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Parietal Lobe

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281. Cerebrovascular Accident in a Pediatric Patient Presenting With Influenza. (Abstract)

, tachypneic, and hypoxic. Her skin was mottled with 3-s capillary refill, her anterior fontanelle was tense, and she had mute Babinski reflex bilaterally but was moving all extremities. The patient was hyponatremic, thrombocytopenic, and tested positive for influenza A. A computed tomography scan of the brain revealed an acute infarction involving the right frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes in addition to hyperdensities concerning for thrombosed cortical veins. The patient was transferred

2019 Journal of Emergency Medicine

282. 4-Factor Prothrombin Complex Concentrate Administration via Intraosseous Access for Urgent Reversal of Warfarin. (Abstract)

scan showing intraparenchymal hemorrhage in the right temporal lobe. Multiple attempts for IV access at various sites were unsuccessful. Therefore, IO access was established. Because of his prolonged prothrombin time, elevated INR, and intraparenchymal hemorrhage, the decision was made to use 4-factor PCC to reverse the supratherapeutic INR. The INR normalized as an emergent right parietal hematoma evacuation was performed. After an inpatient course, the patient was eventually discharged. WHY

2019 Journal of Emergency Medicine

283. Interactive impact of childhood maltreatment, depression, and age on cortical brain structure: mega-analytic findings from a large multi-site cohort. Full Text available with Trip Pro

reporting both childhood neglect and abuse had a lower cortical thickness in the inferior parietal lobe, middle temporal lobe, and precuneus compared to participants not exposed to CM. In males only, regardless of diagnosis, CM severity was associated with higher cortical thickness of the rostral anterior cingulate cortex. Finally, a significant interaction between CM and age in predicting thickness was seen across several prefrontal, temporal, and temporo-parietal regions.Severity and type of CM may (...) Questionnaire were assessed and structural magnetic resonance imaging data from patients with MDD and healthy controls were analyzed in a mega-analysis comprising a total of 3872 participants aged between 13 and 89 years. Cortical thickness and surface area were extracted at each site using FreeSurfer.CM severity was associated with reduced cortical thickness in the banks of the superior temporal sulcus and supramarginal gyrus as well as with reduced surface area of the middle temporal lobe. Participants

2019 Psychological Medicine

284. Automated cortical thickness and skewness feature selection in bipolar disorder using a semi-supervised learning method. (Abstract)

are considered. We obtained that the parietal lobe and some areas in the temporal sulcus were the regions which were the most involved with BD.The major limitation of our work is the limited size or our dataset, but in line with other recent machine learning works in the field. Moreover, we considered chronic patients, whose brain characteristics may thus be affected.The automatic selection of the brain regions most involved in BD may be of great importance when dealing with the pathogenesis of the disorder

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

285. Early childhood trauma alters neurological responses to mental stress in patients with coronary artery disease. (Abstract)

stress within the left anterior cingulate, bilateral frontal lobe and deactivations (p < 0.005) within the left insula, left parahippocampal gyrus, right dorsal anterior cingulate, bilateral cerebellum, bilateral fusiform gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus, and right parietal lobe. Significant (p < 0.005) positive correlations between brain activation and ETI-SR-SF scores were observed within the left hippocampus, bilateral frontal lobe, left occipital cuneus, and bilateral temporal lobe.Results

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

286. Comparison of brain microstructure after prenatal spina bifida repair by either laparotomy assisted fetoscopic or open approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

). Presurgical MRI diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was obtained in 30 cases (14 Fetoscopic vs. 16 Open) and in 48 cases at 6 weeks post-surgery (24 Fetoscopic vs. 24 Open). At 1 year of age, MRI DWI scans from 23 infants were collected (5 Fetoscopic vs. 18 Open). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values from basal ganglia, frontal, occipital and parietal lobes, mesencephalon and genu as well as splenium of the corpus callosum were calculated. ADC values at each of these time points and the % change

2019 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

287. The Influence of Maternal Parenting Style on the Neural Correlates of Emotion Processing in Children. (Abstract)

behavior during the problem-solving interaction was associated with connectivity between the amygdala and superior parietal lobe. Brain activity/connectivity was not related to internalizing symptoms.Results suggest that, in children, maternal behavior could be associated with activity in brain regions involved in emotion processing. However, more research is needed to elucidate the link among parenting, emotion processing, and depressive symptoms in young people.Copyright © 2019 American Academy

