2822 3 2 2016 Mar-Apr eNeuro eNeuro How Do Visual and Parietal Cortex Contribute to Visual Short-Term Memory? 10.1523/ENEURO.0041-16.2016 ENEURO.0041-16.2016 Ester Edward F EF 0000-0002-1372-8768 Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego , La Jolla, California 92093. Rademaker Rosanne L RL Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego , La Jolla

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2016 eNeuro

53. Behaviorally Relevant Abstract Object Identity Representation in the Human Parietal Cortex (PubMed)

. Unlike previous studies, we also failed to observe identity representations in posterior ventral and lateral visual object-processing regions, likely due to the greater amount of identity abstraction demanded by our stimulus manipulation here. Our MRI slice coverage precluded us from examining identity representation in anterior temporal lobe, a likely region for the computing of identity information in the ventral region. Overall, we show that human parietal cortex, part of the dorsal visual (...) Behaviorally Relevant Abstract Object Identity Representation in the Human Parietal Cortex The representation of object identity is fundamental to human vision. Using fMRI and multivoxel pattern analysis, here we report the representation of highly abstract object identity information in human parietal cortex. Specifically, in superior intraparietal sulcus (IPS), a region previously shown to track visual short-term memory capacity, we found object identity representations for famous faces

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2016 The Journal of Neuroscience

54. Common and distinct brain regions in both parietal and frontal cortex support symbolic and nonsymbolic number processing in humans: A functional neuroimaging meta-analysis. (PubMed)

-dependent. In order to quantitatively evaluate the available neuroimaging evidence, we used activation likelihood estimation (ALE) to conduct quantitative meta-analyses of the results reported in 57 neuroimaging papers. Consistent with the existence of an abstract representation of number in the brain, conjunction analyses revealed overlapping activation for symbolic and nonsymbolic numbers in frontal and parietal lobes. Consistent with the notion of format-dependent activation, contrast analyses (...) Common and distinct brain regions in both parietal and frontal cortex support symbolic and nonsymbolic number processing in humans: A functional neuroimaging meta-analysis. In recent years, there has been substantial growth in neuroimaging studies investigating neural correlates of symbolic (e.g. Arabic numerals) and non-symbolic (e.g. dot arrays) number processing. At present it remains contested whether number is represented abstractly, or if number representations in the brain are format

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2016 NeuroImage

55. Decreased levels of active uPA and KLK8 assessed by [<sup>111</sup> In]MICA-401 binding correlate with the seizure burden in an animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy. (PubMed)

the 12-week time point. In the CCI model, in vitro autoradiography was performed at 4 days and ex vivo autoradiography at 7 days post-TBI.At 7 days post-SE, in vitro autoradiography revealed significantly decreased [111 In]MICA-401 binding in hippocampal CA3 subfield and extrahippocampal temporal lobe (ETL). In the chronic phase, when animals had developed spontaneous seizures, specific binding was decreased in CA3 and CA1/CA2 subfields of hippocampus, dentate gyrus, ETL, and parietal cortex (...) Decreased levels of active uPA and KLK8 assessed by [111 In]MICA-401 binding correlate with the seizure burden in an animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and kallikrein-related peptidase 8 (KLK8) are serine proteases that contribute to extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling after brain injury. They can be labelled with the novel radiotracer [111 In]MICA-401. As the first step in exploring the applicability of [111 In]MICA-401 in tracing

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2017 Epilepsia

56. Ipsiversive ictal eye deviation in inferioposterior temporal lobe epilepsy-Two SEEG cases report. (PubMed)

Ipsiversive ictal eye deviation in inferioposterior temporal lobe epilepsy-Two SEEG cases report. Versive seizure characterized by conjugate eye movement during epileptic seizure has been considered commonly as one of the most valuable semiological signs for epilepsy localization, especially for frontal lobe epilepsy. However, the lateralizing and localizing significance of ictaleye deviation has been questioned by clinical observation of a series of focal epilepsy studies, including frontal (...) , central, temporal, parietal and occipital epilepsy.Two epileptic cases characterized by ipsiversive eye deviation as initial clinical sign during the habitual epileptic seizures are presented in this paper. The localization of the epileptogenic zone of both of the cases has been confirmed as inferioposterior temporal region by the findings of ictalstereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) and a good result after epileptic surgery. Detailed analysis of the exact position of the key contacts of the SEEG

