How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

2,745 results for

Parietal Lobe

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

2721. Loss of unilateral eye closure and right parietal lesion. Full Text available with Trip Pro

innervation Glioma physiopathology Humans Male Parietal Lobe physiopathology 1988 7 1 1988 7 1 0 1 1988 7 1 0 0 ppublish 3204392 PMC1033219 J Nerv Ment Dis. 1956 Mar;123(3):201-18 13367832 AMA Arch Neurol Psychiatry. 1955 Jun;73(6):597-601 14375424 (...) Loss of unilateral eye closure and right parietal lesion. 3204392 1989 01 30 2018 11 13 0022-3050 51 7 1988 Jul Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Loss of unilateral eye closure and right parietal lesion. 1008 Belin C C Larmande J J Gaymard B B Larmande P P eng Case Reports Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Aged Apraxias physiopathology Brain Neoplasms physiopathology Dominance, Cerebral physiology Eyelids

1988 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

2722. Paired transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols reveal a pattern of inhibition and facilitation in the human parietal cortex Full Text available with Trip Pro

the effects of paired TMS of the parietal cortex on contralateral tactile perception. Fifteen healthy subjects were involved in a task of discrimination of electrical stimuli delivered at near-threshold intensity of sensory perception over the left thumb. Paired TMS was delivered with a focal coil on the right posterior parietal lobe after various delays from the presentation of finger stimuli. The effects of different interstimulus intervals (ISI: 1, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 15 1 1 Bms1B) between the conditioning (...) Paired transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols reveal a pattern of inhibition and facilitation in the human parietal cortex Intracortical inhibition (ICI) and facilitation (ICF) of the human motor cortex can be induced by paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Although demonstrated in experimental animals, the existence of intracortical inhibitory and excitatory circuits in parietal sensory cortex has not been documented in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate

2000 The Journal of physiology

2723. Effects of left parietal injury on covert orienting of attention Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of left parietal injury on covert orienting of attention To assess the effects of left parietal injury on covert visual attention during a detection task and a pointing task.The Posner's paradigm was given to a patient who was found at the age of 74 to have spent all his life without the left parietal lobe as a result of a congenital perinatal insult and to a control subject. In one session subjects were required to provide an arbitrary response at stimulus appearance (key press (...) that mechanisms concerned with the attention for action systems are located within the left parietal lobe.

2002 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

2724. The acetylcholine releaser linopirdine increases parietal regional cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer's disease. (Abstract)

to controls. Patients treated with LPD showed an increase in parietal rCBF of 4.1 +/- 5.8%; whereas those treated with placebo showed a decrease of -2.0 +/- 7.4% (F = 5.13; df = 1, 22; P = 0.03). These data support the conclusion that rCBF abnormalities in AD are, in part, truly "functional" and can be selectively altered with pharmacological interventions. The parietal activation seen with LPD and other cholinergic AD drug therapies suggests the importance of measuring parietal lobe neuropsychological (...) The acetylcholine releaser linopirdine increases parietal regional cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer's disease. Centrally acting cholinergic drugs have been reported to increase regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as measured by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in brain regions affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD). We studied the effects of the acetylcholine releaser linopirdine (LPD) on SPECT rCBF in patients with probable AD. Twenty-four AD patients (12 M, 12 F; mean age

1997 Psychopharmacology

2725. Resection of parietal lobe gliomas: incidence and evolution of neurological deficits in 28 consecutive patients correlated to the location and morphological characteristics of the tumor. (Abstract)

Resection of parietal lobe gliomas: incidence and evolution of neurological deficits in 28 consecutive patients correlated to the location and morphological characteristics of the tumor. The goal of this study is to report the incidence and clinical evolution of neurological deficits in patients who underwent resection of gliomas confined to the parietal lobe.Patient demographics, findings of serial neurological examinations, tumor location and neuroimaging characteristics, extent of resection (...) , and surgical outcomes were tabulated by reviewing inpatient and office records, as well as all pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in 28 consecutive patients who underwent resection of a glial neoplasm found on imaging studies to be confined to the parietal lobe. Neurological deficits were correlated with hemispheric dominance, location of the lesion within the superior or inferior parietal lobules, subcortical extension, and involvement of the postcentral gyrus. The tumors were