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

288. Metabolic Patterns across core features in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). (Abstract)

cingulate and parietal metabolism and RBD with bilateral parieto-occipital cortex, precuneus and ventrolateral-frontal metabolism. VH and RBD shared a positive covariance with metabolism in medial temporal lobe, cerebellum, brainstem, basal ganglia, thalami, orbitofrontal and sensorimotor cortex. Cognitive fluctuations negatively covaried with occipital metabolism and positively with parietal lobes metabolism. MMSE positively covaried with metabolism in left superior frontal gyrus, bilateral-parietal (...) relevant to the local data variance. A linear regression model was applied to generate core feature-specific patterns controlling for the main confounding variables (MMSE, Age, Education, Gender, and Center). Regression analysis to the locally-normalized intensities was performed to generate a MMSE score-sensitive map.Parkinsonism negatively covaried with bilateral parietal, precuneus and anterior cingulate metabolism, visual-hallucinations with bilateral dorsolateral-frontal cortex, posterior

2019 Annals of Neurology

289. Abnormal functional network centrality in drug-naïve boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (Abstract)

with altered DC as seeds to examine the remote functional connectivity (FC) of brain regions. We found that boys with ADHD exhibited (1) decreased centrality in the left superior temporal gyrus (STG) and increased centrality in the left superior occipital lobe (SOL) and right inferior parietal lobe (IPL); (2) decreased FC between the STG and the putamen and thalamus, which belong to the cognitive cortico-striatal-thalamic-cortical (CSTC) loop, and increased FC between the STG and medial/superior frontal

2019 European child & adolescent psychiatry

290. The temporoinsular projection system: an anatomical study. (Abstract)

progressive fashion.RESULTSThe insula is connected with the opercula of the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes through the extreme capsule, which represents a network of short association fibers. At the limen insulae, white matter fibers from the extreme capsule converge and loop around the uncinate fasciculus toward the temporal pole and the mesial temporal lobe, including the amygdaloid complex.CONCLUSIONSThe insula and the mesial temporal lobe are directly connected through white matter fibers

2019 Journal of Neurosurgery

291. Propofol Anesthesia Increases Long-range Frontoparietal Corticocortical Interaction in the Oculomotor Circuit in Macaque Monkeys. (Abstract)

of propofol on phase-amplitude coupling between different cortical areas have not previously been reported. Based on phase-amplitude coupling observed within frontal lobe during the anesthetized period, it was hypothesized that between-lead phase-amplitude coupling analysis should decrease between frontal and parietal leads during propofol anesthesia.A published monkey electrocorticography data set (N = 2 animals) was used to test for interactions in the cortical oculomotor circuit, which is robustly (...) coupling. Visual areas 2 and 1, which have similar anatomic projection patterns, show similar increases in phase-amplitude coupling, suggesting higher order feedback increases in influence during propofol anesthesia relative to wakefulness. This suggests that functional connectivity between frontal and parietal areas is not uniformly decreased by anesthetics.

2019 Anesthesiology

292. Safety and effectiveness of stereotactic laser ablation for epileptogenic cerebral cavernous malformations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

seizures associated with a CCM. Each patient underwent SLA of the CCM and adjacent cortex followed by standard clinical and imaging follow-up.All but one patient had chronic medically refractory epilepsy (median duration 8 years, range 0.5-52 years). Lesions were located in the temporal (13), frontal (five), and parietal (one) lobes. CCMs induced magnetic susceptibility artifacts during thermometry, but perilesional cortex was easily visualized. Fourteen of 17 patients (82%) with >12 months of follow

2019 Epilepsia

293. Resolution of left ventricular thrombus by edoxaban after failed treatment with warfarin overdose: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with warfarin for the LV thrombus and non-valvular AF. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed multiple acute infarction in the cortex of the bilateral frontal lobes, left parietal lobe, and bilateral central semiovale, which highly suggested embolic stroke.The repeated transthoracic echocardiogram still revealed LV thrombus (1.27 × 0.90 cm), which failed to respond to warfarin therapy.Due to acute infarctions occurred under supratherapeutic range of INR, we switched warfarin to edoxaban (dose: 60 mg