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2017 BMC Neurology

57. Executive Functions in Healthy Older Adults Are Differentially Related to Macro- and Microstructural White Matter Characteristics of the Cerebral Lobes (PubMed)

NAWM volume, and microstructural properties of parietal NAWM, the parietal WMH, and the temporal NAWM. Task-switching was related to microstructural properties of WMH of the frontal lobe and WMH volume of the parietal lobe. Our results confirm that executive functioning and processing speed are uniquely associated with macro- and microstructural properties of NAWM and WMH. We further demonstrate for the first time that these relationships differ by lobar region. This warrants the consideration (...) Executive Functions in Healthy Older Adults Are Differentially Related to Macro- and Microstructural White Matter Characteristics of the Cerebral Lobes Aging is associated with microstructural white matter (WM) changes. WM microstructural characteristics, measured with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), are different in normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and WM hyperintensities (WMH). It is largely unknown how the microstructural properties of WMH are associated with cognition

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2017 Frontiers in aging neuroscience

58. Identification of brain regions predicting epileptogenesis by serial [18F]GE-180 positron emission tomography imaging of neuroinflammation in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (PubMed)

Identification of brain regions predicting epileptogenesis by serial [18F]GE-180 positron emission tomography imaging of neuroinflammation in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy Excessive activation of inflammatory signaling pathways seems to be a hallmark of epileptogenesis. Positron emission tomography (PET) allows in vivo detection of brain inflammation with spatial information and opportunities for longitudinal follow-up scanning protocols. Here, we assessed whether molecular imaging (...) of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) can serve as a biomarker for the development of epilepsy. Therefore, brain uptake of [18F]GE-180, a highly selective radioligand of TSPO, was investigated in a longitudinal PET study in a chronic rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Analyses revealed that the influence of the epileptogenic insult on [18F]GE-180 brain uptake was most pronounced in the earlier phase of epileptogenesis. Differences were evident in various brain regions during earlier phases

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2017 NeuroImage : Clinical

59. Multimodal imaging of language reorganization in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (PubMed)

Multimodal imaging of language reorganization in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy This study explored the relationships among multimodal imaging, clinical features, and language impairment in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy (LTLE). Fourteen patients with LTLE and 26 controls underwent structural MRI, functional MRI, diffusion tensor imaging, and neuropsychological language tasks. Laterality indices were calculated for each imaging modality and a principal component (PC (...) ) was derived from language measures. Correlations were performed among imaging measures, as well as to the language PC. In controls, better language performance was associated with stronger left-lateralized temporo-parietal and temporo-occipital activations. In LTLE, better language performance was associated with stronger right-lateralized inferior frontal, temporo-parietal, and temporo-occipital activations. These right-lateralized activations in LTLE were associated with right-lateralized arcuate

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2017 Brain and language

60. Emotion unfolded by motion: a role for parietal lobe in decoding dynamic facial expressions (PubMed)

Emotion unfolded by motion: a role for parietal lobe in decoding dynamic facial expressions Facial expressions convey important emotional and social information and are frequently applied in investigations of human affective processing. Dynamic faces may provide higher ecological validity to examine perceptual and cognitive processing of facial expressions. Higher order processing of emotional faces was addressed by varying the task and virtual face models systematically. Blood oxygenation (...) activation of inferior parietal lobule, which highlights the involvement of parietal areas in processing of high level features of faces. Dynamic emotional stimuli may help to emphasize functions of the hypothesized 'extended' over the 'core' system for face processing.

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2012 Social cognitive and affective neuroscience

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