2005 Journal of Neurosurgery

2726. Parietal lobe deficits in frontotemporal lobar degeneration caused by a mutation in the progranulin gene. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parietal lobe deficits in frontotemporal lobar degeneration caused by a mutation in the progranulin gene. To describe the clinical, neuropsychologic, and radiologic features of a family with a C31LfsX35 mutation in the progranulin gene CCDS11483.1).Case series.A large British kindred (DRC255) with a PGRN mutation was assessed. Affected individuals presented with a mean age of 57.8 years (range, 54-67 years) and a mean disease duration of 6.1 years (range, 2-11 years).All patients exhibited (...) a clinical and radiologic phenotype compatible with frontotemporal lobar degeneration based on current consensus criteria. However, unlike sporadic frontotemporal lobar degeneration, parietal deficits, consisting of dyscalculia, visuoperceptual /visuospatial dysfunction, and/or limb apraxia, were a common feature, and brain imaging showed posterior extension of frontotemporal atrophy to involve the parietal lobes. Other common clinical features included language output impairment with either dynamic

2008 Archives of Neurology

2727. Parietal lobe volume deficits in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. (Abstract)

Parietal lobe volume deficits in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. There has been little attention given to whether parietal lobe structural deficits are present in patients with schizophrenia and related personality disorders. The current study was designed to examine parietal volume alterations between schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder. Twenty-five patients with schizotypal disorder, 53 patients with schizophrenia, and 59 healthy volunteers were scanned using high-resolution (...) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Volume measurements of the postcentral gyrus (PoCG), precuneus, superior parietal gyrus (SuPG), supramarginal gyrus (SMG), and angular gyrus (AGG) were performed on consecutive 1-mm coronal slices. Gray matter volumes were reduced in all parietal subregions in patients with schizophrenia compared with healthy controls. White matter volumes were also reduced in the SuPG and PoCG. In contrast, the schizotypal subjects had gray matter reductions only in the PoCG, while

2007 Schizophrenia Research

2728. Parietal lobe epilepsy: the semiology, yield of diagnostic workup, and surgical outcome. (Abstract)

Parietal lobe epilepsy: the semiology, yield of diagnostic workup, and surgical outcome. To characterize the clinical features, the prognostic value, and diagnostic sensitivities of various presurgical evaluations and the surgical outcomes in parietal lobe epilepsy (PLE), we describe 40 patients who were diagnosed as having PLE, including 27 surgically treated patients.The diagnosis was established by means of a standard presurgical evaluation, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI

2004 Epilepsia

2729. Unilateral posterior parietal lobe lesions disrupt kinaesthetic representation of forearm orientation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unilateral posterior parietal lobe lesions disrupt kinaesthetic representation of forearm orientation. To apply the lesion method to assess neuroanatomical substrates for judgments of forearm orientation from proprioceptive cues in humans.Participants were 15 subjects with chronic unilateral brain lesions and stable behavioural deficits, and 14 neurologically normal controls. Subjects aligned the forearm to earth fixed vertical and trunk fixed anterior-posterior (A-P) axes ("straight ahead (...) "), with the head aligned to the trunk and with head and shoulder orientations varied on each trial.Most subjects with posterior parietal lobe lesions made larger variable errors than controls in aligning the forearm to the earth fixed vertical axis and the trunk A-P axes, whether the head was held upright or oriented in different positions. Lesion subjects and controls made similar constant errors for aligning the forearm to gravitational vertical. Variable error magnitude correlated positively with greater

2004 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

2730. Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging finding of discrepant fractional anisotropy between the frontal and parietal lobes after whole-brain irradiation in childhood medulloblastoma survivors: reflection of regional white matter radiosensitivity? (Abstract)

Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging finding of discrepant fractional anisotropy between the frontal and parietal lobes after whole-brain irradiation in childhood medulloblastoma survivors: reflection of regional white matter radiosensitivity? To test the hypothesis that fractional anisotropy (FA) is more severely reduced in white matter of the frontal lobe compared with the parietal lobe after receiving the same whole-brain irradiation dose in a cohort of childhood medulloblastoma (...) survivors.Twenty-two medulloblastoma survivors (15 male, mean [+/- SD] age = 12.1 +/- 4.6 years) and the same number of control subjects (15 male, aged 12.0 +/- 4.2 years) were recruited for diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging scans. Using an automated tissue classification method and the Talairach Daemon atlas, FA values of frontal and parietal lobes receiving the same radiation dose, and the ratio between them were quantified and denoted as FFA, PFA, and FA(f/p), respectively. The Mann-Whitney U test

2007 Biology and Physics

2731. A volumetric study of parietal lobe subregions in Turner syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A volumetric study of parietal lobe subregions in Turner syndrome. Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder that results from the complete or partial absence of an X chromosome in females, has been associated with specific impairment in visuospatial cognition. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between parietal lobe abnormalities and visuospatial deficits in Turner syndrome. We used high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging to measure parietal lobe subdivisions in 14 participants (...) with Turner syndrome (mean age 13 years 5 months, SD 5 years) and 14 age-matched controls (mean age 13 years 5 months, SD 4 years 7 months) to localize neuroanatomical variations more closely. Scans were acquired and analyzed for 14 females with Turner syndrome. Analyses of variance were used to investigate differences in regional parietal lobes. Females with Turner syndrome showed a bilateral parietal lobe reduction, specifically in the superior parietal and postcentral gyri. Full-scale IQ scores were

2004 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

2732. Some Surprising Findings on the Involvement of the Parietal Lobe in Human Memory Full Text available with Trip Pro

Some Surprising Findings on the Involvement of the Parietal Lobe in Human Memory The posterior parietal lobe is known to play some role in a far-flung list of mental processes: linking vision to action (saccadic eye movements, reaching, grasping), attending to visual space, numerical calculation, and mental rotation. Here, we review findings from humans and monkeys that illuminate an untraditional function of this region: memory. Our review draws on neuroimaging findings that have repeatedly (...) identified parietal lobe activations associated with short-term or working memory and episodic memory. We also discuss recent neuropsychological findings showing that individuals with parietal lobe damage exhibit both working memory and long-term memory deficits. These deficits are not ubiquitous; they are only evident under certain retrieval demands. Our review elaborates on these findings and evaluates various theories about the mechanistic role of the posterior parietal lobe in memory. The available

2008 Neurobiology of learning and memory

2733. Serial reaction time performance following right parietal lobe damage Full Text available with Trip Pro

Serial reaction time performance following right parietal lobe damage The serial reaction time task (SRT) is used to assess implicit sequence learning. Neuroimaging studies implicate parietal involvement; however, the necessity of this area is unclear. We tested six unilateral right parietal patients and compared their performance to matched controls. Both groups showed similar levels of learning and explicit awareness. Two patients with the largest lesions extending into either frontal (...) or cerebellar regions showed no learning. These data suggest that implicit sequence learning can occur despite damage to the right parietal lobe.

2008 Journal of neuropsychology

2734. Interlocking finger test: a bedside screen for parietal lobe dysfunction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interlocking finger test: a bedside screen for parietal lobe dysfunction. This study sought to determine the utility of an interlocking finger task in screening for parietal lobe dysfunction. The ability of 69 patients to imitate a standardised set of four interlocking finger figures was compared with concurrent performance on formal neurocognitive tests. Poor interlocking finger test scores correlated most highly with standard measures of parietal lobe dysfunction. In addition, an analytical (...) model of parietal dysfunction indicated the interlocking finger test was similar to, if not better than, standard tests of parietal lobe dysfunction. Attempts to imitate these figures should serve as a fast and simple screen of parietal lobe dysfunction.