2019 Medicine

294. Gender-disease interaction on brain cerebral metabolism in cancer patients with depressive symptoms. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to explore the effects of cancer factor and gender factor in cerebral glucose metabolism. Beck Depression Inventory was utilized to quantify the depression symptoms in cancer patients.Our results showed significant cancer main effects primarily in superior frontal gyrus and parietal gyrus; and significant gender main effects primarily in cerebellum posterior lobe, inferior temporal gyrus. Significant gender-by-cancer interaction effects were also observed, which primarily located in superior frontal

2019 BMC Psychiatry

295. Laparoscopic Toupet Fundoplication After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Patient with Severe GERD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

on the symptoms; the patient had a 24-h pH and impedance manometry that showed an acid and non-acid reflux, and for that reason, we decided to perform a laparoscopic fundoplication. First, very dense adhesions of the greater omentum and the stomach to the parietal peritoneum and the left lobe of the liver are dissected. The gastric remnant is dissected from the pouch, and as the adhesions are very hard, we use a linear stapler device to definitely separate remnant from the pouch, then, short gastric vessels

2019 Obesity Surgery

296. FDG-PET patterns associated with underlying pathology in corticobasal syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in frontoparietal regions, including the perirolandic area, basal ganglia, and thalamus of the clinically more affected hemisphere. Patients with CBS-CBD showed a similar pattern with a more marked, bilateral involvement of the basal ganglia. Patients with CBS-AD presented with posterior, asymmetric hypometabolism, including the lateral parietal and temporal lobes and the posterior cingulate. Finally, patients with CBS-PSP disclosed a more anterior hypometabolic pattern, including the medial frontal regions

2019 Neurology

297. Follow-up brain imaging of 37 children with congenital Zika syndrome: case series study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

unchanged in two children. No child showed an increase in calcifications. The calcifications at the cortical-white matter junction which were no longer visible at follow-up occurred predominately in the parietal and occipital lobes. These imaging changes were not associated with any clear clinical improvements.Conclusion The detection of cerebral calcifications should not be considered a major criterion for late diagnosis of congenital Zika syndrome, nor should the absence of calcifications be used

2017 BMJ

298. A multicentre longitudinal study of flortaucipir (18F) in normal ageing, mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of tau burden. In subjects with lower global SUVr, temporal lobe regions showed the greatest flortaucipir retention, whereas in subjects with higher baseline SUVr, parietal and frontal regions were increasingly affected. Finally, baseline flortaucipir and change in flortaucipir SUVr were both significantly (P < 0.0001) associated with changes in cognitive performance. Taken together, these results provide a preliminary characterization of the longitudinal spread of tau in Alzheimer's disease

2019 Brain

299. Lesion Localization of Poststroke Lateropulsion. Full Text available with Trip Pro

- The lesion symptom mapping analysis of all lesions mapped onto a common hemisphere produced an overall significant model ( P<5×10-5) with a regional peak at the inferior parietal lobe at the junction of the post-central gyrus (Brodmann Area 2) and Brodmann Area 40 as the lesion location most associated with lateropulsion. Lesion volume was larger for patients with lateropulsion. Despite adequate matching, motor performance and total Functional Independence Measure scores differed at a group level between (...) patients with and without lateropulsion. Conclusions- This analysis implicated lesion involvement of the inferior parietal lobe as a key neuroanatomical determinant of developing lateropulsion. A better understanding of the anatomic underpinnings of lateropulsion may improve rehabilitation efforts, including the potential for informing noninvasive neuromodulation approaches.

2019 Stroke

300. Clinical diagnosis and mutation analysis of four Chinese families with succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of bilateral globus pallidus and basal ganglia in patient 1; hyperintensity of bilateral frontal-parietal lobe, widened ventricle and sulci in patient 2; and widened ventricle and sulci in patient 4. Electroencephalogram (EEG) revealed the background activity of epilepsy in patient 1 and the disappearance of sleep spindle in patient 2. Urine organic acid analysis revealed elevated GHB in all the patients. Mutational analysis, which was performed by sequencing the 10 exons and flanking the intronic regions

2019 BMC Medical Genetics

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