2003 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

2735. Visually induced central pain and arm withdrawal after right parietal lobe infarction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Visually induced central pain and arm withdrawal after right parietal lobe infarction. A 46 year old man with ischaemic infarction of the right parietal cortex had left hemianaesthesia when his eyes were closed. With eyes open, visual stimuli induced withdrawal of the arm and a burning pain in the numb side of the body. Visually induced central pain is a new clinical finding and may be related to damage of cells with anticipatory inhibitory function in the parietal association cortex.

1994 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

2736. Micrographia associated with a parietal lobe lesion in multiple sclerosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Micrographia associated with a parietal lobe lesion in multiple sclerosis. The occurrence of micrographia in a 52 year old women two years after an isolated episode of painful sensory disturbance led to the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Her handwriting returned to normal after a course of intravenous methylprednisolone. Previous reports of movement disorders occurring in the context of multiple sclerosis are briefly reviewed. The finding on MRI studies of an enhancing lesion in the dominant (...) parietal white matter supports Kinnier Wilson's suggestion that the anatomical origin of micrographia lies in the cerebral hemisphere rather than the corpus striatum.

1994 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

2737. Spatial orientation and the representation of space with parietal lobe lesions. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spatial orientation and the representation of space with parietal lobe lesions. Damage to the human parietal cortex leads to disturbances of spatial perception and of motor behaviour. Within the parietal lobe, lesions of the superior and of the inferior lobule induce quite different, characteristic deficits. Patients with inferior (predominantly right) parietal lobe lesions fail to explore the contralesional part of space by eye or limb movements (spatial neglect). In contrast, superior (...) parietal lobe lesions lead to specific impairments of goal-directed movements (optic ataxia). The observations reported in this paper support the view of dissociated functions represented in the inferior and the superior lobule of the human parietal cortex. They suggest that a spatial reference frame for exploratory behaviour is disturbed in patients with neglect. Data from these patients' visual search argue that their failure to explore the contralesional side is due to a disturbed input

1997 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

2738. Summation of rapid tactile stimuli in parietal lobe disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Summation of rapid tactile stimuli in parietal lobe disease. The perception threshold for trains of rapid tactile pulses, applied to the index finger, has been measured in patients with parietal lobe lesions and in patients with median nerve lesions. The former patients had increased perception thresholds for single tactile pulses on the abnormal side. With successively prolonged pulse trains, the threshold decreased exponentially to reach a stable level after 150-400 ms. In contrast

1982 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

2739. Transient inaccuracy in reaching caused by a posterior parietal lobe lesion. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transient inaccuracy in reaching caused by a posterior parietal lobe lesion. A transient disturbance of manual reaching in both hemispaces associated with a small contralateral posterior perietal lobe (area 7) lesion is described. This defect was increased when the patient tried to reach without viewing of the affected arm. Inaccurate reaching is a distinct syndrome from visuomotor or optic ataxia, and is interpreted as a failure in guiding the arm towards specific sites of the space.

1984 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

2740. Deep left parietal lobe syndrome: conduction aphasia and other neurobehavioural disorders due to a small subcortical lesion. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Deep left parietal lobe syndrome: conduction aphasia and other neurobehavioural disorders due to a small subcortical lesion. A patient with sudden onset of conduction aphasia in the context of an ischaemic stroke is reported. Other neurological and neuropsychological findings included bilateral ideomotor apraxia, right hemisensory defect and paradoxical left ear extinction on a dichotic listening test. Lesion location, as inferred from magnetic resonance imaging, involved a restricted (...) subcortical area in the left parietal lobe, near the lateral wall of the cerebral ventricle. The anatomical correlate for each of the clinical findings is discussed in the light of classical anatomo-clinical correlations. It is concluded that this tetrad constitutes a specific syndrome which may be easily recognised and ascribed to a single lesion in the deep white matter of the left parietal lobe.

1987 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>